Latin America Test 1

39 Questions

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Latin America Test 1

An assessment of the Apex sections concerning Latin America.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The region of Latin America contains the continent of South America, the Carribbean, Mexico (North America) and which of the following?
    • A. 

      Asia

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      Central America

    • D. 

      The United States of America

  • 2. 
    The region of South America is made up of _____ countries.
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      13

    • D. 

      9

  • 3. 
    Over _____ million people live in the region of South America
    • A. 

      300

    • B. 

      240

    • C. 

      415

    • D. 

      999

  • 4. 
    What percentage of the population of South America lives in the country of Brazil?
    • A. 

      One-third

    • B. 

      One-fourth

    • C. 

      Half

    • D. 

      100%

  • 5. 
    What's the most common sport in South America?
    • A. 

      Tennis

    • B. 

      Fútbol (Soccer)

    • C. 

      Baseball

    • D. 

      Auto racing

  • 6. 
    Much of Latin America, particularly the northern half of South America, is made up of:
    • A. 

      Desert

    • B. 

      Rain forest

    • C. 

      Arid, dry climate

    • D. 

      Mountain ranges

  • 7. 
    One problem with currency that many Latin American countries face is:
    • A. 

      Inflation

    • B. 

      A large middle class

    • C. 

      Equal access to resources

    • D. 

      High unemployment rates

  • 8. 
    Which of the following best describes Brazil?
    • A. 

      Largest, most-populated country in South America; natives speak Portuguese

    • B. 

      Economy dominated by petroleum, has the largest oil reserves in the Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      Plays a crucial role in world trade and has become a regional financial center

    • D. 

      About 90 percent of the population is of white European ancestry

  • 9. 
    Which of the following best describes the Amazon?
    • A. 

      One of the largest waterfall systems in the world

    • B. 

      Important shipping location

    • C. 

      A major transportation river route through Colombia and Venezuela

    • D. 

      Largest rain forest in the world

  • 10. 
    Which of the following best describes Machu Picchu?
    • A. 

      Location of an important canal

    • B. 

      Longest mountain range in South America

    • C. 

      Lost city of the Inca empire

    • D. 

      The agricultural region Argentina's economy depends on

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Great Britain

    • B. 

      Portuguese

    • C. 

      Netherlands

    • D. 

      Spain

  • 12. 
    How did the line of demarcation affect settlement of South America?
    • A. 

      Spain got the majority of the continent; Portugal got the west coast (Brazil)

    • B. 

      Portugal received no land

    • C. 

      Spain got the east coast of Brazil then moved over the centuries to take over what became modern Brazil.

    • D. 

      Portugal got the souther part; Spain got the north

  • 13. 
    What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?
    • A. 

      A treaty between the Inca and Francisco Pizarro

    • B. 

      An agreement that split South America between Spain and Portugal

    • C. 

      An agreement by the pope to allow missionaries in South America

    • D. 

      A treaty to protect native populations from slavery

  • 14. 
    What are the two most common languages in South America?
    • A. 

      Spanish and Dutch

    • B. 

      Portuguese and Greek

    • C. 

      Spanish and Portuguese

    • D. 

      Portuguese and French

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Argentina has had repeated problems with inflation

    • B. 

      So-called banana republics have corrupt governments

    • C. 

      The Inca controlled the west coast of South America

    • D. 

      The people of Columbia speak Spanish and the people of Brazil speak Portuguese

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an example of a colonial legacy?
    • A. 

      Most indigenous tribes in the Amazon rain forest want to be left alone.

    • B. 

      Many Brazilians live in the United States.

    • C. 

      Central America has a high population density.

    • D. 

      Most South Americans are Roman Catholic.

  • 17. 
    Most South American countries got their independence during which years?
    • A. 

      1400s

    • B. 

      1500s

    • C. 

      1800s

    • D. 

      2000s

  • 18. 
    What would the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA) do?
    • A. 

      Increase trade restrictions in the Americas

    • B. 

      Decrease trade restrictions in the Americas to increase trade

    • C. 

      Unify South America against the United States

    • D. 

      Increase North America's domination over South America

  • 19. 
    Where have most of the people in South America settled and established cities?
    • A. 

      Along the Amazon River

    • B. 

      In the North

    • C. 

      Along the coasts

    • D. 

      In the mountains

  • 20. 
    The most famous of the Spanish conquistadores was a man named:
    • A. 

      Hernán Cortés

    • B. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • C. 

      Pope Pius II

    • D. 

      Mr. Staley IV

  • 21. 
    The Spanish soldiers who explored and conquered the Americas were called ______________
    • A. 

      Inca

    • B. 

      Conquistadores

    • C. 

      Aztec

    • D. 

      Portugueses

  • 22. 
    Who ruled the Aztecs at the time Cortes and the Spanish arrived?
    • A. 

      Pope Pius II

    • B. 

      Atahulpa

    • C. 

      King Ferdinand

    • D. 

      Moctezuma II

  • 23. 
    How were the Spanish able to succeed in conquering much of Latin America?
    • A. 

      They had superior technology and weapons

    • B. 

      They were very understanding in terms of different cultures

    • C. 

      Many natives viewed them as gods and assisted them

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 24. 
    The Aztec capital (Later known as Mexico City) was called which of the following?
    • A. 

      Machu Picchu

    • B. 

      Tenochtitlan

    • C. 

      Peru

    • D. 

      Brazil

  • 25. 
    Who was the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca empire in South America?
    • A. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • B. 

      Moctezuma II

    • C. 

      Pope Pius

    • D. 

      Mr Staley

  • 26. 
    What was the name of the hidden Inca city in the Andes mountains?
    • A. 

      Mexico City

    • B. 

      El Dorado

    • C. 

      Machu Picchu

    • D. 

      Lima

  • 27. 
    A Spanish-born immigrant who was at the top of the social class in Latin America was called a:
    • A. 

      Peninsulare

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 28. 
    This group of people are a mixture of European and Indian decent
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 29. 
    Spanish people born in the "New World" were called:
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 30. 
    Children of Europeans and Africans were called:
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Creoles

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulattoes

  • 31. 
    Which group of people were at the bottom of society in the "New World"?
    • A. 

      Peninsulares

    • B. 

      Free Blacks

    • C. 

      Slaves

    • D. 

      Creoles

  • 32. 
    What was the largest Portuguese territory in Latin America?
    • A. 

      Brazil

    • B. 

      Peru

    • C. 

      Viceroyalty of New Spain

    • D. 

      Andes Mountains

  • 33. 
    What economic advantage did Brazil have?
    • A. 

      A small population to distribute wealth evenly

    • B. 

      Technological advances for businesses

    • C. 

      Good land for farming, especially sugar

    • D. 

      A lot of diamonds and exotic stones

  • 34. 
    Which of the following are cities in Brazil?
    • A. 

      Rio de Janeiro

    • B. 

      São Paulo

    • C. 

      Mexico City

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 35. 
    What was the economic system established in the "New World" that required indians and/or slaves to pay tribute to wealthy Spaniards?
    • A. 

      FTAA

    • B. 

      NAFTA

    • C. 

      Free-Trade Agreement

    • D. 

      Encomienda System

  • 36. 
    Label the following: A: B: C: D:
  • 37. 
    Based off the map, the majority of South American countries speak what two languages:
  • 38. 
    Based off the map, the majority of South America people belong to which religion?
  • 39.