Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5 Part 2

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Tinamide
T
Tinamide
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 22,342
Questions: 13 | Attempts: 1,064

SettingsSettingsSettings
Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5 Part 2 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A restriction of oxygen to the baby, lasting a few minutes during the birth process, which can produce cognitive defects. 

    • A.

      Anorexia

    • B.

      SIDS

    • C.

      Oxygen-Restriction

    • D.

      Anoxia

    Correct Answer
    D. Anoxia
    Explanation
    Anoxia refers to a condition where there is a complete absence of oxygen supply to the body or a specific organ, in this case, the baby's brain during the birth process. This restriction of oxygen, even if it lasts for a few minutes, can result in cognitive defects. Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by an extreme fear of gaining weight, while SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) is the unexplained death of a seemingly healthy baby. Oxygen-restriction is a general term that does not specifically address the consequences of restricted oxygen supply. Therefore, Anoxia is the most appropriate answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    States that development proceeds from the center of the body outward.

    • A.

      Cephalocaudal Principle

    • B.

      Principle of Hierarchical Integration

    • C.

      Proximodistal Principle

    • D.

      Principle of Independence of Systems

    Correct Answer
    C. Proximodistal Principle
    Explanation
    The proximodistal principle states that development starts from the center of the body and progresses outward. This means that motor skills and control develop first in the core and proximal areas of the body (such as the trunk and shoulders) before extending to the more distal areas (such as the hands and fingers). This principle can be observed in infants, as they gain control over their head and neck muscles before being able to control their arms and legs.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The elimination of neurons as the result of nonuse or lack of stimulation

    • A.

      Synaptic Cutting

    • B.

      Synaptic Elimination

    • C.

      Myelin Sheath

    • D.

      Synaptic Pruning

    Correct Answer
    D. Synaptic Pruning
    Explanation
    Synaptic pruning refers to the process of eliminating or trimming down unnecessary or weak connections between neurons in the brain. This process occurs during development and throughout life, allowing for the strengthening of important connections and the removal of less important ones. It is a crucial mechanism for refining neural circuits and optimizing brain function.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Occurs when a stimulus or event is acted upon, perceived, and understood in accordance with existing patterns of thought.

    • A.

      Accomodation

    • B.

      Piaget’s Theory of Infancy Attainment of Knowledge

    • C.

      Principle of Independence of Systems

    • D.

      Assimiliation

    Correct Answer
    D. Assimiliation
    Explanation
    Assimilation is the process by which individuals incorporate new information or experiences into their existing mental frameworks or schemas. It occurs when a stimulus or event is perceived and understood in line with one's preexisting patterns of thought. In this context, assimilation refers to the cognitive process of fitting new information into existing mental structures. It is a key concept in Piaget's theory of cognitive development, where he proposed that individuals actively construct knowledge through assimilation and accommodation.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The thick, greasy substance that covers the newborn and smoothes the passage through the birth canal. 

    • A.

      Lanugo

    • B.

      Cheese

    • C.

      Vernix

    • D.

      Plancetal Fluid

    Correct Answer
    C. Vernix
    Explanation
    Vernix is the thick, greasy substance that covers the newborn and helps to smooth the passage through the birth canal. It is a protective layer that forms on the baby's skin during the later stages of pregnancy. Vernix acts as a moisturizer and provides a barrier against amniotic fluid, preventing the baby's skin from becoming too dry or damaged. It also has antimicrobial properties, helping to protect the baby from infections.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Suggests that different body systems grow at different rates.

    • A.

      Principle of Independence of Systems

    • B.

      Principle of Hierarchical Integration

    • C.

      Cephalocaudal Principle

    • D.

      Proximodistal Principle

    Correct Answer
    A. Principle of Independence of Systems
    Explanation
    The principle of Independence of Systems suggests that different body systems grow at different rates. This means that the development of one system is not dependent on the development of another system. Each system develops independently and at its own pace. This principle emphasizes the idea that the growth and development of different body systems occur separately and do not rely on each other.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Suggested that knowledge is the product of direct motor behavior, including obtaining schemes and manipulating them by using assimilation and accommodation. 

    • A.

      Assimilation

    • B.

      Behavioral Perspective

    • C.

      Piaget’s Theory of Infancy Attainment of Knowledge

    • D.

      Erikson's Pyschosocial Development

    Correct Answer
    C. Piaget’s Theory of Infancy Attainment of Knowledge
    Explanation
    Piaget’s Theory of Infancy Attainment of Knowledge suggests that knowledge is the result of direct motor behavior, including obtaining schemes (mental representations of actions) and manipulating them through assimilation (fitting new information into existing mental schemas) and accommodation (modifying existing schemas to fit new information). This theory emphasizes the role of active exploration and interaction with the environment in the development of knowledge during infancy.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A standard measurement system that looks for a variety of indications of good health in newborns. It stands for appearance, pulse, grimace (reflexes), activity (muscles), and respiration, grading from 0-2 for each and a total of 0-10 for all categories. 

    • A.

      APGAR Scale

    • B.

      EP Scale

    • C.

      Erikson's Scale

    • D.

      Hospital Baby Scale

    Correct Answer
    A. APGAR Scale
    Explanation
    The APGAR Scale is a standard measurement system used to assess the health of newborns. It evaluates five indicators: appearance, pulse, grimace (reflexes), activity (muscles), and respiration. Each indicator is graded from 0 to 2, resulting in a total score ranging from 0 to 10. This scale provides a quick and objective way for healthcare professionals to assess the overall well-being of a newborn shortly after birth.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    States that growth follows a pattern that begins with the head and upper body parts and then proceeds to the rest of the body.

    • A.

      Proximodistal Principle

    • B.

      Principle of Independence of Systems

    • C.

      Principle of Hierarchical Integration

    • D.

      Cephalocaudal Principle

    Correct Answer
    D. Cephalocaudal Principle
    Explanation
    The cephalocaudal principle states that growth and development occur in a pattern that begins with the head and upper body parts and then proceeds to the rest of the body. This means that the head and upper body develop before the lower body and limbs. This principle is observed in the early stages of development, where an infant's head and upper body grow and develop before they are able to control their lower body and limbs. This pattern is seen in various aspects of development, such as motor skills and the development of sensory abilities.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The fine, dark fuzz that cover the newborn’s body.

    • A.

      Vernix

    • B.

      Cheese

    • C.

      Lanugo

    • D.

      APGAR Scale

    Correct Answer
    C. Lanugo
    Explanation
    Lanugo refers to the fine, dark fuzz that covers the body of a newborn. This is a normal occurrence and is typically found on premature babies. It serves as a protective layer for the baby's delicate skin while in the womb. As the baby grows and develops, the lanugo usually sheds off naturally. Therefore, the correct answer is Lanugo.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    States that simple skills typically develop separately and independently but are later integrated into more complex skills.

    • A.

      Principle of Independence of Systems

    • B.

      Cephalocaudal Principle

    • C.

      Proximodistal Principle

    • D.

      Principle of Hierarchical Integration

    Correct Answer
    D. Principle of Hierarchical Integration
    Explanation
    The principle of hierarchical integration states that simple skills typically develop separately and independently but are later integrated into more complex skills. This means that individuals first acquire basic skills before they can combine and use them together to perform more complex tasks. This principle emphasizes the sequential and hierarchical nature of skill development, where simpler skills serve as building blocks for more advanced skills. It suggests that the development of complex skills relies on the integration and coordination of simpler skills.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    When we change our existing ways of thinking, understanding, or behaving in response to encounters with NEW stimuli or events. 

    • A.

      Accommodation

    • B.

      Assimilation

    • C.

      Attachment

    • D.

      Emotional Reactivity

    Correct Answer
    A. Accommodation
    Explanation
    Accommodation refers to the process of adjusting our existing ways of thinking, understanding, or behaving in response to encountering new stimuli or events. It involves modifying our existing schemas or mental frameworks to incorporate new information or experiences that do not fit into our current understanding. This process allows us to adapt and learn from new situations, expanding our knowledge and understanding of the world around us.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 25, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tinamide
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.