Law 101 (Md-term)

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| By Esquire76
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Esquire76
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 235
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 235

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Law Quizzes & Trivia

PARALEGAL 101


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    POWER OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO PREVENT STATES FROM PASSING CONFLICTING LAWS AND SOMETIMES EVENT TO PROHIBIT STATES FROM PASSING ANY LAWS IN A PARTICULAR SUBJECT

    • A.

      UNREASONABLE DOUBT

    • B.

      PREEMPTION

    • C.

      MENS REA

    Correct Answer
    B. PREEMPTION
    Explanation
    The correct answer is PREEMPTION. Preemption refers to the power of the federal government to prevent states from passing conflicting laws and sometimes even to prohibit states from passing any laws in a particular subject. This means that if there is a federal law on a specific issue, it takes precedence over any conflicting state laws. Preemption helps to ensure consistency and uniformity in laws across the country.

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  • 2. 

    A BAD ACT IS ALSO KNOWN AS

    Correct Answer
    ACTUS REUS
    Explanation
    Actus Reus is a Latin term that refers to the physical act or conduct that constitutes a crime. In criminal law, it is necessary to prove both the actus reus and the mens rea (the intent or mental state) in order to establish criminal liability. Therefore, the correct answer suggests that a bad act, which can be considered as the actus reus, is also known as Actus Reus.

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  • 3. 

    A BAD INTENT IS ALSO KNOWN AS

    Correct Answer
    MENS REA
    Explanation
    Mens rea is a Latin term that refers to the mental state or intention of a person while committing a crime. It is the element of a crime that involves the knowledge or intention to commit an unlawful act. Therefore, a bad intent can be considered as mens rea, as both terms imply the wrongful intention or state of mind of an individual.

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  • 4. 

    WHAT PROSECUTION OR PLAINTIFF MUST BE ABLE TO PROVE IN ORDER FOR THE CASE TO GO TO THE JURY-- THAT IS, THE ELEMENTS OF THE PROSECUTION 'S CASE OR THE PLAINTIFF'S CAUSE OF ACTION

    • A.

      PREEMPTION

    • B.

      PRIMA FACIE

    • C.

      JURISDICTION

    Correct Answer
    B. PRIMA FACIE
    Explanation
    In order for a case to go to the jury, the prosecution or plaintiff must be able to prove the elements of their case or cause of action. This means that they need to present enough evidence to establish a prima facie case, which is a Latin term meaning "at first sight" or "on its face." It refers to the minimum amount of evidence required to support a claim and create a presumption of fact. If the prosecution or plaintiff fails to establish a prima facie case, the case may be dismissed or not allowed to proceed to the jury.

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  • 5. 

    THE POWER OF THE COURT TO HEAR A CASE

    • A.

      JURISDICTION

    • B.

      WRIT OF CERTIORARI

    • C.

      INTERROGATORIES

    Correct Answer
    A. JURISDICTION
    Explanation
    Jurisdiction refers to the power of a court to hear and decide a case. It determines whether a court has the authority to adjudicate a particular matter. The concept of jurisdiction is crucial in the legal system as it ensures that cases are heard by the appropriate court. Without jurisdiction, a court lacks the authority to make a binding decision. Therefore, understanding jurisdiction is essential for both legal practitioners and individuals involved in legal disputes.

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  • 6. 

    A MEANS OF GAINING AN APPELLATE REVIEW

    • A.

      PERSONAL JURISDICTION

    • B.

      WRIT OF CERTIORARI

    • C.

      WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

    Correct Answer
    B. WRIT OF CERTIORARI
    Explanation
    A writ of certiorari is a means of gaining an appellate review. It is a request made by a party to a higher court asking them to review a decision made by a lower court. The higher court has the discretion to grant or deny the writ, and if granted, it allows the higher court to review the lower court's decision and potentially overturn or modify it. This writ is commonly used in cases where there are significant legal issues or when a lower court's decision may have far-reaching consequences.

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  • 7. 

    THE POWER OF THE COURT TO FORCE A PERSON TO APPEAR BEFORE IT. (STATE COURT) DEFENDANT MUST EITHER BE A RESIDENT OF THE STATE OR HAVE SOME MINIMUM CONTACT

    • A.

      PERSONAL JURISDICTION

    • B.

      JURISDICTION

    • C.

      NEGLIGENCE

    Correct Answer
    A. PERSONAL JURISDICTION
    Explanation
    Personal jurisdiction refers to the power of a court to force a person to appear before it. In order for a state court to have personal jurisdiction over a defendant, the defendant must either be a resident of the state or have some minimum contact with the state. This means that the court has the authority to hear and decide a case involving the defendant, based on their connection to the state. Personal jurisdiction is an important concept in determining whether a court has the right to exercise its power over a particular individual or entity.

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  • 8. 

    THE FAILURETO ACT REASONABLY UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES; MOST COMMON CATEGORY OF TORT LAW

    • A.

      ARBITRATION

    • B.

      MEDIATION

    • C.

      NEGLIGENCE

    Correct Answer
    C. NEGLIGENCE
    Explanation
    Negligence is the most common category of tort law because it refers to the failure to act reasonably under the circumstances. It occurs when someone fails to exercise the level of care that a reasonable person would in a similar situation, resulting in harm or injury to another person. Negligence can include actions or omissions, and it is often determined by assessing the standard of care that should have been followed and whether the defendant's actions fell below that standard. In tort law, negligence is a key concept in holding individuals or entities accountable for their actions or lack thereof.

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  • 9. 

    THE LAW THAT SETS THE LENGTH OF TIME FROM WHEN SOMETHING HAPPENS TO WHEN A LAWSUIT MUST BE FILED

    • A.

      STATUTE OF LIMITATION

    • B.

      REMAND

    • C.

      REVERSE

    Correct Answer
    A. STATUTE OF LIMITATION
    Explanation
    The correct answer is STATUTE OF LIMITATION. The statute of limitations is a law that sets the maximum amount of time after an event that legal proceedings can be initiated. It establishes a deadline for filing a lawsuit, after which the claim may be barred. This law varies depending on the jurisdiction and the type of case. It is important to file a lawsuit within the statute of limitations to preserve one's legal rights.

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  • 10. 

    A DECISION IS _________________ WHEN AN APPELLATE COURT OVERTURNS OR NEGATES TE DECISION OF THE LOWER COURT

    • A.

      REMAND

    • B.

      REVERSE

    • C.

      REWIND

    Correct Answer
    B. REVERSE
    Explanation
    When an appellate court overturns or negates the decision of the lower court, it is referred to as a "reverse." This means that the higher court disagrees with the ruling made by the lower court and decides to overturn it. The term "reverse" indicates that the original decision is invalidated and no longer stands as the final judgment.

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  • 11. 

    THE PRETRIAL ORAL QUESTIONING OF THE WITNESS UNDER OATH

    • A.

      VOIR DIRE

    • B.

      COMMON LAW

    • C.

      DEPOSITION

    Correct Answer
    C. DEPOSITION
    Explanation
    A deposition is the pretrial oral questioning of a witness under oath. It is a formal process where the witness provides sworn testimony that can be used as evidence in a court case. During a deposition, attorneys from both sides have the opportunity to ask questions and gather information about the case. This allows them to assess the credibility and knowledge of the witness and gather evidence to support their arguments. Depositions are commonly used in common law jurisdictions as a way to gather information before a trial.

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  • 12. 

    AN EXAMINATION OF PROSPECTIVE JUROR TO SEE IF HE OR SHE IS TO SERVE THE JUROR

    • A.

      ENACTED LAW

    • B.

      FEDERALISM

    • C.

      VOIR DIRE

    Correct Answer
    C. VOIR DIRE
    Explanation
    Voir dire is the correct answer because it refers to the process of examining prospective jurors to determine if they are suitable to serve on a jury. It is a legal term commonly used in the United States and other common law jurisdictions. The phrase "enacted law" refers to legislation that has been passed by a legislative body, while "federalism" refers to the system of government where power is divided between a central authority and individual states or provinces. However, neither of these terms directly relates to the examination of prospective jurors, making them incorrect answers in this context.

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  • 13. 

    AN ADR (ALTERED DISPUTE RESOLUTION) WHEREBY A NEUTRAL 3RD PARTY ASSIST THE PARTIES IN REACHING A MENTALLY AGREEABLE  VOLUNTARY COMPROMISE

    • A.

      MEDIATION

    • B.

      ELEMNTS OF VALID CONTRACT

    • C.

      NEGLIGENCE

    Correct Answer
    A. MEDIATION
    Explanation
    Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution where a neutral third party helps the parties involved in a dispute to reach a voluntary compromise that is mentally agreeable to all parties. This process involves the mediator facilitating communication and negotiation between the parties, allowing them to express their concerns and interests. The mediator does not make a decision or impose a solution but instead helps the parties find a mutually acceptable resolution. Mediation is a voluntary process and is often used in legal, business, and personal disputes as a way to avoid litigation and maintain relationships.

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  • 14. 

     A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE AUTHORITY TO GOVERN SPLIT BET-SINGLE , NATIONAL, CENTRAL GOVERNMENT

    • A.

      PROVISION

    • B.

      FEDERALISM

    • C.

      FEUDALISM

    Correct Answer
    B. FEDERALISM
    Explanation
    Federalism is a system of government where the authority to govern is divided between a national or central government and state or regional governments. This division of power allows for a balance of power and prevents the concentration of authority in one entity. In a federal system, both the national government and state governments have their own separate powers and responsibilities, and they work together to govern the country. This system is often seen in countries where there is a need to accommodate regional differences and protect the rights and interests of different states or provinces.

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  • 15. 

    A MEETING OF THE ATTORNEYS AND JUDGE PRIOR TO THE BEGINNING OF THE TRIAL

    • A.

      LEGAL REASONING

    • B.

      CAUSE OF ACTION

    • C.

      PRETRIAL CONFERENCE

    Correct Answer
    C. PRETRIAL CONFERENCE
    Explanation
    A pretrial conference is a meeting between the attorneys and the judge before the trial begins. During this conference, the parties discuss various matters related to the upcoming trial, such as the admissibility of evidence, potential settlement options, and the scheduling of the trial itself. It allows the parties to clarify any legal issues, streamline the trial process, and potentially reach a resolution without going to trial. Therefore, a pretrial conference is the most appropriate term to describe a meeting of attorneys and a judge prior to the beginning of a trial.

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  • 16. 

    THE APPLICATION OF LEGAL RULE TO A CLIENT'S SPECIFIC  FACTUAL SITUATION

    • A.

      ANALOGOUS FACTS

    • B.

      DISTINGUISHABLE FACTS

    • C.

      LEGAL REASONING

    Correct Answer
    C. LEGAL REASONING
    Explanation
    Legal reasoning refers to the process of applying legal rules to a client's specific factual situation. It involves analyzing the relevant laws, statutes, and precedents to come up with a logical and persuasive argument or decision. This requires the ability to identify and understand the key facts, identify the applicable legal principles, and apply them to the client's case. Legal reasoning is an essential skill for lawyers and judges as it helps them to interpret and apply the law accurately and effectively.

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  • 17. 

    AN OPINION THAT DISAGREES WITH MAJORITY'S DECISION AND ITS REASONING

    • A.

      COMPLAINT

    • B.

      DISSENTING TO OPINION

    • C.

      ANALOGOUS

    Correct Answer
    B. DISSENTING TO OPINION
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DISSENTING TO OPINION. This option best fits the description provided in the question, as it refers to having an opinion that disagrees with the majority's decision and its reasoning. The term "dissenting" implies a disagreement or difference of opinion, which aligns with the given context. The other options, "complaint" and "analogous," do not specifically address the aspect of disagreeing with the majority's decision. Therefore, DISSENTING TO OPINION is the most suitable answer.

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  • 18. 

    A CLAIM BY THE DEFENDANT AGAINST THE PLAINTIFF

    • A.

      CLAIM

    • B.

      COUNTER CLAIM

    • C.

      DISTINGUISHED

    Correct Answer
    B. COUNTER CLAIM
    Explanation
    A counter claim refers to a legal action initiated by the defendant against the plaintiff in response to the original claim made by the plaintiff. It is a separate claim that the defendant asserts, which may arise from the same incident or dispute. The counter claim allows the defendant to present their own allegations and seek their own remedies. It is distinguished from a regular claim as it is a direct response to the plaintiff's allegations and is usually heard and decided upon in the same legal proceedings.

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  • 19. 

    THE PLEADING THAT BEGINS  A LAWSUIT

    • A.

      DISSENTING OPINION

    • B.

      CROSS CLAIM

    • C.

      DISTINGUISHED

    Correct Answer
    C. DISTINGUISHED
    Explanation
    The term "distinguished" refers to someone or something that is recognized as being exceptional or outstanding in a particular field or category. In the context of the given question, "distinguished" does not seem to fit with the other options provided. The other options are related to legal terms or actions, while "distinguished" is unrelated to law or lawsuits. Therefore, "distinguished" is the correct answer as it does not belong to the same category as the other options.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Esquire76
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