Earth Science Final Review Quiz

57 Questions

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Earth Science Final Review Quiz

All of the Questions are from Exams 1,2, and 3. There are no Questions pertaining to the Diagrams so make sure to study those for the Final Exam. I will upload another Quiz with just Test 4 when we get them back on Wednesday.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a true statement?
    • A. 

      The moon is composed of part of Earth

    • B. 

      The moon is older than Earth

    • C. 

      The moon is moving away from Earth

    • D. 

      The moon formed from a ring of debris

    • E. 

      All of the above except b

  • 2. 
    _____ was one of the first atoms to have formed in the Universe.
    • A. 

      Carbon

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Silicon

    • E. 

      B & d

  • 3. 
    How many degrees from the ecliptic is Earths orbit around the sun.
    • A. 

      12

    • B. 

      23.5

    • C. 

      0

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      55

  • 4. 
    A(n) _____ is responsible for the production of heavy atoms such as iron in the sun's solar system.
    • A. 

      Emission nebula

    • B. 

      Formation of a protostar

    • C. 

      Supernova

    • D. 

      Neutron star

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    If a star is found to have a temperature around 35,000 k what color would it be?
    • A. 

      Pink

    • B. 

      Blue

    • C. 

      Red

    • D. 

      Yellow

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 6. 
    Why does your weight change between planets?
    • A. 

      Average temperature varies between planets

    • B. 

      Each planet has a different mass

    • C. 

      Length of time a planet takes to orbit the sun varies

    • D. 

      Amount of solar radiation

    • E. 

      A & d

  • 7. 
    Which mostly influences the final evolutionary stages of stars?
    • A. 

      Mass

    • B. 

      Relative magnitude

    • C. 

      Number of alien colonies

    • D. 

      Absolute magnitude

    • E. 

      Distance from Earth

  • 8. 
    Most galaxies show a ______ shift in there spectrum.  
    • A. 

      Red

    • B. 

      Blue

    • C. 

      Yellow

    • D. 

      Purple

    • E. 

      Green

  • 9. 
    While a star  is in the Main Sequence Stage what forces are in balance?
    • A. 

      Centrifugal and gravity

    • B. 

      Gravity and tidal

    • C. 

      Tidal and centrifugul

    • D. 

      Thermal expansion and gravity

    • E. 

      Alien mind probes and tractor beams

  • 10. 
    When 2 hydrogen atoms combine a _______ is created.
    • A. 

      Heavy hydrogen atom

    • B. 

      Helium atom

    • C. 

      Oxygen atom

    • D. 

      Uranium atom

    • E. 

      Water

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is the Sequence of the Formation of the Solar System?
    • A. 

      Nebula-> protosun-> ring of planetesmals-> protoplanet

    • B. 

      Nebula-> ring of planetesmals-> protosun-> protoplanet

    • C. 

      Protosun-> nebula-> ring of planetesmals-> protoplanet

    • D. 

      Nebula-> protoplanet-> ring of planetesmals-> protosun

  • 12. 
    Which of the following material is found in meteorites?
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Silicate material

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Nickel

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    When the sun's fuel starts to run out what is the next stage in its evolutuion?
    • A. 

      Supernova

    • B. 

      White dwarf

    • C. 

      Red giant

    • D. 

      Protostar

    • E. 

      Neutron star

  • 14. 
    What is the average density of the crust?
    • A. 

      2.7g/ml cubed

    • B. 

      2.7 cm cubed / g

    • C. 

      2.7g/cm

    • D. 

      2.7 kg/cm cubed

    • E. 

      2.7 g/m cubed

  • 15. 
    The part of an Atom which contains the most mass.
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Isotope

    • E. 

      Alien probe ,machines

  • 16. 
    Magma with the lowest silica content.
    • A. 

      Ultramafic

    • B. 

      Mafic

    • C. 

      Felsic

    • D. 

      Intermediate

    • E. 

      Basalt

  • 17. 
    Which is not amongst the 8 most abundant elements in Earths Crust?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Alluminum

    • D. 

      Copper

    • E. 

      Sodium

  • 18. 
    What mineral property is demonstrated when light is reflected off its surface?
    • A. 

      Hardness

    • B. 

      Luster

    • C. 

      Color

    • D. 

      Cleavage

    • E. 

      Specific gravity

  • 19. 
    Which if the following is a rock?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      Gabbro

    • C. 

      Hornblende

    • D. 

      Feldspar

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    What is the shape of the structural building block for rock forming minerals?
    • A. 

      Cube

    • B. 

      Sphere

    • C. 

      Pyramid

    • D. 

      Rectangle

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    What process results in mechanical (physical) weathering?
    • A. 

      Frost wedging

    • B. 

      Plant roots

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Unloading

    • E. 

      All except c

  • 22. 
    Rock on Earths Surface is said to be a ______.
    • A. 

      Regional metamorphic rock

    • B. 

      Magma

    • C. 

      Sedimentary rock

    • D. 

      Contact metamorphic rock

    • E. 

      Alienite

  • 23. 
    What needs to happen for an igneous rock to change into a metamorphic rock?
    • A. 

      Llithification

    • B. 

      Crystalization

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Lava

    • E. 

      Heat and pressure

  • 24. 
    What fossil example was used to explain the prescence of Pangaea?
    • A. 

      Mesosaurus

    • B. 

      Amenities

    • C. 

      Plesiosaurus

    • D. 

      Archeopteryx

    • E. 

      Mastadons

  • 25. 
    Which is a mass wasting event?
    • A. 

      Water flowing in a channel

    • B. 

      Storm surge

    • C. 

      Rock fall

    • D. 

      Geothermal gradient

    • E. 

      B and c

  • 26. 
    Water can reduce _____ which can trigger mass wasting events.
    • A. 

      Alien landing pad sizes

    • B. 

      Ocean

    • C. 

      Streams

    • D. 

      Friction

    • E. 

      Weight

  • 27. 
    Which of the following water reservoirs contains the largest quantity of fresh water?
    • A. 

      Lakes

    • B. 

      Soil moisture

    • C. 

      Streams

    • D. 

      Groundwater

    • E. 

      Oceans

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is the ultimate base level for a stream?
    • A. 

      Flood control damn

    • B. 

      Mouuntain lake

    • C. 

      Atlantic ocean

    • D. 

      Reservoir damn

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 29. 
    What is the name of the layers that isolates a confined aquifer?
    • A. 

      Vadoze

    • B. 

      Spring

    • C. 

      Aquifer

    • D. 

      Water table

    • E. 

      Aquitard

  • 30. 
    The extraction of groundwater and oil from the San Joaquin Valley has resulted in.
    • A. 

      Excessive rain

    • B. 

      Space ship landing

    • C. 

      Subsidence

    • D. 

      Sea level changes

    • E. 

      Droughts

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is needed for a geyser to errupt?
    • A. 

      Constriction in fractures

    • B. 

      Underground heat source

    • C. 

      Cavern to allow groundwater to collect

    • D. 

      Fractures that act as conduits for water to move underground

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 32. 
    Volcanic Eruptions with low silica content, low gas content, and a large volume of magma. Which plate tectonic setting would likely generate the volcano desrcibed above?
    • A. 

      Convergent (ocean-ocean)

    • B. 

      Convergent (ocean-continent)

    • C. 

      Transform

    • D. 

      Divergent

    • E. 

      Divergent and hot spots

  • 33. 
    Which is an anthropogenic contributor to flooding?
    • A. 

      Early snow melt

    • B. 

      Velocity of a rain storm

    • C. 

      Path of the rain storm

    • D. 

      Heavy rains

    • E. 

      Urbanization

  • 34. 
    When a Volcano goes extinct the conduits will crystallize into an igneous rock and will become a _______.
    • A. 

      Sill

    • B. 

      Cinder cone

    • C. 

      Dike

    • D. 

      Batholith

    • E. 

      A or c

  • 35. 
    Which seismic body wave can travel through a fluid?
    • A. 

      S wave

    • B. 

      Alien death rays

    • C. 

      P wave

    • D. 

      Rayleigh wave

    • E. 

      Love wave

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Shallow sloping sides to the volcano

    • B. 

      Lava and pyroclastic flow are visible

    • C. 

      You lose all hope because life without a cell phone is not worth running the battery out to be rescued

    • D. 

      Basalt flows dominate the island

    • E. 

      Island is covered with low height, but steep sided cinderr cones

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      the intensity of Landers was less than Fullerton

    • B. 

      The intensity of Landers was greater than Fullerton

    • C. 

      The energy of Landers was less than Fullerton

    • D. 

      The energy of landers was greater than Fullerton

    • E. 

      There is not enough information to make an exact statement

  • 38. 
    Why do wave crests strike the shoreline parallel no matter the direction of the storm?
    • A. 

      Wave refraction

    • B. 

      Wave reflection

    • C. 

      Longshore transport

    • D. 

      Coriolis effect

    • E. 

      Wave density

  • 39. 
    Which of the following cloud types generates hail?
    • A. 

      Cumulonimbus

    • B. 

      Cirrus

    • C. 

      Stratus

    • D. 

      Cumulus

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 40. 
    Which of the following radiates the longest wavelength of electromagnetic energy?
    • A. 

      Sun

    • B. 

      Earth

    • C. 

      Mars

    • D. 

      Ice cream

    • E. 

      Hot tea

  • 41. 
    When condensation occurs which of the following applies?
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Dew point is reached

    • C. 

      100% relative humidity is archived

    • D. 

      Sublimation

    • E. 

      B & c

  • 42. 
    What is the most common gas found in the modern atmosphere?
    • A. 

      O 2

    • B. 

      CO 2

    • C. 

      Aargon

    • D. 

      H2o

    • E. 

      N 2

  • 43. 
    In which layer or layers does the temperature decrease with altitude?
    • A. 

      Troposphere

    • B. 

      Thermosphere

    • C. 

      Mesosphere

    • D. 

      Stratosphere

    • E. 

      A & c

  • 44. 
    Which clouds would you find between 2,000-6,000 ft  in elevation?
    • A. 

      Stratus

    • B. 

      Cirrostratus

    • C. 

      Altocumulus

    • D. 

      Cirrus

    • E. 

      Altostratus

  • 45. 
    Which of the following is the reason for the moon having the greatest influence on Earth's tides?
    • A. 

      Mass of the moon

    • B. 

      Composition of moon

    • C. 

      Distance of moon

    • D. 

      Man on the moon

    • E. 

      Alien space station on the moon

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Ions are the least abundant on earth

    • B. 

      Ions are consumed by various sinks in the ocean

    • C. 

      Ions are being provided to oceans by rivers

    • D. 

      Ions are not utilized by organisms in the ocean

    • E. 

      Ions are placed into the ocean by aliens

  • 47. 
    1 kilogram of air at 25 degrees celsius can hold 20 grams of water vapor at saturation. If 5 grams of water is contained what is the relative humidity?
    • A. 

      100%

    • B. 

      75%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      25%

    • E. 

      10%

  • 48. 
    Which northern hemisphere season is depicted in this image?
    • A. 

      Spring

    • B. 

      Summer

    • C. 

      Fall

    • D. 

      Winter

  • 49. 
    Which letter represents the continental rise?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 50. 
    Which current below is a cold water current?
    • A. 

      Agulhas

    • B. 

      Labrador

    • C. 

      East australian

    • D. 

      Kuroshio

  • 51. 
    Which pathway in a change in state will cause the molecules to slow down the most?
    • A. 

      Sublimation

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Condensation

    • D. 

      Deposition

  • 52. 
    Which letter represents the Atlantic Ocean?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 53. 
    This diagram depicts which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Absolute instability

    • B. 

      Conditional instability

    • C. 

      Absolute stability

    • D. 

      Conditional stability

  • 54. 
    What is the name of this feature?
    • A. 

      Spit

    • B. 

      Baymouth bar

    • C. 

      Sea stack

    • D. 

      Tombolo

    • E. 

      Marine terrace

  • 55. 
    Which number best represents a flood tide?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 56. 
    What letter best represents a neap tide?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 57. 
    What is the primary reason for the difference between the yearly temperature for vancouver and winipeg?
    • A. 

      Elevation

    • B. 

      Cloud cover

    • C. 

      Marine influence

    • D. 

      Lattitude