Introduction To Earth Science Test

40 Questions

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

In this first unit we have been able to cover the introductory part on earth science. How well did you understand this topic? The quiz below is designed to test that out, give it a try and share what score you get in the comment section. All the best of luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The distance covered by a degree of longitude
    • A. 

      Is 1/180 of Earth's circumference

    • B. 

      Is always equal to 11 km

    • C. 

      Increases as you approach the poles

    • D. 

      Decreases as you approach the poles

  • 2. 
    The needle of a magnetic compass points toward the 
    • A. 

      Geomagnetic pole

    • B. 

      Geographic pole

    • C. 

      Parallels

    • D. 

      Meridians

  • 3. 
    The shortest distance between any two points on the globe is along 
    • A. 

      The equator

    • B. 

      A line of latitude

    • C. 

      The prime meridian

    • D. 

      A great circle

  • 4. 
    The distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian is
    • A. 

      Latitude

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Declination

    • D. 

      Projection

  • 5. 
    Latitude is the angular distance in degrees north or south of the equator.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Legends on a map help people calculate distances in the real world from distances on the map. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The three main types of map projections are cylindrical, azimuthal and conic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    On a topographic map, elevation is shown by means of 
    • A. 

      Great circles

    • B. 

      Contour lines

    • C. 

      Verbal scale

    • D. 

      Fractional scale

  • 9. 
    Subatomic particles in atoms that do not carry an electric charge are called
    • A. 

      Neutrons

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Nuclei

    • D. 

      Ions

  • 10. 
    What type of map is commonly used to locate faults and folds in beds of rock?
    • A. 

      Geologic map

    • B. 

      Topographic map

    • C. 

      Soil map

    • D. 

      Isogram map

  • 11. 
    Longitude is the angular distance in degrees east or west of of the prime meridian.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    A disadvantage of a cylindrical map is that distances and sizes near the poles are distorted.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Scales help people understand the symbols used on maps. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    A combination of letters and numbers that indicates which elements make up a compound is a 
    • A. 

      Coefficient

    • B. 

      Reactant

    • C. 

      Chemical bond

    • D. 

      Chemical formula

  • 15. 
    The outermost electrons in an atom's electron cloud are called
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Isotopes

    • C. 

      Valence electrons

    • D. 

      Neutrons

  • 16. 
    Subatomic particles that carry a negative charge are called 
    • A. 

      Neutrons

    • B. 

      Electrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Ions

  • 17. 
    Color and hardness are examples of a substance's 
    • A. 

      Physical properties

    • B. 

      Chemical properties

    • C. 

      Atomic structure

    • D. 

      Molecular properties

  • 18. 
    Chemical properties are characteristics that can be observed without changing the composition of a substance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Subatomic particles in atoms that carry a positive charge are called
    • A. 

      Neutrons

    • B. 

      Electrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Ions

  • 20. 
    Atoms of the same element that differ in mass are
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Isotopes

    • D. 

      Molecules

  • 21. 
    How many neutrons does a potassium atom have if its atomic number is 19 and its mass number is 39?
    • A. 

      19

    • B. 

      39

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      40

  • 22. 
    Two or more elements whose atoms are chemically bonded form a(n)
    • A. 

      Mixture

    • B. 

      Ion

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Compound

  • 23. 
    Molecules join together to form atoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    An element is a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance by chemical means. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    What is the volume of 325 g of metal with a density of 9 g/cubic centimeters?
    • A. 

      V= 325 g

    • B. 

      V= 36 cubic centimeters

    • C. 

      V= 9 g/cubic centimeters

    • D. 

      V= 360 cubic centimeters

  • 26. 
    The amount of protons and neutrons located in the nucleus of an atom.   
    • A. 

      Atomic Mass

    • B. 

      Isotope

    • C. 

      Ion

    • D. 

      Atomic Number

  • 27. 
    A piece of tin has a mass of 16.52 g and a volume of 2.26 cubic centimeters.  What is the density of the tin?
    • A. 

      D= 7.31 g/cubic centimeter

    • B. 

      D= .731 g/cubic centimeter

    • C. 

      D= 731 g/cubic centimeter

    • D. 

      D= 7310 g/cubic centimeter

  • 28. 
    The scientific study of the universe.
    • A. 

      Astronomy

    • B. 

      Astrology

    • C. 

      Asthenosphere

    • D. 

      Topography

  • 29. 
    The solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere; made of mantle rock that flows very slowly, which allows tectonic plates to move on top of it. 
    • A. 

      Lithosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Asthenosphere

    • D. 

      Geosphere

  • 30. 
    What is the mass of an object that has a density of 8 g/per cubic centimeter and a volume of 64 cubic centimeters?
    • A. 

      M= 8 g/per cubic centimeter

    • B. 

      M= 50 g

    • C. 

      M= 500 g

    • D. 

      M= 64 cubic centimeters

  • 31. 
    The density of a substance is equal to its mass divided by its volume.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    A molecule of water has one atom of 
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Helium

    • D. 

      Osmium

  • 33. 
    The scientific study of the ocean, including the properties and movements of ocean water, the characteristics of the ocean floor, and the organisms that live in the ocean.
    • A. 

      Geology

    • B. 

      Astronomy

    • C. 

      Meteorology

    • D. 

      Oceanography

  • 34. 
    The solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle.
    • A. 

      Lithosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Asthenosphere

    • D. 

      Geosphere

  • 35. 
    The size and shape of the land surface features of a region, including its relief.
    • A. 

      Geography

    • B. 

      Topography

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Hydrosphere

  • 36. 
    Physical properties are characteristics that describe how a substance interacts with other substances. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
     The scientific study of Earth's atmosphere, especially in relation to weather and climate.
    • A. 

      Geology

    • B. 

      Astronomy

    • C. 

      Meteorology

    • D. 

      Oceanography

  • 38. 
    The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that shape the Earth.
    • A. 

      Geology

    • B. 

      Astronomy

    • C. 

      Meteorology

    • D. 

      Oceanography

  • 39. 
    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
    • A. 

      Atomic Number

    • B. 

      Atomic Mass

    • C. 

      Ion

    • D. 

      Isotope

  • 40. 
    A mixture of gases that surround a planet or moon.
    • A. 

      Asthenosphere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Atmosphere