ISTQB 2011 11

47 Kesyon

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ISTQB Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Q. 421: QC is
    • A. 

      Phase building activity

    • B. 

      Intermediate activity

    • C. 

      End of Phase activity

    • D. 

      Design activity

  • 2. 
    Q. 422: Which tool store information about versions and builds of software and testware
    • A. 

      Test Management tool

    • B. 

      Requirements management tool

    • C. 

      Configuration management tool

    • D. 

      Static analysis too;

  • 3. 
    Q. 423: Testing Process comprised of
    • A. 

      Test Plan and Test Cases

    • B. 

      Test log and Test Status

    • C. 

      Defect Tracking

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Q. 424: Preparing and automating test cases before coding is called
    • A. 

      Test first approach

    • B. 

      Test-driven development

    • C. 

      Both A. & B.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Q. 425: Which one is not characteristic of test management tool?
    • A. 

      Support for the management of tests and the testing activities carried out

    • B. 

      Interfaces to test execution tools

    • C. 

      Quantitative analysis related to tests

    • D. 

      Check for consistency and undefined requirements

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Q. 426: Code Walkthrough
    • A. 

      Type of dynamic testing

    • B. 

      Type of static testing

    • C. 

      Neither dynamic nor static

    • D. 

      Performed by the testing team

  • 7. 
    Q. 427: Risk analysis talks about
    • A. 

      The data required for testing, the infrastructure requirements to manage the data as well as the methods for preparing test data, requirements, converters and sources

    • B. 

      Details what types of tests must be conducted, what stages of testing are required and outlines the sequence and timing of tests

    • C. 

      A testing goal. It is a statement of what the tester is expected to accomplish or validate during a testing activity. These guide the development of test cases and procedures

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Q. 428: What are the 2 major components taken into consideration with risk analysis?
    • A. 

      The probability the negative event will occur

    • B. 

      The potential loss or impact associated with the event

    • C. 

      Both A. and B.

    • D. 

      Neither A. nor B.

  • 9. 
    Q. 429: If the application is complex, but NOT data intensive and is to be tested on one configuration and 2 rounds, the easiest method to test is
    • A. 

      Manual testing

    • B. 

      Automation testing

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      None

  • 10. 
    Q. 430: Functional tests can be performed at all test levels
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Q. 431: Structural Testing
    • A. 

      Same as black box testing

    • B. 

      Same as white box testing

    • C. 

      Same as functional testing

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 12. 
    Q. 432: In formal review, Rework: fixing defects found typically done by _________
    • A. 

      Moderator

    • B. 

      Author

    • C. 

      Reviewer

    • D. 

      Recorder

  • 13. 
    Q. 433: The _________ may facilitate the testing of components or part of a system bysimulation the environment in which the test object will run
    • A. 

      Test Design tool

    • B. 

      Test data preparation tool

    • C. 

      Test execution tool

    • D. 

      Test harness

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Q. 434: Regression testing mainly helps in
    • A. 

      Re-testing fixed defects

    • B. 

      Checking for side-effects of fixes

    • C. 

      Checking the core gaps

    • D. 

      Ensuring high level sanity

  • 15. 
    Q. 435: Review is one of the methods of V&V. The other methods are
    • A. 

      Inspection

    • B. 

      Walkthrough

    • C. 

      Testing

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Q. 436: Which review is inexpensive
    • A. 

      Informal Review

    • B. 

      Walkthrough

    • C. 

      Technical review

    • D. 

      Inspection

  • 17. 
    Q. 437: Following are some of the testing risks
    • A. 

      Budget, Test environment

    • B. 

      Budget, Number of qualified test resources

    • C. 

      Budget, Number of qualified test resources

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Q. 438: Random Testing
    • A. 

      Program is tested randomly sampling the input.

    • B. 

      A black-box testing technique

    • C. 

      Both A. and B.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 19. 
    Q. 439: Black-box testing technique is also called as structure based technique
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Q. 440: Reliability, usablility, efficiency are
    • A. 

      Functional characteristics

    • B. 

      Non functional characteristics

    • C. 

      Both A. & B.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    Q. 441: Test Plan
    • A. 

      Road map for testing

    • B. 

      Tells about the actual results and expected results

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    Q. 442: User Acceptance Testing
    • A. 

      Same as Alpha Testing

    • B. 

      Same as Beta Testing

    • C. 

      Combination of Alpha and Beta Testing

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    Q. 443: Path coverage includes
    • A. 

      Statement coverage

    • B. 

      Condition coverage

    • C. 

      Decision coverage

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 24. 
    Q. 444: Which testing technique do you prefer for the following situations?1. Severe time pressure2. Inadequate specification
    • A. 

      Decision testing

    • B. 

      Error guessing

    • C. 

      Statement testing

    • D. 

      Exploratory testing

  • 25. 
    Q. 445: Recovery testing is a system test that forces the software to fail and verifiesthat data recovery is properly performed. The following should be checked forcorrectness1. Re-initialization2. Restart3. Data Recovery4. Check Point Mechanism
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      1, 2 and 3

    • C. 

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    • D. 

      2 and 4

  • 26. 
    Q. 446: Data flow analysis studies:
    • A. 

      Possible communications bottlenecks in a program.

    • B. 

      The rate of change of data values as a program executes.

    • C. 

      The use of data on paths through the code.

    • D. 

      The intrinsic complexity of the code.

  • 27. 
    Q. 447: Which of the following is NOT a white box technique?
    • A. 

      Statement testing

    • B. 

      Path testing

    • C. 

      Data flow testing

    • D. 

      State transition testing

  • 28. 
    Q. 448: Which one of the following describes the major benefit of verification early inthe life cycle?
    • A. 

      It allows the identification of changes in user requirements.

    • B. 

      It facilitates timely set up of the test environment.

    • C. 

      It reduces defect multiplication.

    • D. 

      It allows testers to become involved early in the project.

  • 29. 
    Q. 449: Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      In a system two different failures may have different severities.

    • B. 

      A system is necessarily more reliable after debugging for the removal of a fault.

    • C. 

      A fault need not affect the reliability of a system.

    • D. 

      Undetected errors may lead to faults and eventually to incorrect behavior.

  • 30. 
    Q. 450: Alpha testing is:
    • A. 

      Post-release testing by end user representatives at the developer’s site.

    • B. 

      The first testing that is performed.

    • C. 

      Pre-release testing by end user representatives at the developer’s site.

    • D. 

      Pre-release testing by end user representatives at their sites.

  • 31. 
    Q. 452: Which of the following would NOT normally form part of a test plan?
    • A. 

      Features to be tested

    • B. 

      Incident reports

    • C. 

      Risks

    • D. 

      Schedule

  • 32. 
    Q. 453: Which of the following is a form of functional testing?
    • A. 

      Boundary value analysis

    • B. 

      Usability testing

    • C. 

      Performance testing

    • D. 

      Security testing

  • 33. 
    Q. 454: Which one of the following statements about system testing is NOT true?
    • A. 

      System tests are often performed by independent teams.

    • B. 

      Functional testing is used more than structural testing.

    • C. 

      Faults found during system tests can be very expensive to fix.

    • D. 

      End-users should be involved in system tests.

  • 34. 
    Q. 455: Which of the following is not described in a unit test standard?
    • A. 

      Syntax testing

    • B. 

      Equivalence partitioning

    • C. 

      Stress testing

    • D. 

      Modified condition/decision coverage

  • 35. 
    Q. 456: Which of the following is likely to benefit most from the use of test toolsproviding test capture and replay facilities?
    • A. 

      Regression testing

    • B. 

      Integration testing

    • C. 

      System testing

    • D. 

      User acceptance testing

  • 36. 
    Q. 457: Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Incidents should always be fixed.

    • B. 

      An incident occurs when expected and actual results differ.

    • C. 

      Incidents can be analysed to assist in test process improvement.

    • D. 

      An incident can be raised against documentation.

  • 37. 
    Q. 458: Static analysis is best described as:
    • A. 

      The analysis of batch programs.

    • B. 

      The reviewing of test plans.

    • C. 

      The analysis of program code.

    • D. 

      The use of black box testing.

  • 38. 
    Q. 459: Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
    • A. 

      A minimal test set that achieves 100% LCSAJ coverage will also achieve 100% branch coverage.

    • B. 

      A minimal test set that achieves 100% path coverage will also achieve 100% statement coverage.

    • C. 

      A minimal test set that achieves 100% path coverage will generally detect more faults than one that achieves 100% statement coverage.

    • D. 

      A minimal test set that achieves 100% statement coverage will generally detect more faults than one that achieves 100% branch coverage.

  • 39. 
    Q. 460: Which of the following statements about reviews is true?
    • A. 

      Reviews cannot be performed on user requirements specifications.

    • B. 

      Reviews are the least effective way of testing code.

    • C. 

      Reviews are unlikely to find faults in test plans.

    • D. 

      Reviews should be performed on specifications, code, and test plans.

  • 40. 
    Q. 463: Which of the following is NOT true of incidents?
    • A. 

      Incident resolution is the responsibility of the author of the software under test.

    • B. 

      Incidents may be raised against user requirements.

    • C. 

      Incidents require investigation and/or correction.

    • D. 

      Incidents are raised when expected and actual results differ.

  • 41. 
    Q. 464: Which of the following characterizes the cost of faults?
    • A. 

      They are cheapest to find in the early development phases and the most expensive to fix in the latest test phases.

    • B. 

      They are easiest to find during system testing but the most expensive to fix then.

    • C. 

      Faults are cheapest to find in the early development phases but the most expensive to fix then.

    • D. 

      Although faults are most expensive to find during early development phases, they are cheapest to fix then.

  • 42. 
    Q. 465: Which one of the following statements, about capture-replay tools, is NOTcorrect?
    • A. 

      They are used to support multi-user testing.

    • B. 

      They are used to capture and animate user requirements.

    • C. 

      They are the most frequently purchased types of CAST tool.

    • D. 

      They capture aspects of user behavior.

  • 43. 
    Q. 466: Which of the following is true of the V-model?
    • A. 

      It states that modules are tested against user requirements.

    • B. 

      It only models the testing phase.

    • C. 

      It specifies the test techniques to be used.

    • D. 

      It includes the verification of designs.

  • 44. 
    Q. 467: Error guessing:
    • A. 

      Supplements formal test design techniques.

    • B. 

      Can only be used in component, integration and system testing.

    • C. 

      Is only performed in user acceptance testing.

    • D. 

      Is not repeatable and should not be used.

  • 45. 
    Q. 468: In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:An employee has £4000 of salary tax free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10%The next £28000 is taxed at 22%Any further amount is taxed at 40%Which of these groups of numbers would fall into the same equivalence class?
    • A. 

      £4800; £14000; £28000

    • B. 

      £5200; £5500; £28000

    • C. 

      £28001; £32000; £35000

    • D. 

      £5800; £28000; £32000

  • 46. 
    Q. 469: The oracle assumption:
    • A. 

      Is that there is some existing system against which test output may be checked.

    • B. 

      Is that the tester can routinely identify the correct outcome of a test.

    • C. 

      Is that the tester knows everything about the software under test.

    • D. 

      Is that the tester knows everything about the software under test.

  • 47. 
    Q. 470: In prioritising what to test, the most important objective is to:
    • A. 

      Find as many faults as possible.

    • B. 

      Test high risk areas.

    • C. 

      Obtain good test coverage.

    • D. 

      Test whatever is easiest to test.