Victimology Final Mock Test 1

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Victimology Final Mock Test 1 - Quiz

Please read the questions carefully.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ___________ kidnapping prevention act prohibited state court from modifying the original custody. 

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      Patriarchy

    • C.

      Parental

    • D.

      Women

    Correct Answer
    C. Parental
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Parental." This is because the sentence is referring to a kidnapping prevention act that prohibits state courts from modifying the original custody. The term "parental" relates directly to the concept of custody and the rights and responsibilities of parents in relation to their children.

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  • 2. 

    What is connected to the rediscovery for the concern for kidnapped children?

    • A.

      Family partnership

    • B.

      Family structure          

    • C.

      Family formation

    • D.

      Police

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Family structure          
    Explanation
    Family structure is connected to the rediscovery for the concern for kidnapped children because it refers to the organization and dynamics within a family unit. When a child is kidnapped, the structure of their family becomes a central focus as authorities and support systems work to understand the family dynamics, relationships, and potential motives for the abduction. Family structure can provide important insights into the child's environment and potential risks, helping to guide investigations and efforts to locate and protect the child.

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  • 3. 

    When a kidnapper demands a ransom it is classified as a state crime,

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Federal crime

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  • 4. 

    A child is not always in danger when they are missing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It is true that a child is not always in danger when they are missing. There could be various reasons for a child to go missing, such as wandering off, getting lost, or being with a trusted adult. While it is important to take missing children seriously and take immediate action to ensure their safety, not every instance of a missing child automatically indicates danger.

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  • 5. 

    In the ______ there was a nationwide panic on the kidnapping of children and that revealed the police and government did not keep records of the number of cases where a parent will call the police to report a missing child, or on the number of arrests of hostage takers, or on the outcomes for the prosecutions regarding kidnapping. 

    • A.

      1950s

    • B.

      1960s

    • C.

      1970s

    • D.

      1980s

    Correct Answer
    D. 1980s
    Explanation
    In the 1980s, there was a nationwide panic on the kidnapping of children, which exposed the lack of record-keeping by the police and government. This means that there was no documentation of the number of cases where a parent would call the police to report a missing child, the number of arrests made in kidnapping cases, or the outcomes of prosecutions related to kidnapping.

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  • 6. 

    What is the most common type of kidnapping?

    • A.

      Parental abduction

    • B.

      Guardian abduction

    • C.

      Family abduction

    • D.

      Stranger abduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Family abduction
    Explanation
    Family abduction is the most common type of kidnapping. This occurs when a family member, typically a parent, takes a child without the consent of the other parent or legal guardian. It can happen during custody disputes or when one parent wants to prevent the other from having access to the child. Family abductions often involve a level of familiarity between the abductor and the victim, which distinguishes it from stranger abduction where the perpetrator has no prior relationship with the victim.

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  • 7. 

    The age of the child that is typically kidnapped is between 4 and 7 years old.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Children between the ages of 4 and 7 are typically targeted for kidnapping due to various reasons. At this age, children are more vulnerable and less likely to resist or escape from a potential kidnapper. They are also easier to manipulate and control, making them attractive targets. Additionally, children within this age range are often seen as more valuable in terms of potential ransom demands or other illegal activities. Therefore, it is true that the age of the child typically kidnapped falls between 4 and 7 years old.

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  • 8. 

    In what year did they classify battered child syndrome as a clinical condition?

    • A.

      1947

    • B.

      1982

    • C.

      1962

    • D.

      2000

    Correct Answer
    C. 1962
    Explanation
    In 1962, battered child syndrome was classified as a clinical condition. This means that before this year, the concept of battered child syndrome did not exist in the medical field. It was in 1962 that healthcare professionals recognized and defined this condition, which refers to the physical and psychological abuse experienced by children. This classification was a significant step in raising awareness about child abuse and providing appropriate medical interventions and support for affected children.

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  • 9. 

    The National Incidence study of child abuse and neglect found that from 2005-2006 over 1,260,00 children were victims of child abuse.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    1,250,000

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  • 10. 

    Intimate partners are referred to those people whom the victim has platonic relationship. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    sexual relationship

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  • 11. 

    Nearly ____ percent of all women will be subjected to physical violence

    • A.

      30

    • B.

      32

    • C.

      28

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    D. 25
    Explanation
    Approximately 25 percent of all women will experience physical violence. This statistic highlights the alarming prevalence of violence against women, indicating that a significant portion of the female population is at risk of being subjected to physical harm. This emphasizes the urgent need to address and combat gender-based violence in order to ensure the safety and well-being of women worldwide.

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  • 12. 

    Almost _____ of all intimated violence cases are not reported to the police.

    • A.

      20

    • B.

      78

    • C.

      50

    • D.

      85

    Correct Answer
    C. 50
    Explanation
    Approximately 50% of all cases of intimate violence go unreported to the police. This suggests that a significant portion of victims choose not to come forward or report their experiences, which could be due to various reasons such as fear, shame, or a lack of trust in the justice system. The high percentage of unreported cases highlights the need for increased awareness, support, and resources for victims of intimate violence.

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  • 13. 

    About 5-10 billon dollars cost for healthcare is related to intimate violence. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement states that about 5-10 billion dollars of healthcare costs are related to intimate violence. This suggests that a significant amount of money is being spent on healthcare services for individuals who have been victims of intimate violence. This highlights the financial impact that intimate violence has on the healthcare system, indicating that it is a serious issue that requires attention and resources.

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  • 14. 

    The victimization survey data indicates that intimate violence against women are ____ in recent years. 

    • A.

      Increasing

    • B.

      Decreasing

    • C.

      Up and down

    • D.

      Stagnant

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreasing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Decreasing." This is supported by the victimization survey data, which shows that intimate violence against women has been on a downward trend in recent years.

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  • 15. 

    What is the term used to describe the male primary holder?

    • A.

      Matriarch

    • B.

      Patriarch

    • C.

      Mom

    • D.

      Dad

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Patriarch
    Explanation
    The term used to describe the male primary holder is "Patriarch." This term refers to the male head of a family or a social group who holds the highest authority and power. The patriarch is typically responsible for making important decisions and providing leadership and guidance to the family or group. The term "Patriarch" is commonly used in societies that follow a patriarchal system, where men hold dominant roles and positions of power.

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  • 16. 

    Battered women syndrome refers to a cycle of violence that is accompanied by learn helplessness.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Battered women syndrome is a psychological condition that occurs when a woman experiences a cycle of violence and abuse from her partner. This syndrome is characterized by learned helplessness, which refers to a state where the woman feels powerless and unable to escape the abusive situation. The correct answer, "True," reflects the fact that battered women syndrome is indeed accompanied by learned helplessness.

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  • 17. 

    What is the second stage of domestic violence?

    • A.

      Acute violence phase

    • B.

      Obtuse violence phase

    • C.

      Triangle violence phase

    • D.

      Intimate violence stage

    Correct Answer
    A. Acute violence phase
    Explanation
    The second stage of domestic violence is the Acute violence phase. This phase is characterized by intense and frequent acts of violence, which may include physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. It is often triggered by tension and stress within the relationship and can result in severe injuries or even death. During this stage, the victim may feel trapped, scared, and isolated. It is important for individuals experiencing domestic violence to seek help and support to break free from this cycle of abuse.

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  • 18. 

    When the aggressor begins to show shame and remorse this stage is referred to as ____________ or the honeymoon stage.

    • A.

      Recognition

    • B.

      Remembrance

    • C.

      Reconciliation

    • D.

      Marriage

    Correct Answer
    C. Reconciliation
    Explanation
    The stage where the aggressor starts to feel shame and remorse is known as the reconciliation stage. This stage is characterized by the aggressor attempting to make amends and reconcile with the victim. It signifies a temporary period of peace and harmony in the relationship after the abusive behavior.

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  • 19. 

    The term intimate partner violence refers to female initiated violence arising from a sexual relationship.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    males and female initiated violence arising from a sexual relationship.

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  • 20. 

    According to victimization data the demographic group most at risk for domestic violence are the ages:

    • A.

      18-30

    • B.

      18-34

    • C.

      25-40

    • D.

      22-38

    Correct Answer
    B. 18-34
    Explanation
    According to victimization data, individuals between the ages of 18 to 34 are identified as the demographic group most vulnerable to domestic violence. This implies that individuals within this age range are more likely to experience domestic violence compared to other age groups mentioned.

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  • 21. 

    There was a study in California in the 1980s that domestic violence offenders are less likely to commit again after their arrest.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Minnesota

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  • 22. 

    Before women who are trapped in abusive relationships can be helped, they have to show that they are genuine crime victims.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that in order for women who are trapped in abusive relationships to receive help, they must provide evidence or demonstrate that they are genuine victims of crime. This implies that there may be a requirement for proof or validation of their situation before assistance can be provided.

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  • 23. 

    The word rape is connected to the taking by force. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the word "rape" is commonly associated with the act of taking something, specifically sexual intercourse, by force or without consent. It is a serious crime that involves the violation of a person's autonomy and bodily integrity. The word carries a strong negative connotation and is often used to describe a heinous act of violence.

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  • 24. 

    In the United States the crime of rape is not gender neutral.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It is gender neutral

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  • 25. 

    In English common law, the crime rape was called unlawful _____ knowledge. 

    • A.

      Carnal

    • B.

      Bodily

    • C.

      Mental

    • D.

      Sexual

    Correct Answer
    A. Carnal
    Explanation
    In English common law, the crime of rape was referred to as unlawful carnal knowledge. This term specifically denotes sexual intercourse without the consent of one party involved. The word "carnal" refers to the physical or sexual aspect of the act, emphasizing the violation of the victim's bodily autonomy and the nature of the offense.

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  • 26. 

    Forcible rape implies that the victim reasonable fears bodily harm.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Forcible rape implies that the victim reasonably fears bodily harm. This means that in cases of forcible rape, the victim perceives a threat to their physical well-being, which is a key element in defining the crime. The fear of bodily harm is an important factor in determining whether an act of sexual assault can be classified as forcible rape. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 27. 

    Lack of _____ remains the key factor that distinguishes a sexual assault from a non-sexual experience. 

    • A.

      Approval

    • B.

      Consent

    • C.

      Knowledge

    • D.

      Intimacy 

    Correct Answer
    B. Consent
    Explanation
    Consent is the correct answer because it is the absence of consent that distinguishes a sexual assault from a non-sexual experience. Consent is the voluntary agreement or permission given by all parties involved in a sexual activity. Without consent, any sexual activity is considered non-consensual and can be classified as sexual assault. Therefore, the lack of consent is the crucial factor that separates a sexual assault from a consensual sexual experience.

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  • 28. 

    The term ______ rape occurs when the subject uses a weapon, when there is more than one assailant involved, and when the assailant inflicts additional injuries. 

    • A.

      Vioent

    • B.

      Non-violent

    • C.

      Aggravated

    • D.

      Negligent

    Correct Answer
    C. Aggravated
    Explanation
    Aggravated rape refers to a situation where the perpetrator uses a weapon, there is more than one assailant involved, and the victim suffers additional injuries. This term is used to distinguish it from other types of rape, such as non-violent or negligent rape, where these factors are not present. The term "aggravated" highlights the increased severity and danger of this type of sexual assault.

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  • 29. 

    Martial rape was not specified as a crime until the ____ in most states.

    • A.

      1920s

    • B.

      1940s

    • C.

      1960s

    • D.

      1970s

    Correct Answer
    D. 1970s
    Explanation
    In most states, the crime of marital rape was not recognized until the 1970s. This means that prior to this time, it was not considered illegal for a spouse to sexually assault their partner. The recognition of marital rape as a crime in the 1970s marked a significant shift in societal attitudes and legal protections for victims of sexual violence within marriage.

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  • 30. 

    More than half of the victims who report a rape,  reports the rape to the police.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Fewer than half of the victims

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