Can You Answer These Basic Nursing Questions?

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 1746

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The average Filipino birth weight is:  
    • A. 

      3,000 grams (3 kilograms or 6.6 pounds)

    • B. 

      4,000 grams (4 kilograms or 8.8 pounds)

    • C. 

      2,500 grams (2.5 kilograms or 5.5 pounds)

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Upon measuring the anthropometric measurement of a newborn baby, you are aware that the normal head, chest and abdominal circumference of the child is/are:  
    • A. 

      Head circumference (HC): 34-36 centimeters, chest circumference (CC): 32-34 centimeters, abdominal circumference (CC): 32-34 centimeters.

    • B. 

      Head circumference (HC): 33-35 centimeters, chest circumference (CC): 31-33 centimeters, abdominal circumference (CC): 31-33 centimeters.

    • C. 

      Head circumference (HC): 31-33 centimeters, chest circumference (CC): 29-31 centimeters, abdominal circumference (CC): 29-31 centimeters.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Mrs. Cruz a mother of a 2 months old child asks you about when will the soft depressions on the head of her baby is close. As a nurse, you are aware that:
    • A. 

      The anterior fontanels of the baby will be expected to be closed at around 12-18 months, while the posterior fontanels will be closed 2-3 months.

    • B. 

      The anterior fontanels of the baby will be expected to be closed at around 15-24 months, while the posterior fontanels will be closed 3-5 months.

    • C. 

      The anterior fontanels of the baby will be expected to be closed at around 9-18 months, while the posterior fontanels will be closed 0-1 months.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    The nurse assesses the vital signs of a newbon infant with respiratory rate of 35 breaths/ minute. Based on this finding, which action is appropriate?
    • A. 

      Administer oxygen.

    • B. 

      Notify the physician.

    • C. 

      Document the findings.

    • D. 

      Reassess the respiratory rate in 15 minutes.

  • 5. 
    A nurse is monitoring a 3-month-old infant for signs of increased intracranial pressure. On palpation of the fontanels, the nurse notes that the anterior fontanel is soft and flat. Based on this finding, which nursing action is appropriate?
    • A. 

      Increase oral fluids.

    • B. 

      Notify the physician.

    • C. 

      Document the finding.

    • D. 

      Elevate the head of the bead to 90 degrees.

  • 6. 
    The nurse is caring for a 6 lb 7 oz baby girl delivered two hours ago. Which of the following observations of the infant, if made by the nurse, is expected?
    • A. 

      The infant has coarse rhonchi, and a respiratory rate of 30

    • B. 

      The infant has periods of apnea lasting 40 seconds, and a respiratory rate of 26.

    • C. 

      The infant has grunting respirations, and a respiratory rate of 60.

    • D. 

      The infant has fine crackles and a respiratory rate of 44

  • 7. 
    Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for:
    • A. 

      Stimulation of respiratory tract to prevent upper respiratory infection

    • B. 

      Every infant who is immature

    • C. 

      Blood coagulation during the 1st week of life

    • D. 

      Production of necessary enzymes

  • 8. 
    Newborns are at risk for bleeding disorders. They are being Vit K in the IM route at birth. The nurse should assess the following as signs of bleeding in an infant, except:
    • A. 

      Black, tarry stools

    • B. 

      Increased hemoglobin & hematocrit

    • C. 

      Hematuria

    • D. 

      Bleeding from open wounds

  • 9. 
    Nurse Judy is assessing child’s reflexes. She is trying to identify different neonatal reflexes. She observed that when an infant’s mother strokes her newborn’s cheek, the baby turns his head in that direction, this reflex is known as:
    • A. 

      Blink

    • B. 

      Rooting

    • C. 

      Sucking

    • D. 

      Swallowing

  • 10. 
    When nurse Judy places her index finger in the child’s palm, the child’s fingers close momentarily, this reflex is described as:
    • A. 

      Palmar Grasp

    • B. 

      Plantar Grasp

    • C. 

      Rooting

    • D. 

      Babinski Reflex

  • 11. 
    Baby Francis, eight day old neonate, delivered by normal spontaneous delivery is about to be roomed-in to his mother. The nurse instructs the mother how to take the temperature of Baby Francis. Her teaching is effective when the mother takes the neonate’s temperature:  
    • A. 

      Under his arm

    • B. 

      Under the tongue

    • C. 

      In the Forehead

    • D. 

      In the Rectum

  • 12. 
    Francis’ mother asks how the cheesy substance covering his buttocks and lower extremities can be removed. Which of the following is the MOST APPROPRIATE advice of the nurse?  
    • A. 

      Apply baby lotion and gently wipe with gauze

    • B. 

      Remove this with alcohol and cotton balls

    • C. 

      Use soft washcloth and baby wash

    • D. 

      Allow it to remain on the skin because it is a protective coating

  • 13. 
    When Jocelyn is administering an intramuscular injection of antibiotic to an infant, which among the following is the BEST site?  
    • A. 

      Ventrogluteal muscle

    • B. 

      Deltoid muscle

    • C. 

      Dorsogluteal muscle

    • D. 

      Vastus Lateralis muscle

  • 14. 
    In assessing for the respiratory system of the newborn infant you are aware that normally the infant has:  
    • A. 

      Gentle, quiet, rapid but shallow, largely diaphragmatic and abdominal respiration.

    • B. 

      Gentle, quiet, slow but deep, largely diaphragmatic and abdominal respiration

    • C. 

      Placid, quiet, rapid but deep, largely diaphragmatic and abdominal respiration

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 15. 
    In assessing the cardiovascular system of the infant, as a nurse you are also aware that the pulse of the infant is best determine in:  
    • A. 

      The radial pulse is recommended since the apical pulses are not ordinarily palpable.

    • B. 

      The apical pulse is recommended since the radial pulses are not ordinarily palpable.

    • C. 

      The antecubital pulse is recommended since the apical pulses are not ordinarily palpable.

    • D. 

      Any of the nine pulses are palpable and can be use.

  • 16. 
    The appearance of newborn with pink body but has bluish color of the arms and legs is known for?
    • A. 

      Circumoral Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Acrocyanosis

    • C. 

      Central Cyanosis

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 17. 
    During the 5th minute APGAR , the nurse assesses for?
    • A. 

      Newborn's general condition

    • B. 

      Adaptation to environment

    • C. 

      Nursing action

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 18. 
    Before doing perilight theraphy in your client in the OB ward, the nurse should know the rationale of removing any rubber or plastic materials on client prior to perilight therapy because:
    • A. 

      Rubbers and plastic materials will melt

    • B. 

      It is common sense

    • C. 

      They are good conductors of heat

    • D. 

      It will interefere with the device's function

  • 19. 
    In doing perineal care to a male client, a nurse retracts the foreskin of the uncircumsized client. She noted that there is a presence of a white-creamy substance known as:
    • A. 

      Spegma

    • B. 

      Snegma

    • C. 

      Smegna

    • D. 

      Smegma

  • 20. 
    One procedure you can perform during bag technique, is Benedict’s Test. What is the main purpose of this test?  
    • A. 

      To check for the presence of infection

    • B. 

      To check for the presence of glucose in the urine

    • C. 

      To check for the presence of protein in the urine

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 21. 
    MpleThe indication once a client yield a positive result to Acetic Acid test includes the appearance of ______________ in the test tube?
    • A. 

      Redness

    • B. 

      Halo on the top

    • C. 

      Haziness

    • D. 

      Ants in the urine

  • 22. 
    The following are roles and responsibilities of a Public Health Nurse during home visit which among them is a dependent nursing action?  
    • A. 

      Scheduling an appointment for the next visit

    • B. 

      Cure the client and give prescription of drugs

    • C. 

      Documentation and recording of observation and care rendered

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    As a public health nurse, it is essential to know the significance of using the bag technique in caring for clients in the community. All but one are correct purposes of using the Bag technique:
    • A. 

      It saves time and effort on the part of the nurse in doing nursing care

    • B. 

      It prevents or decreases the spread of infection or contamination

    • C. 

      It contains necessary articles needed for client care

    • D. 

      It assures that all needed interventions will be provided by the nurse

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 24. 
    The following are important points to consider in doing the bag technique except:
    • A. 

      All contents of the bag shall be cleaned

    • B. 

      The bag and its contents shall be protected to come in contact with any article on the client's home

    • C. 

      Arrangement of the contents shall be most convenient on the nurse

    • D. 

      All materials used shall be placed in the bag after care

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 25. 
    After assisting a NSD, during the 3rd stage of labor and delivery, the nurse identifies the shiny part of the placenta that detaches starting from the middle throught the edges as:
    • A. 

      Duncan

    • B. 

      Schultsz

    • C. 

      Schultze

    • D. 

      Schults

    • E. 

      Cotyledon

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