Child Development 2

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 280

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Child Development 2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is true about the newbord baby's appearance
    • A. 

      Proportionally, if an adult head were as large as that of a newborn infant, it would be the size of an orange.

    • B. 

      Their round faces, chubby cheeks, large foreheads, and big eyes make adults feel like picking them up and cuddling them.

    • C. 

      They may not match their parents' idealized image because they have a combination of small head and long torso.

    • D. 

      Their legs are long and bowed, and their heads are small compared to the rest of their body.

  • 2. 
    Devin is given a combinated apgar score of 7. The medical professionals should
    • A. 

      Immediately provide medical attention because he is in serious danger

    • B. 

      Tell Devin's parents that he is in good physical condition

    • C. 

      Provide assistance in establishing breathing and other vital signs.

    • D. 

      Immediately put him on a ventilator and monitor his situation closely

  • 3. 
    Dorita is given an Apgar appearance rating of 1. This means her
    • A. 

      Body is pink with blue arms and legs

    • B. 

      Body, arms and legs are all blue

    • C. 

      Body, arms, and legs are all pink

    • D. 

      Body is blue with pink arms and legs

  • 4. 
    In South America, the Jarara mother
    • A. 

      Leans against the body of the "head helper" to give birth

    • B. 

      Gives birth in full view of the entire community

    • C. 

      Gives birth in a hammock with a crowd of women close by

    • D. 

      Gives birth in a freestanding birth center

  • 5. 
    Which mother is a good candidate for a home delivery?
    • A. 

      Heather, a healthy 43 year old who previously had a cesarean delivery

    • B. 

      Helena a first time mom who wants to deliver her own baby unassisted

    • C. 

      Prudence a 30 year old second time mom assisted by a certified nurse-midwife

    • D. 

      Donna, a fifth time mom whose baby is in a breech position

  • 6. 
    Henrietta is concerned about using epidural analgesia during labor. You can tell her that newborns exposed to epidural analgesia tend to
    • A. 

      Have trouble falling asleep

    • B. 

      Be hyperactive and animated

    • C. 

      Have lower Apgar scores

    • D. 

      Suck more agressively while feeding

  • 7. 
    Tonya is pregnant for a second time. She hopes to have a vaginal devliery, although her first delivery was cesarean. You should advice Tonya that
    • A. 

      She will be required to have a second cesarean delivery

    • B. 

      A natural labor after a cesarean is associated with slightly increased rates of maternal death

    • C. 

      A natural labor after a cesarean is just as safe as a repeated cesarean delivery

    • D. 

      A natural labor after a cesarean is associated with slightly increased rates of rupture of the uterus

  • 8. 
    Abbie was born seven weeks premature. Her tiny lungs were so poorly developed that the air sacs collapse. A mechanical respirator is being used to keep Abbie breathing. Abbie suffers from
    • A. 

      Ceebral palsy

    • B. 

      Toxemia

    • C. 

      Hyaline membrane disease

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 9. 
    Travis is born three days after his due date and weighs five pounds. Travis is an_______ infant.
    • A. 

      Preterm

    • B. 

      Small for date

    • C. 

      Average weight

    • D. 

      Anoxic

  • 10. 
    Dawn and Richard have the economic and personal resources to care for Amelia, their preterm infant. Research shows that
    • A. 

      Interventions are not usually needed for economically advantaged parents like dawn and richard to promote healthy development.

    • B. 

      Dawn and richard will need extensive coaching in recognizing and responding to amelia's needs

    • C. 

      Just a few sessions of coaching in recognizing and responding to Amelia's needs could reduce Amelia's crying and improve her sleep

    • D. 

      Dawn and Richard will need comprehensive long term intensive intervention to meet Amelia's needs

  • 11. 
    Carol lives in Wyoming and works for a small company with 12 employees. Carol hopes to take 12 weeks of maternity leave. What advice can you give Carol?
    • A. 

      The US mandates 12 weeks of paid maternity leave for all new mothers

    • B. 

      Federal law mandating unpaid maternity leave does not apply to her employer

    • C. 

      The US mandates six weeks of paid maternity leave for all new mothers

    • D. 

      The US mandates 12 weeks of unpaid maternity leave for all new mothers.

  • 12. 
    Unlike her two sisters, when Tersea gives birth, she does not choose rooming in. Teresa should know that
    • A. 

      Her ability to bond with the body will be compromised as a result of this decision

    • B. 

      Her baby will suffer emotionally as a result of this decision

    • C. 

      Her competence as a caregiver will be compromised as a result of this decision

    • D. 

      There is no evidence that her parenting ability or her baby's emotional well being will be affected

  • 13. 
    Baby Sunni quickly closes her eyelids when her father claps his hands near her head. The function of this relex is to
    • A. 

      Stimulate the eye muscle

    • B. 

      Protect the infant from a blow to the head

    • C. 

      Protect the infant from strong stimulation

    • D. 

      Communicate irritation toward a caregiver

  • 14. 
    Although baby Irina's eyelids are closed., ocassional rapid eye movements can been seen beneath them. Her breathing is irregular. She stirs occasionally and grimaces while she sleeps. Irina is MOST likely in which of the following states of arousal?
    • A. 

      Regular sleep

    • B. 

      Drowsiness

    • C. 

      Quiet alertness

    • D. 

      REM sleep

  • 15. 
    Which of the following individual's is the most likely to spend the greatest amount of time in REM sleep?
    • A. 

      Trevor a preterm baby

    • B. 

      Alice a five year old

    • C. 

      Henry a full term infant

    • D. 

      Erica a 13 year old

  • 16. 
    Arthur wakes frequently to check to see if his sleeping infant, Sam, is breathing. Arthur can reduce the risk of SIDS by
    • A. 

      Wrapping Sam in a very warm clothing and blankets

    • B. 

      Placing Sam to sleep on his stomach

    • C. 

      Placing Sam to sleep on his back

    • D. 

      Providing Sam with soft bedding and taking away his pacifier.

  • 17. 
    Maddy is babysitting an infant for the first time. What can you tell her is the most effective way to soothe the baby if she cries?
    • A. 

      Sing to her softly

    • B. 

      Lift her to the shoulder and rock or walk with her

    • C. 

      Swaddle her

    • D. 

      Take her for a ride in her stroller

  • 18. 
    Wanda is concerned that her son Max will be in pain during his circumcision. You can tell Wanda that
    • A. 

      Newborn males do not experience much pain during circumcision

    • B. 

      Offering a nipple that delivers sugar solution reduces the discomfort during circumcision

    • C. 

      Local anesthetics cannot be used during newborn circumcisions because they elevate the heart rate

    • D. 

      Local anesthetics can actually cause increased pain during minor procedures like circumcision

  • 19. 
    Dagwood and Marcia postponed parenthood until Dagwood as 31 and Marcia was 31. They have a happy marriage and both have fulfilling careers. Compared to younger parents, which of the following statements is most likely to be true?
    • A. 

      Dagwood will be less enthusiastic about being a father

    • B. 

      Marcia is less likely to encourage Dagwood to share child care

    • C. 

      Dagwood will be more willing to participate in parenting

    • D. 

      Marcia will be less likely to encourage Dagwood to share housework.

  • 20. 
    Laura is the nany of Jackson, a six month old infant whose single mother is depressed. You can tell Laura that
    • A. 

      Therapy is unlikely to alleviate parental depression

    • B. 

      Antidepressant medication is unlikely going to help Jackson's mother

    • C. 

      Jackson's mother will probably need long term treatment

    • D. 

      A warm relationship with her can safeguard Jackson's development

  • 21. 
    Damon is injected with a radioactive substance and then lies on an apparatus with a scanner that emits fine streams of xrays which detect increased blood flow and oxygen metabolism in areas of the brain as Damon processes particular stimuli Damon's brain functioning is being measured using
    • A. 

      An electroencenphalogram

    • B. 

      Event-related potentials

    • C. 

      Functional magnetic resonance imaging

    • D. 

      Position emission tomography

  • 22. 
    Alexia was born with cataracts in both eyes. What can you tell her parents about when she should have corrective surgery?
    • A. 

      Alexia should wait to have corrective surgery until adulthood when her eyes are fully mature

    • B. 

      Alexia should not have corrective surgery during the first six months of life because his vision would be severely and permanently impaired

    • C. 

      The longer cataract surgery is postponed beyond infancy, the less complete Alexia's recovery in visual skills

    • D. 

      Alexia should wait until later in childhood to have corrective surgery because there is no sensitive periods in visual development

  • 23. 
    Nicole is considering sending her 8 month old son Austin to a new academic leaning center where infants are trained with letter and number flash cards. You can advise Nicole that
    • A. 

      Austin will likely score 10-15 points higher in IQ then agemates who attend traditional early child-care programs

    • B. 

      Although this programs will not likely raise Austin's IQ it will probably help him learn to read more quickly

    • C. 

      This program is probably as effective as a traditional early childhood development program in promoting cognitive development

    • D. 

      This program could overwhelm Austin and cause him to withdraw, thereby threatening his interest in learning

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is an activity associated with experience-expectant brain growth?
    • A. 

      Coloring a picture

    • B. 

      Playing peekaboo

    • C. 

      Learning to ride a bike

    • D. 

      Playing the piano

  • 25. 
    Garrett, 2 months is an enthusiastic eater who nurses vigorously and gains weight quickly. Garrett's mom Christine is concerned that Garrett might be at risk being permantently overweight. You can advise Christine that
    • A. 

      Most chubby babies will continue to gain weight during toddlerhood and the preschool years

    • B. 

      There is no evidence that rapid weight gain in infancy is related to later obesity

    • C. 

      She should stat supplementing Garret's diet with cereal

    • D. 

      Breastfeeding for the first six months is associated with a leaner body build through early childhood

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