Earth Science Quiz: Landscapes Pre-assessment Questions!

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Earth Science Quiz: Landscapes Pre-assessment Questions! - Quiz

A landscape is the visible feature of an area that is formed as a result of natural changes or interference of human beings. As you prepare for your earth science regents exam, the quiz below is designed to help you polish up on your landscape unit. Why don’t you give it a try and see which areas are hard for you?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which property of soil is most likely to increase, as the size of the soil particles get smaller (Standard 1.2g)?

    • A.

      Capillarity

    • B.

      Permeability

    • C.

      Infiltration

    • D.

      Porosity

    • E.

      Magnanimity

    Correct Answer
    A. Capillarity
    Explanation
    As the size of soil particles gets smaller, the surface area of the particles increases. This increase in surface area allows for more capillary action to occur within the soil. Capillarity is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, or even in opposition to, external forces like gravity. Therefore, as the soil particles get smaller, the capillarity of the soil is most likely to increase.

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  • 2. 

    Condensation is often triggered as water vapor that is rising in the atmosphere (Standard 1.2g):

    • A.

      Cools

    • B.

      Warms

    • C.

      Contracts

    • D.

      Transpires

    • E.

      Breaks apart

    Correct Answer
    A. Cools
    Explanation
    As water vapor rises in the atmosphere, it encounters colder temperatures. This causes the water vapor to lose heat energy and cool down. When the water vapor cools, it undergoes condensation and transforms into liquid water droplets. Therefore, the correct answer is "cools".

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  • 3. 

    Where this stream’s velocity decreases from 300 to 200 centimeters per second, which size sediment will be deposited?  This question may require the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 2.1u).

    • A.

      Cobbles

    • B.

      Sand

    • C.

      Silt

    • D.

      Clay

    • E.

      Boulders

    Correct Answer
    A. Cobbles
    Explanation
    When a stream's velocity decreases, it loses its ability to carry larger and heavier sediment particles. As a result, the larger sediment particles, such as cobbles and boulders, will be deposited first. Therefore, the correct answer is cobbles.

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  • 4. 

    The shape of elongated hills labeled drumlins is most useful in determining the (Standard 2.1u):

    • A.

      Age of the glacier

    • B.

      Direction of glacial movement

    • C.

      Thickness of the glacial ice

    • D.

      Rate of glacial movement

    • E.

      Rate of global climate change

    Correct Answer
    B. Direction of glacial movement
    Explanation
    The shape of elongated hills labeled drumlins is most useful in determining the direction of glacial movement. Drumlins are formed by the movement of glaciers, and their elongated shape indicates the direction in which the glacier was moving. The steep end of a drumlin points in the direction of glacial flow, while the gentle slope indicates the direction from which the glacier came. Therefore, by studying the shape and orientation of drumlins, scientists can determine the direction of glacial movement.

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  • 5. 

    The table below describes the characteristics of three landscape regions, A, B, and C, found in the United States.  Which list best identifies landscapes A, B, and C?  This question may require the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 1.2r).

    • A.

      A- mountain, B - plain, C - plateau

    • B.

      A - plain, B - plateau, C - mountain

    • C.

      A - plateau, B - mountain, C - plain

    • D.

      A - plain, B - mountain, C - plateau

    • E.

      A- plateau, B – plain, C - mountain

    Correct Answer
    A. A- mountain, B - plain, C - plateau
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A- mountain, B - plain, C - plateau. This is because mountains are characterized by high elevation and steep slopes, while plains are flat and low-lying areas. Plateaus are elevated flatland regions with steep sides. Therefore, the characteristics described in the answer choice align with the definitions of mountain, plain, and plateau.

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  • 6. 

    The rate at which particles are deposited by a stream is least affected by the (Standard 2.1v):

    • A.

      Size and shape of the particles

    • B.

      Velocity of the stream

    • C.

      Density of the particles

    • D.

      Stream’s elevation above sea level

    Correct Answer
    D. Stream’s elevation above sea level
    Explanation
    The rate at which particles are deposited by a stream is least affected by the stream's elevation above sea level. This is because the elevation of the stream does not directly impact the physical properties of the particles, such as their size, shape, velocity, or density. The elevation may affect the overall flow and energy of the stream, but it does not directly influence the rate at which particles are deposited.

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  • 7. 

    The opposite of erosion is (Standard 2.1w):

    • A.

      Motion

    • B.

      Sediment

    • C.

      Traveling

    • D.

      Extrusion

    • E.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    E. Deposition
    Explanation
    The opposite of erosion is deposition. Erosion refers to the process of wearing away or removal of soil, rock, or other materials from the Earth's surface, while deposition is the process of depositing or laying down sediment or other materials on the Earth's surface. So, while erosion involves the movement and displacement of material, deposition involves the settling and accumulation of material.

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  • 8. 

    The diagram below shows a sample of conglomerate.  Which agent of erosion was most likely responsible for shaping the pebbles that can be seen in this rock (Standard 2.1t)?

    • A.

      Mass movement

    • B.

      Strong winds

    • C.

      Accretion

    • D.

      Running water

    • E.

      Glacial ice

    Correct Answer
    D. Running water
    Explanation
    Running water is the most likely agent of erosion responsible for shaping the pebbles in the conglomerate rock. Running water, such as rivers or streams, has the ability to transport and erode sediment, including pebbles, as it flows. Over time, the constant movement and friction of the water against the pebbles can wear them down and shape them into their rounded form. This process is known as abrasion, and it is commonly associated with running water erosion. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that running water was responsible for shaping the pebbles in the rock sample.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following agents of erosion usually deposits sediments that are NOT sorted by size (Standard 2.1t)?

    • A.

      Wind

    • B.

      Streams and rivers

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Glacial meltwater

    Correct Answer
    C. Glaciers
    Explanation
    Glaciers usually deposit sediments that are not sorted by size. This is because glaciers are massive sheets of ice that move slowly over the land, picking up and carrying rocks and debris of various sizes. As the glacier melts, it deposits the sediments it carried, creating unsorted deposits known as till. This is in contrast to other agents of erosion such as wind and streams/rivers, which tend to sort sediments by size as they transport them. Glacial meltwater, on the other hand, can sort sediments by size as it flows away from the glacier.

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  • 10. 

    The process of physical weathering and erosion shape Earth’s landforms by (Standard 2.1p):

    • A.

      Increasing the elevation of Earth’s surface

    • B.

      Lowering the elevation of Earth’s surface

    • C.

      Changing the composition of Earth’s surface

    • D.

      Bending rock layers near Earth’s surface

    • E.

      Causing global climate change

    Correct Answer
    B. Lowering the elevation of Earth’s surface
    Explanation
    Physical weathering and erosion refers to the breaking down and transportation of rocks and sediments by natural forces such as wind, water, and ice. This process gradually wears away the Earth's surface, resulting in a lowering of the elevation. Over time, the constant action of weathering and erosion can create various landforms such as valleys, canyons, and plains. Therefore, the correct answer is "lowering the elevation of Earth's surface."

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  • 11. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you already know about Earth’s landscapes (mountains, plateaus, glaciers, valleys, escarpments, streams, etc.).

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    This question asks the respondent to rate their knowledge about Earth's landscapes on a scale of 1 to 4. The answer choices include all the options from 1 to 4, indicating that the respondent can choose any of these options based on their level of knowledge. The answer does not provide any additional explanation or context.

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  • 12. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you in Earth’s landscapes (mountains, plateaus, glaciers, valleys, escarpments, streams, etc.).

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    The given answer options range from 1 to 4, indicating the level of interest in Earth's landscapes. A rating of 1 suggests the lowest interest, while a rating of 4 suggests the highest interest. Therefore, the answer "1,2,3,4" means that the person is open to rating their interest in Earth's landscapes anywhere from the lowest to the highest level.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Tagscience
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