Cancer And Oncology | NCLEX Quiz 140

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1525

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Cancer And Oncology | NCLEX Quiz 140

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      Which of the following medications usually is given to a client with leukemia as prophylaxis against P. carinii pneumonia?
    • A. 

      Bactrim

    • B. 

      Oral nystatin suspension

    • C. 

      Prednisone

    • D. 

      Vincristine (Oncovin)

  • 2. 
      In which of the following diseases would bone marrow transplantation not be indicated in a newly diagnosed client?
    • A. 

      Acute lymphocytic leukemia

    • B. 

      Chronic myeloid leukemia

    • C. 

      Severe aplastic anemia

    • D. 

      Severe combined immunodeficiency

  • 3. 
      Which of the following treatment measures should be implemented for a child with leukemia who has been exposed to the chickenpox?
    • A. 

      No treatment is indicated.

    • B. 

      Acyclovir (Zovirax) should be started on exposure

    • C. 

      Varicella-zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) should be given with the evidence of disease

    • D. 

      VZIG should be given within 72 hours of exposure.

  • 4. 
      Nausea and vomiting are common adverse effects of radiation and chemotherapy. When should a nurse administer antiemetics?
    • A. 

      30 minutes before the initiation of therapy.

    • B. 

      With the administration of therapy.

    • C. 

      Immediately after nausea begins.

    • D. 

      When therapy is completed.

  • 5. 
      Parents of pediatric clients who undergo irradiation involving the central nervous system should be warned about postirradiation somnolence. When does this neurologic syndrome usually occur?
    • A. 

      Immediately

    • B. 

      Within 1 to 2 weeks

    • C. 

      Within 5 to 8 weeks

    • D. 

      Within 3 to 6 months

  • 6. 
      The nurse is instructing the client to perform a testicular self-examination. The nurse tells the client:
    • A. 

      To examine the testicles while lying down.

    • B. 

      The best time for the examination is after a shower

    • C. 

      To gently feel the testicle with one finger to feel for a growth

    • D. 

      That testicular examination should be done at least every 6 months.

  • 7. 
      The community nurse is conducting a health promotion program at a local school and is discussing the risk factors associated with cancer. Which of the following. if identified by the client as a risk factor. indicates a need for further instructions?
    • A. 

      Viral factors

    • B. 

      Stress

    • C. 

      Low-fat and high-fiber diets

    • D. 

      Exposure to radiation

  • 8. 
      The client with cancer is receiving chemotherapy and develops thrombocytopenia. The nurse identifies which intervention as the highest priority in the nursing plan of care?
    • A. 

      Ambulation three times a day

    • B. 

      Monitoring temperature

    • C. 

      Monitoring the platelet count

    • D. 

      Monitoring for pathological factors

  • 9. 
      A client is diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The client asks the nurse about the diagnosis. The nurse bases the response on which of the following descriptions of this disorder?
    • A. 

      Malignant exacerbation in the number of leukocytes.

    • B. 

      Altered red blood cell production.

    • C. 

      Altered production of lymph nodes

    • D. 

      Malignant proliferation of plasma cells and tumors within the bone.

  • 10. 
      The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client diagnosed with multiple myeloma. Which of the following would the nurse expect to note specifically in this disorder?
    • A. 

      Decreased number of plasma cells in the bone marrow.

    • B. 

      Increased WBC’s

    • C. 

      Increased calcium levels

    • D. 

      Decreased blood urea nitrogen

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