Wealth from trade led to higher prices for Renaissance art
Wealth from trade unified Renaissance Italy
Trade spread the Renaissance to the Muslim world
Wealth from trade fueled the Renaissance
Humanity has already gained all knowledge and must return to it.
Humanity progresses by building upon past knowledge.
Humanity draws comfort from the achievements of past thinkers.
Humanity must abandon the limited thinking of ancient cultures.
A successful ruler must be observant and practical, not idealistic.
A successful ruler must be idealistic to overcome his opponents.
A successful ruler must consult his teachers to make decisions.
A successful ruler knows that his enemies will defer to him.
Raphael's engraving technology led to mass produced art.
Gutenberg invented a printing press with movable type.
Erasmus called for the Bible to be printed in the vernacular.
Shakespeare popularized literature by re-energizing the theater.
An unprecedented spread of information helped the Reformation grow.
The Renaissance could not have happened without Gutenberg's invention.
Europeans became more religious because most of the new books were bibles.
Europeans became less religious because most of the new books had humanist ideals.
Political, cultural, religious, and social reforms are needed to attain paradise.
Humans already occupy paradise, so attempts to improve our lives are unnecessary.
The arts, education, and spirituality make us human.
Religious faith and commitment to classical ideals of learning will save us.
A government run by religious leaders.
A government run by divine monarchs.
A government run by citizens of all religions.
A government run by elected representatives.
Individual liberties are threatened as northern European societies transform into Protestant theocracies.
Christian unity collapses, bringing a new political order that is divided between East and West.
Religious conflict spreads across Europe, bringing an era of change and upheaval.
The Peasant's Revolt and the Peace of Augsburg settle religious differences in Europe.
Renewed focus on spirituality over secular doctrine
Less emphasis on classical scholarship in favor of new methods of inquiry
Focus on the divine as inspiration for creativity and intellectual pursuits
Shift to humanism instead of religious studies
Mythological and spiritual themes
Realistic depictions of human forms
Stylized depictions of human forms
Flat dimensions and lack of perspective
His paintings, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are superlative examples of expressionism and perspective, and are the most famous of the era.
His scientific works showed a level of genius that was confirmed by his prediction of technologies that would not exist for centuries.
He excelled at everything he did, bringing him in line with the heroic intellectual stature of the ancient Greek gods who helped inspire the Renaissance.
His interests and body of work spanned many subjects, media, and disciplines, reflecting the quest for knowledge and the spirit of creative adventure that embodied the Renaissance era.
It stresses the Protestant work ethic.
It focuses on the realities of peasant life.
It features anatomical expressionism.
It lacks depth and perspective.
Theocracy and classicism
Inquiry and investigation
Spirituality and faith
Humanism and secularism
Protestantism maintained that governments should be run by qualified religious leaders, however, Rome should play no role.
Protestantism preached the idea of predestination, arguing that those who gain salvation had been determined by God long ago.
Protestantism rejected papal authority, especially relating to what was regarded as the corrupt selling of indulgences.
Protestantism denied the Roman Catholic concept of purgatory, rejecting any role for church officials in a person's fate after death.
The use of religious themes in art diminished drastically.
Art moved away from realism and toward mystery.
Art became more stylized to appeal to wealthy patron families.
The use of perspective in art allowed more accurate representations.
In a classless society
That monetary value could not be placed on true art
That the sole purpose of work was to glorify God.
That the potential of the mind was almost limitless.
Giving nobles new rules for refined behavior
Posting ninety-five theses on a church door.
Sculpting the David.
Pursuing knowledge and achieving success in many areas.
Faith alone will earn God’s grace
Only honest clergy can interpret the Scriptures
He was the head of the Church
All of the above.
All of the above.
A list of ideas on how to expand the power of the king
Ideas to improve the scientific method
Complaints Martin Luther had against the Catholic Church
Reasons King Henry VIII had to kill his wives
Discovered the Cape of Good Hope in Southern Africa
Sailed to the Spice Islands of Asia to purchase trade goods
Became the first sailors to colonize America
Became the first sailors to circumnavigate the World
Their empires existed in present-day Mexico
They were conquered and wiped out by Spanish explorer Hernando Cortes
They predicted the world would end in December, 2012
Their calendars are used today exclusively by the U.S. government