Little Bit Of Everything

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| By Eroth
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Eroth
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 51,442
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 179

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Little Bit Of Everything - Quiz

Little bit of everything in this mix.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An infection typically decreases the heart rate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Infections typically increase the heart rate rather than decrease it. This is because infections trigger an immune response in the body, causing inflammation and the release of certain chemicals that can stimulate the heart and increase its rate. Additionally, infections can lead to fever, which also increases the heart rate. Therefore, the statement that an infection typically decreases the heart rate is incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    An oral airway helps relax the muscles of a responsive patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An oral airway should only be used on a non-responsive patient.

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  • 3. 

    Your patient is showing signs of accessory muscles and nasal flaring. You suspect:

    • A.

      Appendicitis

    • B.

      Cardiac Insufficiency

    • C.

      Respiratory Distress

    • D.

      Upper Airway Blockage

    Correct Answer
    C. Respiratory Distress
    Explanation
    The patient showing signs of accessory muscles and nasal flaring indicates respiratory distress. Accessory muscles are used to help with breathing when the primary muscles are not sufficient, and nasal flaring is a reflex response to increased respiratory effort. These symptoms suggest that the patient is having difficulty breathing, which could be caused by various respiratory conditions such as asthma, pneumonia, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is important to further assess the patient's respiratory status and provide appropriate interventions to support their breathing.

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  • 4. 

    The R in OPQRST stands for

    • A.

      Retaliate

    • B.

      Radiate

    • C.

      Revoke

    • D.

      Rejuvenate

    • E.

      Recollection

    Correct Answer
    B. Radiate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Radiate. In the context of OPQRST, the R stands for Radiate. This acronym is commonly used in medical settings to assess a patient's symptoms. Each letter represents a different aspect of the patient's condition. In this case, Radiate refers to the spreading or extending of pain or discomfort from its original location to other areas of the body. This symptom can provide important information to healthcare professionals in diagnosing and treating the patient.

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  • 5. 

    The L in SAMPLE history stands for:

    • A.

      Last Oral Intake

    • B.

      Last Bowel Movement

    • C.

      Last Injury

    • D.

      Lumbar

    Correct Answer
    A. Last Oral Intake
    Explanation
    The L in SAMPLE history stands for "Last Oral Intake". This refers to the last time the patient had anything to eat or drink before their current condition. It is important to know this information as it can help determine if the patient is at risk of aspiration or if certain medications or treatments need to be adjusted based on their recent intake.

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  • 6. 

    The AVPU scale is used to measure:

    • A.

      Blood Gases

    • B.

      Level of Consciousness

    • C.

      Newborn Responsiveness

    • D.

      Scene Safety

    Correct Answer
    B. Level of Consciousness
    Explanation
    The AVPU scale is used to measure the level of consciousness. AVPU stands for Alert, Verbal, Pain, and Unresponsive, which are different levels of consciousness. This scale is commonly used in medical settings to assess a patient's mental status and determine their level of responsiveness. By using this scale, healthcare providers can quickly evaluate a patient's level of consciousness and make appropriate decisions regarding their care and treatment.

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  • 7. 

    Is wheezing a sign or a symptom?

    • A.

      Sign

    • B.

      Symptom

    Correct Answer
    A. Sign
    Explanation
    Wheezing is considered a sign rather than a symptom. A sign is an objective indication of a medical condition that can be observed or measured by a healthcare professional. In the case of wheezing, it is a high-pitched whistling sound that occurs when air flows through narrowed airways in the lungs. It can be heard by both the person experiencing it and others around them. Wheezing is commonly associated with conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, or allergies, and serves as a visible or audible sign of an underlying respiratory issue.

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  • 8. 

    What is epistaxis associated with?

    • A.

      Genitals

    • B.

      Myocardial Infarction

    • C.

      Nose

    • D.

      Pregnancy

    • E.

      Stroke

    Correct Answer
    C. Nose
    Explanation
    Epistaxis is the medical term for a nosebleed. It is a condition characterized by bleeding from the nose, usually caused by trauma or irritation to the nasal passages. Therefore, the correct answer is "Nose" as epistaxis is associated with the nose.

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  • 9. 

    In which of the following diabetic emergencies would you expect to find warm, red, dry skin:

    • A.

      Hyperglycemia

    • B.

      Hypoglycemia

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyperglycemia
    Explanation
    In hyperglycemia, the blood sugar levels are abnormally high. This can lead to dehydration and the body's attempt to cool down by increasing blood flow to the skin. As a result, the skin may feel warm to the touch. Additionally, the high blood sugar levels can cause blood vessels to dilate, resulting in a flushed or red appearance of the skin. The dryness of the skin can be attributed to the increased urination and fluid loss associated with hyperglycemia.

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  • 10. 

    In which of the following diabetic emergencies would you expect to find breath that smells like nail polish remover?

    • A.

      Hyperglycemia

    • B.

      Hypoglycemia

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyperglycemia
    Explanation
    In hyperglycemia, the body has high blood sugar levels due to insufficient insulin or insulin resistance. This causes the body to break down fat for energy, resulting in the production of ketones. Ketones have a strong, fruity odor similar to nail polish remover. Therefore, breath that smells like nail polish remover is commonly associated with hyperglycemia.

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  • 11. 

    A weakened section of an arterial wall is a:

    • A.

      Aneurysm

    • B.

      Angina

    • C.

      Arrhythmia

    • D.

      Embolism

    • E.

      Thrombus

    Correct Answer
    A. Aneurysm
    Explanation
    An aneurysm is a weakened section of an arterial wall. It occurs when the wall of an artery becomes weakened and bulges outwards, forming a sac-like structure. This weakening can be caused by various factors such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, or genetic conditions. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can lead to severe bleeding and potentially life-threatening complications. Therefore, it is important to monitor and treat aneurysms to prevent rupture.

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  • 12. 

    Shocking news can lead to:

    • A.

      Anaphylactic Shock

    • B.

      Cardiogenic Shock

    • C.

      Hypovolemic Shock

    • D.

      Neurogenic Shock

    • E.

      Psychogenic Shock

    Correct Answer
    E. Psychogenic Shock
    Explanation
    Psychogenic shock refers to a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness caused by an emotional or psychological trauma, rather than a physical injury or medical condition. It is a type of shock that occurs due to a severe emotional distress, such as receiving shocking news. This can trigger a sudden drop in blood pressure and result in symptoms like fainting, dizziness, and rapid heartbeat.

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  • 13. 

    Using the rule-of-nines to determine the burn percentage, what percent is an infant's entire leg?

    • A.

      4.5 percent

    • B.

      9 percent

    • C.

      14 percent

    • D.

      18 percent

    Correct Answer
    C. 14 percent
    Explanation
    An infant's entire leg is approximately 14 percent of their total body surface area according to the rule-of-nines. This rule is commonly used to estimate the extent of burns on different body parts by dividing the body into regions that represent 9 percent or multiples of 9 percent. Therefore, an infant's entire leg would be considered to be 14 percent of their body surface area.

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  • 14. 

    Using the rule-of-nines to determine the burn percentage, what percent is the front of an adult's leg?

    • A.

      4.5 percent

    • B.

      9 percent

    • C.

      13.5 percent

    • D.

      18 percent

    Correct Answer
    B. 9 percent
    Explanation
    The rule-of-nines is a method used to estimate the extent of burns on the body. According to this rule, the front of an adult's leg is considered to be 9 percent of the total body surface area.

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  • 15. 

    The term 'stridor' typically refers to which type of airway obstruction?

    • A.

      Upper

    • B.

      Lower

    Correct Answer
    A. Upper
    Explanation
    Stridor refers to a high-pitched, harsh sound that occurs during breathing. It is typically caused by an obstruction in the upper airway, such as the throat or larynx. This can be due to conditions like croup, epiglottitis, or a foreign object blocking the airway. Lower airway obstructions, on the other hand, usually result in wheezing rather than stridor. Therefore, the correct answer is upper airway obstruction.

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  • 16. 

    Nitroglycerin has the following action on blood vessels:

    • A.

      Constriction

    • B.

      Dilation

    • C.

      Elongation

    Correct Answer
    B. Dilation
    Explanation
    Nitroglycerin causes dilation of blood vessels. This is because it is a potent vasodilator, meaning it relaxes and widens the blood vessels, allowing for increased blood flow. This dilation of blood vessels can help to relieve conditions such as angina, as it reduces the workload on the heart and improves blood supply to the heart muscle.

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  • 17. 

    The term 'wheezing' typically refers to which type of airway obstruction?

    • A.

      Upper

    • B.

      Lower

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower
    Explanation
    Wheezing typically refers to a type of airway obstruction in the lower airways. This is because wheezing is often associated with conditions such as asthma or bronchitis, which affect the bronchioles and smaller airways in the lungs. Upper airway obstructions, on the other hand, usually involve blockages in the nasal passages, throat, or larynx, and are not typically associated with wheezing. Therefore, the correct answer is lower.

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  • 18. 

    In which of the following diabetic emergencies would you expect to find cold, pale, most, or clammy skin:

    • A.

      Hyperglycemia

    • B.

      Hypoglycemia

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypoglycemia
    Explanation
    In hypoglycemia, the body's blood sugar levels are dangerously low. This can cause various symptoms, including cold, pale, moist, or clammy skin. The decrease in blood sugar levels affects the body's ability to regulate temperature, leading to a decrease in skin temperature and a pale appearance. The skin may also feel moist or clammy due to increased perspiration as the body tries to compensate for the low blood sugar levels.

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  • 19. 

    Dehydration can lead to:

    • A.

      Anaphylactic Shock

    • B.

      Cardiogenic Shock

    • C.

      Hypovolemic Shock

    • D.

      Neurogenic Shock

    • E.

      Psychogenic Shock

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypovolemic Shock
    Explanation
    Dehydration can lead to hypovolemic shock because it causes a significant decrease in blood volume. When the body loses too much fluid, such as through excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea, there is not enough blood circulating to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the organs and tissues. This can result in a drop in blood pressure, rapid heart rate, dizziness, confusion, and ultimately, hypovolemic shock.

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  • 20. 

    The jugular neck veins are normally visible in a supine patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The jugular neck veins are normally visible in a supine patient because when a person is lying flat on their back, the blood flow from the head to the heart is not hindered by gravity. This allows the jugular veins in the neck to fill with blood and become more prominent, making them visible.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 10, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Eroth
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