Increased plasma HCG levels
Decreased intestinal motility
Decreased gastric acidity
Elevated estrogen levels
Breast, areola, and nipples
Chest, neck, arms, and legs
Abdomen, breast, and thighs
Cheeks, forehead, and nose
The large size of the newborn
Pressure on the pelvic muscles
Relaxation of the pelvic joints
Excessive weight gain
12 to 22 lb
15 to 25 lb
24 to 30 lb
25 to 40 lb
Nausea and vomiting
Skin pigmentation changes
Positive serum pregnancy test
Involution occurs more rapidly
The incidence of allergies increases due to maternal antibodies
The father may resent the infant’s demands on the mother’s body
There is a greater chance for error during preparation
Uterus in the pelvis
Uterus at the xiphoid
Uterus in the abdomen
Uterus at the umbilicus
Rubella titer less than 1:8
White blood cells 8,000/mm3
One hour glucose challenge test 110 g/dL
Occurring at irregular intervals
Starting mainly in the abdomen
Gradually increasing intervals
Increasing intensity with walking
Placing the newborn under a radiant warmer.
Suctioning with a bulb syringe
Obtaining an Apgar score
Inspecting the newborn’s umbilical cord
Uric acid crystals
The anterior is triangular shaped; the posterior is diamond shaped.
The posterior closes at 18 months; the anterior closes at 8 to 12 weeks.
The anterior is large in size when compared to the posterior fontanel.
The anterior is bulging; the posterior appears sunken.
Severe anemia leading to electrolyte, metabolic, and nutritional imbalances in the absence of other medical problems.
Severe nausea and vomiting leading to electrolyte, metabolic, and nutritional imbalances in the absence of other medical problems.
Loss of appetite and continuous vomiting that commonly results in dehydration and ultimately decreasing maternal nutrients
Severe nausea and diarrhea that can cause gastrointestinal irritation and possibly internal bleeding
Bright red, painless vaginal bleeding
Concealed or external dark red bleeding
Palpable fetal outline
Soft and nontender abdomen
The chorion and amnion rupture 4 hours before the onset of labor.
PROM removes the fetus most effective defense against infection
Nursing care is based on fetal viability and gestational age.
PROM is associated with malpresentation and possibly incompetent cervix
More than 200 ml
More than 300 ml
More than 400 ml
More than 500 ml
Midcalf pain, tenderness and redness along the vein
Chills, fever, malaise, occurring 2 weeks after delivery
Muscle pain the presence of Homans sign, and swelling in the affected limb
Chills, fever, stiffness, and pain occurring 10 to 14 days after delivery