Human Development Across The Life Span Ch. 5&6

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| By Lindseyglenn2
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Lindseyglenn2
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 154
Questions: 9 | Attempts: 154

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Human development across the lifespan
ch. 5 Healthy & physical development
ch. 6 Perceptual development


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This gland regulates growth from birth through adolescence; triggers adolescent growth spurt; produces growth hormone.

    • A.

      Thyroid Gland

    • B.

      Adrenal Glands

    • C.

      Pituitary Gland

    • D.

      Testes

    Correct Answer
    C. Pituitary Gland
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for regulating growth from birth through adolescence. It triggers the adolescent growth spurt and produces growth hormone. This gland plays a crucial role in the development and growth of the body during the early stages of life.

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  • 2. 

    This gland(s) are responsible for development of the male reproductive system during the prenatal period; directs male sexual development during adolescence and produces testosterone.

    • A.

      Testes

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Adrenal Glands

    • D.

      Thyroid

    Correct Answer
    A. Testes
    Explanation
    The testes are responsible for the development of the male reproductive system during the prenatal period. They also play a crucial role in directing male sexual development during adolescence and produce the hormone testosterone, which is essential for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics and sperm production.

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  • 3. 

    This gland(s) signals other endocrine glands to secrete their hormones by producing activating hormones.

    • A.

      Thyroid

    • B.

      Testes

    • C.

      Adrenal Glands

    • D.

      Pituitary Gland

    Correct Answer
    D. Pituitary Gland
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for producing and releasing activating hormones that signal other endocrine glands to secrete their hormones. It acts as the master gland of the endocrine system, regulating and controlling the functions of various other glands in the body. The hormones produced by the pituitary gland include growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin. These hormones play a crucial role in maintaining hormonal balance and regulating various bodily functions such as growth, metabolism, reproduction, and lactation.

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  • 4. 

    This gland(s) affects growth and development of the brain and helps regulate growth of the body during childhood as it produces Thyroxine.

    • A.

      Activating Gland

    • B.

      Thyroid Gland

    • C.

      Adrenal Gland

    • D.

      Pituitary Gland

    Correct Answer
    D. Pituitary Gland
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for regulating growth and development of the brain, as well as controlling the growth of the body during childhood. It produces thyroxine, a hormone that plays a crucial role in the growth and development of various organs and tissues.

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  • 5. 

    This gland(s) play a supportive role in the development of muscle and bones; contribute to sexual motivation; produces adrenal androgens.

    • A.

      Androgens

    • B.

      Thyroid Gland

    • C.

      Osteoporosis

    • D.

      Adrenal Glands

    Correct Answer
    D. Adrenal Glands
    Explanation
    The adrenal glands are responsible for producing adrenal androgens, which are hormones that play a supportive role in the development of muscle and bones. These glands also contribute to sexual motivation. Therefore, the adrenal glands are the correct answer in this case.

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  • 6. 

    This gland(s) produces estrogen and progesterone; responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle; esetrogen directs female sexual development during adolescence. 

    • A.

      Thyroid

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Testes

    • D.

      Pituitary Glands

    Correct Answer
    B. Ovaries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ovaries. The ovaries are responsible for producing estrogen and progesterone, which are hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle in females. Estrogen also plays a crucial role in directing female sexual development during adolescence. The other options listed, such as the thyroid, testes, and pituitary glands, do not produce estrogen or progesterone or have a direct role in regulating the menstrual cycle.

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  • 7. 

    An inherited digestive problem in which gluten (the proteins found in all wheat products) triggers an immune response that damages the small intestine.

    • A.

      Immunodeficiency Virus

    • B.

      Huntington's Disease

    • C.

      Celiac Disease

    • D.

      Cystic Fibrosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Celiac Disease
    Explanation
    Celiac Disease is an inherited digestive problem where the consumption of gluten, found in wheat products, causes an immune response that harms the small intestine. This immune response damages the lining of the small intestine, leading to various symptoms and complications such as diarrhea, weight loss, and nutrient deficiencies. It is important for individuals with Celiac Disease to follow a strict gluten-free diet to manage their condition and prevent further damage to the small intestine.

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  • 8. 

    Catch-up growth is the body's struggle to get back on the growth course it is genetically programmed to follow after a period of malnutritiion or illness.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Catch-up growth refers to the phenomenon where the body tries to regain the growth trajectory it was supposed to follow after experiencing a period of malnutrition or illness. This means that even if there was a setback in growth due to these factors, the body has the ability to catch up and resume its normal growth pattern. Therefore, the statement "Catch-up growth is the body's struggle to get back on the growth course it is genetically programmed to follow after a period of malnutrition or illness" is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 17, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Lindseyglenn2
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