Chapter 13 - The Renaissance

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Chapter 13 - The Renaissance - Quiz

Take this quiz to practice for the test and the final exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    People got the plague The Black Death from what?

    • A.

      Fleas

    • B.

      Chickens

    • C.

      Cats

    Correct Answer
    A. Fleas
    Explanation
    During the time of the Black Death, people contracted the plague from fleas. Fleas were carriers of the bacteria Yersinia pestis, which caused the disease. These fleas infested rats, and when the rats died, the fleas sought new hosts, including humans. The fleas would bite infected rats, ingest the bacteria, and then transmit it to humans through their bites. This is how the plague spread rapidly and caused devastating consequences during the pandemic.

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  • 2. 

    Millions of people died because of the The Black Death.  What did a smaller amount of people mean for Europe?

    • A.

      Government had less money because there were less people to pay taxes

    • B.

      People got paid more money to work because there were not a lot of workers

    • C.

      Farmers made less money because less food was need

    • D.

      Both A & B

    • E.

      None of the above

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Black Death resulted in a significant decrease in the population of Europe. This had several consequences. Firstly, with fewer people to pay taxes, the government had less money at its disposal. Secondly, the reduced labor force meant that workers were in higher demand, leading to increased wages. Lastly, the decrease in population also affected the agricultural sector, as there were fewer people to cultivate and harvest crops, resulting in lower food production and potentially reduced income for farmers. Therefore, all of the options mentioned (A, B, and C) are valid explanations for the impact of a smaller population on Europe.

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  • 3. 

    Who started the rebellion against King Richard in 1381?

    • A.

      Nobles

    • B.

      Clergy

    • C.

      Peasants

    Correct Answer
    C. Peasants
    Explanation
    The peasants wanted change and they began to fight for their rights.

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  • 4. 

    What does the word Renaissance mean?

    • A.

      Rebirth

    • B.

      Change

    • C.

      Undo

    Correct Answer
    A. Rebirth
    Explanation
    The word Renaissance means rebirth. This term refers to the period in European history from the 14th to the 17th century, characterized by a renewed interest in classical learning and a revival of art, literature, and science. The Renaissance was a time of great cultural and intellectual growth, where there was a shift away from the medieval period towards a more enlightened and humanistic approach. The term rebirth accurately captures the essence of this period as it signifies a revival and renewed interest in the arts and sciences after a period of decline.

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  • 5. 

    What is a belief that human actions, ideas and works are important?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Humanism

    • C.

      Ignorant

    Correct Answer
    B. Humanism
    Explanation
    Humanism is the correct answer because it is a belief system that places importance on human actions, ideas, and works. It emphasizes the value and potential of human beings, promoting individualism, reason, and the pursuit of knowledge and creativity. Humanists value human achievements in areas such as art, literature, science, and philosophy, and believe that humans have the ability to shape their own destinies and improve society through their actions and ideas.

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  • 6. 

    This person could read and talk about writings of ancient Greece and Rome.  Art and science were also interests; book learning was not enough.  This person had to have fine manners and be interesting and funny.  This person also played music, danced and wrote poetry.  This person also had to be strong, be good at games, ride a horse and use a sword well.

    • A.

      Renaissance Woman

    • B.

      Renaissance Man

    Correct Answer
    B. Renaissance Man
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance period, a "Renaissance Man" referred to an individual who possessed a wide range of knowledge and skills in various fields. This person was well-versed in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome, showing an interest in art and science as well. They were not limited to book learning, but also had to possess fine manners and be interesting and funny. Additionally, they were talented in music, dance, and poetry. Furthermore, they had to be physically strong, skilled in games, horse riding, and swordsmanship. Therefore, the term "Renaissance Man" accurately describes an individual with a diverse set of abilities and interests during that time period.

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  • 7. 

    This person was usually from a wealthy family.  Teachers or tutors would instruct this person in their home.

    • A.

      Renaissance Woman

    • B.

      Renaissance Man

    Correct Answer
    A. Renaissance Woman
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance period, education was primarily reserved for the wealthy and privileged. This answer suggests that the person being referred to was usually from a wealthy family, indicating their privileged background. Additionally, the mention of teachers or tutors instructing this person in their home further supports the idea that they belonged to the upper class, as private education was a luxury only afforded by the wealthy. Therefore, the correct answer is Renaissance Woman, as it aligns with the social and educational context of the Renaissance period.

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  • 8. 

    Who became the "first lady to the world"?  She became the ruler of Mantua after her husband was captured in war.

    • A.

      Queen Elizabeth

    • B.

      Isabella d'Este

    • C.

      Machiavelli

    Correct Answer
    B. Isabella d'Este
    Explanation
    Isabella d'Este became known as the "first lady to the world" because of her influential role and reputation during the Renaissance period. After her husband, Francesco II Gonzaga, was captured in war, Isabella took over the rule of Mantua and became a prominent figure in politics, diplomacy, and the arts. She was known for her intelligence, cultural patronage, and diplomatic skills, which earned her the title of the "first lady to the world." Queen Elizabeth and Machiavelli were not rulers of Mantua and therefore cannot be the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    What type of government did Florence have?

    • A.

      Republican

    • B.

      Democratic

    • C.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    A. Republican
    Explanation
    Florence had a republican form of government. In a republic, the power is held by the citizens who elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This system promotes the idea of public participation and the rule of law. In Florence, the citizens had the ability to vote and play an active role in the government, making it a republican government.

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  • 10. 

    How did the Italian city-states become rich?

    • A.

      Farming

    • B.

      Attacking other countries

    • C.

      Trading

    Correct Answer
    C. Trading
    Explanation
    The Italian city-states became rich through trading. They were strategically located along major trade routes, allowing them to establish lucrative trade networks with other regions. These city-states became centers of commerce, attracting merchants and traders from all over Europe and the Mediterranean. They traded various goods, including textiles, spices, and luxury items, which brought wealth and prosperity to the Italian city-states. Additionally, their strong maritime capabilities and the development of banking and finance systems further facilitated their economic growth through trade.

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  • 11. 

    What city in Italy became known as "Queen of the Adriatic"?

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Venice

    • C.

      Florence

    Correct Answer
    B. Venice
    Explanation
    Venice became known as the "Queen of the Adriatic" due to its unique and picturesque location on the Adriatic Sea. The city is built on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and connected by bridges, making it a captivating and romantic destination. Venice is renowned for its stunning architecture, including iconic landmarks such as St. Mark's Square and the Grand Canal. Its rich history, cultural heritage, and artistic treasures further contribute to its reputation as the "Queen of the Adriatic."

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  • 12. 

    What was the most famous ruler of Florence?

    • A.

      Savonarola

    • B.

      Christopher Columbus

    • C.

      Lorenzo de Medici

    Correct Answer
    C. Lorenzo de Medici
    Explanation
    Lorenzo de Medici is considered the most famous ruler of Florence due to his significant contributions to the city's cultural and artistic development during the Renaissance. He was a patron of the arts and supported renowned artists like Michelangelo and Botticelli. Lorenzo de Medici also played a crucial role in the political arena, maintaining Florence's stability and influence. His leadership and patronage made Florence a center of intellectual and artistic innovation, earning him the title of the most famous ruler of the city.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the monk who preached against the Renaissance?  He said that people thought too much about themselves and didn't think enough about religion.

    • A.

      Savonarola

    • B.

      Piero

    • C.

      Lorenzo de Medici

    Correct Answer
    A. Savonarola
    Explanation
    Savonarola was a monk who preached against the Renaissance, criticizing the excessive focus on worldly matters and the neglect of religious devotion. He believed that people were too self-centered and needed to prioritize their faith. His preaching and teachings gained a significant following in Florence during the late 15th century. Savonarola's opposition to the Renaissance ideals and his calls for moral reform ultimately led to his downfall and execution.

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  • 14. 

    The French army attacked Florence.  Who gave the city up without a fight?

    • A.

      Savonarola

    • B.

      Piero

    • C.

      Lorenzo de Medici

    Correct Answer
    B. Piero
    Explanation
    Piero gave the city up without a fight.

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  • 15. 

    What happened to Savonarola?

    • A.

      The people of Florence executed (killed) him

    • B.

      The people of Florence made him pope

    • C.

      The people of Florence kicked him out of Florence

    Correct Answer
    A. The people of Florence executed (killed) him
    Explanation
    People got tired of his ruling and when he started to say that the pope was wrong, the people of Florence had had enough.

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  • 16. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who said to one of his sculptures, "Speak then!  Why will you not speak!"

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    C. Donatello
    Explanation
    Donatello is the correct answer because he was a renowned Renaissance sculptor. The quote, "Speak then! Why will you not speak!" suggests that the artist was talking to one of his sculptures, indicating that the person must be a sculptor. Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Shakespeare, Miguel de Cervantes, and Johann Gutenberg were all notable figures during the Renaissance, but they were not primarily known for their work in sculpture.

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  • 17. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who was a popular Spanish writer of the Renaissance who wrote Don Quixote?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    E. Miguel de Cervantes
    Explanation
    Miguel de Cervantes was a popular Spanish writer of the Renaissance who wrote Don Quixote. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the Spanish language and his novel, Don Quixote, is considered a masterpiece of Western literature. Cervantes' work had a significant impact on the development of the novel as a literary form and his storytelling skills and satirical commentary on society continue to be celebrated today.

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  • 18. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who sculpted beautiful works like David and the Pieta?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    A. Michelangelo
    Explanation
    The Pieta is the only sculpture that Michelangelo signed. He overheard some women attribute his work to another sculptor and was angry so he put his name on it. He later regretted doing it and promised to never do it again.

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  • 19. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who invented the first printing press that used moveable metal type in the 1400s?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    G. Johann Gutenberg
    Explanation
    Johann Gutenberg invented the first printing press that used moveable metal type in the 1400s. This invention revolutionized the printing industry and had a significant impact on the spread of knowledge and information during the Renaissance period. Gutenberg's printing press allowed for faster and more efficient printing compared to the traditional method of hand-copying books. This innovation played a crucial role in the dissemination of ideas and the democratization of knowledge, contributing to the cultural and intellectual flourishing of the Renaissance.

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  • 20. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who painted the Mona Lisa?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    B. Da Vinci
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Da Vinci because he is widely recognized as the artist who painted the Mona Lisa. Da Vinci was a renowned Renaissance artist, known for his mastery in various fields including painting, sculpture, and invention. The Mona Lisa is one of his most famous works, admired for its exquisite detail, composition, and enigmatic expression. Da Vinci's skill and innovation in art make him the most likely candidate for the painter of the Mona Lisa.

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  • 21. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who painted the School of Athens?  He painted Plato and Aristotle at the center of the painting and put Greek scholars all around them.

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    F. Raphael
    Explanation
    The painting shows that the learning and culture of ancient Greece influenced the Renaissance.

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  • 22. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who painted the Sistine Chapel?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    A. Michelangelo
    Explanation
    Michelangelo is the correct answer because he was the artist who painted the Sistine Chapel. He spent four years, from 1508 to 1512, working on the ceiling of the chapel, creating one of the most famous and iconic works of art in history. Michelangelo's masterpiece includes the famous frescoes depicting scenes from the Book of Genesis, including the creation of Adam and the Last Judgment. His incredible skill and attention to detail make the Sistine Chapel ceiling a testament to his talent and creativity.

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  • 23. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Pope Leo X used his skills as an architect to help build St. Peter's Church.

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    F. Raphael
    Explanation
    Raphael was a renowned Renaissance artist known for his skills in painting and architecture. He was commissioned by Pope Leo X to work on the construction of St. Peter's Church, showcasing his abilities as an architect. This demonstrates Raphael's versatility and his contribution to the field of art and architecture during the Renaissance period.

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  • 24. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who drew inventions in notebooks?  He cut up dead bodies and drew what he saw.

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    B. Da Vinci
    Explanation
    Da Vinci's inventions were incredible and way beyond his time. His drawings included drawings of bikes, a new kind of cannon, a machine gun, a submarine, a flying machine and a parachute.

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  • 25. 

    Renaissance Artists, Sculptors, Writers and Inventors Who was the greatest of all Elizabethan writers?  He wrote plays, such as Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet.

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    • E.

      Miguel de Cervantes

    • F.

      Raphael

    • G.

      Johann Gutenberg

    Correct Answer
    D. Shakespeare
    Explanation
    Da Vinci's inventions were incredible and way beyond his time. His drawings included drawings of bikes, a new kind of cannon, a machine gun, a submarine, a flying machine and a parachute.

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  • 26. 

    What was the 1st book printed in Europe?

    • A.

      Hamlet

    • B.

      The Bible

    • C.

      The Dictionary

    Correct Answer
    B. The Bible
    Explanation
    The Bible is considered to be the first book printed in Europe because Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in the 15th century, and the first major work he printed was the Bible. This invention revolutionized the way books were produced and made them more accessible to a wider audience. The printing of the Bible played a significant role in spreading literacy and knowledge throughout Europe.

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