# Middle School Energy Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
At ProProfs Quizzes, our dedicated in-house team of experts takes pride in their work. With a sharp eye for detail, they meticulously review each quiz. This ensures that every quiz, taken by over 100 million users, meets our standards of accuracy, clarity, and engagement.
| Written by Cbcbblock
C
Cbcbblock
Community Contributor
Total Contribution - 14 | Total attempts - 39,818
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 3,575

Settings

A practice test for material on type of energy

• 1.

### The transfor of thermal energy by direct contact, from one molecule to another.

• A.

Conduction

• B.

Convection

• C.

A. Conduction
Explanation
Conduction is the transfer of thermal energy from one molecule to another through direct contact. In this process, the molecules in a substance vibrate and collide with neighboring molecules, transferring their kinetic energy. This transfer of energy continues until the substance reaches thermal equilibrium. Unlike convection and radiation, which involve the movement of mass or electromagnetic waves, conduction occurs within a solid or between solids in contact. It is an important mechanism for heat transfer in materials such as metals, where the tightly packed atoms allow for efficient energy transfer through collisions.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### ________________ energy is the energy of motion.

kinetic
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is directly proportional to the mass of the object and the square of its velocity. When an object is in motion, it possesses kinetic energy. This energy can be transferred from one object to another or transformed into other forms of energy. Therefore, the given answer "kinetic" correctly explains that kinetic energy is the energy of motion.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### ______________ is the total amount of energy, both kinetic and potential.

thermal energy
thermal
Explanation
Thermal energy refers to the total amount of energy possessed by a system, including both kinetic energy (energy of motion) and potential energy (stored energy). It encompasses the energy associated with the random motion of particles within a substance. Therefore, thermal energy is the correct answer as it accurately describes the combination of both kinetic and potential energy in a system. The term "thermal" alone may refer to heat or temperature but does not encompass the full concept of total energy.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### __________________ energy is the energy that is stored.

potential
potential energy
Explanation
Potential energy is the energy that is stored within an object or system. It is the energy that an object possesses due to its position, condition, or state. This energy is not currently being used or in motion, but has the potential to be converted into other forms of energy and perform work. Potential energy can exist in various forms such as gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, or chemical potential energy.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Which type of energy is the following: Ball sitting on a table

• A.

Kinetic

• B.

Potential

B. Potential
Explanation
The ball sitting on a table has potential energy. Potential energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its position or condition. In this case, the ball has the potential to fall or move due to gravity. If it is lifted higher, its potential energy increases, and if it falls, this potential energy is converted into kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### Which type of energy is the following: A paper airplane flying

• A.

Kinetic

• B.

Potential

A. Kinetic
Explanation
The correct answer is kinetic. A paper airplane flying possesses kinetic energy because it is in motion. Kinetic energy is the energy of an object due to its motion. As the paper airplane moves through the air, it has energy associated with its movement.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### ___________ energy is used to power things that have a plug.

Explanation
Electrical energy is used to power things that have a plug.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Chemical energy is found in anything that can ________.

burn
Explanation
Chemical energy is a form of potential energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds. When these bonds are broken, energy is released in the form of heat and light. Burning is a chemical reaction that involves the rapid oxidation of a substance, resulting in the release of chemical energy. Therefore, anything that can undergo combustion or oxidation has the potential to release chemical energy through burning.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Which of the following demonstrates chemical energy?  Check all that apply.

• A.

Battery

• B.

Ball

• C.

Calories in food

• D.

Microwave oven

A. Battery
C. Calories in food
Explanation
The battery demonstrates chemical energy because it converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Similarly, the calories in food represent chemical energy as they are stored in the chemical bonds of molecules and are released during digestion to provide energy for the body's functions.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Moving from chemical energy to electrical energy, such as the battery from your ipod, is called energy _____________

transformation
transform
Explanation
The process of converting chemical energy into electrical energy, as in the case of a battery in an iPod, is referred to as energy transformation or energy transform.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### Which of the following demonstrates electrical energy?  Check all that apply.

• A.

Paper airplane

• B.

A banana

• C.

Firewood

• D.

Ipod

D. Ipod
Explanation
The iPod demonstrates electrical energy because it requires electricity to function.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### _________ is the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object.

heat
Explanation
Heat is the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. When there is a temperature difference between two objects, heat transfer occurs in order to equalize the temperatures. This transfer can happen through conduction, convection, or radiation. In all cases, heat flows from the object with higher temperature to the one with lower temperature until thermal equilibrium is reached. Therefore, heat is the correct answer to describe this process of energy transfer.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### The more atoms or molecules a substance has, the more __________ it has

thermal energy
thermal
Explanation
The more atoms or molecules a substance has, the more thermal energy it has. This is because thermal energy is a measure of the kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. When there are more atoms or molecules present, there are more particles moving and colliding, resulting in a higher overall thermal energy. Therefore, the substance will have a greater amount of thermal energy.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### Heat ______ the same as thermal energy

• A.

Is

• B.

Is not

B. Is not
Explanation
Heat and thermal energy are related but not the same. Heat refers to the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another due to a temperature difference. Thermal energy, on the other hand, is the total energy of the particles within an object. While heat involves the transfer of thermal energy, they are not interchangeable terms.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### If and object has more potential energy, it will have _________ kinetic energy

• A.

Less

• B.

Same

• C.

More

C. More
Explanation
When an object has more potential energy, it means that it has a higher stored energy due to its position or configuration. As potential energy is converted into kinetic energy when the object is in motion, it follows that if an object has more potential energy, it will have more kinetic energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "more."

Rate this question:

• 16.

### The amount of potential energy depends on the objects _________ and position.

mass
Explanation
The amount of potential energy depends on the object's mass and position. This is because potential energy is the energy stored in an object due to its position or configuration. The greater the mass of the object, the more potential energy it has. Additionally, the position of the object also affects its potential energy, as objects at higher positions have more potential energy than those at lower positions. Therefore, both mass and position are important factors in determining the amount of potential energy an object possesses.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### The amount of potential energy depends on the objects mass and __________.

position
Explanation
The amount of potential energy depends on the object's mass and position. Potential energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its position or condition. The higher an object is positioned, the greater its potential energy. The mass of the object also plays a role in determining the potential energy, as a heavier object will have more potential energy than a lighter one when positioned at the same height. Therefore, both the mass and position of an object contribute to its potential energy.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### A large falling rock has _________  kinetic energy than a small falling rock.

• A.

More

• B.

Less

A. More
Explanation
A large falling rock has more kinetic energy than a small falling rock because kinetic energy is directly proportional to both mass and velocity. The larger rock has more mass, which means it has more kinetic energy. Additionally, if both rocks have the same velocity, the larger rock will still have more kinetic energy because the equation for kinetic energy includes mass as a factor.

Rate this question:

• 19.

### More ___________  = more thermal energy

molecules
atoms
Explanation
In this question, the missing word is asking for what type of particles contribute to more thermal energy. Both molecules and atoms are capable of contributing to thermal energy. Molecules are made up of two or more atoms bonded together, and they possess kinetic energy due to their random motion. Atoms, on the other hand, are the basic building blocks of matter and also possess kinetic energy. Therefore, both molecules and atoms can contribute to more thermal energy.

Rate this question:

• 20.

### Objects do not get _______, they lose heat

cold
Explanation
Objects do not gain coldness, rather they lose heat. Cold is not a substance that can be acquired or transferred; it is simply the absence of heat. When an object loses heat energy, it feels cold to us because our bodies are warmer in comparison. Therefore, the correct answer is "cold" because it accurately describes the process of heat loss from objects.

Rate this question:

• 21.

### __________ is the ability to bring about change in shape, temperature, speed, position or the direction of something

energy
Explanation
Energy is the correct answer because it is the capacity or ability to bring about a change in various physical properties such as shape, temperature, speed, position, or direction. Energy can exist in different forms such as kinetic, potential, thermal, electrical, or chemical, and it can be transferred or transformed from one form to another. It is a fundamental concept in physics and plays a crucial role in all natural processes and phenomena.

Rate this question:

• 22.

### Solar energy is energy from the ___________

• A.

Moon

• B.

Molecules

• C.

Sun

• D.

C. Sun
Explanation
Solar energy is energy that is derived from the Sun. The Sun is a massive ball of gas that emits vast amounts of radiation, including light and heat. Solar energy is harnessed by using technologies such as solar panels to convert sunlight into electricity. The Sun's energy is abundant and renewable, making it a sustainable source of power.

Rate this question:

• 23.

### What kind of energy produces heat and light in a light bulb?

• A.

Electrical

• B.

Chemical

• C.

Molecular

A. Electrical
Explanation
The correct answer is electrical because a light bulb operates by passing an electric current through a filament, which causes the filament to heat up and emit light. This process is known as incandescence, where the electrical energy is converted into both heat and light energy. Chemical and molecular energy do not directly produce heat and light in a light bulb.

Rate this question:

• 24.

### _________ is the average kinetic energy of each atom.

• A.

• B.

Temperature

• C.

Potential

• D.

Dog Biscuits

B. Temperature
Explanation
Temperature is the correct answer because it is a measure of the average kinetic energy of each atom in a substance. Temperature determines the speed at which atoms and molecules move, and the higher the temperature, the greater the average kinetic energy. Therefore, temperature directly relates to the average kinetic energy of atoms.

Rate this question:

• 25.

### Fahrenheight and Celcisus are the two ______________ of temperature.

scales
scale
Explanation
Fahrenheit and Celsius are two different scales used to measure temperature. The word "scales" indicates that there are multiple systems or methods for measuring temperature, and Fahrenheit and Celsius are two examples of such scales. The word "scale" refers to a specific system or range of values used to measure temperature, and Fahrenheit and Celsius are two different scales within that broader concept.

Rate this question:

Related Topics