Latin America, 1945-present Quiz 22-1

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Latin America, 1945-Present Quiz 22-1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Companies with divisions in more than two countries

    • A.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • B.

      Magic realism

    • C.

      Multinational corporations

    • D.

      Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • E.

      Organization of American States

    Correct Answer
    C. Multinational corporations
    Explanation
    Multinational corporations refers to companies that have divisions or branches in more than two countries. This term is commonly used to describe large corporations that operate and conduct business in multiple countries around the world. These companies often have a global presence and engage in various activities such as production, distribution, and marketing in different countries. Multinational corporations play a significant role in the global economy and have a substantial impact on international trade and investment.

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  • 2. 

    Literary form developed in Latin America

    • A.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • B.

      Magic realism

    • C.

      Multinational corporations

    • D.

      Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • E.

      Organization of American States

    Correct Answer
    B. Magic realism
    Explanation
    Magic realism is a literary form that originated in Latin America. It combines elements of fantasy and reality, blurring the boundaries between the two. This genre is characterized by the inclusion of magical or supernatural elements in an otherwise realistic narrative. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, a renowned Latin American author, is often associated with magic realism and is known for his influential works in this genre. Therefore, the correct answer is magic realism.

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  • 3. 

    Received 1982 Nobel Prize in literature

    • A.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • B.

      Magic realism

    • C.

      Multinational corporations

    • D.

      Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • E.

      Organization of American States

    Correct Answer
    D. Gabriel Garcia Marquez
    Explanation
    Gabriel Garcia Marquez received the 1982 Nobel Prize in literature. This prestigious award is given to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the field of literature. Marquez is known for his use of magical realism, a literary style that combines fantastical elements with reality. His works often explore themes such as love, death, and the impact of multinational corporations on society. Marquez's writing has had a significant influence on Latin American literature and he is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century.

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  • 4. 

    Western Hemisphere political group

    • A.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • B.

      Magic realism

    • C.

      Multinational corporations

    • D.

      Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • E.

      Organization of American States

    Correct Answer
    E. Organization of American States
    Explanation
    The given terms, such as Oscar Niemeyer, magic realism, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and multinational corporations, are all unrelated. However, the term "Western Hemisphere political group" is directly related to the Organization of American States (OAS). The OAS is an international organization that promotes cooperation and dialogue among the countries of the Americas. It serves as a platform for political, economic, social, and cultural discussions and actions in the Western Hemisphere. Therefore, the correct answer is the Organization of American States.

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  • 5. 

    Famous architect who designed some of Brasilia's buildings

    • A.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • B.

      Magic realism

    • C.

      Multinational corporations

    • D.

      Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • E.

      Organization of American States

    Correct Answer
    A. Oscar Niemeyer
    Explanation
    Oscar Niemeyer is the correct answer because he is a famous architect known for designing some of Brasilia's buildings. This suggests that he has made significant contributions to the architectural landscape of Brasilia, which is the capital city of Brazil. His designs are renowned for their modernist and futuristic style, making him a prominent figure in the field of architecture.

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  • 6. 

    By the 1960s, many Latin American governments still had economic problems for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

    • A.

      dependence on the United States, Europe, and Japan for advanced technology for modern industry

    • B.

      Failure to find markets abroad in which to sell their manufactured products.

    • C.

      Support by regimes to have multinational corporations come to Latin America.

    • D.

      D. inability to keep up with the demand for their exported goods.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. inability to keep up with the demand for their exported goods.
    Explanation
    Latin American governments in the 1960s faced economic problems due to their dependence on advanced technology from the United States, Europe, and Japan, as well as their failure to find international markets for their manufactured products. Additionally, they sought support from multinational corporations to invest in Latin America. The correct answer, D, states that the inability to keep up with the demand for their exported goods was not a reason for their economic problems.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following was one of the reasons that democratic reforms                    happened in some Latin American countries during the 1980s?

    • A.

      The unwillingness of some military leaders to deal with debt problems

    • B.

      The rampant spread of feudalism through Latin America

    • C.

      The closing of the gap between rich and poor

    • D.

      The growth of foreign markets for Latin American goods

    Correct Answer
    A. The unwillingness of some military leaders to deal with debt problems
    Explanation
    During the 1980s, democratic reforms occurred in some Latin American countries due to the unwillingness of some military leaders to address the debt problems. This suggests that these leaders were unable or unwilling to effectively manage the economic challenges faced by their countries. As a result, there was a growing demand for democratic reforms as people sought alternative solutions to address the economic crisis.

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  • 8. 

    Latin America's economic problems were made worse by

    • A.

      Dramatic declines in population.

    • B.

      Dramatic increases in population.

    • C.

      No growth in the middle class.

    • D.

      Dramatic growth of the middle class.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dramatic increases in population.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dramatic increases in population." This is because a significant increase in population can put strain on the economy by creating higher demand for resources and services, leading to issues such as overcrowding, unemployment, and increased poverty rates. It can also lead to a greater burden on infrastructure and public services, making it challenging for the government to meet the needs of the growing population.

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  • 9. 

    After the establishment of the OAS in 1948, the United States did all ofthe following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Stop interfering in Latin American affairs.

    • B.

      Provide military aid to anti-Communist regimes.

    • C.

      Take action against pro-Communist governments.

    • D.

      Become more anxious about the spread of Communist regimes.

    Correct Answer
    A. Stop interfering in Latin American affairs.
    Explanation
    After the establishment of the OAS in 1948, the United States did not stop interfering in Latin American affairs. This can be inferred from the other options provided, which state that the US provided military aid to anti-Communist regimes, took action against pro-Communist governments, and became more anxious about the spread of Communist regimes. These actions indicate that the US continued to involve itself in Latin American affairs, rather than ceasing interference.

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  • 10. 

    In One Hundred Years of Solitude, Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    • A.

      Mixes realism and fantasy.

    • B.

      Depicts life in a Brazilian jail.

    • C.

      Combines fable with romance.

    • D.

      Integrates drama and improvisation.

    Correct Answer
    A. Mixes realism and fantasy.
    Explanation
    In One Hundred Years of Solitude, Gabriel Garcia Marquez blends elements of realism and fantasy. Throughout the novel, he presents a vivid and detailed portrayal of the Buendia family and their experiences, which reflects the realistic aspects of life. At the same time, Marquez incorporates magical and supernatural elements, such as characters living for centuries and fantastical occurrences, which adds a touch of fantasy to the story. This combination of realism and fantasy creates a unique and captivating narrative that blurs the boundaries between the ordinary and the extraordinary.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 08, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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