Placing objects in a container
Throwing a ball
Concrete experiences are meaningful
Abstract understanding is easily achieved
Fantasy is clearly distinguished from reality
Cause-and-effect relationships are understood
"Why do you ask?"
"What do you think is wrong?"
"You'll have to ask the physician."
"Of course your infant is normal."
If her child is asleep, she isn't feeling pain.
Her child won't become addicted to the medication.
Pain medication will be given when the child asks for it.
Pain medication will be given to keep the child comfortable.
Children tolerate pain better than adults do.
Opioids are more dangerous in children than in adults.
Children may not admit to having pain to avoid an injection.
Children become accustomed to pain and painful events and procedures.
Understanding cause and effect
Assimilation and accommodation
Planning for the future
Grasping for an object in view
Looking for an object hidden from view
Realizing that other besides themselves affect the environment
Gain 0.5 lb (0.2 kg) every month.
Gain 1 lb (0.5 kg) every month.
Double his birth weight by age 1.
Double his birth weight by 6 mos.
Weight has doubled since birth.
Height has increased by 1" (2.5 cm) since birth.
Head circumference has increased 1" since birth.
The posterior fontanel is open.
Loss of control.
Lack of ritualistic behavior.
Guilt about the body defect.
Fear of separation from parents during a surgical procedure.
"My 2 year old can determine right from wrong"
"My 2 year old should be able to speak in 2 word sentences"
"My 2 year old should be willing to share toys with our 5 year old"
My 2 year old should be able to draw circles, diamonds and triangles"
Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II)
Standard growth Charts
He clings to his mother.
His speech is intelligible 80% of the time.
He has an imaginary friend.
He stutters occasionally.
Encourage the infant to chew the pill.
Crush the tablet and dissolve it in formula.
Crush the tablet and mix it with applesauce.
Place the tablet under the infants tongue.
A 6 week old begins to roll from his abdomen to his back.
A 6 mos old sits without support.
A 7 mos old transfers a toy from hand to hand.
An 8 mos old begins to stand unassisted and walk.
He balances on each foot for at least 6 seconds.
He copies a square using straight lines and square corners.
He prepares his own cereal without help.
He copies a circle that is closed or very neatly closed.
He speaks clearly.
He draws a person with at least 3 body parts.
Walk up steps
Say 10 words
Eat with a fork
Physical ability of a child to perform tasks that require strength.
Emotional maturity of a child compared with others of the same age.
IQ of a child and comparison of the child's IQ to other kids their age.
Degree to which a child is developmentally like other kids.
It helps to ID possible food allergies.
If the infant doesn't like one food, he'll reject all new foods introduced at that time.
Infants can only tolerate one type of food at a time.
Mixing foods together inhibits the development of taste.
"Your son may have a bladder infection. I'll notify the physician."
"It's probably due to the medication we gave him to treat the infection."
"It's common for children to regress while they're in the hospital."
"I guess he just isn't sufficiently potty-trained yet. It's no big deal."
Put the medicine in the infants formula.
Ask the physician for the medicine in a different form.
Schedule times with a neighbor to help hold the infant.
Use a medicine dropper and place the medicine inside the infants cheek.
Head elevated to 30 degrees