MCQ On Maternal Nutrition During Pregnancy

Reviewed by Stephanie Baumhover
Stephanie Baumhover, PharmD |
Medicine
Review Board Member
Stephanie is a seasoned Medical Education Director, boasting a comprehensive background in Critical Care, Oncology, Pediatrics, and Managed Care. She holds a PharmD from Creighton University and completed her PGY1 Residency in Critical Care and Transplant at the University of Virginia. Currently, she excels in her role at Medscape. With her extensive medical education background, she plays a pivotal role in ensuring the accuracy and relevance of our medical quizzes. Her dedication to maintaining high standards contributes significantly to the platform's success.
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MCQ On Maternal Nutrition During Pregnancy - Quiz

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Pregnancy is a life-changing experience for a woman. Let's see how much you know about maternal nutrition through this " Quiz: MCQ On Maternal Nutrition During Pregnancy." Proper nutrition is essential for a healthy, happy pregnancy. Many women go through this phase of life, and it's important to increase awareness on this topic. If you're a medical student, this quiz is perfect for you if you want to prepare for the test. Good Luck & live healthily!


Maternal Nutrition During Pregnancy Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Fats are more completely absorbed during pregnancy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the body undergoes hormonal changes that can enhance the absorption of fats. This increased absorption ensures that the mother receives an adequate supply of essential fatty acids necessary for fetal development.

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  • 2. 

    The daily recommendation for protein during pregnancy is

    • A.

      60 g

    • B.

      14 g

    • C.

      32 g

    • D.

      75 g

    Correct Answer
    D. 75 g
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the recommended daily intake of protein increases to support the growth and development of the fetus, as well as the mother's increased blood volume and tissue expansion. The recommended amount is approximately 75 grams per day.

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  • 3. 

    Which fatty acid(s) is essential for the development of the CNS system of the fetus? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Linoleic acid

    • B.

      Omega 3

    • C.

      Gamma-linoleic acid

    • D.

      DHA

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Omega 3
    D. DHA
    Explanation
    Omega-3 fatty acids, including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are essential for the development of the central nervous system (CNS) of the fetus. These fatty acids play a crucial role in brain and vision development during pregnancy. While linoleic acid and gamma-linoleic acid are important, they are not specifically associated with CNS development in the fetus.

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  • 4. 

    What is the adequate intake of calcium (mg/day) for pregnant women under the age of 19?

    • A.

      800

    • B.

      1200

    • C.

      1500

    • D.

      1800

    Correct Answer
    D. 1800
    Explanation
    Pregnant women under the age of 19 require an adequate intake of 1800 mg/day of calcium to support the development of the fetus and to maintain maternal bone health. Calcium is essential for the formation of the baby's bones and teeth, as well as for the proper functioning of the mother's muscles and nerves during pregnancy.

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  • 5. 

    A pregnant woman's lab results came back. Which hematocrit value is abnormal?

    • A.

      34

    • B.

      38

    • C.

      44

    • D.

      49

    Correct Answer
    D. 49
    Explanation
    A hematocrit value of 49% is considered abnormal during pregnancy. The normal range for hematocrit levels in pregnant women typically falls between 34% and 44%. Higher values may indicate dehydration, polycythemia, or other underlying health conditions that require further evaluation by a healthcare provider.

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  • 6. 

    Iron deficiency anemia is associated with higher preterm births. What can a mother do to receive an adequate amount? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Take iron supplements with orange juice

    • B.

      Increase hydration

    • C.

      Intake lean meats, eggs

    • D.

      Intake dark green leafy vegetables

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Take iron supplements with orange juice
    C. Intake lean meats, eggs
    D. Intake dark green leafy vegetables
    Explanation
    Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy can increase the risk of preterm birth. To receive an adequate amount of iron, pregnant women can take iron supplements with orange juice to enhance absorption due to the vitamin C content. Additionally, incorporating iron-rich foods into the diet, such as lean meats and eggs, as well as dark green leafy vegetables, can help maintain adequate iron levels. Increasing hydration is generally beneficial for overall health but is not specifically related to improving iron absorption.

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  • 7. 

    What are the symptoms of fat-soluble vitamin toxicity? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Vomiting

    • B.

      Nausea

    • C.

      Dryness and crack of skin

    • D.

      Loss of hair

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vomiting
    B. Nausea
    C. Dryness and crack of skin
    D. Loss of hair
    Explanation
    Fat-soluble vitamin toxicity can manifest with symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, dryness and cracking of the skin, and loss of hair. Excessive intake of fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K, can lead to adverse effects due to their accumulation in the body. These symptoms indicate potential toxicity and should be addressed by a healthcare professional.

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  • 8. 

    What are symptoms of toxicity related to Vitamin D? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Excessive thirst

    • B.

      Confusion

    • C.

      Weight loss

    • D.

      Decrease in calcium levels

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Excessive thirst
    B. Confusion
    D. Decrease in calcium levels
    Explanation
    Symptoms of toxicity related to Vitamin D can include excessive thirst, confusion, and a decrease in calcium levels. Excessive intake of Vitamin D can lead to hypercalcemia, which manifests as symptoms such as thirst, confusion, and low levels of calcium in the blood. Weight loss is not typically associated with Vitamin D toxicity.

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  • 9. 

    Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of collagen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ascorbic acid, also known as Vitamin C, is essential for the formation of collagen, a protein that provides structure to bones, cartilage, skin, and other connective tissues in the body. Vitamin C plays a crucial role in collagen synthesis, making it necessary for wound healing, tissue repair, and overall skin health.

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  • 10. 

    Which deficiency is associated with cheilosis?

    • A.

      Vitamin K

    • B.

      Vitamin C

    • C.

      Vitamin B2

    • D.

      Vitamin D

    Correct Answer
    C. Vitamin B2
    Explanation
    Cheilosis, a condition marked by inflammation, cracking, and fissures at the corners of the mouth, is closely associated with a deficiency in Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin. Riboflavin plays a vital role in maintaining healthy skin and mucous membranes, including those found in the lips. When the body lacks an adequate amount of riboflavin, the lips can become dry, inflamed, and prone to cracking, leading to the development of cheilosis. Additionally, deficiencies in other B vitamins, such as niacin (B3) and pyridoxine (B6), as well as iron and zinc, may also contribute to the occurrence of cheilosis. However, riboflavin deficiency is one of the primary causes, and addressing the deficiency through dietary changes or supplementation can often alleviate the symptoms of cheilosis.

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  • 11. 

    How many ounces a week of fish is recommended to prevent mercury exposure?

    • A.

      15-18

    • B.

      8-12

    • C.

      20-25

    • D.

      1-5

    Correct Answer
    B. 8-12
    Explanation
    To prevent mercury exposure while still obtaining the health benefits of fish consumption, it is recommended that pregnant women consume approximately 8-12 ounces (about 2-3 servings) of low-mercury fish per week. This amount provides essential omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients without increasing the risk of mercury toxicity to the fetus.

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  • 12. 

    Adolescent women generally are considered physiologically mature about 4 years after menarche.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Adolescent women generally reach physiological maturity, including completion of skeletal growth and development, about 2-3 years after menarche (the first menstrual period), not 4 years. Menarche typically occurs during puberty, which marks the beginning of the reproductive years, but it takes a few more years for the body to complete its growth and development process.

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  • 13. 

    How many calories are recommended for breastfeeding mothers?

    • A.

      2500

    • B.

      3000

    • C.

      3500

    • D.

      1500

    Correct Answer
    A. 2500
    Explanation
    Breastfeeding mothers require additional calories to support lactation and ensure an adequate supply of nutrients for both themselves and their infants. The recommended daily calorie intake for breastfeeding mothers is approximately 3000 calories. This extra energy is necessary to fuel milk production and maintain maternal health during the postpartum period.

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Stephanie Baumhover |PharmD |
Medicine
Stephanie is a seasoned Medical Education Director, boasting a comprehensive background in Critical Care, Oncology, Pediatrics, and Managed Care. She holds a PharmD from Creighton University and completed her PGY1 Residency in Critical Care and Transplant at the University of Virginia. Currently, she excels in her role at Medscape. With her extensive medical education background, she plays a pivotal role in ensuring the accuracy and relevance of our medical quizzes. Her dedication to maintaining high standards contributes significantly to the platform's success.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 12, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Stephanie Baumhover
  • Mar 31, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Djtreats
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