# Potential & Kinetic Energy

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Pudding4me
P
Pudding4me
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 3,442
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 1,312

Settings

Difference between potential and kinetic energy.

• 1.

### Which of the following has the most potential energy?

• A.

A car at the top of a hill

• B.

A car speeding down the hill

• C.

A person at the top of a hill

A. A car at the top of a hill
Explanation
A car at the top of a hill has the most potential energy because it has the highest position in relation to the ground. Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or state. In this case, the car at the top of the hill has gravitational potential energy because it has the potential to gain kinetic energy as it rolls down the hill. The car speeding down the hill has a combination of kinetic and potential energy, while a person at the top of the hill has less potential energy compared to the car due to their smaller mass.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### Kinetic and potential energy both relate to:

• A.

Heat

• B.

Light

• C.

Motion

C. Motion
Explanation
Kinetic and potential energy both relate to motion. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion, while potential energy is the energy stored in an object based on its position or state. Both forms of energy are directly linked to the concept of motion, as they either result from or can be converted into motion. Therefore, the correct answer is motion.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### What is potential energy?

• A.

The energy an object has due to its motion

• B.

The stored energy of an object due to its position or condition

• C.

The energy an object might have if it existed

B. The stored energy of an object due to its position or condition
Explanation
Potential energy is the stored energy of an object due to its position or condition. This means that an object has the potential to do work or create energy based on its position or state. For example, a stretched rubber band has potential energy because it can be released and do work. Similarly, a ball held above the ground has potential energy because it can fall and convert that potential energy into kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### What is kinetic energy?

• A.

The energy an object has due to its motion

• B.

The stored energy of an object due to its position or condition

• C.

The energy an object might have if it existed

A. The energy an object has due to its motion
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is directly proportional to the mass and velocity of the object. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work and transfer energy to other objects. This energy is known as kinetic energy. The other options, such as the stored energy of an object due to its position or condition, or the hypothetical energy an object might have if it existed, do not accurately define kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### What is an example of kinetic energy at work?

• A.

A ball lodged in a tree

• B.

A frisbee flying through the air

• C.

A car in the garage

B. A frisbee flying through the air
Explanation
A frisbee flying through the air is an example of kinetic energy at work because kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object in motion. In this case, the frisbee is in motion as it moves through the air, so it has kinetic energy. The other options, a ball lodged in a tree and a car in the garage, do not involve objects in motion, so they do not demonstrate kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### What does kinetic energy depend on?

• A.

The weight and volume of an object

• B.

The buoyancy of an object

• C.

The mass and speed of an object

C. The mass and speed of an object
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. The amount of kinetic energy depends on two factors: the mass of the object and its speed. The greater the mass of an object and the faster it is moving, the more kinetic energy it will have. Therefore, the correct answer is "the mass and speed of an object." The weight and volume of an object are not directly related to its kinetic energy. The buoyancy of an object is related to its ability to float in a fluid and does not affect its kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### What would have the greatest kinetic energy?

• A.

A car driving down a hill

• B.

A person running down a hill

• C.

A ball rolling down a hill

A. A car driving down a hill
Explanation
A car driving down a hill would have the greatest kinetic energy because it has the highest mass compared to a person or a ball. Kinetic energy depends on both mass and velocity, and the car, being heavier, would have a greater amount of kinetic energy due to its higher mass. Additionally, the car's velocity would likely be higher than that of a person or a ball, further contributing to its greater kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### What has the least kinetic energy?

• A.

A car

• B.

A satellite orbiting in space

• C.

An object that is not moving

C. An object that is not moving
Explanation
An object that is not moving has the least kinetic energy because kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. When an object is not moving, it has no motion and therefore no kinetic energy. Both a car and a satellite orbiting in space have motion, so they possess kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### When is kinetic energy transferred from one object to another?

• A.

When those objects pass one another

• B.

When those objects are in two places

• C.

When those objects collide

C. When those objects collide
Explanation
Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. When two objects collide, their kinetic energies can be transferred from one object to another. This transfer occurs during the collision, as the objects exert forces on each other, resulting in a change in their velocities. Therefore, when objects collide, kinetic energy can be transferred between them.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Can you create or destroy energy?

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

• C.

Only if you are really strong

B. No
Explanation
Energy cannot be created or destroyed according to the law of conservation of energy. It can only be converted from one form to another. This principle is known as the first law of thermodynamics or the law of energy conservation. Therefore, the correct answer is "no".

Rate this question:

Related Topics