Infection Control Questions Quiz!

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 9,597
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Infection Control Questions Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a germ?

    • A.

      A very small, living thing

    • B.

      Microorganism

    • C.

      A very small, nonliving thing

    • D.

      A very large, living thing

    Correct Answer
    B. Microorganism
    Explanation
    A germ is a microorganism, which is a very small living thing. Microorganisms are microscopic organisms that can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and even inside the human body. They can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa. These microorganisms play important roles in various ecological processes and can have both positive and negative effects on human health.

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  • 2. 

    "Resistance," what is this?

    • A.

      The pathway by which microorganisms enter the body

    • B.

      Ability to fight off

    • C.

      An invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply, causing disease or damage to tissue

    • D.

      Pathway by which microorganism exits the body

    Correct Answer
    B. Ability to fight off
    Explanation
    Resistance refers to the ability of the body to fight off or defend against an invasion by pathogenic microorganisms that can cause disease or damage to tissues. It is the body's natural defense mechanism to prevent or limit the spread of infection.

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  • 3. 

    What is the meaning of something transmitted?

    • A.

      It means the body's ability to fight off infection

    • B.

      Transferred or spread

    • C.

      Route by which microorganisms leave the body

    Correct Answer
    B. Transferred or spread
    Explanation
    The term "transmitted" refers to something being transferred or spread from one place to another. In the context of the question, it is asking for the meaning of something being transmitted. Therefore, the correct answer is "transferred or spread."

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  • 4. 

    Portal of Entry.

    • A.

      Transferred or spread

    • B.

      Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply, causing disease or damage to tissue

    • C.

      Route by which microorganisms leave the body

    • D.

      Pathway by which microorganisms enter the body

    Correct Answer
    D. Pathway by which microorganisms enter the body
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pathway by which microorganisms enter the body." This answer accurately describes the concept of a portal of entry, which refers to the specific route or pathway through which microorganisms can enter the body and cause infection or disease. It is an essential step in the chain of infection, as microorganisms must find a way to enter the body in order to establish an infection. Identifying and understanding the various portals of entry can help in preventing and controlling the spread of infectious diseases.

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  • 5. 

    Portal of exit.

    • A.

      Route by which microorganisms leave the body

    • B.

      Transferred or spread

    • C.

      Route by which microorganisms enter the body

    Correct Answer
    A. Route by which microorganisms leave the body
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Portal of exit." The portal of exit refers to the route through which microorganisms leave the body. It is an important concept in understanding the transmission of infectious diseases. Microorganisms can exit the body through various routes such as respiratory secretions, feces, urine, blood, and sexual secretions. Identifying the portal of exit is crucial in implementing infection control measures to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 6. 

    Microorganism.

    • A.

      A very small, nonliving thing

    • B.

      A very small, living thing

    • C.

      A germ

    • D.

      A parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. A very small, living thing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A very small, living thing." This is because microorganisms are organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye and they are living entities. They can be single-celled or multicellular and can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. These microorganisms play important roles in various ecosystems and can have both positive and negative effects on human health.

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  • 7. 

    Give the best description of infection.

    • A.

      Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply, causing disease or damage to tissue

    • B.

      Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply.

    • C.

      Invasion of the body that multiplies, causing disease or damage to tissue

    • D.

      Something causing disease or damage to tissue

    Correct Answer
    A. Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply, causing disease or damage to tissue
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply, causing disease or damage to tissue." This answer provides the most comprehensive description of infection, stating that it involves the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that not only multiply but also cause disease or damage to tissue. This definition encompasses all the key elements of an infection, including the presence of harmful microorganisms, their ability to reproduce, and the resulting negative effects on the body.

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  • 8. 

    What is a method of entry for organisms?

    • A.

      Breaks in the skin or mucus membrane

    • B.

      Respiratory tract

    • C.

      Gastrointestinal tract

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed in the question are methods of entry for organisms. Breaks in the skin or mucus membrane can allow organisms to enter the body, the respiratory tract can serve as an entry point for organisms through inhalation, and the gastrointestinal tract can be a route of entry through ingestion. Therefore, all of the options mentioned are correct methods of entry for organisms.

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  • 9. 

    Organisms leave the body through all of the following except through:

    • A.

      Excessive perspiration

    • B.

      Drainage of wound

    • C.

      Saliva and blood

    • D.

      Urine and feces

    Correct Answer
    A. Excessive perspiration
    Explanation
    Organisms can leave the body through various means, including drainage of wounds, saliva and blood, and urine and feces. However, excessive perspiration does not typically serve as a pathway for organisms to exit the body. Sweat is mainly composed of water, electrolytes, and small amounts of waste products, but it does not typically contain a significant number of organisms. Therefore, excessive perspiration is not a common route for organisms to leave the body.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a reason why the elderly client is considered a susceptible host for diseases?

    • A.

      Poor nursing care is administered in all nursing homes

    • B.

      Infections in the elderly may be missed because of predisposing factors

    • C.

      Some diseases and conditions predisposing Some diseases and conditions predispose the elderly to infection

    • D.

      The immune system is not as effective at fighting off infections

    Correct Answer
    A. Poor nursing care is administered in all nursing homes
    Explanation
    The given answer states that poor nursing care is administered in all nursing homes. However, the question asks for a reason why the elderly client is considered a susceptible host for diseases. Poor nursing care is not a specific reason related to the elderly client's susceptibility to diseases. Therefore, this answer is not a valid reason for why the elderly client is considered a susceptible host for diseases.

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  • 11. 

    Who is considered a susceptible host?

    • A.

      Everyone who is in a long term care facility

    • B.

      Everyone who is working in a hospital or long term care facility

    • C.

      Everyone who has low resistance or decreased immunity

    • D.

      Everyone who has low resistance or increased immunity

    Correct Answer
    C. Everyone who has low resistance or decreased immunity
    Explanation
    A susceptible host is someone who is more likely to contract an infection or disease due to having a weakened immune system or low resistance. This can include individuals with chronic illnesses, elderly people, or those who are undergoing medical treatments that suppress their immune system. These individuals are more vulnerable to infections and are at a higher risk of developing complications from illnesses.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following may be symptoms of a local infection?

    • A.

      Pain, swelling, whitened area, and increased heat in the area

    • B.

      Pain, swelling, redness, and increased heat in the area

    • C.

      Pain, swelling, redness, and decreased heat in the area

    • D.

      Pain, whitened area, pus, and odor

    Correct Answer
    B. Pain, swelling, redness, and increased heat in the area
    Explanation
    Pain, swelling, redness, and increased heat in the area are common symptoms of a local infection. Pain is often caused by inflammation and the body's immune response to the infection. Swelling occurs as a result of increased blood flow and accumulation of fluids in the affected area. Redness is caused by the dilation of blood vessels and increased blood flow. Increased heat is a result of the body's immune response and increased metabolism in the affected area. These symptoms are indicative of an inflammatory response to an infection.

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  • 13. 

    Microorganisms are spread by all of the following except:

    • A.

      Moisture in the air

    • B.

      Sterile items

    • C.

      Contaminated food

    • D.

      Contact of secretions

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterile items
    Explanation
    Microorganisms are spread through various means, including moisture in the air, contaminated food, and contact with secretions. However, sterile items are not a means of spreading microorganisms. Sterile items are free from any living microorganisms, and therefore, they do not contribute to the spread of infections or diseases.

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  • 14. 

    Gram positive or gram negative bacteria

    • A.

      Study of bacteria

    • B.

      Denotes the color the bacteria take when a special stain is used

    • C.

      The scientific study of microorganisms

    • D.

      Multicellular animal forms, for example, roundworms, tapeworms

    Correct Answer
    B. Denotes the color the bacteria take when a special stain is used
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Denotes the color the bacteria take when a special stain is used." This is because the Gram staining technique is used to differentiate between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria based on the color they take when stained. Gram-positive bacteria retain the stain and appear purple, while Gram-negative bacteria do not retain the stain and appear pink or red. This staining technique is an important tool in microbiology for distinguishing different types of bacteria.

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  • 15. 

    Pathogenic organism

    • A.

      Those that produce disease

    • B.

      Those that produce disease

    • C.

      One which uses living organic material as a source of food

    • D.

      One celled animals

    Correct Answer
    A. Those that produce disease
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Those that produce disease". Pathogenic organisms are microorganisms or viruses that can cause disease in their host. They have the ability to invade and multiply within the host's body, leading to various symptoms and health issues. These organisms can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and they can cause a wide range of diseases such as flu, tuberculosis, malaria, and pneumonia. Therefore, the term "pathogenic organism" refers to those microorganisms that have the capability to produce disease in their host.

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  • 16. 

    Protozoa

    • A.

      Worms

    • B.

      One-celled animals

    • C.

      Viruses

    • D.

      Smallest of all the microorganisms

    Correct Answer
    B. One-celled animals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "one-celled animals" because protozoa are single-celled organisms that belong to the kingdom Protista. They are eukaryotic organisms and are classified as animal-like due to their ability to move and consume organic matter. Protozoa include various types such as amoebas, paramecia, and flagellates, and they play important roles in nutrient cycling and as food sources for other organisms.

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  • 17. 

    Classifications of Microorganisms.

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Protista

    • D.

      All the above

    • E.

      All the above except Protista

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All the above." This means that all three classifications of microorganisms, namely plant, animal, and protista, are included in the given options. Therefore, the correct answer is the option that includes all three classifications.

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  • 18. 

    Major Groups of Pathogenic Microorganisms "Bacteria"

    • A.

      Staphylococcus

    • B.

      Streptococcus (Rheumatic fever and strep throat are examples)

    • C.

      Bacillus (Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (TB) is one example)

    • D.

      All above except Bacillus

    • E.

      All above

    Correct Answer
    E. All above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All above". This means that all of the mentioned bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Bacillus (except for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis), are major groups of pathogenic microorganisms.

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  • 19. 

    Major Groups of Pathogenic Microorganisms "Fungi" or Molds that produce disease and infections.

    • A.

      Histoplasmosis

    • B.

      Ringworm

    • C.

      Athlete's foot

    • D.

      All above except Athlete's foot

    • E.

      All above

    Correct Answer
    E. All above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All above." This means that all of the listed diseases and infections (Histoplasmosis, Ringworm, and Athlete's foot) are caused by fungi or molds. Therefore, the statement is indicating that all of them are examples of pathogenic microorganisms that produce disease and infections.

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  • 20. 

    Major Groups of Pathogenic Microorganisms "Yeast" is also a fungus or under the category of Fungi.

    • A.

      Yeast vaginitis

    • B.

      Thrush

    • C.

      Malaria

    • D.

      All above except Malaria

    • E.

      All above

    Correct Answer
    D. All above except Malaria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All above except Malaria." This is because yeast vaginitis and thrush are both caused by yeast, which is a type of fungus. Malaria, on the other hand, is caused by a parasite and not a fungus. Therefore, all the options listed in the question are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, except for malaria.

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  • 21. 

    Major Groups of Pathogenic Microorganisms " Protozoa" one-celled microscopic animals.

    • A.

      The life cycle some requires two hosts for life cycle

    • B.

      Malaria

    • C.

      African sleeping sickness (African Trypanosomiasis

    • D.

      Amebic Dysentery

    • E.

      Trichomoniasis (vaginal Infection)

    • F.

      All except "The life cycle some requires two hosts for life cycle"

    • G.

      All above

    Correct Answer
    G. All above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All above." This means that all of the mentioned diseases (Malaria, African sleeping sickness, Amebic Dysentery, and Trichomoniasis) require two hosts for their life cycle. This is a common characteristic of protozoa, as they often have complex life cycles that involve multiple hosts.

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  • 22. 

    Metazoa or Helminths are multicellular animal forms.

    • A.

      Pin worms

    • B.

      Hook worms

    • C.

      Trichinosis

    • D.

      Tape worms

    • E.

      All above

    • F.

      All above except "Trichinosis"

    Correct Answer
    E. All above
    Explanation
    The given statement states that Metazoa or Helminths are multicellular animal forms. The options provided are pin worms, hook worms, trichinosis, and tape worms. The correct answer is "All above" because all of these options are examples of helminths or parasitic worms, which are multicellular animal forms. Trichinosis, on the other hand, is not a type of worm but a disease caused by a specific type of roundworm called Trichinella spiralis. Therefore, the correct answer is all of the options except "Trichinosis".

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  • 23. 

    Major Groups of Pathogenic Microorganisms "Viruses"

    • A.

      A virus can only survive in living cells

    • B.

      May not be seen with a regular microscope, but a Electron Microscope

    • C.

      Many different types; affect different parts of the body

    • D.

      Herpes virus "herpes simplex, herpes zoster

    • E.

      Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

    • F.

      Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

    • G.

      Everything is correct regarding viruses except "Many different types; affect different parts of the body"

    • H.

      Everything is correct regarding viruses

    Correct Answer
    H. Everything is correct regarding viruses
    Explanation
    The given statement states that everything is correct regarding viruses. This means that viruses can only survive in living cells, they may not be seen with a regular microscope but can be seen with an electron microscope, and there are many different types of viruses that can affect different parts of the body. The statement also implies that the examples given, such as the herpes virus, hepatitis B virus, and human immunodeficiency virus, are all correct examples of viruses.

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  • 24. 

    Rickettsial Diseases Classified as "Protista"

    • A.

      Transmission usually by mosquitoes, body lice, wood ticks, and mites

    • B.

      Rocky Mountain spotted fever

    • C.

      Lyme disease

    • D.

      Typhus fever

    • E.

      All above

    • F.

      All except "Lyme disease"

    Correct Answer
    A. Transmission usually by mosquitoes, body lice, wood ticks, and mites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All above". Rickettsial diseases are caused by bacteria of the genus Rickettsia, not Protista. These diseases are usually transmitted by mosquitoes, body lice, wood ticks, and mites. Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, and typhus fever are all examples of rickettsial diseases. Therefore, "All above" is the correct answer.

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  • 25. 

    Growth of Microorganisms Bacteria and viruses are the most common in the spread of disease. These grow best on:

    • A.

      At body temperature, Where light is limited, Where there is moisture, and where there is a simple food supply

    • B.

      At body temperature, Well lighted, Where there is no moisture, and where there is a simple food supply

    • C.

      They survive well outside in the ground

    • D.

      They survive well on dry surfaces

    Correct Answer
    A. At body temperature, Where light is limited, Where there is moisture, and where there is a simple food supply
    Explanation
    Bacteria and viruses thrive in environments that provide the necessary conditions for their growth. They require a temperature similar to that of the human body, which is why they grow best at body temperature. They also prefer areas where light is limited, as exposure to light can inhibit their growth. Moisture is essential for their survival, as it provides the necessary environment for them to multiply. Additionally, they require a simple food supply to sustain their growth. Therefore, the correct answer is "At body temperature, Where light is limited, Where there is moisture, and where there is a simple food supply."

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  • 26. 

    An example of a microorganism in the practical classification is:

    • A.

      Animal

    • B.

      Protista

    • C.

      Plant

    • D.

      Parasitic

    Correct Answer
    D. Parasitic
    Explanation
    Parasitic is an example of a microorganism in the practical classification because it refers to organisms that live in or on another organism (host) and obtain nutrients from it, often causing harm to the host. Parasites can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa. They have a unique ecological niche and play a significant role in the balance of ecosystems.

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  • 27. 

    An example of a microorganism in the scientific classification is:

    • A.

      Pathogenic

    • B.

      Plant

    • C.

      Parasitic

    • D.

      Anaerobic

    Correct Answer
    B. Plant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Plant" because plants are considered microorganisms in the scientific classification. Microorganisms are organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye, and plants such as algae and mosses fall into this category. These microorganisms play important roles in various ecosystems and have unique characteristics that distinguish them from other types of organisms.

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  • 28. 

    Match the microorganism "Rubella"

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Rickettsial

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    A. Virus
    Explanation
    Rubella is caused by a virus, specifically the rubella virus. It is not caused by bacteria, fungi, or rickettsial microorganisms. The rubella virus is a member of the Togaviridae family and is responsible for causing the contagious viral infection known as rubella or German measles.

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  • 29. 

    Match the organism "Yeast"

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Rickettsial

    • D.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    B. Fungi
    Explanation
    The organism "Yeast" belongs to the category of Fungi. Yeast is a type of fungus that is commonly used in baking and brewing. It is a single-celled organism that reproduces through budding. Yeast is known for its ability to ferment sugars and produce carbon dioxide and alcohol. It plays a crucial role in the production of bread, beer, and wine.

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  • 30. 

    Match the organism "Protista"

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Rickettsia

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    B. Rickettsia
    Explanation
    Rickettsia is the correct answer because it is an organism that belongs to the group "Protista". Bacteria, Fungi, and Virus are not classified as Protista.

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  • 31. 

    Match the organism "Streptococcus"

    • A.

      Rickettsia

    • B.

      Virus

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Streptococcus is a genus of bacteria, not a virus, fungi, or Rickettsia. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that can be found in various environments and can have different shapes and arrangements. Streptococcus bacteria are spherical in shape and often form chains. They can be pathogenic or non-pathogenic and are commonly associated with infections such as strep throat and pneumonia.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Vbennett
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