World History Trivia Exam Quiz!

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World History Trivia Exam Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which country is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance?

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      Italy

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    B. Italy
    Explanation
    Italy is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance because it was during this period that Italy experienced a significant cultural and artistic revival. The Renaissance, which means "rebirth," was marked by a renewed interest in classical knowledge, humanism, and the arts. Italian cities such as Florence, Rome, and Venice became centers of intellectual and artistic activity, attracting renowned artists, writers, and thinkers. The works of artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael, along with the contributions of scholars like Galileo and Machiavelli, exemplify the flourishing of the Renaissance in Italy.

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  • 2. 

    What movement was a period from 1350-1600 during which Western Europe experienced a rebirth or cultural awakening. Many historians claim this period was the beginning of modern times.

    • A.

      Middle Ages

    • B.

      Reformation

    • C.

      Renaissance

    • D.

      Medieval period

    Correct Answer
    C. Renaissance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period from 1350-1600 in Western Europe where there was a revival of interest in art, literature, and learning. It marked a transition from the Middle Ages to the modern era and is often considered the beginning of modern times. This cultural awakening led to advancements in various fields such as science, architecture, and philosophy, and had a significant impact on the development of Western civilization.

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  • 3. 

    What was the historical importance of the Bubonic Plaque?

    • A.

      It marked the end of the Middle Ages

    • B.

      It was the beginning of modern times.

    • C.

      It made people question religion and weakened the economy of the feudal system.

    • D.

      It force people to move to Western Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. It made people question religion and weakened the economy of the feudal system.
    Explanation
    The bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death, had a significant historical importance. It caused widespread devastation in Europe during the 14th century, resulting in the death of millions of people. The plague made people question religion as they struggled to understand why such a catastrophic event was happening. Additionally, the massive loss of life weakened the economy of the feudal system, as there was a shortage of labor and a decline in agricultural productivity. This led to changes in social and economic structures, paving the way for the transition from the Middle Ages to the beginning of modern times.

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  • 4. 

    Who made a fortune in trade and banking. He became the wealthiest European of his time. For 30 years, he ruled Florence, Italy as a dictator.

    • A.

      Leonardo Da Vinci

    • B.

      Cosimo de' Medici

    • C.

      Machiavelli

    • D.

      Petrarch

    Correct Answer
    B. Cosimo de' Medici
    Explanation
    Cosimo de' Medici is the correct answer because he was a prominent figure in trade and banking during the Renaissance period. He accumulated great wealth and became the wealthiest European of his time. He also ruled Florence, Italy as a dictator for 30 years, exerting significant political and economic influence over the city. Leonardo Da Vinci was a renowned artist and inventor, Machiavelli was a political philosopher, and Petrarch was a poet and scholar.

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  • 5. 

    Who wrote the book "The Prince"?

    • A.

      Leonardo Da Vinci  

    • B.

      Machiavelli

    • C.

      Michelangelo

    • D.

      Raphael

    Correct Answer
    B. Machiavelli
    Explanation
    Machiavelli wrote the book "The Prince". This book is a political treatise that examines the acquisition, maintenance, and exercise of political power. It is considered one of the most influential works of political philosophy and has had a significant impact on political thought. Machiavelli's ideas in "The Prince" are known for their controversial and pragmatic approach, advocating for the use of cunning and ruthless tactics to achieve and maintain power.

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  • 6. 

    Who captained the voyage that, after his death, became the first to successful sail around the world ?

    • A.

      Amerigo Vespucci

    • B.

      Ferdinand Magellan

    • C.

      Pedro Alvarez Cabral

    • D.

      Option 4Vasco Nunez de Balboa

    Correct Answer
    B. Ferdinand Magellan
    Explanation
    Ferdinand Magellan captained the voyage that, after his death, became the first successful circumnavigation of the world. Magellan led a fleet of five ships in the expedition known as the "Magellan-Elcano circumnavigation." Although he did not complete the entire journey himself, as he died in the Philippines, one of his ships, the Victoria, under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano, completed the voyage. This achievement marked a significant milestone in the history of exploration and navigation.

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  • 7. 

    Who conquered the Aztec empire?

    • A.

      Hernando Cortes

    • B.

      Francisco Pizarro

    • C.

      Ferdinand Magellan

    • D.

      Vasco Nunez de Balboa

    Correct Answer
    A. Hernando Cortes
    Explanation
    Hernando Cortes is the correct answer because he was the Spanish conquistador who led the expedition that resulted in the fall of the Aztec Empire in the early 16th century. Cortes and his army arrived in Mexico in 1519 and with the help of indigenous allies, they defeated the Aztec empire under the leadership of Emperor Montezuma II. Cortes' conquest of the Aztecs marked a significant event in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

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  • 8. 

    Who conquered the Inca Empire?

    • A.

      Being China's first Chinese emperor

    • B.

      Being the first person to explore the lands discovered by Marco Polo

    • C.

      Captaining Chinese overseas exploration

    • D.

      Conducted reconnaissance missions along the coast of South America

    Correct Answer
    D. Conducted reconnaissance missions along the coast of South America
    Explanation
    The correct option would reflect Francisco Pizarro's involvement in the conquest of the Inca Empire, typically noted as having conducted reconnaissance and military campaigns in South America. Therefore, the closest match to the historical fact in the provided options is:
    Conducted reconnaissance missions along the coast of South America
    This choice directly relates to Pizarro's activities that led to the conquest of the Inca Empire.

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  • 9. 

    The caravel was an important development in navigation because of its ability to:

    • A.

      Sail against the wind

    • B.

      Sail in shallow waters

    • C.

      Withstand storms at sea

    • D.

      Carry large number of crew members

    Correct Answer
    A. Sail against the wind
    Explanation
    The caravel was an important development in navigation because it had the ability to sail against the wind. This was a significant advancement because it allowed sailors to navigate more effectively, as they were no longer solely reliant on favorable wind conditions. The caravel's design, which included a combination of square and triangular sails, enabled it to tack against the wind, making it a versatile and efficient vessel for exploration and trade. This capability greatly expanded the range of exploration and trade routes, leading to new discoveries and the establishment of global trade networks.

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  • 10. 

    Who captained the first European ship to sail around the trip of Africa, now known as the Cape of Good Hope?

    • A.

      Prince Henry

    • B.

      Vasco da Gama

    • C.

      Bartholomeu Dias

    • D.

      Christopher Columbus

    Correct Answer
    C. Bartholomeu Dias
    Explanation
    Bartholomeu Dias captained the first European ship to sail around the tip of Africa, now known as the Cape of Good Hope. He embarked on this journey in 1487 and successfully reached the southernmost point of Africa, opening up a new sea route to the East. This voyage paved the way for future explorations and trade routes between Europe and Asia.

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  • 11. 

    The purpose of the  Treaty of Tordesillas, signed by Spain and Portugal, was to:

    • A.

      Divide up the trade routes to the East

    • B.

      Decrease conflict over the claiming of new lands

    • C.

      Promote cooperation in the sharing of technological advances

    • D.

      Create an alliance that would offset Dutch domination of sea routes,

    Correct Answer
    B. Decrease conflict over the claiming of new lands
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed by Spain and Portugal in order to decrease conflict over the claiming of new lands. This agreement was reached to prevent disputes and potential wars between the two countries over the territories they were exploring and colonizing. The treaty established a dividing line in the Atlantic Ocean, giving Spain control over the lands to the west of the line and Portugal control over the lands to the east. This helped to ensure a more peaceful and organized division of the newly discovered lands between the two powers.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following did the Portuguese explore first?

    • A.

      Brazil

    • B.

      The spice Islands

    • C.

      The east coast of Africa

    • D.

      The west coast of Africa

    Correct Answer
    D. The west coast of Africa
    Explanation
    The Portuguese explored the west coast of Africa first. This exploration was led by Prince Henry the Navigator in the 15th century. The Portuguese were searching for a sea route to Asia and began their explorations by sailing south along the African coast. This exploration eventually led to the discovery of new trade routes and the establishment of Portuguese colonies and trading posts along the African coast.

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  • 13. 

    Which nation did Prince henry help to take over the lead in overseas exploration?

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Portugal

    • D.

      The Netherlands

    Correct Answer
    C. Portugal
    Explanation
    Prince Henry, also known as Henry the Navigator, was a Portuguese prince who played a significant role in promoting and financing exploration voyages during the Age of Discovery. He helped Portugal take over the lead in overseas exploration by establishing a school of navigation, sponsoring numerous expeditions, and encouraging the development of new navigation technologies. Portugal became a major maritime power under Prince Henry's influence, exploring and establishing trade routes along the West African coast, which eventually led to the discovery of new territories and the establishment of a global empire.

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  • 14. 

    What did Vasco da Gama succeed in gaining for Portugal?

    • A.

      Control of the Spice Islands

    • B.

      A sea route between Portugal and China

    • C.

      A sea route between Portugal and India  

    • D.

      Profitable trade with the Philippine Islands

    Correct Answer
    C. A sea route between Portugal and India  
    Explanation
    Vasco da Gama succeeded in gaining a sea route between Portugal and India. This was a significant achievement as it opened up a direct trade route between Europe and the lucrative markets of India, bypassing the traditional land routes controlled by the Ottoman Empire. This allowed Portugal to establish a profitable trade network in the Indian Ocean, leading to increased wealth and influence for the country.

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  • 15. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
  • 16. 

    During the Renaissance, where did scholars look for inspiration and ideas:

    • A.

      The ancient Chinese

    • B.

      The ancient Egyptians

    • C.

      The ancient Greeks and Romans

    • D.

      Western Europeans

    Correct Answer
    C. The ancient Greeks and Romans
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, scholars looked to the ancient Greeks and Romans for inspiration and ideas. This is because the Renaissance was a period of renewed interest in classical knowledge and culture. The ancient Greeks and Romans were known for their advancements in various fields such as philosophy, art, literature, and architecture. By studying their works and ideas, Renaissance scholars sought to revive and build upon the achievements of these ancient civilizations, leading to a significant cultural and intellectual rebirth in Western Europe.

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  • 17. 

    The first full size  book printed with movable type on the printing press was:

    • A.

      Utopia

    • B.

      The Bible

    • C.

      The Praise of Folly

    • D.

      The Prince

    Correct Answer
    B. The Bible
    Explanation
    The Bible is considered the first full-size book printed with movable type on the printing press because it was printed by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century. This marked a significant milestone in the history of printing and book production, as it allowed for mass production of books and dissemination of knowledge. The printing of the Bible played a crucial role in the spread of Christianity and the Reformation, making it a landmark publication in the history of printing.

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  • 18. 

    Medici family members were famous for being:

    • A.

      Artists

    • B.

      Writers

    • C.

      Religious reformers

    • D.

      Rulers and supporters of the arts

    Correct Answer
    D. Rulers and supporters of the arts
    Explanation
    The Medici family members were known for their dual role as rulers and supporters of the arts. They held significant political power in Florence, Italy, during the Renaissance period. They used their wealth and influence to commission and promote numerous works of art, architecture, and literature. Their patronage played a crucial role in the flourishing of the arts during that time, making them renowned not only for their political leadership but also for their contributions to the cultural and artistic development of the city.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following Renaissance figures was an artist, a scientist, and an inventor. His most famous painting was the Mona Lisa:

    • A.

      Raphael

    • B.

      Boccaccio

    • C.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • D.

      Michelangelo Bouonarroti

    Correct Answer
    C. Leonardo da Vinci
    Explanation
    Leonardo da Vinci is the correct answer because he was a renowned Renaissance figure who excelled in multiple fields. He was not only an artist, as evidenced by his famous painting, the Mona Lisa, but also a scientist and an inventor. Da Vinci's diverse talents and contributions to various disciplines make him a significant figure of the Renaissance period.

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  • 20. 

    Johan Gutenberg was famous for:

    • A.

      Selling indulgences

    • B.

      Inventing the printing press

    • C.

      Writing in his native language

    • D.

      Creating a new translation of the Bible

    Correct Answer
    B. Inventing the printing press
    Explanation
    Johan Gutenberg is known for inventing the printing press. This invention revolutionized the way information was disseminated and made books more accessible to the masses. Prior to the printing press, books were painstakingly handwritten, making them expensive and rare. Gutenberg's invention allowed for the mass production of books, leading to increased literacy rates and the spread of knowledge and ideas. The printing press played a crucial role in the Renaissance and the Reformation, as it facilitated the rapid dissemination of scientific, philosophical, and religious texts.

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  • 21. 

    John Calvins teachings had , as a central theme, the concept of :

    • A.

      Humanisn

    • B.

      Adult baptism

    • C.

      Indulgences

    • D.

      Predestination

    Correct Answer
    D. Predestination
    Explanation
    John Calvin's teachings had predestination as a central theme. Predestination is the belief that God has already determined the fate of every individual, whether they will be saved or damned, even before they are born. Calvin emphasized the idea that salvation is solely based on God's will and not on any human effort or merit. This concept was a significant departure from the prevailing Catholic teachings of the time, which emphasized the role of human free will in salvation. Calvin's teachings on predestination had a profound influence on the development of Reformed theology and had lasting impacts on Protestantism.

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  • 22. 

    A person who used shrewdness and trickery to get and hold power could be described as being:

    • A.

      Petrarchan

    • B.

      Courtier-like

    • C.

      Machivaellian

    • D.

      A Renaissance

    Correct Answer
    C. Machivaellian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Machiavellian. This term refers to someone who uses cunning and deceitful tactics to gain and maintain power. It is derived from the Italian political philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli, who wrote "The Prince" which outlines strategies for rulers to maintain control. The term has become synonymous with unscrupulous behavior and manipulation in politics and power dynamics.

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  • 23. 

    The main reason behind the split between the English Church and the Roman Catholic Church was Henry VIII's:

    • A.

      Religious beliefs

    • B.

      Treatment of Catherine of Aragon

    • C.

      Unwillingness to pay Church taxes

    • D.

      A desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon in hopes of having a male heir with another wife.

    Correct Answer
    D. A desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon in hopes of having a male heir with another wife.
    Explanation
    Henry VIII's desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon in hopes of having a male heir with another wife was the main reason behind the split between the English Church and the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's desire for a male heir led him to seek an annulment of his marriage to Catherine, which the Pope refused to grant. This led Henry to break away from the authority of the Pope and establish the Church of England, with himself as the head. The split was not primarily driven by religious beliefs, treatment of Catherine of Aragon, or unwillingness to pay Church taxes, but rather by Henry's personal desire for a male heir.

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  • 24. 

    Martin Luther's 95 theses were an attack on the Church's:

    • A.

      Attitude toward the poor

    • B.

      Method of raising money 

    • C.

      Reluctance to conduct services in local languages

    • D.

      Insistence that good works help secure salvation

    Correct Answer
    B. Method of raising money 
    Explanation
    Martin Luther's 95 theses were an attack on the Church's method of raising money. In his theses, Luther criticized the practice of selling indulgences, which were certificates that supposedly granted forgiveness for sins. The Church used this method as a way to raise money, but Luther believed that it was corrupt and exploited people's faith. He argued that salvation could not be bought and that it was obtained through faith alone. This critique of the Church's financial practices was one of the key factors that sparked the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following was made up of large city states?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Northern Italy

    Correct Answer
    D. Northern Italy
    Explanation
    Northern Italy was made up of large city states during the Renaissance period. These city states, such as Florence, Venice, and Milan, were powerful and independent entities that controlled their own territories and had significant influence in politics, trade, and culture. They competed with each other for power and wealth, fostering a spirit of innovation and artistic achievement. Spain, France, and England, on the other hand, were not made up of large city states but rather had centralized monarchies.

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  • 26. 

    The artist who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was:

    • A.

      Raphael

    • B.

      Donatelo

    • C.

      Michelangelo

    • D.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    Correct Answer
    C. Michelangelo
    Explanation
    Michelangelo is the correct answer because he is widely known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. His masterpiece, completed between 1508 and 1512, consists of various frescoes depicting scenes from the Book of Genesis. The intricate details, vibrant colors, and skillful composition of the artwork showcase Michelangelo's exceptional talent as a painter and have made the Sistine Chapel one of the most iconic artistic achievements in history.

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  • 27. 

    Who was the first of Henry VIII's children to rule?

    • A.

      Anne Boleyn

    • B.

      Edward VI

    • C.

      Elizabeth I

    • D.

      Mary, Queen of Scots

    Correct Answer
    B. Edward VI
    Explanation
    Edward VI was the first of Henry VIII's children to rule. After Henry VIII's death, Edward became the King of England at the age of 9. He ruled from 1547 until his death in 1553. Edward was known for his strong Protestant beliefs and his reign was marked by religious reforms. He was succeeded by his half-sister, Mary, who became the first queen regnant of England.

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  • 28. 

    Who did Henry VIII want to marry badly enough to prompt his break with the Roman Catholic Church and the pope

    • A.

      Catherine of Aragon

    • B.

      Jane Seymour

    • C.

      Anne Boleyn

    • D.

      Catherine , Queen of Scots

    Correct Answer
    C. Anne Boleyn
    Explanation
    Henry VIII wanted to marry Anne Boleyn badly enough to prompt his break with the Roman Catholic Church and the pope. Anne Boleyn was a lady-in-waiting to Henry's first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and Henry became infatuated with her. However, the Catholic Church did not grant him an annulment from his marriage with Catherine, so Henry decided to establish the Church of England and become the head of the church, allowing him to divorce Catherine and marry Anne Boleyn. This decision ultimately led to the English Reformation and the break with the Roman Catholic Church.

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  • 29. 

    Which official measure made it a crime to give Martin Luther food or shelter?

    • A.

      Act of Supremacy

    • B.

      Edict of Worms

    • C.

      Peace of Augsburg

    • D.

      Indulgence

    Correct Answer
    B. Edict of Worms
    Explanation
    The Edict of Worms was an official measure that declared Martin Luther a heretic and outlaw, making it a crime to give him food or shelter. This measure was issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1521, in response to Luther's teachings and criticisms of the Catholic Church. The Edict of Worms aimed to suppress Luther's ideas and prevent his followers from supporting him in any way, including providing basic necessities like food and shelter.

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  • 30. 

    Which official measure made the king , instead of the pope, the head of the English Church:

    • A.

      The Act of Supremacy

    • B.

      The Act of Church Reform

    • C.

      The Act of Nullification

    • D.

      The Reformation

    Correct Answer
    A. The Act of Supremacy
    Explanation
    The Act of Supremacy made the king, instead of the pope, the head of the English Church. This act was passed in 1534 during the reign of King Henry VIII as a part of the English Reformation. It declared that the king was the supreme head of the Church of England, effectively breaking away from the authority of the pope in Rome. The Act of Supremacy solidified the king's control over the English Church and marked a significant shift in religious power in England.

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  • 31. 

    According to mercantilist, the prosperity of a nation depended on:

    • A.

      A large supply of bullion, or gold and silver

    • B.

      A healthy flow of products coming into the nation

    • C.

      Conquering new territories and expanding nation's intellectual resources

    • D.

      Finding and maintaining trade routes

    Correct Answer
    A. A large supply of bullion, or gold and silver
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a large supply of bullion, or gold and silver. According to mercantilist theory, a nation's prosperity was believed to depend on accumulating a large amount of precious metals, particularly gold and silver. This was because these metals were seen as a measure of a nation's wealth and power. The more bullion a nation had, the more it could use it to trade and acquire goods from other nations, leading to economic growth and prosperity.

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  • 32. 

    Martin Luther believed that:

    • A.

      Good ideas were necessary for salvation

    • B.

      The Pope was the sole religious authority

    • C.

      The Bible was not be believed

    • D.

      Salvation could be achieved through faith alone

    Correct Answer
    D. Salvation could be achieved through faith alone
    Explanation
    Martin Luther believed that salvation could be achieved through faith alone. This belief was a key aspect of his theological teachings and was a central tenet of the Protestant Reformation. Luther rejected the idea that good ideas or works were necessary for salvation and instead emphasized the importance of faith in God's grace. He also challenged the authority of the Pope and emphasized the importance of individual interpretation of the Bible. Overall, Luther's belief in salvation through faith alone was a significant departure from the prevailing beliefs of his time and had a profound impact on the development of Protestant Christianity.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following best explained why European rulers encouraged ocean exploration?

    • A.

      They wanted to find new trade routes

    • B.

      They wanted to conquer new lands

    • C.

      They wanted to spread Islam

    • D.

      They wanted to test new navigational tools

    Correct Answer
    A. They wanted to find new trade routes
    Explanation
    European rulers encouraged ocean exploration because they wanted to find new trade routes. By discovering new routes, they could establish direct trade with other regions, bypassing intermediaries and increasing their profits. This would also allow them to gain a competitive advantage over other European powers in the lucrative trade industry. Additionally, finding new trade routes would help them access valuable resources and goods from distant lands, further enhancing their economic power and influence.

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  • 34. 

    Who began a vast global exchange that included people, plants, technologies, and cultures:

    • A.

      Samuel de Champlain

    • B.

      Christopher Columbus

    • C.

      Herman Cortes

    • D.

      Francisco Pizarro

    Correct Answer
    B. Christopher Columbus
    Explanation
    Christopher Columbus is the correct answer because he is widely known for his voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, which initiated the Columbian Exchange. This global exchange involved the transfer of various elements such as people, plants, animals, technologies, and cultures between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Columbus's expeditions opened up new trade routes and led to significant interactions and exchanges between Europe, Africa, and the Americas, shaping the course of history and connecting different parts of the world.

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  • 35. 

    What is another name for the movement Martin Luther began which is also known as a religion crisis in the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Reformation

    • C.

      Age of Chivalry

    • D.

      The religious Revolution

    Correct Answer
    B. Reformation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Reformation. The Reformation refers to the religious movement initiated by Martin Luther in the 16th century, which led to a significant crisis within the Catholic Church. This movement aimed to reform certain practices and beliefs within the Church, ultimately resulting in the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity. The Reformation had a profound impact on European society, politics, and religious thought, leading to religious wars and the fragmentation of Christianity into various denominations. The term "Reformation" is commonly used to describe this historical period and the religious changes it brought about.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following is NOT a teaching  of Martin Luther:

    • A.

      Salvation by faith alone

    • B.

      The Bible as only authority

    • C.

      The Priesthood of all believers

    • D.

      The excommunication for selling indulgences

    Correct Answer
    D. The excommunication for selling indulgences
    Explanation
    Martin Luther, a key figure in the Protestant Reformation, did not teach the excommunication for selling indulgences. Instead, he strongly criticized the Catholic Church's practice of selling indulgences, which were certificates believed to reduce the punishment for sins. Luther believed in salvation by faith alone, emphasizing that individuals could be saved through their faith in God rather than through their actions or the purchase of indulgences. He also advocated for the Bible as the ultimate authority in matters of faith and the priesthood of all believers, which challenged the hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church.

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  • 37. 

    Who excommunicated Martin Luther for his beliefs:

    • A.

      Charles V

    • B.

      Pope John Paul

    • C.

      Pope Leo X

    • D.

      King Henry VIII

    Correct Answer
    C. Pope Leo X
    Explanation
    Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther for his beliefs. This decision was made in response to Luther's criticism of the Catholic Church and his teachings that challenged its authority and practices. Pope Leo X viewed Luther's ideas as heretical and a threat to the unity and power of the Church. The excommunication severed Luther's ties with the Church and marked a significant turning point in the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 38. 

    A Protestant is define as:

    • A.

      Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches

    • B.

      Christians who belonged to the Catholic church

    • C.

      Christians who agreed with the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church

    • D.

      Christians who wanted the Catholic Church to reform so they could join the church again.

    Correct Answer
    A. Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches". This definition accurately describes Protestants, who are Christians that do not belong to the Catholic Church. Protestants emerged during the Reformation in the 16th century as a result of disagreements with the teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. They formed their own churches and denominations, separate from Catholicism.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following was a significant event during the reign of Queen Elizabeth:

    • A.

      The Act of Supremacy

    • B.

      The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588

    • C.

      The elimination of Protestant resistance in England

    • D.

      The restoration of the Roman Catholic Church

    Correct Answer
    B. The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588
    Explanation
    The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 was a significant event during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The Spanish Armada was a fleet of Spanish ships that was sent by King Philip II of Spain to invade England and overthrow Queen Elizabeth I. The English navy, led by Sir Francis Drake and Charles Howard, successfully defeated the Spanish Armada in a series of naval battles. This victory marked a turning point in European history, as it ensured the continued dominance of England as a naval power and prevented the Spanish from achieving their goal of invading and conquering England.

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  • 40. 

    Why are the Crusades significant in regards to the Age of Exploration:

    • A.

      It brought religion back to Western Europe

    • B.

      It introduced Western Europe to a vast number of trade goods, which soon came into high demand resulting in hug profits for those who traded and sold the goods.

    • C.

      It began the Reformation

    • D.

      It marked the beginning of modern times

    Correct Answer
    B. It introduced Western Europe to a vast number of trade goods, which soon came into high demand resulting in hug profits for those who traded and sold the goods.
    Explanation
    The Crusades were significant in regards to the Age of Exploration because they introduced Western Europe to a vast number of trade goods. The Crusaders traveled to the Middle East and encountered new and exotic products such as spices, silk, and precious metals. These goods soon came into high demand in Western Europe, leading to a surge in trade and commerce. The exploration and trade routes established during the Crusades laid the foundation for future European exploration and expansion into other parts of the world.

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  • 41. 

    Why was the death of Zheng He important ?

    • A.

      It was the beginning of China's Age of exploration

    • B.

      China was on the verge of becoming the leader in the Age of Exploration

    • C.

      China took the lead in exploring the New World

    • D.

      He was the last ruler to encourage exploration

    Correct Answer
    B. China was on the verge of becoming the leader in the Age of Exploration
    Explanation
    The death of Zheng He was important because China was on the verge of becoming the leader in the Age of Exploration. Zheng He was a Chinese explorer and diplomat who led seven major naval expeditions in the early 15th century, expanding China's influence and trade networks. His death marked the end of China's ambitious exploration efforts and the subsequent decline of China's naval power. This allowed European powers, such as Portugal and Spain, to take the lead in exploring and colonizing the New World.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following was NOT a reason for exploration?

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      God

    • C.

      Glory

    • D.

      Goodness

    Correct Answer
    D. Goodness
    Explanation
    Goodness was not a reason for exploration. The reasons for exploration during the Age of Exploration were primarily driven by economic motives, such as finding gold and other valuable resources, establishing trade routes, and expanding empires. Additionally, religious motives played a significant role, with explorers seeking to spread Christianity and convert indigenous populations. Glory was also a motive, as explorers sought fame, power, and prestige for themselves and their countries. However, "goodness" does not align with any of these motivations and is not historically recognized as a reason for exploration.

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  • 43. 

    Who established a mariners' school that taught sailors how to use new technology. His expertise allowed Portugal to take the early lead in exploration:

    • A.

      Christopher Columbus

    • B.

      Prince Henry the Navigator

    • C.

      Bartolomeu Dias

    • D.

      King Philip II

    Correct Answer
    B. Prince Henry the Navigator
    Explanation
    Prince Henry the Navigator established a mariners' school that taught sailors how to use new technology. His expertise in navigation and exploration allowed Portugal to take the early lead in exploration. By promoting and funding expeditions along the African coast, Prince Henry played a crucial role in advancing maritime knowledge and techniques. His school trained sailors in the use of instruments like the astrolabe and quadrant, enabling them to navigate more accurately and efficiently. This contributed to Portugal's success in discovering new trade routes and establishing a global empire.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following was NOT a technological advance during the early stages of exploration:

    • A.

      Caravel

    • B.

      Magnetic Compass

    • C.

      Astrolabe

    • D.

      The Teleoscope

    Correct Answer
    D. The Teleoscope
    Explanation
    The telescope was not a technological advance during the early stages of exploration. The caravel, magnetic compass, and astrolabe were all important advancements that aided in navigation and exploration. The caravel was a type of ship that was faster and more maneuverable than previous designs. The magnetic compass allowed sailors to determine their direction, while the astrolabe helped them determine their latitude. However, the telescope was not developed until later and was not used in early exploration.

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  • 45. 

    The Renaissance was fueled by the intellectual movement known as :

    • A.

      Realism

    • B.

      Humanism

    • C.

      Popilism

    • D.

      Socialism

    Correct Answer
    B. Humanism
    Explanation
    Humanism is the correct answer because it refers to an intellectual movement during the Renaissance that emphasized the importance of human values, potential, and achievements. It focused on the study of classical literature, art, and philosophy, and encouraged individuals to develop their own talents and abilities. Humanism played a crucial role in shaping the cultural, artistic, and intellectual developments of the Renaissance period, as it shifted the focus from religious and supernatural beliefs to a more secular and human-centered approach.

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  • 46. 

    Which document sparked the Protestant Reformation?

    • A.

      The Index of Forbidden Books

    • B.

      Book of Common Prayer

    • C.

      Institutes of the Christian Religion

    • D.

      The 95 Theses

    Correct Answer
    D. The 95 Theses
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The 95 Theses. The 95 Theses were a list of arguments against the Catholic Church's practice of selling indulgences, written by Martin Luther in 1517. This document is considered to be the starting point of the Protestant Reformation, as it challenged the authority and teachings of the Catholic Church and led to a wave of religious reform across Europe.

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  • 47. 

    Abuses in the Catholic Church led to :

    • A.

      The Protestant Reformation

    • B.

      The Renaissance

    • C.

      The Crusades

    • D.

      The pope's abdication

    Correct Answer
    A. The Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    The abuses in the Catholic Church, such as the selling of indulgences and corruption among the clergy, led to widespread dissatisfaction among the people. This dissatisfaction eventually led to the Protestant Reformation, a movement led by Martin Luther and other reformers who sought to challenge and reform the practices of the Catholic Church. The Protestant Reformation resulted in the formation of various Protestant denominations and a significant division within Christianity.

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  • 48. 

    Which  of the following religions was NOT created as a result of the Reformation:

    • A.

      The Roman Catholic Church

    • B.

      Lutheranism

    • C.

      Calvinism

    • D.

      Methodist

    Correct Answer
    A. The Roman Catholic Church
    Explanation
    The Roman Catholic Church was not created as a result of the Reformation. It is one of the oldest Christian churches, with its origins dating back to the time of Jesus and the apostles. The Reformation, on the other hand, was a 16th-century movement led by Martin Luther and other reformers that sought to reform certain practices and beliefs within the Catholic Church. The Reformation resulted in the creation of new Protestant denominations such as Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Methodism, but the Roman Catholic Church itself predates the Reformation.

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  • 49. 

    Which leader was responsible for Martin Luther to answer to the Diet of Worms:

    • A.

      Henry VIII

    • B.

      Charles V(the Holy Roman Emperor)

    • C.

      Louis XIV

    • D.

      Elizabeth I

    Correct Answer
    B. Charles V(the Holy Roman Emperor)
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was summoned to the Diet of Worms in 1521, where he was asked to recant his teachings that challenged the authority of the Catholic Church. The Diet of Worms was convened by Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, who was a devout Catholic and wanted to suppress Luther's Protestant Reformation. Charles V played a significant role in the religious and political conflicts of his time, and his decision to summon Luther to the Diet of Worms had a profound impact on the course of the Reformation.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following countries did NOT emerge as a world power in exploration during the Age of Discovery:

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    A. Italy
    Explanation
    During the Age of Discovery, Italy did not emerge as a world power in exploration. While Italy was once a prominent force in exploration during the Renaissance, with famous explorers like Christopher Columbus and Amerigo Vespucci, by the time of the Age of Discovery, Italy had lost its political unity and power. The emerging nation-states of France, England, and Spain took the lead in exploration during this period, establishing colonies and expanding their influence around the world. Italy's lack of political cohesion and decline in power prevented it from becoming a major player in exploration during the Age of Discovery.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 30, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 25, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Zion1211
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