Ch 5 - Infection Control: Principles & Practices

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Ch 5 - Infection Control: Principles & Practices - Quiz

85 Questions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term ______ refers to colonies of Microorganisms that adhere to environmental surface, as well as to the human body, and secrete a sticky protective coating that cements them together 

    • A.

      Bloodborne Pathogens

    • B.

      Biofilms

    • C.

      Parasites

    • D.

      Mildews

    Correct Answer
    B. Biofilms
    Explanation
    Biofilms refer to colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as to the human body, and secrete a sticky protective coating that cements them together. This coating allows the microorganisms to form a complex community and provides protection against external threats. Biofilms can be found in various environments, including water pipes, medical devices, and even the human body, where they can cause infections and other health issues.

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  • 2. 

    Disinfectants used in salons must be ?

    • A.

      Virucidal & Bactericidal

    • B.

      Bactericidal & Fungicidal

    • C.

      Fungicidal & Virucidal

    • D.

      Bactericidal, Fungicidal & Virucidal

    Correct Answer
    D. Bactericidal, Fungicidal & Virucidal
    Explanation
    Disinfectants used in salons must be bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal in order to effectively kill bacteria, fungi, and viruses. This is important in maintaining a clean and safe environment for clients and preventing the spread of infections.

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  • 3. 

    A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in the cells of a biological organism is a(n) ?

    • A.

      Vaccine

    • B.

      Bacterium

    • C.

      Virus

    • D.

      Fungus

    Correct Answer
    C. Virus
    Explanation
    A virus is a correct answer because it is a parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism. Unlike bacteria or fungi, viruses cannot survive or reproduce on their own and require a host cell to do so.

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  • 4. 

    Acquired immunity is NOT obtained through?

    • A.

      Exposure to allergens

    • B.

      Inoculation

    • C.

      Inheritance

    • D.

      Overcoming a disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Inheritance
    Explanation
    Acquired immunity refers to the immune response that develops after exposure to a specific pathogen or antigen. It is not obtained through inheritance, as it is not passed down from parents to offspring through genetic material. Instead, acquired immunity is developed by an individual's own immune system in response to exposure to allergens, inoculation (vaccination), or overcoming a disease. Inheritance, on the other hand, refers to the transmission of genetic traits from parents to their offspring.

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  • 5. 

    The inactive growth stage of bacteria is also known as the ?

    • A.

      Reproductive Stage

    • B.

      Absorption Cycle 

    • C.

      Protoplasm Cycle

    • D.

      Spore-Forming Stage 

    Correct Answer
    D. Spore-Forming Stage 
    Explanation
    The inactive growth stage of bacteria is known as the spore-forming stage. During this stage, bacteria form spores as a means of survival in unfavorable conditions such as extreme temperatures or lack of nutrients. Spores are highly resistant structures that allow bacteria to remain dormant until conditions become more favorable for growth and reproduction.

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  • 6. 

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( HIV ) is the virus that causes ?

    • A.

      AIDS

    • B.

      HPV

    • C.

      Hepatitis

    • D.

      Pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    A. AIDS
    Explanation
    HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a condition that affects the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infections and diseases. HIV is transmitted through certain body fluids and attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells. Over time, if left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS. Therefore, AIDS is the correct answer as it directly relates to the virus mentioned.

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  • 7. 

    Most quats solutions disinfect implements in ?

    • A.

      3 min

    • B.

      4 min

    • C.

      10 min

    • D.

      5 min

    Correct Answer
    C. 10 min
    Explanation
    Quats solutions are disinfectants that are commonly used in various industries, including healthcare and food service. These solutions are effective in killing a wide range of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The recommended contact time for quats solutions to effectively disinfect implements is typically 10 minutes. This duration allows the solution enough time to penetrate and kill any microorganisms present on the surface of the implements. Therefore, the correct answer is 10 min.

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  • 8. 

    When disinfecting a foot spa, how long should you let the disinfectant circulate through the basin ?

    • A.

      20 min

    • B.

      10 min

    • C.

      15 min

    • D.

      5 min

    Correct Answer
    B. 10 min
    Explanation
    When disinfecting a foot spa, it is recommended to let the disinfectant circulate through the basin for 10 minutes. This duration allows the disinfectant to thoroughly clean and eliminate any potential bacteria or contaminants present in the foot spa. A shorter duration may not be sufficient to effectively disinfect the basin, while a longer duration may not provide any additional benefits and could potentially be wasteful. Therefore, 10 minutes is the optimal time for the disinfectant to circulate and ensure proper sanitation of the foot spa.

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  • 9. 

    A state regulatory agency can issue penalties against ?

    • A.

      The Cosmetologist

    • B.

      Both the Salon Owner & the Cosmetologist

    • C.

      Neither the salon owner nor the cosmetologist

    • D.

      The salon owner

    Correct Answer
    B. Both the Salon Owner & the Cosmetologist
    Explanation
    A state regulatory agency can issue penalties against both the salon owner and the cosmetologist. This is because both the salon owner and the cosmetologist are responsible for complying with the regulations and guidelines set by the agency. If either the salon owner or the cosmetologist fails to meet these standards, the regulatory agency has the authority to issue penalties as a means of enforcing compliance and ensuring the safety and well-being of consumers.

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  • 10. 

    On which part of an Safety Data Sheet ( SDS ) would you find information about the symptoms & effects of exposure to the chemical substance ?

    • A.

      Physical & chemical properties

    • B.

      Hazard identification

    • C.

      First-aid measures

    • D.

      Accidental release measure 

    Correct Answer
    C. First-aid measures
    Explanation
    In the First-aid measures section of a Safety Data Sheet (SDS), you would find information about the symptoms and effects of exposure to the chemical substance. This section provides guidelines on how to respond and provide initial medical assistance in case of exposure or accidents involving the chemical. It typically includes information on the potential health hazards, symptoms, and recommended treatments for different types of exposure, such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact.

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  • 11. 

    What is given to prevent viruses from growing in the body ?

    • A.

      Vaccines

    • B.

      Antibiotics

    • C.

      Antifungals

    • D.

      Diuretics

    Correct Answer
    A. Vaccines
    Explanation
    Vaccines are given to prevent viruses from growing in the body. Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies against specific viruses, which helps to protect the body from future infections. Unlike antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial infections, vaccines are specifically designed to prevent viral infections. Antifungals, on the other hand, are used to treat fungal infections, while diuretics are medications that increase urine production and are not related to preventing viral growth.

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  • 12. 

    You should ____ once a week ?

    • A.

      Disinfect work surfaces

    • B.

      Vacuum carpets

    • C.

      Clean fans & ventilation systems

    • D.

      Sweep hair off the floor 

    Correct Answer
    C. Clean fans & ventilation systems
    Explanation
    Cleaning fans and ventilation systems once a week is important to maintain good air quality and prevent the buildup of dust, allergens, and other particles. Regular cleaning helps to ensure that the fans and ventilation systems are functioning properly and efficiently, promoting a healthy and comfortable environment. It also helps to prevent the spread of airborne contaminants and maintain the overall cleanliness of the space.

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  • 13. 

    One-celled microorganisms with plant & animal characteristics are called ?

    • A.

      Boils

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Parasites

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are one-celled microorganisms that can have characteristics of both plants and animals. They are classified as prokaryotes, lacking a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and even inside the human body. They play important roles in various ecological processes and can have both beneficial and harmful effects on other organisms. Bacteria can be responsible for causing diseases, but they are also used in various industries such as food production and biotechnology.

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  • 14. 

    A fungicidal disinfectant is capable of destroying ?

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      Bacteria, Fungi & Virus

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    D. Fungi
    Explanation
    A fungicidal disinfectant is capable of destroying fungi. This type of disinfectant specifically targets and kills fungi, which are a type of microorganism that can cause infections and diseases. It is not effective against bacteria or viruses, as they require different types of disinfectants or treatments.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is an example of a single-use item?

    • A.

      Metal Pusher

    • B.

      Permanent Wave Rod

    • C.

      Nippers

    • D.

      Pumice Stone

    Correct Answer
    D. Pumice Stone
    Explanation
    A pumice stone is an example of a single-use item because it is typically used for one-time exfoliation purposes and then discarded. Unlike the other options listed, such as a metal pusher, permanent wave rod, or nippers, which can be reused multiple times, a pumice stone is designed to be used only once due to its porous nature and the fact that it wears down with each use.

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  • 16. 

    A local infection confined to a particular part of the body is indicated by ?

    • A.

      Blood poisoning

    • B.

      Dryness

    • C.

      A lesion containing pus

    • D.

      Itching

    Correct Answer
    C. A lesion containing pus
    Explanation
    A local infection confined to a particular part of the body is indicated by a lesion containing pus. Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced during an infection as a result of the body's immune response. It is composed of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. The presence of pus in a lesion suggests that there is an infection in that specific area of the body, as the body is attempting to fight off the infection by producing pus.

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  • 17. 

    Which term refers to the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens ?

    • A.

      Toxin

    • B.

      Prevention

    • C.

      Infection

    • D.

      Mycobacterium

    Correct Answer
    C. Infection
    Explanation
    The term "infection" refers to the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Pathogens can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. When these pathogens enter the body, they can multiply and cause damage to the host tissues, leading to various symptoms and illnesses. Infections can be localized or systemic, and they can range from mild to severe, depending on the type of pathogen and the individual's immune response. Proper prevention and treatment of infections are essential to maintain good health.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is NOT a classification of pathogenic bacteria ?

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Bacilli

    • C.

      Cocci

    • D.

      Spirilla

    Correct Answer
    A. Virus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Virus" because viruses are not classified as bacteria. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that can cause disease, whereas viruses are much smaller and can only replicate inside living cells. They are considered a separate type of microorganism and are not classified within the bacterial classification system.

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  • 19. 

    A disease that effects the body as a whole, often due to under-or overfunctioning is called?

    • A.

      Occupational

    • B.

      Contagious

    • C.

      Parasitic

    • D.

      Systemic

    Correct Answer
    D. Systemic
    Explanation
    A disease that affects the body as a whole, often due to under- or overfunctioning, is called systemic. This term refers to a condition that involves multiple organs or systems in the body, rather than being localized to a specific area. Systemic diseases can have a wide range of causes and symptoms, and they can impact various aspects of a person's health and well-being.

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  • 20. 

    The term _______ is defined as a chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germ on cleaned surfaces to a safe level?

    • A.

      Sanitizing

    • B.

      Decontaminating

    • C.

      Sterilizing

    • D.

      Disinfection

    Correct Answer
    A. Sanitizing
    Explanation
    Sanitizing is the correct answer because it refers to the process of reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level. This process typically involves using chemicals or heat to kill or remove most of the microorganisms present, but it does not necessarily eliminate all of them. Sanitizing is commonly used in food preparation areas, hospitals, and other settings where a high level of cleanliness is required to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following work surfaces should be disinfected daily?

    • A.

      Tables

    • B.

      Styling Stations

    • C.

      Shampoo Sinks

    • D.

      Doorknobs & Handles

    Correct Answer
    D. Doorknobs & Handles
    Explanation
    Doorknobs and handles should be disinfected daily because they are frequently touched surfaces that can harbor a high number of germs and bacteria. Regular disinfection helps prevent the spread of infections and diseases. Tables, styling stations, and shampoo sinks may also need to be disinfected regularly, but the question specifically asks for surfaces that should be disinfected daily.

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  • 22. 

    Before use, all concentrated disinfectants must be ?

    • A.

      Diluted

    • B.

      Cleaned

    • C.

      Decontaminated

    • D.

      Sterilized

    Correct Answer
    A. Diluted
    Explanation
    Before use, concentrated disinfectants must be diluted. This is because concentrated disinfectants are highly concentrated solutions that can be harmful or corrosive if used directly. Dilution involves mixing the concentrated disinfectant with water or another suitable solvent to reduce its concentration to a safe and effective level for use. Dilution ensures that the disinfectant is properly balanced and can effectively kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms without causing harm to surfaces or individuals.

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  • 23. 

    Bacteria consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called ?

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Cilia

    • C.

      Flagella

    • D.

      Protoplasm

    Correct Answer
    D. Protoplasm
    Explanation
    Bacteria consist of an outer cell wall that encloses a liquid called protoplasm. Protoplasm is a semi-fluid substance that contains various cellular components such as cytoplasm, nucleic acids, and proteins. It is responsible for carrying out essential functions within the bacterial cell, including metabolism, growth, and reproduction. The cell wall provides structural support and protection to the bacterial cell, while the protoplasm carries out the necessary biochemical reactions for the bacterium's survival and functioning.

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  • 24. 

    Your first step when an exposure incident occurs is to?

    • A.

      Put on gloves

    • B.

      Bandage the cut

    • C.

      Stop the service

    • D.

      Stop the bleeding

    Correct Answer
    C. Stop the service
    Explanation
    When an exposure incident occurs, the first step is to stop the service. This means that any activity or procedure that could potentially expose others to the same hazard should be halted immediately. This is crucial in order to prevent further exposure and ensure the safety of everyone involved. Once the service has been stopped, appropriate measures can be taken, such as putting on gloves, bandaging the cut, or stopping the bleeding, depending on the nature of the incident.

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  • 25. 

    All of the following are examples of single-use items EXCEPT ?

    • A.

      Cotton Balls

    • B.

      Wooden Sticks

    • C.

      Gauze

    • D.

      Shears

    Correct Answer
    D. Shears
    Explanation
    Shears are not considered single-use items because they can be used multiple times. Single-use items are typically disposable and intended for one-time use only. Cotton balls, wooden sticks, and gauze are all examples of single-use items commonly used in medical settings.

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  • 26. 

    The most common way that infections spread in a salon is ?

    • A.

      Contaminated implements

    • B.

      Shared drinking cups

    • C.

      Dirty hands

    • D.

      Uncovered Coughing

    Correct Answer
    C. Dirty hands
    Explanation
    In a salon, the most common way that infections spread is through dirty hands. This can happen when salon staff or clients do not properly wash their hands before and after treatments. Dirty hands can transfer bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens from one person to another, increasing the risk of infections. It is important for everyone in a salon to practice good hand hygiene by washing hands with soap and water or using hand sanitizer regularly to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 27. 

    The most common bacteria are ?

    • A.

      Bacilli

    • B.

      Tinea Barbae

    • C.

      Spirilla

    • D.

      Cocci

    Correct Answer
    A. Bacilli
    Explanation
    Bacilli are the most common bacteria. They are rod-shaped bacteria that can be found in various environments including soil, water, and the human body. Bacilli can cause various infections and diseases such as tuberculosis and anthrax. They can also be beneficial, as some bacilli are used in the production of antibiotics and certain food products.

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  • 28. 

    For proper client protection, linens & cloth materials should be ?

    • A.

      Used once & properly laundered

    • B.

      Washed weekly

    • C.

      Cleaned only when visibly contaminated

    • D.

      Used on several clients

    Correct Answer
    A. Used once & properly laundered
    Explanation
    To ensure proper client protection, linens and cloth materials should be used once and properly laundered. This practice helps maintain cleanliness and hygiene standards, reducing the risk of cross-contamination and the spread of infections. Reusing linens on multiple clients or cleaning them only when visibly contaminated may compromise client safety and increase the likelihood of transmitting pathogens. Therefore, using linens once and ensuring they are properly laundered is the best approach for client protection.

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  • 29. 

    Which type of bacteria cause Lyme Disease ?

    • A.

      Diplococci

    • B.

      Streptococci

    • C.

      Spirilla

    • D.

      Bacilli

    Correct Answer
    C. Spirilla
    Explanation
    Spirilla are a type of bacteria that can cause Lyme Disease. Lyme Disease is primarily caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which is a spirochete bacterium. Spirochetes are spiral-shaped bacteria, hence the term "spirilla". These bacteria are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Lyme Disease can lead to a variety of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, headache, and a characteristic skin rash. If left untreated, it can cause more severe complications affecting the joints, heart, and nervous system.

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  • 30. 

    Phenolic Disinfectants have ?

    • A.

      A neutral pH

    • B.

      A high pH

    • C.

      A low pH

    • D.

      No pH

    Correct Answer
    B. A high pH
    Explanation
    Phenolic disinfectants have a high pH. pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, with a pH of 7 being neutral. A high pH indicates that the solution is alkaline or basic. Phenolic disinfectants, such as phenol or cresols, are known for their effectiveness against a wide range of microorganisms. They work by denaturing proteins and disrupting cell membranes. The high pH of phenolic disinfectants helps to enhance their antimicrobial activity and effectiveness in killing bacteria and viruses.

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  • 31. 

    What are the two steps of Infection Control ?

    • A.

      Sterilizing & then Disinfecting 

    • B.

      Cleaning & then Disinfecting

    • C.

      Disinfecting & then Cleaning

    • D.

      Disinfecting & then Sterilizing 

    Correct Answer
    B. Cleaning & then Disinfecting
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cleaning & then Disinfecting. Infection control involves two main steps: cleaning and then disinfecting. Cleaning refers to the removal of dirt, debris, and organic matter from surfaces. This step helps to reduce the number of microorganisms present on the surface. Disinfecting, on the other hand, involves using chemicals or other agents to kill or inactivate the remaining microorganisms on the surface. By first cleaning and then disinfecting, the chances of eliminating or reducing the risk of infection are maximized. Sterilizing and disinfecting may be related to infection control, but the question specifically asks for the correct order of steps.

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  • 32. 

    Hospital disinfectants can be used on _____ surfaces in the salon ?

    • A.

      Porous

    • B.

      Neither Porous nor Nonporous

    • C.

      Nonporous

    • D.

      Both Porous & Nonporous

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonporous
    Explanation
    Hospital disinfectants can be used on nonporous surfaces in the salon. Nonporous surfaces do not allow the passage of liquids or air, making them easier to clean and disinfect. This type of surface includes materials like glass, metal, and plastic. Hospital disinfectants are specifically designed to kill a wide range of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making them suitable for use on nonporous surfaces to maintain a clean and safe environment in the salon.

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  • 33. 

    How often does the Centers for Disease Control ( CDC ) require that autoclaves be tested to ensure they are properly sterilizing implements ?

    • A.

      Monthly

    • B.

      Daily

    • C.

      Weekly

    • D.

      Yearly

    Correct Answer
    C. Weekly
    Explanation
    Autoclaves are used to sterilize implements in healthcare settings, and it is crucial to ensure their proper functioning. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) require that autoclaves be tested regularly to ensure they are effectively sterilizing implements. Testing them on a weekly basis allows for frequent monitoring and identification of any issues that may arise. This ensures that the autoclaves are consistently functioning at optimal levels to maintain a safe and sterile environment for patients and healthcare providers.

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  • 34. 

    Which form of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a salon surface ?

    • A.

      Hepatitis A

    • B.

      Hepatitis D

    • C.

      Hepatitis B

    • D.

      Hepatitis C

    Correct Answer
    C. Hepatitis B
    Explanation
    Hepatitis B is the correct answer because it is a very resilient virus that can survive outside the body for up to seven days. It can withstand harsh conditions and is resistant to many disinfectants commonly used in salons. Therefore, it is more difficult to eliminate from salon surfaces compared to other forms of hepatitis.

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  • 35. 

    A skin disease caused by an infestation of head lice is called ?

    • A.

      Pediculosis Capitis

    • B.

      Scabies

    • C.

      Poison Ivy

    • D.

      Itch Mites

    Correct Answer
    A. Pediculosis Capitis
    Explanation
    Pediculosis Capitis is the correct answer because it refers to a skin disease caused by an infestation of head lice. Head lice are tiny insects that attach themselves to the hair and scalp, causing itching and discomfort. This condition is commonly found in children and can spread easily through close contact or sharing personal items like hats or combs. Proper treatment, including medicated shampoos and thorough cleaning of affected items, is necessary to eliminate the infestation and prevent its spread.

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  • 36. 

    The form required from manufacturers that lists handling, disposal, & first-aid information for a product is known as a?

    • A.

      Safety Data Sheet ( SDS )

    • B.

      Environmental Protection Label

    • C.

      Material Handling Sheet

    • D.

      Chemical Manual

    Correct Answer
    A. Safety Data Sheet ( SDS )
    Explanation
    A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is a document that provides information about the hazards and properties of a particular chemical or product. It includes details about handling, disposal, and first-aid information, making it a comprehensive resource for manufacturers. The other options, such as Environmental Protection Label, Material Handling Sheet, and Chemical Manual, do not specifically cover all the required information like an SDS does. Therefore, the correct answer is Safety Data Sheet (SDS).

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  • 37. 

    The CDC guidelines that require the employer & employee to assume that all human blood & body fluids are potentially infectious are currently called the ?

    • A.

      Disease Prevention Guidelines

    • B.

      Safety Rules

    • C.

      Universal Precautions

    • D.

      Standard Precautions

    Correct Answer
    D. Standard Precautions
    Explanation
    Standard Precautions is the correct answer because it refers to the CDC guidelines that require both employers and employees to assume that all human blood and body fluids are potentially infectious. These guidelines aim to prevent the transmission of pathogens in healthcare settings and include practices such as hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, safe injection practices, and proper handling and disposal of sharps. Universal Precautions, on the other hand, was a previous approach that focused specifically on bloodborne pathogens, while Disease Prevention Guidelines and Safety Rules are not specific terms used to describe these CDC guidelines.

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  • 38. 

    Which of these CANNOT be immersed in liquid disinfectant ?

    • A.

      Combs

    • B.

      Metal Pushers

    • C.

      Nail Drill

    • D.

      Shears

    Correct Answer
    C. Nail Drill
    Explanation
    Nail drills cannot be immersed in liquid disinfectant because they are electrical devices that can be damaged by contact with liquids. Immersing a nail drill in liquid disinfectant can cause the electrical components to short circuit and malfunction. Therefore, it is recommended to clean nail drills using other methods such as wiping with disinfectant wipes or using a spray disinfectant.

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  • 39. 

    Which of these is NOT a method of cleaning your tools or implements ?

    • A.

      Soaking them in disinfectant

    • B.

      Using an ultrasonic unit

    • C.

      Using a cleaning solvent

    • D.

      Washing them with soap & water & then scrubbing them with a clean, disinfected brush

    Correct Answer
    A. Soaking them in disinfectant
    Explanation
    Soaking tools in disinfectant is not a method of cleaning tools or implements. Disinfectant is used to kill germs and bacteria, but it does not effectively remove dirt, debris, or other contaminants from the tools. Cleaning solvents, washing with soap and water, and using an ultrasonic unit are all effective methods for cleaning tools and implements as they can remove dirt, debris, and bacteria.

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  • 40. 

    A reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain food, chemical or other normally harmless substances is a ?

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Allergy

    • C.

      Parasite

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    B. Allergy
    Explanation
    An allergy is a reaction that occurs when the immune system overreacts to a normally harmless substance, such as certain foods or chemicals. This immune response can cause symptoms such as sneezing, itching, hives, or difficulty breathing. Unlike a virus, parasite, or infection, which are caused by specific pathogens, an allergy is triggered by an individual's sensitivity to a particular substance. Therefore, the correct answer is allergy.

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  • 41. 

    The process of bacteria dividing into two cells is called ?

    • A.

      Sporing

    • B.

      Pairing

    • C.

      Daughter Cells

    • D.

      Binary Fission

    Correct Answer
    D. Binary Fission
    Explanation
    Binary fission is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which a single bacterium divides into two identical daughter cells. During binary fission, the bacterium's DNA replicates, and the two copies move to opposite ends of the cell. The cell then elongates and eventually splits into two separate cells, each containing a copy of the DNA. This process is a common method of reproduction for bacteria and allows for rapid population growth.

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  • 42. 

    When washing your hands, you should rub them together in a lather for at least ?

    • A.

      20 Seconds

    • B.

      60 Seconds

    • C.

      3 min

    • D.

      10 Seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. 20 Seconds
    Explanation
    When washing your hands, it is recommended to rub them together in a lather for at least 20 seconds. This is because it takes time for the soap to effectively break down and remove dirt, bacteria, and viruses from your hands. Rubbing your hands together for 20 seconds ensures that you cover all areas of your hands, including between your fingers and under your nails, to thoroughly clean them. It is a simple and effective way to maintain good hand hygiene and prevent the spread of germs.

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  • 43. 

    Tuberculocidal Disinfectants ?

    • A.

      Should never be used in the salon

    • B.

      Should always be used in the salon

    • C.

      May require special methods of disposal

    • D.

      Are also known as hospital disinfectants

    Correct Answer
    C. May require special methods of disposal
    Explanation
    Tuberculocidal disinfectants may require special methods of disposal because they are designed to kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. These disinfectants are highly potent and can be harmful to both humans and the environment if not disposed of properly. Therefore, it is important to follow specific guidelines and regulations for their disposal to ensure safety and prevent any potential negative impacts.

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  • 44. 

    When using disinfectants, you should NOT ?

    • A.

      Use tongs to remove implements

    • B.

      Keep the products's ( Safety Data Sheet )  SDS on hand 

    • C.

      Wear safety glasses when mixing

    • D.

      Submerge implements using your bare hands

    Correct Answer
    D. Submerge implements using your bare hands
    Explanation
    When using disinfectants, it is important to avoid submerging implements using bare hands. This is because disinfectants can be harmful to the skin and may cause irritation or other adverse reactions. It is recommended to use tongs or other tools to handle implements when submerging them in disinfectant solutions to ensure personal safety and prevent any potential health risks.

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  • 45. 

    How often must you disinfect a whirlpool spa used for pedicures ?

    • A.

      After every pedicure

    • B.

      Twice weekly

    • C.

      As needed

    • D.

      At the end of business day

    Correct Answer
    A. After every pedicure
    Explanation
    After every pedicure, the whirlpool spa used for pedicures must be disinfected. This is because pedicures involve soaking the feet in the spa, which can introduce bacteria and other microorganisms into the water. Disinfecting the spa after each pedicure helps to prevent the spread of infections and ensures a clean and safe environment for the next client.

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  • 46. 

    A virucidal disinfectant is capable of destroying ?

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      All pathogens

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Viruses
    Explanation
    A virucidal disinfectant is specifically designed to destroy viruses. While it may also have some effectiveness against other pathogens such as bacteria and fungi, its primary function is to eliminate viruses. Viruses are unique infectious agents that require specific methods for disinfection, and a virucidal disinfectant is formulated to target and destroy these microscopic organisms.

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  • 47. 

    Organisms that grow, feed & find shelter on or in another organism are called?

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Germs

    • C.

      Parasites

    • D.

      Toxins

    Correct Answer
    C. Parasites
    Explanation
    Parasites are organisms that grow, feed, and find shelter on or in another organism. They rely on their host for survival and often cause harm or discomfort to the host. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that can be parasitic, but not all bacteria are parasites. Germs is a broad term that can refer to any microorganism, including parasites, bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Toxins, on the other hand, are harmful substances produced by certain organisms, but they do not necessarily grow, feed, or find shelter on or in another organism.

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  • 48. 

    Effective sterilization typically requires the use of _____ to complete?

    • A.

      Tuberculocidal Disinfectants

    • B.

      Bleach

    • C.

      An autoclave

    • D.

      Quats

    Correct Answer
    C. An autoclave
    Explanation
    An autoclave is necessary for effective sterilization because it uses high pressure and steam to kill all forms of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and spores. This method ensures that the equipment or materials being sterilized are free from any potential contaminants. Tuberculocidal disinfectants, bleach, and quats are effective for disinfection but may not completely eliminate all microorganisms, making them less suitable for sterilization purposes.

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  • 49. 

    The spherical bacteria that cause diseases such as pneumonia are ?

    • A.

      Diplococci

    • B.

      Staphylococci

    • C.

      Spirilla

    • D.

      Bacilli

    Correct Answer
    A. Diplococci
    Explanation
    Diplococci are spherical bacteria that cause diseases such as pneumonia. They are called diplococci because they typically occur in pairs, with each bacterium resembling a round ball. These bacteria can cause infections in the respiratory system, leading to pneumonia. They are often found in the respiratory secretions of infected individuals and can be transmitted through respiratory droplets.

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  • 50. 

    When a bacteria cell grows & splits into two new cells, the new cells are called ?

    • A.

      Daughter cells

    • B.

      Son cells

    • C.

      Sibling cells

    • D.

      Child cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Daughter cells
    Explanation
    When a bacteria cell undergoes cell division, it splits into two new cells. These new cells are referred to as daughter cells. This term is used because the new cells are genetically identical to the parent cell and are produced as a result of the division process. The term "daughter" signifies the relationship between the parent cell and the newly formed cells.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 25, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Angelicahurtado5
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