Latin America Test 5

39 Questions

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Latin Quizzes & Trivia

An assessment of the Apex sections concerning Latin America.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The region of Latin America contains the continent of South America, the Carribbean, Mexico (North America) and which of the following?
    • A. 

      Asia

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      Central America

    • D. 

      The United States of America

  • 2. 
    The region of South America is made up of _____ countries.
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      13

    • D. 

      9

  • 3. 
    Over _____ million people live in the region of South America
    • A. 

      300

    • B. 

      240

    • C. 

      415

    • D. 

      999

  • 4. 
    What percentage of the population of South America lives in the country of Brazil?
    • A. 

      One-third

    • B. 

      One-fourth

    • C. 

      Half

    • D. 

      100%

  • 5. 
    What's the most common sport in South America?
    • A. 

      Tennis

    • B. 

      Fútbol (Soccer)

    • C. 

      Baseball

    • D. 

      Auto racing

  • 6. 
    Much of Latin America, particularly the northern half of South America, is made up of:
    • A. 

      Desert

    • B. 

      Rain forest

    • C. 

      Arid, dry climate

    • D. 

      Mountain ranges

  • 7. 
    One problem with currency that many Latin American countries face is:
    • A. 

      Inflation

    • B. 

      A large middle class

    • C. 

      Equal access to resources

    • D. 

      High unemployment rates

  • 8. 
    Which of the following best describes Brazil?
    • A. 

      Largest, most-populated country in South America; natives speak Portuguese

    • B. 

      Economy dominated by petroleum, has the largest oil reserves in the Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      Plays a crucial role in world trade and has become a regional financial center

    • D. 

      About 90 percent of the population is of white European ancestry

  • 9. 
    Which of the following best describes the Amazon?
    • A. 

      One of the largest waterfall systems in the world

    • B. 

      Important shipping location

    • C. 

      A major transportation river route through Colombia and Venezuela

    • D. 

      Largest rain forest in the world

  • 10. 
    Which of the following best describes Machu Picchu?
    • A. 

      Location of an important canal

    • B. 

      Longest mountain range in South America

    • C. 

      Lost city of the Inca empire

    • D. 

      The agricultural region Argentina's economy depends on

  • 11. 
    The Inca Civilization lasted from 1200-1535 and was conquered by which country?
    • A. 

      Great Britain

    • B. 

      Portuguese

    • C. 

      Netherlands

    • D. 

      Spain

  • 12. 
    How did the line of demarcation affect settlement of South America?
    • A. 

      Spain got the majority of the continent; Portugal got the west coast (Brazil)

    • B. 

      Portugal received no land

    • C. 

      Spain got the east coast of Brazil then moved over the centuries to take over what became modern Brazil.

    • D. 

      Portugal got the souther part; Spain got the north

  • 13. 
    What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?
    • A. 

      A treaty between the Inca and Francisco Pizarro

    • B. 

      An agreement that split South America between Spain and Portugal

    • C. 

      An agreement by the pope to allow missionaries in South America

    • D. 

      A treaty to protect native populations from slavery

  • 14. 
    What are the two most common languages in South America?
    • A. 

      Spanish and Dutch

    • B. 

      Portuguese and Greek

    • C. 

      Spanish and Portuguese

    • D. 

      Portuguese and French

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is an example of a colonial legacy?
    • A. 

      Argentina has had repeated problems with inflation

    • B. 

      So-called banana republics have corrupt governments

    • C. 

      The Inca controlled the west coast of South America

    • D. 

      The people of Columbia speak Spanish and the people of Brazil speak Portuguese

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an example of a colonial legacy?
    • A. 

      Most indigenous tribes in the Amazon rain forest want to be left alone.

    • B. 

      Many Brazilians live in the United States.

    • C. 

      Central America has a high population density.

    • D. 

      Most South Americans are Roman Catholic.

  • 17. 
    Most South American countries got their independence during which years?
    • A. 

      1400s

    • B. 

      1500s

    • C. 

      1800s

    • D. 

      2000s

  • 18. 
    What would the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA) do?
    • A. 

      Increase trade restrictions in the Americas

    • B. 

      Decrease trade restrictions in the Americas to increase trade

    • C. 

      Unify South America against the United States

    • D. 

      Increase North America's domination over South America

  • 19. 
    Where have most of the people in South America settled and established cities?
    • A. 

      Along the Amazon River

    • B. 

      In the North

    • C. 

      Along the coasts

    • D. 

      In the mountains

  • 20. 
    The most famous of the Spanish conquistadores was a man named:
    • A. 

      Hernán Cortés

    • B. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • C. 

      Pope Pius II

    • D. 

      Mr. Staley IV

  • 21. 
    The Spanish soldiers who explored and conquered the Americas were called ______________
    • A. 

      Inca

    • B. 

      Conquistadores

    • C. 

      Aztec

    • D. 

      Portugueses

  • 22. 
    Who ruled the Aztecs at the time Cortes and the Spanish arrived?
    • A. 

      Pope Pius II

    • B. 

      Atahulpa

    • C. 

      King Ferdinand

    • D. 

      Moctezuma II

  • 23. 
    How were the Spanish able to succeed in conquering much of Latin America?
    • A. 

      They had superior technology and weapons

    • B. 

      They were very understanding in terms of different cultures

    • C. 

      Many natives viewed them as gods and assisted them

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 24. 
    The Aztec capital (Later known as Mexico City) was called which of the following?
    • A. 

      Machu Picchu

    • B. 

      Tenochtitlan

    • C. 

      Peru

    • D. 

      Brazil

  • 25. 
    Who was the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca empire in South America?
    • A. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • B. 

      Moctezuma II

    • C. 

      Pope Pius

    • D. 

      Mr Staley

  • 26. 
    What was the name of the hidden Inca city in the Andes mountains?
    • A. 

      Mexico City

    • B. 

      El Dorado

    • C. 

      Machu Picchu

    • D. 

      Lima

  • 27. 
    A Spanish-born immigrant who was at the top of the social class in Latin America was called a:
    • A. 

      Peninsulare

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 28. 
    This group of people are a mixture of European and Indian decent
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 29. 
    Spanish people born in the "New World" were called:
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 30. 
    Children of Europeans and Africans were called:
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 31. 
    Which group of people were at the bottom of society in the "New World"?
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Free Blacks

    • C. 

      Slaves

    • D. 

      Creoles

  • 32. 
    What was the largest Portuguese territory in Latin America?
    • A. 

      Brazil

    • B. 

      Peru

    • C. 

      Viceroyalty of New Spain

    • D. 

      Andes Mountains

  • 33. 
    What economic advantage did Brazil have?
    • A. 

      A small population to distribute wealth evenly

    • B. 

      Technological advances for businesses

    • C. 

      Good land for farming, especially sugar

    • D. 

      A lot of diamonds and exotic stones

  • 34. 
    Which of the following are cities in Brazil?
    • A. 

      Rio de Janeiro

    • B. 

      São Paulo

    • C. 

      Mexico City

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 35. 
    What was the economic system established in the "New World" that required indians and/or slaves to pay tribute to wealthy Spaniards?
    • A. 

      FTAA

    • B. 

      NAFTA

    • C. 

      Free-Trade Agreement

    • D. 

      Encomienda System

  • 36. 
    Label the following: A: B: C: D:
  • 37. 
    Based off the map, the majority of South American countries speak what two languages:
  • 38. 
    Based off the map, the majority of South America people belong to which religion?
  • 39. 
    Answer the following essay in a detailed paragraph (Or more).  You must use complete sentences and correct grammar. In your own words, describe what "colonial legacy" means.  How was this era defined by "exploration and colonization."  Make sure to use examples of what European nations left behind that still affect Latin America today (Examples: Language, religion, culture).