Quiz Ene2103 (22 April 2017)

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| By Anisamaludin
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Anisamaludin
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Tourism Quizzes & Trivia

A quiz is set to fullfill apart of continuous assessment for Park Management and Protected Areas and (ENE2103). You can answer only once.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    There are several type of eco-tourism criteria that can be considered as eco-tourism. Please choose the criteria below (you can choose more than one answer).

    • A.

      Provides direct financial benefits for conservation

    • B.

      Build environmental awareness

    • C.

      Minimizes impact

    • D.

      Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people

    • E.

      Respect local culture

    • F.

      Support human right and democratic movements

    • G.

      Involves travel to natural destinations

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Provides direct financial benefits for conservation
    B. Build environmental awareness
    C. Minimizes impact
    D. Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
    E. Respect local culture
    F. Support human right and democratic movements
    G. Involves travel to natural destinations
    Explanation
    The criteria chosen for eco-tourism are all focused on sustainability and responsible travel. Providing direct financial benefits for conservation helps support the preservation of natural resources and habitats. Building environmental awareness helps educate tourists about the importance of conservation and environmental protection. Minimizing impact ensures that tourism activities have minimal negative effects on the environment. Providing financial benefits and empowerment for local people promotes economic development and community involvement. Respecting local culture acknowledges the importance of preserving and celebrating local traditions and customs. Supporting human rights and democratic movements promotes social justice and equality. Involving travel to natural destinations encourages appreciation and preservation of natural beauty and biodiversity.

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  • 2. 

    Human–wildlife conflict occurs with various negative results. The major outcomes of human-wildlife conflict are listed as follows:

    • A.

      Crop damage, livestock depredation, predation of managed wildlife stock.

    • B.

      Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges.

    • C.

      Trophic cascades.

    • D.

      Injury and loss of life of humans and wildlife.

    • E.

      Damage to human property.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Crop damage, livestock depredation, predation of managed wildlife stock.
    B. Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges.
    C. Trophic cascades.
    D. Injury and loss of life of humans and wildlife.
    E. Damage to human property.
    Explanation
    Human-wildlife conflict leads to several negative outcomes. These include crop damage, livestock depredation, and predation of managed wildlife stock. Additionally, the conflict can result in the collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges. Trophic cascades, which disrupt the balance of ecosystems, can also occur as a consequence. Furthermore, both humans and wildlife can suffer injury and loss of life. Lastly, human property can be damaged as a result of the conflict.

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  • 3. 

    List of the State and National Parks in Malaysia, including Marine and Wildlife Reserves and Sanctuaries.

    • A.

      Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary

    • B.

      Endau- Rompin state Park

    • C.

      Kenong Rimba Park

    • D.

      Gunung Stong State Forest Park

    • E.

      Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve

    • F.

      Gunung Ledang National Park

    • G.

      Putrajaya Wetlands

    • H.

      Pulau Payar Marine Park

    • I.

      Bakau Tinggi Recreational Park

    • J.

      Langkawi Geo-Park

    • K.

      Perlis State Park

    • L.

      Krau Wildlife Reserve

    • M.

      Tunku Abdul Rahman Park

    • N.

      Rafflesia Forest Reserve

    • O.

      Lanjak-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary
    B. Endau- Rompin state Park
    C. Kenong Rimba Park
    D. Gunung Stong State Forest Park
    E. Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve
    F. Gunung Ledang National Park
    G. Putrajaya Wetlands
    H. Pulau Payar Marine Park
    I. Bakau Tinggi Recreational Park
    J. Langkawi Geo-Park
    K. Perlis State Park
    L. Krau Wildlife Reserve
    M. Tunku Abdul Rahman Park
    N. Rafflesia Forest Reserve
    O. Lanjak-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary
    Explanation
    The given list includes various state and national parks, as well as marine and wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in Malaysia. These protected areas are dedicated to conserving and preserving the country's natural habitats and biodiversity. They provide a safe haven for endangered species like orangutans and promote ecotourism. Visitors can explore the diverse ecosystems, including rainforests, mangroves, and marine environments, while learning about the importance of conservation. These parks and reserves also offer recreational activities like hiking, wildlife spotting, and birdwatching, allowing people to connect with nature and appreciate its beauty.

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  • 4. 

    A number of priority plant and animal species have been identified that are especially important to the health of the planet, either for their place in the ecosystem and for human survival as the followings:(You can choose more than 1 answer)

    • A.

      Species forming a key part of the food chain

    • B.

      Species essential to help in stabilising or regenerate habitats

    • C.

      Species demonstrating broader conservation needs

    • D.

      Species vital to the health and livelihoods of local communities

    • E.

      Species with high commercial value

    • F.

      Species that are deemed important cultural icons

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Species forming a key part of the food chain
    B. Species essential to help in stabilising or regenerate habitats
    C. Species demonstrating broader conservation needs
    D. Species vital to the health and livelihoods of local communities
    E. Species with high commercial value
    F. Species that are deemed important cultural icons
    Explanation
    Priority plant and animal species are identified based on their importance to the health of the planet and human survival. Species forming a key part of the food chain are crucial for maintaining the balance and functioning of ecosystems. Species essential for stabilizing or regenerating habitats play a vital role in preserving biodiversity and ensuring the sustainability of ecosystems. Species demonstrating broader conservation needs are those that are at risk or facing threats, and their conservation is necessary for maintaining biodiversity. Species vital to the health and livelihoods of local communities are important for the well-being and sustainable development of communities. Species with high commercial value are significant for economic reasons, while species deemed important cultural icons hold cultural and symbolic value.

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  • 5. 

    What is wildlife carrying capacity?

    • A.

      The optimum number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat.

    • B.

      The minimum number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat.

    • C.

      The maximum number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat.

    • D.

      The balance number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat.

    Correct Answer
    C. The maximum number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat.
    Explanation
    The wildlife carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of animals that a specific habitat or area can support without causing deterioration or degradation of that habitat. This means that if the number of animals exceeds this capacity, it can lead to negative impacts on the habitat, such as overgrazing, depletion of resources, and disruption of the ecosystem's balance. Therefore, it is important to manage and monitor the population of wildlife to ensure that it remains within the carrying capacity of the habitat.

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  • 6. 

    List of RAMSAR sites in Malaysia.

    • A.

      Tanjung Piai State Park

    • B.

      Tasek Bera

    • C.

      Pulau Kukup State Park

    • D.

      Lower Kinabatangan - Segama

    • E.

      Kuching Wetland National Park

    • F.

      Sungai Pulai Wetland

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tanjung Piai State Park
    B. Tasek Bera
    C. Pulau Kukup State Park
    D. Lower Kinabatangan - Segama
    E. Kuching Wetland National Park
    F. Sungai Pulai Wetland
    Explanation
    The answer provided lists the RAMSAR sites in Malaysia. These sites are designated under the RAMSAR Convention, an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Tanjung Piai State Park, Tasek Bera, Pulau Kukup State Park, Lower Kinabatangan - Segama, Kuching Wetland National Park, and Sungai Pulai Wetland are all recognized RAMSAR sites in Malaysia.

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  • 7. 

    In fact, Malaysia is recognised as one of 12 mega-diversity countries with many of its species occurring in unusually high densities (for example, there are estimated to be around 1,500 species of terrestrial vertebrates alone).Many of these species are, however, threatened (for example, 14% of Malaysia’s mammals are listed by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) as endangered)

    • A.

      Tiger

    • B.

      Orang Utan

    • C.

      Turtles

    • D.

      Elephant

    • E.

      Rhino

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tiger
    B. Orang Utan
    C. Turtles
    D. Elephant
    E. Rhino
    Explanation
    Malaysia is known for its rich biodiversity, being one of the 12 mega-diversity countries. It is estimated to have around 1,500 species of terrestrial vertebrates alone, making it a hotspot for wildlife. However, many of these species are under threat. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) has listed 14% of Malaysia's mammals as endangered. The answer options, Tiger, Orang Utan, Turtles, Elephant, and Rhino, are all iconic and endangered species found in Malaysia. These species serve as a reminder of the country's diverse wildlife and the need for conservation efforts to protect them.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Jun 02, 2015
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    Anisamaludin

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