Cosmetology Principales And Practice- Infection Control Test

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Cosmetology Principales And Practice- Infection Control Test - Quiz

Our skins are exposed to many harmful chemicals and products daily, and when we see the effect of these products, a cosmetologist helps reduce the effects or identify the cause. As an aspiring cosmetologist, what do you know about infection control? Take up this practice quiz and find out if you are ready to advise your clients on the topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are known as:

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Cilia

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Viruses

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are one-celled microorganisms that can exhibit characteristics of both plants and animals. They are capable of photosynthesis, similar to plants, and can generate energy from sunlight. Additionally, they can also consume organic matter, like animals, for energy. This dual ability to obtain energy from both sunlight and organic matter sets bacteria apart from other microorganisms, making them unique in their characteristics.

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  • 2. 

    A type of pathogenic bacteria is the:

    • A.

      Saprophyte

    • B.

      Parasite

    • C.

      Virus

    • D.

      Cilia

    Correct Answer
    B. Parasite
    Explanation
    A type of pathogenic bacteria is a parasite because parasites are organisms that live in or on another organism (the host) and obtain nutrients from it, often causing harm or disease in the process. Bacteria can be pathogenic, meaning they cause diseases, and they can act as parasites by invading the host's body and causing infections. Therefore, the correct answer is parasite.

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  • 3. 

    Harmful bacteria are referred to as:

    • A.

      Nonpathogenic

    • B.

      Saprophytes

    • C.

      Protozoa

    • D.

      Pathogenic

    Correct Answer
    D. Pathogenic
    Explanation
    Harmful bacteria are referred to as pathogenic because they are capable of causing disease in their host organisms. Pathogenic bacteria have the ability to invade and multiply within the body, leading to various infections and illnesses. They can produce toxins that damage tissues and disrupt normal bodily functions. In contrast, nonpathogenic bacteria do not cause disease and may even have beneficial effects on their host. Saprophytes are organisms that obtain nutrients from dead organic matter, while protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic organisms that are not bacteria.

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  • 4. 

    Pathogenic bacteria produce:

    • A.

      Health

    • B.

      Beneficial effects

    • C.

      Disease

    • D.

      Antitoxins

    Correct Answer
    C. Disease
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are known for causing diseases in humans and animals. These bacteria have the ability to invade and multiply within the host's body, leading to various harmful effects such as tissue damage, inflammation, and the production of toxins. This can result in a wide range of diseases, ranging from mild infections to severe illnesses. Therefore, the correct answer is "disease."

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  • 5. 

    A type of bacteria that lives on dead matter is:

    • A.

      Saprophytes

    • B.

      Flagella

    • C.

      Viruses

    • D.

      Parasites

    Correct Answer
    A. Saprophytes
    Explanation
    Saprophytes are a type of bacteria that live on dead matter. They obtain their nutrients by decomposing organic material, such as dead plants and animals. This process of decomposition helps to break down the dead matter and recycle nutrients back into the ecosystem. Unlike parasites, which rely on a living host for their survival, saprophytes thrive on non-living organic matter. Flagella are whip-like structures that bacteria use for movement, while viruses are non-living particles that require a host cell to reproduce.

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  • 6. 

    Syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by:

    • A.

      Cocci

    • B.

      Spirilla

    • C.

      Diplococci

    • D.

      Bacilli

    Correct Answer
    B. Spirilla
    Explanation
    Syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by spiral-shaped bacteria called spirilla. These bacteria belong to the genus Treponema and Borrelia, respectively. These spiral-shaped bacteria are able to penetrate and invade various tissues in the body, leading to the development of the diseases.

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  • 7. 

    Cocci are bacteria with a:

    • A.

      Spiral shape

    • B.

      Round shape

    • C.

      Corkscrew shape

    • D.

      Rod shape

    Correct Answer
    B. Round shape
    Explanation
    Cocci are bacteria that have a round shape. This means that they are spherical in nature, resembling small balls when viewed under a microscope. The round shape of cocci bacteria allows them to easily divide and multiply, as well as adhere to surfaces. This shape also helps them evade the immune system, as their round structure makes it difficult for immune cells to engulf and destroy them.

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  • 8. 

    Bacilli are bacteria with a:

    • A.

      Corkscrew shape

    • B.

      Round shape

    • C.

      Spiral shape

    • D.

      Rod shape

    Correct Answer
    D. Rod shape
    Explanation
    Bacilli are bacteria that have a rod shape. This means that they are elongated and cylindrical in structure. This shape allows them to move and divide easily, and it also helps them in their function of colonizing and infecting various hosts. The rod shape of bacilli is a common characteristic among many bacterial species, such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella.

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  • 9. 

    Bacteria that are arranged like a string of beads and cause strep throat and blood poisoning are:

    • A.

      Streptococci

    • B.

      Bacilli

    • C.

      Diplococci

    • D.

      Staphylococci

    Correct Answer
    A. Streptococci
    Explanation
    Streptococci are bacteria that are arranged like a string of beads and can cause strep throat and blood poisoning. They are known for their characteristic chain-like arrangement and are commonly associated with these types of infections. Bacilli are rod-shaped bacteria, diplococci are bacteria arranged in pairs, and staphylococci are bacteria arranged in clusters. However, streptococci specifically fit the description given in the question.

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  • 10. 

    Spirilla are bacteria with a

    • A.

      Corkscrew shape

    • B.

      Round shape

    • C.

      Flat shape

    • D.

      Rod shape

    Correct Answer
    A. Corkscrew shape
    Explanation
    Spirilla are bacteria that have a corkscrew shape. This means that they have a spiral or helical structure, resembling a twisted corkscrew. This shape allows them to move efficiently through various environments, such as water or mucus, by rotating their bodies. The corkscrew shape of spirilla also provides them with increased surface area, which aids in their attachment to surfaces and helps them to resist shear forces. Overall, the corkscrew shape is a characteristic feature of spirilla bacteria.

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  • 11. 

    The bacteria that caused conern in 2000 in the pedicure industry was:

    • A.

      Treponema pallida

    • B.

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • C.

      Borrelia burgdorferi

    • D.

      Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis
    Explanation
    In 2000, there was a concern in the pedicure industry due to an outbreak caused by Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis. This bacterium is known to cause skin infections, specifically furunculosis, which is characterized by the formation of boils on the skin. It is commonly found in water and soil, and can enter the body through cuts or wounds during pedicure procedures. This outbreak raised awareness about the importance of proper hygiene and sterilization practices in the industry.

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  • 12. 

    The bacteria that rarely show active motility, or self-movement, are the:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Cocci

    • C.

      Bacilli

    • D.

      Spirilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Cocci
    Explanation
    Cocci are spherical bacteria that rarely show active motility or self-movement. They are typically found in clusters or chains and do not possess flagella, which are the whip-like structures responsible for bacterial motility. Bacilli are rod-shaped bacteria, and spirilla are spiral-shaped bacteria, both of which are more likely to exhibit active motility compared to cocci. Therefore, cocci are the correct answer as they are the bacteria that rarely show active motility.

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  • 13. 

    The slender, hair like extensions with which certain bacteria move about are called:

    • A.

      Spores

    • B.

      Flagella

    • C.

      Saprophytes

    • D.

      Diplococci

    Correct Answer
    B. Flagella
    Explanation
    Flagella are slender, hair-like extensions that certain bacteria use for movement. These structures are typically long and whip-like, allowing bacteria to propel themselves through liquid environments. Flagella are not present in all bacteria, but when they are, they enable the bacteria to move towards favorable conditions or away from harmful substances. Spores, on the other hand, are reproductive structures formed by some bacteria and fungi. Saprophytes are organisms that obtain nutrients from decaying organic matter, and diplococci are bacteria that occur in pairs.

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  • 14. 

    Bacteria cells reproduce by simply dividing into two new cells in a process called:

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Motility

    • C.

      The vegetative stage

    • D.

      The spore-forming stage

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitosis
    Explanation
    Bacteria cells reproduce by simply dividing into two new cells in a process called mitosis. This is a form of asexual reproduction where the genetic material is replicated and evenly distributed between the two daughter cells. Mitosis allows bacteria to rapidly multiply and increase their population. It is a fundamental process for the growth and survival of bacteria.

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  • 15. 

    During the inactive stage, certain bacteria, such as the anthrax and tetanus bacilli, form:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Spores

    • C.

      Daughter cells

    • D.

      Toxins

    Correct Answer
    B. Spores
    Explanation
    Certain bacteria, such as anthrax and tetanus bacilli, have the ability to form spores during their inactive stage. Spores are a dormant and highly resistant form of bacteria that can survive in harsh conditions, such as extreme temperatures and lack of nutrients. This allows the bacteria to remain viable for extended periods of time until conditions become favorable for growth and reproduction. Spores are an important survival strategy for these bacteria, as they can germinate and transform back into active cells when conditions are more suitable.

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  • 16. 

    A communicable disease is:

    • A.

      Not transferred from one person to another

    • B.

      Prevented by vaccination

    • C.

      Transmitted from one person to another

    • D.

      Caused by nonpathogenic bacteria

    Correct Answer
    C. Transmitted from one person to another
    Explanation
    A communicable disease is transmitted from one person to another. This means that the disease can be spread from an infected person to a healthy person through various means such as direct contact, respiratory droplets, or contaminated objects. Preventive measures such as vaccination can help reduce the transmission of communicable diseases by building immunity in individuals. Nonpathogenic bacteria, on the other hand, do not cause diseases.

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  • 17. 

    A generall infection, such as _ affects the whoe body.

    • A.

      A skin lesion

    • B.

      Syphilis

    • C.

      A pimple

    • D.

      An epidemic

    Correct Answer
    B. Syphilis
    Explanation
    Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It is characterized by the development of skin lesions, which can occur on various parts of the body. These lesions are often painless and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. Since syphilis is a systemic infection, it affects the whole body and can cause serious complications if left untreated. Therefore, the given answer of syphilis is correct as it fits the description of a general infection that affects the entire body.

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  • 18. 

    Pus is a sign of:

    • A.

      Epidemic

    • B.

      Acquired immunity

    • C.

      Natural immunity

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    D. Infection
    Explanation
    Pus is a sign of infection. Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced as a result of the body's immune response to an infection. It consists of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. The presence of pus indicates that the body is actively fighting off an infection and trying to eliminate the harmful microorganisms. Therefore, infection is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 19. 

    Viruses cause:

    • A.

      Tuberculosis and tetanus

    • B.

      Strep throat and blood poisoning

    • C.

      Abcesses and boils

    • D.

      Measles and hepatitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Measles and hepatitis
    Explanation
    Viruses cause measles and hepatitis. Measles is caused by the measles virus, which spreads through respiratory droplets and can lead to symptoms such as fever, rash, and respiratory issues. Hepatitis, on the other hand, is caused by different types of viruses, including hepatitis A, B, and C. These viruses can infect the liver and cause inflammation, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, jaundice, and abdominal pain. Both measles and hepatitis are viral infections that can be prevented through vaccination.

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  • 20. 

    One difference between viruses and bacteria is that bacteria:

    • A.

      Can live on their own

    • B.

      Become part of cells

    • C.

      Are resistant to antibiotics

    • D.

      Can penetrate cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Can live on their own
    Explanation
    Bacteria can live on their own, unlike viruses. Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can survive and reproduce independently, while viruses are considered non-living and require a host cell to replicate. This ability of bacteria to exist and function independently is one of the key distinctions between bacteria and viruses.

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  • 21. 

    Hepatitis is a disease marked by inflammation of the:

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Kidneys

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    D. Liver
    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the liver. The liver is an essential organ responsible for various functions in the body, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of bile. Inflammation of the liver can be caused by viral infections, excessive alcohol consumption, autoimmune diseases, or exposure to certain toxins. Symptoms of hepatitis include fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. If left untreated, hepatitis can lead to severe liver damage and even liver failure. Therefore, it is crucial to identify and treat hepatitis promptly to prevent further complications.

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  • 22. 

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) breaks down the body's:

    • A.

      Digestive system

    • B.

      Skeletal system

    • C.

      Immune system

    • D.

      Nervous system

    Correct Answer
    C. Immune system
    Explanation
    AIDS is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which attacks and weakens the immune system. As a result, the body becomes unable to effectively fight off infections and diseases. This breakdown of the immune system is what characterizes AIDS. It does not directly affect the digestive system, skeletal system, or nervous system, but rather compromises the body's ability to defend itself against pathogens and illnesses.

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  • 23. 

    AIDS is caused by:

    • A.

      The herpes virus

    • B.

      Poor personal hygiene

    • C.

      The HIV virus

    • D.

      Contaminated food

    Correct Answer
    C. The HIV virus
    Explanation
    AIDS is caused by the HIV virus, not the herpes virus, poor personal hygiene, or contaminated food. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) attacks the immune system, specifically CD4 cells, which are crucial for fighting off infections and diseases. Over time, HIV can destroy enough CD4 cells, leading to a weakened immune system and the development of AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Herpes virus causes a different set of infections, poor personal hygiene does not directly cause AIDS, and contaminated food does not transmit the HIV virus.

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  • 24. 

    The HIV virus can be transmitted by:

    • A.

      Sharing food

    • B.

      Kissing

    • C.

      Casual contact

    • D.

      Sharp implements

    Correct Answer
    D. Sharp implements
    Explanation
    Sharp implements, such as needles or syringes, can transmit the HIV virus if they are contaminated with infected blood. Sharing food, kissing, and casual contact do not pose a risk of HIV transmission.

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  • 25. 

    Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through:

    • A.

      Oily skin

    • B.

      Dry skin

    • C.

      Broken skin

    • D.

      Moist skin

    Correct Answer
    C. Broken skin
    Explanation
    Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through broken skin because it provides an opening for these pathogens to penetrate the body's protective barrier. Oily skin, dry skin, and moist skin may have their own vulnerabilities, but they do not necessarily create a direct pathway for bacteria and viruses to enter the body like broken skin does.

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  • 26. 

    Molds, mildews, and yeasts are all:

    • A.

      Saprophytes

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    C. Fungi
    Explanation
    Molds, mildews, and yeasts are all fungi. Fungi are a group of organisms that belong to their own kingdom and are distinct from plants, animals, and bacteria. They are eukaryotic, meaning their cells have a nucleus, and they obtain nutrients by decomposing organic matter or by living as parasites on other organisms. Molds, mildews, and yeasts are different types of fungi that share similar characteristics and play important roles in the ecosystem, such as breaking down dead organic material and aiding in the fermentation process.

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  • 27. 

    In a cosmetology school or a salon, clients with contagious diseases and conditions should be:

    • A.

      Diagnosed and treated

    • B.

      Sanitized and disinfected

    • C.

      Referred to a physician

    • D.

      Given medications

    Correct Answer
    C. Referred to a physician
    Explanation
    In a cosmetology school or a salon, clients with contagious diseases and conditions should be referred to a physician. This is because cosmetologists and salon professionals are not trained to diagnose or treat medical conditions. Referring the client to a physician ensures that they receive proper medical care and prevents the spread of the contagious disease or condition to other clients and staff members. Sanitizing and disinfecting the salon equipment and tools is important for maintaining hygiene, but it does not replace the need for medical evaluation and treatment.

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  • 28. 

    Resistance to infection is known as:

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Superiority

    • C.

      Immunization

    • D.

      DNA

    Correct Answer
    A. Immunity
    Explanation
    Resistance to infection is known as immunity. Immunity refers to the ability of an organism to resist or defend against harmful pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites. It is a complex system involving various components of the immune system, including white blood cells, antibodies, and specialized cells. Immunity can be acquired naturally through exposure to pathogens or artificially through immunization. It plays a crucial role in protecting the body from diseases and maintaining overall health.

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  • 29. 

    Surfaces of tools or other objects that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes are:

    • A.

      Contaminated

    • B.

      Sterile

    • C.

      Infected

    • D.

      Pathogenic

    Correct Answer
    A. Contaminated
    Explanation
    The term "contaminated" refers to surfaces that have been exposed to dirt, oils, and microbes, indicating that they are not clean or free from impurities. "Sterile" refers to surfaces that are completely free from any living organisms, including microbes. "Infected" and "pathogenic" both refer to surfaces that have been invaded by disease-causing microorganisms. Therefore, the correct term to describe surfaces that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes is "contaminated".

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  • 30. 

    Removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces is called:

    • A.

      Scrubbing

    • B.

      Decontamination

    • C.

      Autoclave sterilization

    • D.

      Cleaning

    Correct Answer
    B. Decontamination
    Explanation
    Decontamination refers to the process of removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces. Scrubbing is a part of the decontamination process, but it does not encompass the entire process. Autoclave sterilization is a specific method of decontamination that uses high pressure and steam to kill microorganisms. Cleaning, on the other hand, refers to the general act of removing dirt and debris, but it may not necessarily eliminate pathogens. Therefore, the most appropriate term for removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces is decontamination.

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  • 31. 

    Sterilization is the only level of decontamination that kills:

    • A.

      Bacterial spores

    • B.

      Both bacteria and viruses

    • C.

      The HIV virus

    • D.

      Tuberculosis bacteria

    Correct Answer
    A. Bacterial spores
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the only level of decontamination that kills bacterial spores. Bacterial spores are highly resistant structures produced by certain bacteria as a means of survival in harsh conditions. They are able to withstand extreme temperatures, chemicals, and radiation, making them difficult to eliminate. Sterilization methods, such as autoclaving or using high-pressure steam, are capable of destroying bacterial spores by subjecting them to high temperatures and pressure. Other levels of decontamination, such as disinfection or sanitization, may effectively eliminate bacteria and viruses, but they may not be effective against bacterial spores.

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  • 32. 

    Sterilization is used by:

    • A.

      Lawyers

    • B.

      Housekeepers

    • C.

      Surgeons

    • D.

      Cooks

    Correct Answer
    C. Surgeons
    Explanation
    Sterilization is a process that eliminates all forms of microbial life, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, to prevent the spread of infections. Surgeons perform various medical procedures that involve making incisions and operating on patients, making sterilization crucial to maintain a sterile environment and prevent the transmission of pathogens. Cosmetologists, housekeepers, and nail technicians do not typically perform invasive procedures that require sterilization, making surgeons the most likely profession to use sterilization techniques.

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  • 33. 

    Surfaces that may be disinfected are:

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Nail plates

    • C.

      Nonporous surfaces

    • D.

      Wood

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonporous surfaces
    Explanation
    Nonporous surfaces are those that do not have pores or small openings that can absorb liquids or germs. These surfaces can be easily cleaned and disinfected because the disinfectant can effectively kill any germs present on the surface. On the other hand, skin and nail plates are porous surfaces that can absorb liquids and germs, making it difficult to completely disinfect them. Wood is also a porous surface that can absorb liquids and harbor germs, making it less suitable for effective disinfection.

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  • 34. 

    Disinfectants should never be used on human skin, hair, or nails because:

    • A.

      They are not strong enough

    • B.

      They may be drying

    • C.

      Damage can result

    • D.

      They may stain skin

    Correct Answer
    C. Damage can result
    Explanation
    Disinfectants should never be used on human skin, hair, or nails because they can cause damage. Disinfectants are designed to kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces, not on living tissues. When applied to the skin, hair, or nails, disinfectants can cause irritation, dryness, and even burns. They can disrupt the natural balance of oils and moisture, leading to skin problems such as redness, itching, and peeling. Additionally, some disinfectants may contain harsh chemicals that can cause allergic reactions or other adverse effects. Therefore, it is important to use disinfectants only as intended and follow the instructions provided.

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  • 35. 

    All disinfectants must be approved by each individual state and the:

    • A.

      EPA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      MSDS

    • D.

      FDA

    Correct Answer
    A. EPA
    Explanation
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for approving disinfectants in the United States. They ensure that these products meet certain safety and efficacy standards to protect public health and the environment. The other options listed, OSHA, MSDS, and FDA, do not have the authority to approve disinfectants. OSHA focuses on workplace safety, MSDS provides information on hazardous substances, and FDA regulates food and drugs. Therefore, the EPA is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 36. 

    Every product used in the cometology school or salone should have a/an:

    • A.

      OSHA registration number

    • B.

      Warranty

    • C.

      Opaque container

    • D.

      MSDS

    Correct Answer
    D. MSDS
    Explanation
    In the field of cosmetology, it is important for every product used in a cosmetology school or salon to have an MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet). An MSDS provides detailed information about the potential hazards, composition, and safe handling procedures of a product. This information is crucial for the safety of both the professionals using the product and the clients receiving the services. It helps ensure that all necessary precautions are taken to prevent any adverse reactions or accidents. Therefore, having an MSDS for every product is essential in maintaining a safe and regulated environment in the cosmetology industry.

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  • 37. 

    Important information found on an MSDS includes:

    • A.

      Storage requirements

    • B.

      Resale value of product

    • C.

      Other suppliers of product

    • D.

      Other uses of product

    Correct Answer
    A. Storage requirements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is storage requirements. MSDS stands for Material Safety Data Sheet, which provides important information about a product's hazardous properties, handling procedures, and safety precautions. One crucial aspect covered in an MSDS is the storage requirements for the product, including recommended temperature, ventilation, and compatibility with other substances. This information helps ensure the safe storage and handling of the product to prevent accidents or harmful reactions. The other options mentioned, such as resale value, other suppliers, and other uses of the product, may be relevant in certain contexts but are not typically included in an MSDS.

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  • 38. 

    OSHA was created to regulate and enforce:

    • A.

      Household accidents

    • B.

      Safety and health standards

    • C.

      Salon hazardous actions

    • D.

      Sanitary homes

    Correct Answer
    B. Safety and health standards
    Explanation
    OSHA, which stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration, was created to regulate and enforce safety and health standards. This means that OSHA is responsible for setting guidelines and regulations to ensure the safety and well-being of workers in various industries. OSHA's main focus is to prevent workplace accidents, injuries, and illnesses by enforcing these standards and providing education and training to employers and employees. Therefore, the correct answer is safety and health standards.

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  • 39. 

    A disinfectant that is "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities" must be pseudomonacidal, bactericidal, fungicidal, and:

    • A.

      Easy to dilute

    • B.

      Inexpensive

    • C.

      Pneumonicidal

    • D.

      Virucidal

    Correct Answer
    D. Virucidal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is virucidal because a disinfectant formulated for hospitals and health care facilities needs to be effective against viruses, in addition to being pseudomonacidal, bactericidal, and fungicidal. This is important to prevent the spread of viral infections in healthcare settings, where patients may be more susceptible to infections.

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  • 40. 

    A salon implement that comes into contact with blood or body fluids should be cleaned and completely immersed in a EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the:

    • A.

      Herpes and hepatitis virus

    • B.

      HIV and AIDS virus

    • C.

      HIV and herpes virus

    • D.

      HBV and HIV virus

    Correct Answer
    D. HBV and HIV virus
    Explanation
    Salon implements that come into contact with blood or body fluids need to be properly disinfected to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. The correct answer, HBV and HIV virus, refers to the specific viruses that the disinfectant should be able to kill. HBV stands for Hepatitis B virus, which can cause liver disease, and HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. These two viruses are commonly found in blood and body fluids, so it is crucial to use a disinfectant that can effectively kill them to ensure the safety of both the salon staff and clients.

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  • 41. 

    Any item that is used on a client must be disinfected or:

    • A.

      Given to the client

    • B.

      Discarded

    • C.

      Kept by the stylist

    • D.

      Washed

    Correct Answer
    B. Discarded
    Explanation
    When an item is used on a client, it becomes contaminated with potentially harmful bacteria or pathogens. To ensure the safety and hygiene of the client, it is necessary to either disinfect the item thoroughly or discard it. Keeping the item may lead to cross-contamination between clients, which is why it is not a suitable option. Washing alone may not effectively eliminate all the bacteria, so discarding the item is the best practice to maintain a clean and safe environment for clients.

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  • 42. 

    Before soaking in a disinfectant, implements must be thoroughly:

    • A.

      Soaked

    • B.

      Dry

    • C.

      Cleaned

    • D.

      Heated

    Correct Answer
    C. Cleaned
    Explanation
    Before soaking in a disinfectant, implements must be thoroughly cleaned. This is because cleaning removes dirt, debris, and organic matter from the surface of the implements. Disinfectants are more effective when applied to a clean surface, as they can penetrate and kill any remaining microorganisms. Cleaning also helps to prevent the spread of infection and ensures that the disinfectant can work properly. Therefore, cleaning is an essential step before disinfection.

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  • 43. 

    Ultrasonic bath cleaners are an effective way to clean tiny crevices in implements only when used with:

    • A.

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • B.

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • C.

      An effective disinfectant

    • D.

      An effective astringent

    Correct Answer
    C. An effective disinfectant
    Explanation
    Ultrasonic bath cleaners are able to clean tiny crevices in implements effectively when used with an effective disinfectant. This is because ultrasonic bath cleaners use high-frequency sound waves to create tiny bubbles that implode, generating intense cleaning action. When combined with an effective disinfectant, these cleaners can effectively remove dirt, debris, and microorganisms from the crevices, ensuring thorough cleaning and disinfection.

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  • 44. 

    Most quaternary ammonium compounds disinfect implements in:

    • A.

      10-15 minutes

    • B.

      5-10 minutes

    • C.

      2-5 minutes

    • D.

      5-10 seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. 10-15 minutes
    Explanation
    Quaternary ammonium compounds are disinfectants commonly used in healthcare settings. They are effective against a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The disinfection time required for these compounds can vary depending on the specific formulation and concentration used. In the case of the given answer, 10-15 minutes is the recommended time for disinfecting implements. This duration allows sufficient contact time for the compound to effectively kill the microorganisms present on the surface of the implements, ensuring proper disinfection.

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  • 45. 

    Phenolic disinfectants in 5 percent solution are used mostly for:

    • A.

      Skin sanitation

    • B.

      Rubber and plastic

    • C.

      Blood spills

    • D.

      Metal implements

    Correct Answer
    D. Metal implements
    Explanation
    Phenolic disinfectants in a 5 percent solution are primarily used for disinfecting metal implements. This is because phenolic disinfectants are effective against a wide range of microorganisms and can be used on non-porous surfaces like metal. They are commonly used in healthcare settings to disinfect instruments and equipment made of metal, such as surgical tools. Phenolic disinfectants may not be suitable for skin sanitation, rubber and plastic, or blood spills as they can be harsh and may cause skin irritation or damage certain materials.

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  • 46. 

    Two fisinfectants used in the salon in the past, but since replaced by more advanced and effective technologies, are:

    • A.

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B.

      Alcohol and quats

    • C.

      Phenols and bleach

    • D.

      Quats and phenols

    Correct Answer
    A. Alcohol and bleach
    Explanation
    Alcohol and bleach were used as disinfectants in salons in the past, but they have been replaced by more advanced and effective technologies. These disinfectants were commonly used due to their ability to kill germs and bacteria. However, advancements in technology have led to the development of more effective disinfectants that provide better results and are safer to use. Therefore, alcohol and bleach are no longer the preferred choices for salon disinfection.

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  • 47. 

    States requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of _ for disinfection of implements.

    • A.

      EPA- registered disinfectants

    • B.

      Quats

    • C.

      Alcohol

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    C. Alcohol
    Explanation
    States requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of alcohol for disinfection of implements. This is because alcohol may not be as effective as other disinfectants in killing certain types of pathogens. EPA-registered disinfectants, quats, and phenols are commonly used in hospitals as they have been proven to effectively kill a wide range of microorganisms. Therefore, alcohol is not permitted for disinfection purposes in these states to ensure proper sanitation and prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 48. 

    The technical name for bleach is:

    • A.

      Sodium hydroxide

    • B.

      Sodium hypochlorite

    • C.

      Sodium chloride

    • D.

      Sodium hydroclorox

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium hypochlorite
    Explanation
    Sodium hypochlorite is the correct technical name for bleach. Bleach is a chemical compound that is commonly used as a disinfectant and cleaning agent. Sodium hypochlorite is a strong oxidizing agent that is effective in killing bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. It is often used in household cleaning products and as a bleaching agent for fabrics. Sodium hydroxide and sodium chloride are different compounds and do not have the same properties or uses as bleach. Sodium hydroclorox is not a recognized compound and is likely a misspelling.

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  • 49. 

    A product that is not considered safe for salon use because it causes a number of health problems is:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Bleach

    • C.

      Antiseptics

    • D.

      Formalin

    Correct Answer
    D. Formalin
    Explanation
    Formalin is the correct answer because it is a product that is not considered safe for salon use due to its ability to cause a number of health problems. Formalin is a strong and toxic chemical that can irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Prolonged exposure to formalin can lead to serious health issues such as asthma, dermatitis, and even cancer. Therefore, it is important to avoid using formalin in salon settings to ensure the safety and well-being of both salon professionals and clients.

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  • 50. 

    Implements can be removed from disinfectants with any of these except:

    • A.

      Bare fingers

    • B.

      Tongs

    • C.

      Draining basket

    • D.

      Gloved hands

    Correct Answer
    A. Bare fingers
    Explanation
    Implements, such as tongs, draining baskets, and gloved hands, can be used to remove implements from disinfectants. However, bare fingers should not be used for this purpose as they can contaminate the disinfectant and potentially spread harmful bacteria or viruses.

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