Renaissance, Reformation, & Exploration Quiz

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 11

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Renaissance, Reformation, & Exploration Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Analyze the geographic locations of the Italian city-states. What role did trade play in the Renaissance?
    • A. 

      Wealth from trade led to higher prices for Renaissance art

    • B. 

      Wealth from trade unified Renaissance Italy

    • C. 

      Trade spread the Renaissance to the Muslim world

    • D. 

      Wealth from trade fueled the Renaissance

  • 2. 
    How does the quotation connect to the Renaissance principle of humanism? "Walk forwards in the radiance of the past."—Petrarch
    • A. 

      Humanity has already gained all knowledge and must return to it.

    • B. 

      Humanity progresses by building upon past knowledge.

    • C. 

      Humanity draws comfort from the achievements of past thinkers.

    • D. 

      Humanity must abandon the limited thinking of ancient cultures.

  • 3. 
    Which answer best summarizes the main idea of the quotation? "How we live is so different from how we ought to live that he who studies what ought to be done rather than what is done will learn the way to his downfall rather than to his preservation."—Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince
    • A. 

      A successful ruler must be observant and practical, not idealistic.

    • B. 

      A successful ruler must be idealistic to overcome his opponents.

    • C. 

      A successful ruler must consult his teachers to make decisions.

    • D. 

      A successful ruler knows that his enemies will defer to him.

  • 4. 
    What event revolutionized the way people accessed and consumed ideas and information during the Renaissance?
    • A. 

      Raphael's engraving technology led to mass produced art.

    • B. 

      Gutenberg invented a printing press with movable type.

    • C. 

      Erasmus called for the Bible to be printed in the vernacular.

    • D. 

      Shakespeare popularized literature by re-energizing the theater.

  • 5. 
    What valid conclusion that can be drawn from the data in the table? 
    • A. 

      An unprecedented spread of information helped the Reformation grow.

    • B. 

      The Renaissance could not have happened without Gutenberg's invention.

    • C. 

      Europeans became more religious because most of the new books were bibles.

    • D. 

      Europeans became less religious because most of the new books had humanist ideals.

  • 6. 
    Summarize the main idea of the quotation. "The many great gardens of the world, of literature and poetry, of painting and music, of religion and architecture, all make the point as clear as possible: The soul cannot thrive in the absence of a garden. If you don't want paradise, you are not human; and if you are not human, you don't have a soul."—Thomas More
    • A. 

      Political, cultural, religious, and social reforms are needed to attain paradise.

    • B. 

      Humans already occupy paradise, so attempts to improve our lives are unnecessary.

    • C. 

      The arts, education, and spirituality make us human.

    • D. 

      Religious faith and commitment to classical ideals of learning will save us.

  • 7. 
    Which is the best example of a theocracy?
    • A. 

      A government run by religious leaders.

    • B. 

      A government run by divine monarchs.

    • C. 

      A government run by citizens of all religions.

    • D. 

      A government run by elected representatives.

  • 8. 
    Which statement belongs in the final box?
    • A. 

      Individual liberties are threatened as northern European societies transform into Protestant theocracies.

    • B. 

      Christian unity collapses, bringing a new political order that is divided between East and West.

    • C. 

      Religious conflict spreads across Europe, bringing an era of change and upheaval.

    • D. 

      The Peasant's Revolt and the Peace of Augsburg settle religious differences in Europe.

  • 9. 
    Which city-state was in the best location to benefit from trade-based cultural exchange with the Islamic civilization just across the Mediterranean?
    • A. 

      Florence

    • B. 

      Milan

    • C. 

      Venice

    • D. 

      Papal States

  • 10. 
    Use the chart to describe a historically significant difference between Renaissance and medieval thought. 
    • A. 

      Renewed focus on spirituality over secular doctrine

    • B. 

      Less emphasis on classical scholarship in favor of new methods of inquiry

    • C. 

      Focus on the divine as inspiration for creativity and intellectual pursuits

    • D. 

      Shift to humanism instead of religious studies

  • 11. 
    Which features belong under the category Renaissance Art? 
    • A. 

      Mythological and spiritual themes

    • B. 

      Realistic depictions of human forms

    • C. 

      Stylized depictions of human forms

    • D. 

      Flat dimensions and lack of perspective

  • 12. 
    Leonardo da Vinci is often referred to as a true "Renaissance Man." Why has he come to symbolize the spirit of the era?
    • A. 

      His paintings, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are superlative examples of expressionism and perspective, and are the most famous of the era.

    • B. 

      His scientific works showed a level of genius that was confirmed by his prediction of technologies that would not exist for centuries.

    • C. 

      He excelled at everything he did, bringing him in line with the heroic intellectual stature of the ancient Greek gods who helped inspire the Renaissance.

    • D. 

      His interests and body of work spanned many subjects, media, and disciplines, reflecting the quest for knowledge and the spirit of creative adventure that embodied the Renaissance era.

  • 13. 
    What aspect of this painting by Northern European artist Pieter Bruegel differs from the work of Italian Renaissance painters? 
    • A. 

      It stresses the Protestant work ethic.

    • B. 

      It focuses on the realities of peasant life.

    • C. 

      It features anatomical expressionism.

    • D. 

      It lacks depth and perspective.

  • 14. 
    What core Renaissance themes best summarize and express the characteristics of Shakespeare's work explained in the passage? Shakespeare's genius was in expressing universal themes in everyday, realistic settings. His work explores Renaissance ideals such as the complexity of the individual and the importance of the classics. At the same time, his characters speak in language that common people can understand and appreciate. Shakespeare's love of words also vastly enriched the English language. More than 1,700 words appeared for the first time in his works.
    • A. 

      Theocracy and classicism

    • B. 

      Inquiry and investigation

    • C. 

      Spirituality and faith

    • D. 

      Humanism and secularism

  • 15. 
    Which answer provides accurate historical context for the following quotations? "27. There is no divine authority for preaching that the soul flies out of the purgatory immediately the money clinks in the bottom of the chest. 28. It is certainly possible that when the money clinks in the bottom of the chest avarice [extreme greed] and greed increase; but when the church offers intercession [intervention], all depends in the will of God." —Martin Luther, 95 Theses
    • A. 

      Protestantism maintained that governments should be run by qualified religious leaders, however, Rome should play no role.

    • B. 

      Protestantism preached the idea of predestination, arguing that those who gain salvation had been determined by God long ago.

    • C. 

      Protestantism rejected papal authority, especially relating to what was regarded as the corrupt selling of indulgences.

    • D. 

      Protestantism denied the Roman Catholic concept of purgatory, rejecting any role for church officials in a person's fate after death.

  • 16. 
    Which statement BEST explains an artistic impact of the Italian Renaissance?
    • A. 

      The use of religious themes in art diminished drastically.

    • B. 

      Art moved away from realism and toward mystery.

    • C. 

      Art became more stylized to appeal to wealthy patron families.

    • D. 

      The use of perspective in art allowed more accurate representations.

  • 17. 
    Humanists believed
    • A. 

      In a classless society

    • B. 

      That monetary value could not be placed on true art

    • C. 

      That the sole purpose of work was to glorify God.

    • D. 

      That the potential of the mind was almost limitless.

  • 18. 
    _______ was the first to argue that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe
    • A. 

      Ptolemy

    • B. 

      Nicholas Copernicus 

    • C. 

      Johannes Kepler

    • D. 

      Martin Luther

  • 19. 
    Leonardo da Vinci is famous for
    • A. 

      Giving nobles new rules for refined behavior

    • B. 

      Posting ninety-five theses on a church door.

    • C. 

      Sculpting the David.

    • D. 

      Pursuing knowledge and achieving success in many areas.

  • 20. 
    Martin Luther denied basic Catholic beliefs when he insisted
    • A. 

      Faith alone will earn God’s grace

    • B. 

      Only honest clergy can interpret the Scriptures

    • C. 

      He was the head of the Church

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 21. 
    The ideas of the Italian Renaissance spread north through
    • A. 

      Trade

    • B. 

      Travel

    • C. 

      Printed material

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 22. 
    1. What were the 95 Theses?
    • A. 

      A list of ideas on how to expand the power of the king

    • B. 

      Ideas to improve the scientific method

    • C. 

      Complaints Martin Luther had against the Catholic Church

    • D. 

      Reasons King Henry VIII had to kill his wives

  • 23. 
    Which best describes the impact of Ferdinand Magellan and his crew?
    • A. 

      Discovered the Cape of Good Hope in Southern Africa

    • B. 

      Sailed to the Spice Islands of Asia to purchase trade goods

    • C. 

      Became the first sailors to colonize America

    • D. 

      Became the first sailors to circumnavigate the World

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is NOT a major Meso-American Empire discovered by Spanish explorers?
    • A. 

      Incas     

    • B. 

      Mayans

    • C. 

      Inuits

    • D. 

      Aztecs

  • 25. 
    What similarities do the Mayans and Aztecs share?
    • A. 

      Their empires existed in present-day Mexico

    • B. 

      They were conquered and wiped out by Spanish explorer Hernando Cortes

    • C. 

      They predicted the world would end in December, 2012

    • D. 

      Their calendars are used today exclusively by the U.S. government

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