Infection Control : Principles And Practices

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Infection Control : Principles And Practices - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What term refers to ability to produce an effect ?

    • A.

      Efficacy

    • B.

      Disinfection

    • C.

      Motility 

    • D.

      Sterilization

    Correct Answer
    A. Efficacy
    Explanation
    Efficacy refers to the ability to produce an effect. It is the measure of how well a particular treatment or intervention can achieve its intended outcome or result. In this context, efficacy is the term that specifically relates to the ability to produce an effect. Disinfection, motility, and sterilization are not directly related to the ability to produce an effect, making them incorrect options.

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  • 2. 

    What term indicates that a product is capable of destroying bacteria ?

    • A.

      Bacteriphobic

    • B.

      Bacterial

    • C.

      Probacterial

    • D.

      Bactericidal 

    Correct Answer
    D. Bactericidal 
    Explanation
    The term "Bactericidal" indicates that a product is capable of destroying bacteria.

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  • 3. 

    What term refers to a resistance to disease that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living ?

    • A.

      Natural immunity

    • B.

      Physical immunity

    • C.

      Acquired immunity 

    • D.

      Healthy immunity

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural immunity
    Explanation
    Natural immunity refers to a resistance to disease that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living. This type of immunity is present from birth and is a result of genetic factors as well as a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition, regular exercise, and adequate sleep. It is different from acquired immunity, which is developed after exposure to a specific pathogen or through vaccination. Physical immunity and healthy immunity are not commonly used terms in immunology.

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  • 4. 

    What is scabies ?

    • A.

      Bloodborne virus that causes disease 

    • B.

      Type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects 

    • C.

      Superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin

    • D.

      Contagious disease caused by the itch mite 

    Correct Answer
    D. Contagious disease caused by the itch mite 
    Explanation
    Scabies is a contagious disease caused by the itch mite. It is a skin condition characterized by intense itching and a rash. The itch mite burrows into the skin, causing an allergic reaction and leading to symptoms such as redness, bumps, and blisters. Scabies is highly contagious and can spread through close contact with an infected person. It is commonly transmitted through prolonged skin-to-skin contact, such as during sexual activity or living in crowded conditions. Treatment typically involves prescription medications to kill the mites and relieve symptoms.

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  • 5. 

    What does the term porous mean ?

    • A.

      Made or constructed of a material that does not have openings 

    • B.

      Made or constructed of a material that has openings 

    • C.

      Susceptible to disease

    • D.

      Immune to a disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Made or constructed of a material that has openings 
    Explanation
    The term porous means that something is made or constructed of a material that has openings. This means that the material is not solid or dense, but rather has small holes or gaps through which substances, such as liquids or gases, can pass.

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  • 6. 

    What are bacilli ?

    • A.

      Round-shaped bacteria

    • B.

      Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs

    • C.

      Spiral or corkscrew - shaped bacteria 

    • D.

      Short , rod-shaped bacteria 

    Correct Answer
    D. Short , rod-shaped bacteria 
    Explanation
    Bacilli are short, rod-shaped bacteria. This shape is characteristic of bacilli and distinguishes them from other types of bacteria such as round-shaped cocci or spiral-shaped spirilla. The term "bacilli" comes from the Latin word "bacillus" which means a small rod or staff. These bacteria are usually found singly or in chains and can be found in various environments including soil, water, and the human body. They can cause a range of diseases in humans and animals, including tuberculosis and anthrax.

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  • 7. 

    What are staphylococci ?

    • A.

      Pus-forming bacterial that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes

    • B.

      Spiral- or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such syphilis

    • C.

      Microscopic plant parasites , including molds and mildews

    • D.

      Slender , hair like extensions used by parasites for locomotion 

    Correct Answer
    A. Pus-forming bacterial that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes
    Explanation
    Staphylococci are pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters, resembling a bunch of grapes. They are responsible for causing various infections in humans, such as skin infections, pneumonia, and sepsis. These bacteria are commonly found on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals. Staphylococci are gram-positive cocci, meaning they are spherical in shape and retain a purple stain in the Gram staining procedure. They can produce enzymes and toxins that contribute to their pathogenicity and ability to cause disease.

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  • 8. 

    What are flagella ?

    • A.

      Microscopic plant parasites , including mold and mildews

    • B.

      Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes 

    • C.

      Slender , hair like extensions used by parasites for locomotion 

    • D.

      Spiral- or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes diseases such as syphilis 

    Correct Answer
    C. Slender , hair like extensions used by parasites for locomotion 
    Explanation
    Flagella are slender, hair-like extensions that are used by parasites for locomotion. They are whip-like structures that protrude from the cell surface and help in the movement of the organism. Flagella are found in various microorganisms such as bacteria, protozoa, and some algae. They are responsible for the swimming or gliding movements of these organisms. Flagella play a crucial role in the survival and dispersal of parasites, allowing them to move towards favorable environments or away from harmful conditions.

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  • 9. 

    What is a microscopic germ that normally exist in tap water in small numbers ?

    • A.

      Diplococci 

    • B.

      Mycobacterium fortuitum

    • C.

      Human immunodeficiencyvirus

    • D.

      Mildew

    Correct Answer
    B. Mycobacterium fortuitum
    Explanation
    Mycobacterium fortuitum is a microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers. This bacterium is commonly found in soil, dust, and water sources such as tap water. It is considered an opportunistic pathogen, meaning it can cause infections in individuals with weakened immune systems. While it is generally harmless to healthy individuals, it can cause infections in wounds, surgical sites, and in the lungs of individuals with pre-existing lung diseases. Therefore, it is important to maintain proper hygiene and disinfection practices to prevent infections caused by Mycobacterium fortuitum.

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  • 10. 

    What is methicillin -resistant staphylococcus aureus ?

    • A.

      Superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin

    • B.

      Microscopic germ that normally exists in the tap water 

    • C.

      Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunch of grapes

    • D.

      Type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics 

    Correct Answer
    D. Type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics 
    Explanation
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics. It is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus that has developed resistance to methicillin and other commonly used antibiotics. MRSA infections can be difficult to treat and can cause serious complications, especially in healthcare settings. It is important to take precautions to prevent the spread of MRSA, such as practicing good hygiene and using appropriate infection control measures.

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  • 11. 

    What is a responsibility of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ?

    • A.

      Testing and approving drugs sold and used in the United States

    • B.

      Overseeing all agricultural practices of U.S farmers 

    • C.

      Supervising employee safety in U.S workplace 

    • D.

      Registering all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States 

    Correct Answer
    D. Registering all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States 
    Explanation
    The responsibility of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is to register all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. This means that the EPA ensures that disinfectants meet certain standards and are safe for use in order to protect public health and the environment. They evaluate the efficacy and safety of disinfectants and issue registrations to those that meet their criteria. This helps to ensure that the disinfectants used in the United States are effective and do not pose any harm to people or the environment.

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  • 12. 

    What happened in 1985 that triggered the creation of Universal Precautions?

    • A.

      Bird flu pandemic

    • B.

      AIDS public health crisis

    • C.

      Hepatitis pandemic

    • D.

      Evidence of the return of the bubonic plague

    Correct Answer
    B. AIDS public health crisis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the AIDS public health crisis. In 1985, the emergence of AIDS as a global health crisis prompted the creation of Universal Precautions. Universal Precautions are a set of guidelines and safety measures designed to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens, including HIV. These precautions include practices such as wearing gloves, using protective barriers, and proper handling and disposal of contaminated materials. The AIDS crisis highlighted the need for healthcare workers to take extra precautions to protect themselves and others from infectious diseases.

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  • 13. 

    What is a responsibility of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ?

    • A.

      Reviewing and approving pharmaceutical products

    • B.

      Testing and licensing medical professionals

    • C.

      Testing and approving preparation techniques for food products

    • D.

      Studying diseases and providing guidance to prevent their spread 

    Correct Answer
    D. Studying diseases and providing guidance to prevent their spread 
    Explanation
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is responsible for studying diseases and providing guidance to prevent their spread. This involves conducting research, monitoring disease outbreaks, and analyzing data to better understand the causes and effects of various diseases. The CDC then uses this information to develop and communicate recommendations and guidelines to healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the general public in order to prevent the spread of diseases and protect public health.

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  • 14. 

    What set of practices replaced Universal Precautions in 1996?

    • A.

      Standard precautions

    • B.

      Global precautions

    • C.

      Standard procedures

    • D.

      Global procedures

    Correct Answer
    A. Standard precautions
    Explanation
    In 1996, Universal Precautions were replaced by Standard Precautions. Standard Precautions are a set of infection control practices that are used to prevent the transmission of diseases in healthcare settings. These precautions include hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, safe injection practices, and proper handling and disposal of sharps. Standard Precautions are based on the assumption that all patients may be infected with bloodborne pathogens, and they are designed to protect both healthcare workers and patients from the spread of infectious diseases.

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  • 15. 

    When should an adhesive bandage be used ?

    • A.

      After breaking a pimple

    • B.

      In response to an exposure incident

    • C.

      Prior to a dermabrasion treatment 

    • D.

      During tweezing to aid hair removal

    Correct Answer
    B. In response to an exposure incident
    Explanation
    An adhesive bandage should be used in response to an exposure incident. This means that when there is a risk of coming into contact with harmful substances or materials, such as chemicals or bodily fluids, an adhesive bandage can be applied to protect the affected area and prevent further exposure or contamination. It acts as a barrier between the skin and the potentially hazardous substance, reducing the risk of infection or injury.

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  • 16. 

    What is true of cardiopulmonary  resuscitation (CPR)

    • A.

      It should only be performed by licensed medical professionals

    • B.

      It is a basic element of first aid every esthetician should know

    • C.

      Only the salon manager is authorized to perform CPR

    • D.

      You should only perform CPR if a client gives you verbal permission 

    Correct Answer
    B. It is a basic element of first aid every esthetician should know
    Explanation
    CPR is a basic element of first aid that everyone, including estheticians, should know. It is not limited to licensed medical professionals and does not require verbal permission from a client.

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  • 17. 

    When should you call emergency medical technicians (EMTs)?

    • A.

      Only if it appears that someone in the salon is in mortal danger

    • B.

      As soon as possible after any significant accident has occurred

    • C.

      Only after you have exhausted your knowledge of first-aid techniques

    • D.

      After the worst results of an accident have been addressed 

    Correct Answer
    B. As soon as possible after any significant accident has occurred
    Explanation
    You should call emergency medical technicians (EMTs) as soon as possible after any significant accident has occurred. This is because EMTs are trained professionals who can provide immediate medical assistance and transport the injured person to a hospital if necessary. Time is of the essence in emergency situations, and delaying the call for help could potentially worsen the person's condition or even be life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to contact EMTs promptly to ensure the best possible outcome for the injured individual.

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  • 18. 

     How many levels of burns are there ?

    • A.

      Three

    • B.

      Four

    • C.

      Six

    • D.

      Eight

    Correct Answer
    B. Four
    Explanation
    There are four levels of burns.

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  • 19. 

    What is a fluid created by infection ?

    • A.

      Mold

    • B.

      Mildew

    • C.

      Lymph

    • D.

      Pus

    Correct Answer
    D. Pus
    Explanation
    Pus is a fluid that is created by infection. It is composed of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. Pus is typically thick and yellowish in color and is often associated with an inflammatory response to an infection. It is commonly found in abscesses, boils, and other infected areas of the body.

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  • 20. 

    What is the term for illness related to conditions associated with employment ?

    • A.

      Employment disorder

    • B.

      Employment disease

    • C.

      Occupational disorder

    • D.

      Occupational disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Occupational disease
    Explanation
    Occupational disease refers to illnesses or health conditions that are directly caused or significantly influenced by the conditions or hazards present in the workplace. These conditions can include exposure to harmful substances, physical strain, repetitive movements, or psychological stress. Occupational diseases are specific to the employment environment and can have long-term effects on the affected individuals. This term is commonly used in the field of occupational health and safety to describe the link between work-related factors and the development of certain illnesses.

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  • 21. 

    What part of the body does tinea pedis affect ?

    • A.

      Hands

    • B.

      Elbows

    • C.

      Knees

    • D.

      Feet

    Correct Answer
    D. Feet
    Explanation
    Tinea pedis is a fungal infection commonly known as athlete's foot. It specifically affects the feet, causing symptoms such as itching, redness, and peeling of the skin. The infection is usually caused by walking barefoot in public places like swimming pools or locker rooms, where the fungus thrives. Therefore, the correct answer is feet.

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  • 22. 

    What disease is caused by bacteria transmitted through coughing or sneezing ?

    • A.

      Tuberculosis

    • B.

      AIDS

    • C.

      Hepatitis

    • D.

      Diabetes

    Correct Answer
    A. Tuberculosis
    Explanation
    Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria transmitted through coughing or sneezing. It is a highly contagious disease that primarily affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. The bacteria can spread from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air when an infected individual coughs, sneezes, or talks. This makes it easy for the bacteria to be inhaled by others and cause infection. Tuberculosis can lead to symptoms such as persistent cough, chest pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fever. It is important to diagnose and treat tuberculosis promptly to prevent its spread and complications.

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  • 23. 

    What is the term for any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size ?

    • A.

      Miniorganism

    • B.

      Suborganism

    • C.

      Microorganism

    • D.

      Quasiorganism

    Correct Answer
    C. Microorganism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is microorganism. Microorganisms are organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye and can only be observed under a microscope. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. The term "micro" refers to their small size, indicating that they are microscopic or submicroscopic.

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  • 24. 

    What is the body fluid or secretion to which Standard Precautions do NOT apply ?

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Saliva

    • C.

      Pus

    • D.

      Sweat

    Correct Answer
    D. Sweat
    Explanation
    Standard Precautions are a set of infection control measures that healthcare workers follow to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. These precautions include practices such as hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, and safe handling and disposal of sharps. Sweat is not included in the list of body fluids or secretions to which Standard Precautions apply because it is not considered a significant source of pathogens that can transmit diseases. Therefore, healthcare workers do not need to take specific precautions when coming into contact with sweat.

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  • 25. 

    When should you apply a mask , eyewear, or gown , according to Standard Precautions ?

    • A.

      Whenever you come in contact with the human body 

    • B.

      If the splashing of body fluids is likely 

    • C.

      If the splashing of treatment products is likely 

    • D.

      Whenever you come in contact with pregnant client 

    Correct Answer
    B. If the splashing of body fluids is likely 
    Explanation
    According to Standard Precautions, you should apply a mask, eyewear, or gown if the splashing of body fluids is likely. This is because body fluids can contain pathogens that can be transmitted through contact with mucous membranes, broken skin, or contaminated surfaces. Wearing protective equipment can help prevent the transmission of these pathogens and protect both the healthcare worker and the patient.

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  • 26. 

     What should you do FIRST when responding to an exposure incident ?

    • A.

      Call an ambulance

    • B.

      Disinfect your hands

    • C.

      Stop the bleeding

    • D.

      Stop the service 

    Correct Answer
    D. Stop the service 
    Explanation
    When responding to an exposure incident, the first thing you should do is stop the service. This means immediately ceasing any activity or procedure that may have caused the exposure. By stopping the service, you can prevent further harm or exposure to yourself and others. Once the service has been stopped, you can then proceed with other necessary steps such as calling an ambulance, disinfecting your hands, and stopping the bleeding if applicable.

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  • 27. 

    When in the process of responding to an exposure incident should you recommend that the client see a physician if the symptoms develop ?

    • A.

      At the beginning of the process

    • B.

      In the middle of the process

    • C.

      At the end of the process

    • D.

      Several times throughout the process 

    Correct Answer
    C. At the end of the process
    Explanation
    It is recommended to recommend that the client see a physician at the end of the process of responding to an exposure incident because by that time, all necessary steps and actions would have been taken to address the incident. This ensures that the client receives proper medical attention after the entire process has been completed and all necessary information has been gathered and analyzed. It also allows for a comprehensive assessment of the situation before making a recommendation for medical evaluation.

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  • 28. 

    What term refers to disease-causing microorganism carried in the body by blood ?

    • A.

      Bloodstream invaders

    • B.

      Bloodstream pathogens

    • C.

      Bloodborne invaders

    • D.

      Bloodborne pathogens

    Correct Answer
    D. Bloodborne pathogens
    Explanation
    Bloodborne pathogens refer to disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood. These pathogens can include viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms that can cause various infectious diseases. They are typically transmitted through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. It is important to take proper precautions to prevent the spread of bloodborne pathogens, especially in healthcare settings, by using personal protective equipment and following proper infection control protocols.

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  • 29. 

    What is infection control ?

    • A.

      Wearing protective gear at all times in the salon

    • B.

      Methods used to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms

    • C.

      Methods that ensure absolutely no infections organisms enter the salon 

    • D.

      Step-by-step instructions for performing medical aesthetic treatments

    Correct Answer
    B. Methods used to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms
    Explanation
    Infection control refers to the methods and practices that are implemented to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms. This includes various protocols and procedures aimed at preventing the spread of infections in different settings, such as salons. It involves measures like proper hand hygiene, disinfection and sterilization of equipment, use of personal protective equipment, and adherence to standard precautions. By following infection control practices, the risk of spreading infectious diseases can be minimized, ensuring a safe and healthy environment for both clients and salon staff.

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  • 30. 

    What term refers to the process for properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination ?

    • A.

      Infection control 

    • B.

      Infection procedures

    • C.

      Aseptic control

    • D.

      Asepic procedures

    Correct Answer
    D. Asepic procedures
    Explanation
    Aseptic procedures refer to the process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination. It involves maintaining a sterile environment and following strict protocols to prevent the introduction of harmful microorganisms. By implementing aseptic procedures, healthcare professionals can minimize the risk of infections and ensure the safety of patients and staff.

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  • 31. 

    What is the difference between rules and laws ?

    • A.

      Laws are more specific than rules

    • B.

      You are not expected to obey rules

    • C.

      Each salon makes up its own rules 

    • D.

      Rules are more specific than laws

    Correct Answer
    D. Rules are more specific than laws
    Explanation
    Rules are more specific than laws because rules are specific guidelines or instructions that are established by individuals or organizations to govern behavior or conduct in a particular setting or context. They provide detailed instructions on how to behave, what actions are allowed or prohibited, and the consequences for breaking them. Laws, on the other hand, are broader regulations that are enforced by the government and apply to society as a whole. They are more general in nature and provide a framework for governing behavior and maintaining order in society.

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  • 32. 

    What can you find on Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) ?

    • A.

      List of companies that sell the specified product 

    • B.

      Information about possible hazards and safe use of products

    • C.

      Product pricing information

    • D.

      Comparison charts describing efficacy of similar products

    Correct Answer
    B. Information about possible hazards and safe use of products
    Explanation
    Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) provide information about possible hazards and safe use of products. They include details about the chemical composition of the product, physical and chemical properties, potential health effects, precautions for safe handling and use, emergency procedures, and disposal guidelines. MSDSs are essential for ensuring the safety of workers and consumers by providing necessary information to prevent accidents, minimize exposure to hazardous substances, and promote safe handling practices. They are an important resource for understanding the potential risks associated with a product and taking appropriate safety measures.

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  • 33. 

    What must every employee in the salon do after reading each MSDS that comes into the salon ?

    • A.

      Verify having read the MSDS

    • B.

      Memorize the entire MSDS

    • C.

      Write a report on the MSDS

    • D.

      Copy the MSDS by hand 

    Correct Answer
    A. Verify having read the MSDS
    Explanation
    After reading each MSDS that comes into the salon, every employee must verify that they have read the MSDS. This means they need to confirm that they have gone through the information provided in the MSDS. It is important for employees to verify this as it ensures that they are aware of any potential hazards, safety precautions, and handling instructions associated with the substances or products mentioned in the MSDS. This helps in promoting a safe working environment and reduces the risk of accidents or mishandling of chemicals in the salon.

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  • 34. 

    What part of the body is MOST often affected by folliculitis ?

    • A.

      Eyebrows

    • B.

      Bridge of the nose

    • C.

      Armpits

    • D.

      Bearded areas of the face 

    Correct Answer
    D. Bearded areas of the face 
    Explanation
    Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles, typically caused by bacterial or fungal infection. Bearded areas of the face are more prone to folliculitis because the hair in these areas is usually thicker and coarser, making it easier for bacteria or fungi to enter and infect the hair follicles. Additionally, shaving can also contribute to folliculitis in bearded areas as it can cause irritation and ingrown hairs, further increasing the risk of infection.

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  • 35. 

    What term indicates that a product is capable of destroying viruses ?

    • A.

      Antibacterial 

    • B.

      Neutroviral

    • C.

      Virucidal

    • D.

      Viruphobic

    Correct Answer
    C. Virucidal
    Explanation
    The term "virucidal" refers to a product's ability to destroy viruses. This term specifically indicates that the product is capable of killing or inactivating viruses, making it an effective solution for eliminating viral infections or preventing their spread. Antibacterial refers to the ability to kill bacteria, while "neutroviral" and "viruphobic" are not recognized terms in relation to virus destruction. Therefore, "virucidal" is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 36. 

    What term indicates that a person shows no signs or symptoms of infection ?

    • A.

      Asymptomatic

    • B.

      Antisymptomactic

    • C.

      Symptomatic

    • D.

      Nonsymptomactic

    Correct Answer
    A. Asymptomatic
    Explanation
    Asymptomatic is the term that indicates that a person shows no signs or symptoms of infection. This means that even though the person may be infected with a particular disease or condition, they do not display any noticeable symptoms. It is important to identify asymptomatic individuals as they can still transmit the infection to others without being aware of it.

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  • 37. 

    What term refers to a reaction caused by extreme sensitivity to a normally harmless substance ?

    • A.

      Analogy

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Allergy 

    • D.

      Contagion

    Correct Answer
    C. Allergy 
    Explanation
    An allergy refers to a reaction caused by extreme sensitivity to a normally harmless substance. In this condition, the immune system overreacts to the substance, known as an allergen, and releases chemicals that cause symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and swelling. Allergies can be triggered by various substances like pollen, dust mites, pet dander, certain foods, or medications. It is important for individuals with allergies to identify their triggers and take necessary precautions to avoid exposure to them.

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  • 38. 

    What is the term for the number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface?

    • A.

      Bioland

    • B.

      Bioburden

    • C.

      Viable load

    • D.

      Viable burden 

    Correct Answer
    B. Bioburden
    Explanation
    Bioburden refers to the number of viable organisms present in or on an object or surface. This term is commonly used in the field of microbiology to measure the level of microbial contamination. It helps in assessing the cleanliness and potential risk of infection associated with a particular object or surface.

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  • 39. 

    What is true of touching ?

    • A.

      Touching is harmless since infection cannot be spread through touching 

    • B.

      It is rare for infection to be spread through touching

    • C.

      Every time you touch someone , you will get an infection 

    • D.

      Touching is the most common method pf spreading infection 

    Correct Answer
    D. Touching is the most common method pf spreading infection 
    Explanation
    Touching is the most common method of spreading infection. This means that when people come into contact with each other or with contaminated surfaces, they have a high risk of transmitting infections to one another. It is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, to minimize the spread of infections through touching.

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  • 40. 

    What does the term IMMUNITY refer to ?

    • A.

      Physical characteristics of people who are always sick 

    • B.

      Ability of the body to easily absorb infection 

    • C.

      Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection 

    • D.

      Physical characteristics of people who are never sick 

    Correct Answer
    C. Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection 
    Explanation
    The term immunity refers to the ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity is the body's defense mechanism against harmful pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. It involves the production of antibodies and activation of immune cells to recognize and eliminate these foreign invaders. Immunity can be acquired through natural processes, such as exposure to pathogens or vaccination, or it can be inherited from mother to child. Immune responses can vary in strength and duration, and individuals with a strong immune system are better able to fight off infections and maintain overall health.

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  • 41. 

    What term refers to the invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogens ?

    • A.

      Inoculation

    • B.

      Allergy

    • C.

      Motility 

    • D.

      Infection 

    Correct Answer
    D. Infection 
    Explanation
    Infection refers to the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. It is a term used to describe the process in which microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites enter the body and multiply, leading to a harmful effect on the host. Infections can cause a wide range of symptoms and can be localized or systemic, depending on the pathogen involved and the body's immune response. Treatment for infections often involves the use of antibiotics or antiviral medications to eliminate the pathogens and alleviate symptoms.

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  • 42. 

    What is the condition in which the body reacts to injury , irritation , or infections ?

    • A.

      Inflammation

    • B.

      Immunity 

    • C.

      Integrity 

    • D.

      Incapacitation 

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation
    Explanation
    Inflammation is the body's natural response to injury, irritation, or infection. When these conditions occur, the body releases chemicals that cause blood vessels to widen and become more permeable, allowing immune cells to reach the affected area. This increased blood flow and immune cell activity leads to redness, swelling, heat, and pain, which are characteristic symptoms of inflammation. Therefore, inflammation is the correct answer for the condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infections.

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  • 43. 

    What is sterilization ?

    • A.

      Degree of cleansing acquired by rising with tap water 

    • B.

      Process that completely destroys all microbial life 

    • C.

      Process that destroys most , but not all , microorganisms on a surface 

    • D.

      Degree of cleaning acquired by washing one's hands 

    Correct Answer
    B. Process that completely destroys all microbial life 
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the process that completely destroys all microbial life. This means that all forms of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms are eliminated, ensuring that the surface or object is free from any potential pathogens. Sterilization is commonly used in medical and laboratory settings to prevent the spread of infections and ensure the safety of patients and researchers. It is a more thorough and effective method of cleansing compared to simply washing with tap water or cleaning one's hands.

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  • 44. 

    What is a type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects ?

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Mildew

    • C.

      Lymph

    • D.

      Spirilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Mildew
    Explanation
    Mildew is a type of fungus that commonly affects plants or grows on inanimate objects. It is characterized by a powdery or downy appearance and is often found in damp and humid environments. Mildew can cause damage to plants by inhibiting their growth and causing discoloration or decay. It can also be a nuisance when it grows on surfaces such as walls, fabrics, or food items. Therefore, mildew is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 45. 

    What is true of fourth- degree burns ?

    • A.

      They are not very serious 

    • B.

      They the most common type of burn 

    • C.

      They always require medical attention 

    • D.

      They are always fatal 

    Correct Answer
    C. They always require medical attention 
    Explanation
    Fourth-degree burns are the most severe type of burns, involving damage to all layers of the skin and extending to the underlying muscles, tendons, and bones. These burns are characterized by a complete destruction of the skin and underlying tissues, leading to significant pain, tissue death, and potential complications such as infection and loss of function. Due to the severity and potential complications associated with fourth-degree burns, they always require immediate medical attention for proper assessment, treatment, and management.

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  • 46. 

    What term refers to a parasitic particle that infects and resides in the cells of biological organisms ?

    • A.

      Fungus

    • B.

      Immunization 

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    D. Virus
    Explanation
    A virus is a parasitic particle that infects and resides in the cells of biological organisms. Unlike bacteria, which are single-celled organisms, viruses are much smaller and cannot survive or reproduce outside of a host cell. They invade the host cell, take over its machinery, and use it to replicate themselves. This process often leads to damage or destruction of the host cell. Immunization, on the other hand, refers to the process of making an organism immune or resistant to a particular disease. Fungus is a separate type of organism that can also cause infections, but it is not specifically referred to as a parasitic particle.

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  • 47. 

    What term refers to various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms? 

    • A.

      Quats

    • B.

      Toxins

    • C.

      Phenols

    • D.

      Flagella

    Correct Answer
    B. Toxins
    Explanation
    Toxins are various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms. They can be produced by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms, and can cause harm to living organisms. These toxins can have different effects on the body, such as damaging cells, disrupting normal bodily functions, or even causing severe illness or death. Therefore, toxins are the correct term to refer to these poisonous substances.

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  • 48. 

    What is the common term for tinea versicolor ?

    • A.

      Migraine

    • B.

      Sun spots

    • C.

      Athlete's foot

    • D.

      Barber's itch 

    Correct Answer
    B. Sun spots
    Explanation
    Tinea versicolor is a common fungal infection of the skin caused by the Malassezia fungus. It is characterized by the development of small, discolored patches on the skin, which can be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. These patches are commonly referred to as "sun spots" because they tend to become more noticeable after sun exposure. The term "sun spots" is therefore the common term for tinea versicolor.

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  • 49. 

    What is a systemic disease ?

    • A.

      Disease that affects only one particular body system 

    • B.

      Disease that affects the body as a whole 

    • C.

      Disease that affects only two particular body systems 

    • D.

      Disease that systematically runs its course in hours  

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease that affects the body as a whole 
    Explanation
    A systemic disease is a disease that affects the body as a whole, rather than just one particular body system. This means that it can have widespread effects and symptoms throughout the body, impacting multiple organs and systems. Systemic diseases often involve inflammation or dysfunction in multiple areas, and can have a significant impact on overall health and well-being.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Paris
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