Trivia Questions Over Macromolecules

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 201

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Macromolecule Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Polymers of polysaccharides, fats and proteins are all synthesized from monomers by
    • A. 

      Connecting monosaccharides together

    • B. 

      The addition of water to each monomer

    • C. 

      The removal of water

    • D. 

      Ionic bonding of monomers

    • E. 

      The formation of disulfide bridges between monomers

  • 2. 
    Carbohydrates normally function in animals as 
    • A. 

      The functional units of lipids

    • B. 

      Enzymes int he regulation of metabolic processes

    • C. 

      A component of triglycerides

    • D. 

      Energy storage moleucules

    • E. 

      Sites of protein synthesis

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is true of saturated fatty acids? 
    • A. 

      They are the most common fatty acid in corn oil

    • B. 

      They have double bonds between the carbon atoms of the fatty acids

    • C. 

      They have a higher ratio of hydrogen to carbon than unsaturated fatty acids

    • D. 

      They are usually liquids at room temperature

    • E. 

      They are usually produced by plants

  • 4. 
    Which type of phospholipid is most important in biological membranes?      
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Wax

    • C. 

      Phospholipid

    • D. 

      Oil

    • E. 

      Triglyceride

  • 5. 
    The 20 different amino acids have different chemical properties because of different 
    • A. 

      Carboxyl groups

    • B. 

      Amino groups

    • C. 

      Side chain (R groups)

    • D. 

      Tertiary structure

    • E. 

      Both A and B are correct

  • 6. 
     The major function of RNA is to
    • A. 

      Transmit genetic information to offspring

    • B. 

      Function in the synthesis of proteins

    • C. 

      Make a copy of itself

    • D. 

      Act as a pattern to form DNA

    • E. 

      Form the genes of an organism

  • 7. 
    Which of the following best describes a nucleotide? 
    • A. 

      A nitrogen base with a phosphate group

    • B. 

      A nitrogen base and a five carbon sugar

    • C. 

      A nitrogen base, a phosphate group and a five carbon sugar

    • D. 

      A five carbon sugar and adenine or uracil

    • E. 

      A five carbon sugar and pyrine or pyrimidine

  • 8. 
    The difference between the sugar in DNA and the sugar in RNA is that the sugar in DNA 
    • A. 

      Contains less oxygen

    • B. 

      Contains adenine

    • C. 

      Has a six carbon ring and nitrogen atoms

    • D. 

      Can attach to phosphate unlike RNA

    • E. 

      Is a six carbon sugar, where RNA is a five carbon

  • 9. 
    In a double helix structure of nucleic acids, cytosine forms a hydrogen bond with 
    • A. 

      Deoxyribose

    • B. 

      Ribose

    • C. 

      Adenine

    • D. 

      Thymine

    • E. 

      Guanine

  • 10. 
    A change in a protein's three dimensional shape due to disruption of hydrogen bonds, disulfide bridges and/or ionic bonds is called 
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Stabilization

    • C. 

      Destabilization

    • D. 

      Renaturation

    • E. 

      Denaturation

  • 11. 
    Upon surveying the chemical structure of a polypeptide, you recognize a SH group.  What type protein structure are you viewing?
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Tertiary

    • D. 

      Quaternary

  • 12. 
    What type of bonds are found in carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Peptide linkages

    • B. 

      Ester linkages

    • C. 

      Glycosidic linkages

    • D. 

      Phosphodiester linkages

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