Mitosis And Cell Division

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By 2Win
2
2Win
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 16,093
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 141

SettingsSettingsSettings
Mitosis And Cell Division - Quiz


Made for KatyISD PreAP Bio


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Long and thread-like DNA in a non-dividing cell

    Explanation
    Chromatin refers to the long and thread-like DNA found in a non-dividing cell. It is a complex of DNA, proteins, and RNA that make up the genetic material within the nucleus of a cell. During cell division, chromatin condenses into distinct structures called chromosomes. However, in non-dividing cells, the chromatin remains in a less condensed and more accessible form, allowing for gene expression and various cellular processes to occur. Therefore, the correct answer is chromatin.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Thick, short, coiled doubled DNA in a dividing cell

    Explanation
    The given description of "thick, short, coiled doubled DNA in a dividing cell" matches the characteristics of a chromosome. Chromosomes are structures made up of DNA molecules that contain the genetic information of an organism. During cell division, the DNA in a cell condenses and coils into thick, short structures known as chromosomes. These chromosomes then separate and are passed on to the daughter cells. Therefore, the correct answer is chromosome.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Chromosome consists of two parts, name ONE. (if you've already had this question, name the other one)

    Explanation
    Chromosomes consist of two parts: chromatids and centromeres. A chromatid is one of the two identical copies of a replicated chromosome that are joined together by a centromere. The centromere is a specialized region of the chromosome that holds the chromatids together and plays a crucial role in cell division. During cell division, the chromatids separate and move to opposite ends of the cell, ensuring that each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Chromosome consists of two parts. name ONE. (if you've already this question, name the other one)

    Explanation
    A chromosome consists of two parts, namely chromatid and centromere. The chromatid is one of the two identical copies of a replicated chromosome, which are joined together by a centromere. The centromere is a specialized region on the chromosome that holds the two chromatids together and plays a crucial role in the separation of chromosomes during cell division.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Chromosomes are divided into segments called:

    Explanation
    Chromosomes are divided into segments called genes. Genes are specific sequences of DNA that contain the instructions for building and maintaining an organism. They determine the traits and characteristics of an individual, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. Genes are passed down from parents to offspring and play a crucial role in inheritance and evolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The repeating sequence of growth and division of a eukaryotic cell is called the:

  • 7. 

    The cell spends the most time in this phase:

    Explanation
    During interphase, the cell prepares for cell division by growing in size, replicating its DNA, and synthesizing proteins. This phase is the longest and most active period in the cell cycle, accounting for about 90% of the cell's life. It is during interphase that the cell carries out its normal functions and prepares for the subsequent phases of the cell cycle, such as mitosis or meiosis. Therefore, interphase is the phase in which the cell spends the most time.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Phase where cell grows and mature:

    Explanation
    During the G1 phase, the cell undergoes growth and prepares for DNA replication. This is the first growth phase of the cell cycle, where it increases in size and synthesizes proteins and organelles. The cell matures during this phase and gets ready for the next phase, S phase, where DNA replication occurs. Therefore, the correct answer is G1, first growth, G1, first growth, G1 (first growth), first growth, G1.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Phase where chromatin duplicates:

    Explanation
    During the S phase of the cell cycle, chromatin duplicates. This phase is also known as synthesis. Therefore, the correct answer is S, synthesis, S, synthesis, synthesis, S.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Phase when organelles replicate and cell prepares for division:

    Explanation
    During the G2 phase, the cell undergoes a second growth phase where it prepares for division. This phase is characterized by the replication of organelles, ensuring that each daughter cell will have a complete set of organelles. The cell also continues to grow and synthesize proteins in preparation for cell division. Therefore, the answer "G2, second growth, G2, second growth, second growth, G2" accurately describes the phase when organelles replicate and the cell prepares for division.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Division of the nucleus:

    Explanation
    Mitosis is the process of cell division that occurs in the nucleus. During mitosis, the nucleus divides into two identical daughter nuclei, each containing the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. This process is essential for growth, repair, and development in multicellular organisms. It allows for the distribution of genetic material to ensure that each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes. Therefore, mitosis is the correct answer for the division of the nucleus.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Division of cytoplasm and organelles:

    Explanation
    Cytokinesis refers to the process of cell division where the cytoplasm and organelles are divided into two daughter cells. This process occurs after the nuclear division (mitosis or meiosis) and is crucial for the formation of new cells. During cytokinesis, a contractile ring of proteins constricts the cell membrane at the equator, eventually pinching it off and separating the cytoplasm into two distinct cells. This ensures that each daughter cell receives the necessary cytoplasmic components and organelles to function independently. Therefore, "cytokinesis" is the correct term for the division of cytoplasm and organelles.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Phase where chromosomes condense, nuclear envolope breaks down, spindle fibers form:

    Explanation
    During prophase, chromosomes start to condense, becoming shorter and thicker. This condensation allows the chromosomes to become visible under a microscope. Additionally, the nuclear envelope breaks down, allowing the chromosomes to move freely in the cell. At the same time, spindle fibers start to form, which will later help in the separation of chromosomes during cell division. Therefore, prophase is the correct answer as it accurately describes the phase where these events occur.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Phase where chromosomes line up along equator:

    Explanation
    During metaphase, the chromosomes align themselves along the equator of the cell. This alignment is crucial for the proper separation of chromosomes during cell division. The spindle fibers attach to the centromeres of each chromosome, ensuring that they are correctly positioned. This alignment allows for equal distribution of genetic material to the daughter cells. Therefore, metaphase is the phase where chromosomes line up along the equator.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Phase where chromatids separate, centromere divides, and move to opposite poles:

    Explanation
    During anaphase, the chromatids separate and move towards opposite poles of the cell. This is possible because the centromere, which holds the chromatids together, divides, allowing each chromatid to become an individual chromosome. As a result, the chromosomes are pulled by the spindle fibers towards the opposite ends of the cell, ensuring that each new daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Phase where chromosomes uncoil, new nuclear envelope forms, spindle fibers break down:

    Explanation
    During telophase, the final stage of mitosis, the chromosomes begin to uncoil and become less condensed. This allows the genetic material to be more accessible and ready for gene expression. Additionally, a new nuclear envelope starts to form around each set of chromosomes, separating them from the cytoplasm. Finally, the spindle fibers, which were responsible for pulling the chromosomes apart during anaphase, break down and disappear. This marks the end of mitosis and the beginning of cytokinesis, where the cell divides into two daughter cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Mitosis occurs only in body cells, aka:

    Explanation
    Mitosis is a type of cell division that occurs in somatic cells, which are the body cells. It is responsible for the growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues in the body. Therefore, all three options, somatic cells, somatic, and somatic cell, are correct because they all refer to the same concept of mitosis occurring in body cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Original cell:

    Explanation
    The correct answer includes both "parent cell" and "parent" because these phrases are separated by a comma. This suggests that they are two separate elements within the original cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Cells formed from parent cell:

    Explanation
    When a cell undergoes cell division, it gives rise to two new cells called daughter cells. These daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell and have the same characteristics. Therefore, the correct answer is "daughter cells, daughter cell, daughter."

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Number of human chromosomes

    Explanation
    The number of human chromosomes is 46. This is the standard number of chromosomes found in most human cells, with 23 pairs of chromosomes. Each pair consists of one chromosome inherited from the mother and one from the father. The total number of chromosomes determines the genetic makeup and characteristics of an individual.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 31, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    2Win
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.