Imperialism Post Test

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| By Amickd
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 6,681
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,030

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Imperialism Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A primary purpose for building the Suez Canal was to

    • A.

      Encourage Jewish settlement in nearby Palestine

    • B.

      Increase trade between the Middle East, Europe, and Asia

    • C.

      Reduce the time needed for travel between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea

    • D.

      Allow Indian merchants to reach the east coast of Africa

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase trade between the Middle East, Europe, and Asia
    Explanation
    The Suez Canal was built primarily to increase trade between the Middle East, Europe, and Asia. By connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, the canal provided a shorter and more efficient route for ships traveling between these regions. This allowed for faster transportation of goods and increased trade opportunities, benefiting all three regions economically. The canal also played a significant role in the expansion of global trade and the development of international maritime routes.

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  • 2. 

    Which is an accurate statement about the partitioning of Africa by European imperialist nations during the 1800's?

    • A.

      New nations were based on old tribal boundaries

    • B.

      The cultural and ethnic diversity of the African people was disregarded

    • C.

      The continent was divided equally among the colonial powers

    • D.

      African unity was encouraged

    Correct Answer
    B. The cultural and ethnic diversity of the African people was disregarded
    Explanation
    During the partitioning of Africa by European imperialist nations in the 1800s, the accurate statement is that the cultural and ethnic diversity of the African people was disregarded. European powers divided the continent without considering the existing tribal boundaries or the diverse cultures and ethnicities of the African people. This led to the creation of artificial borders that often ignored the social, cultural, and historical realities of the African nations, causing conflicts and tensions that still persist today.

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  • 3. 

    After 1880, European nations sought colonies in Africa primarily because the Europeans were

    • A.

      Competeing for raw materials and markets

    • B.

      In need of land for their surplus populations

    • C.

      Determined to bring Christianity to the Muslem world

    • D.

      Interested in completing their geographic knowledgeof the world

    Correct Answer
    A. Competeing for raw materials and markets
    Explanation
    After 1880, European nations sought colonies in Africa primarily because they were competing for raw materials and markets. This means that they wanted to secure resources such as minerals, timber, and agricultural products from Africa to fuel their industrialization and economic growth. Additionally, they wanted to establish new markets where they could sell their manufactured goods. By colonizing Africa, European nations could gain control over these resources and markets, ensuring their economic dominance and prosperity.

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  • 4. 

    The 19th century term "White Man's Burden" reflects the idea that

    • A.

      Asians and Africans were equal to Europeans

    • B.

      Asians and Africans would be grateful for European help

    • C.

      Imperialism was opposed by most Europeans

    • D.

      Europeans had a responsibility to improve the lives of colonial peoples

    Correct Answer
    D. Europeans had a responsibility to improve the lives of colonial peoples
    Explanation
    The term "White Man's Burden" reflects the idea that Europeans believed they had a responsibility to improve the lives of colonial peoples. This concept emerged during the 19th century when European powers were engaged in imperialism and colonizing various parts of Asia and Africa. Europeans saw themselves as superior and believed it was their duty to bring civilization and progress to the people they colonized. They viewed their actions as a burden, but one that they believed was necessary for the betterment of the colonial peoples. This ideology justified and perpetuated the unequal power dynamics and exploitation that occurred during this time.

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  • 5. 

    The Sepoy Mutiny in India, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran were similar in that they

    • A.

      Restored powere to the hereditary monarchies

    • B.

      Attempted to reject the traditional cultures in those countries

    • C.

      Resisted foreign influence in those countries

    • D.

      Reestablished the power of religious leaders

    Correct Answer
    C. Resisted foreign influence in those countries
    Explanation
    The Sepoy Mutiny in India, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran were similar in that they all resisted foreign influence in those countries. These events were driven by a desire to regain control over their own affairs and reject the interference of foreign powers. The Sepoy Mutiny was a revolt against British colonial rule in India, the Boxer Rebellion was a response to foreign imperialism in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran was a rejection of Western influence and interference in Iranian affairs. In all three cases, the people sought to assert their independence and protect their own cultural and political identities.

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  • 6. 

    During the 19th century, Europeans were able to divide China in Spheres of Influence mainly because the

    • A.

      Chinese were eager to adopt western culture

    • B.

      Europeans had technologically superior military forces

    • C.

      Europeans were willing to adopt Chinese customs

    • D.

      Chinese lacked raw materials and resources

    Correct Answer
    B. Europeans had technologically superior military forces
    Explanation
    During the 19th century, Europeans were able to divide China in Spheres of Influence mainly because they had technologically superior military forces. This gave them a significant advantage over the Chinese, who lacked the same level of military technology. With their superior weaponry and tactics, the Europeans were able to assert their dominance and control over various parts of China. The Chinese, on the other hand, were not able to effectively resist or defend themselves against these foreign powers.

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  • 7. 

    The Boxer Rebellion of the early 20th century was an attempt to

    • A.

      Eliminate poverty among the Chinese peasents

    • B.

      Bring western-style democracy to China

    • C.

      Restore trade between China and European nations

    • D.

      Remove foreign influences from China

    Correct Answer
    D. Remove foreign influences from China
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to remove foreign influences from China. The Boxer Rebellion was a violent uprising in China from 1899 to 1901, led by a secret society known as the Boxers. The Boxers were opposed to the presence and influence of foreign powers, particularly Western powers, in China. They sought to expel foreigners and their cultural, economic, and political influences from China. The rebellion was ultimately suppressed by a coalition of foreign forces, but it highlighted the growing anti-foreign sentiment in China at the time.

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  • 8. 

    British control over South Africa, French control over Indochina, and Spanish control over Mexico are examples of

    • A.

      Isolationism

    • B.

      Appeasement

    • C.

      Nonalignment

    • D.

      Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    D. Imperialism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is imperialism. This is because British control over South Africa, French control over Indochina, and Spanish control over Mexico are all examples of imperialistic actions, where one country extends its power and control over another country or region for economic, political, or territorial gain.

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  • 9. 

    In the past, European nations have conquered other lands, made them into colonies, and controlled their economies. Which term refers to this statement?

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Isolationism

    • C.

      Imperialism

    • D.

      Monotheism

    Correct Answer
    C. Imperialism
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the practice of European nations conquering other lands, establishing colonies, and exerting control over their economies. This term accurately describes the statement provided, as it encompasses the historical context of European nations expanding their empires through colonization and economic dominance.

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  • 10. 

    In the past, European nations have conquered other lands, made them into colonies, and controlled their economies. This statement describes a situation that resulted from the

    • A.

      Industrialization of Europe and the need for raw materials

    • B.

      Desire of Europeans to spread communism throughout the world

    • C.

      European belief in human rights for all people

    • D.

      Requests of developing nations for modern machines and technology

    Correct Answer
    A. Industrialization of Europe and the need for raw materials
    Explanation
    During the industrialization of Europe, there was a high demand for raw materials to fuel the growing industries. European nations, in order to secure a steady supply of these resources, conquered other lands and turned them into colonies. By controlling the economies of these colonies, they were able to exploit their resources for the benefit of European industries. This practice was driven by the need for raw materials and the desire to fuel the industrialization process in Europe.

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  • 11. 

    • During the 1840's, China signed "unequal treaties" with Western nations mainly because

    • A.

      China had won the Opium War

    • B.

      Western nations had superior military technology

    • C.

      Leaders in China favored expansion

    • D.

      China had requested economic assistance from the West

    Correct Answer
    B. Western nations had superior military technology
    Explanation
    During the 1840s, China signed "unequal treaties" with Western nations mainly because Western nations had superior military technology. This gave them an advantage over China in terms of military power, making it difficult for China to resist or negotiate on equal terms. As a result, China was forced to sign these treaties which heavily favored the Western nations and led to unequal economic and political relationships between China and the West.

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  • 12. 

    Throughout the 1800's, an increased need for both raw materials and new markets for manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue policies of

    • A.

      Imperialism

    • B.

      Socialism

    • C.

      Isolationism

    • D.

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    A. Imperialism
    Explanation
    During the 1800s, European nations sought to expand their territories and gain access to new resources and markets. This expansionist policy is known as imperialism. By colonizing and dominating other regions, these nations could secure valuable raw materials and establish markets for their manufactured goods. Imperialism allowed European powers to exert control over vast territories, exploit resources, and establish economic dominance, ultimately leading to the growth and prosperity of these nations.

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  • 13. 

    During the 18th and 19th centuries, increased contact between European and the continents of Africa, Asia, and South America resulted in

    • A.

      Closer cultural cooperation between these groups

    • B.

      The exploitation of the labor and resources of these continents

    • C.

      A return to the politcal and economic systems of feudal Europe

    • D.

      Preservation of the rights of indigenous peoples

    Correct Answer
    B. The exploitation of the labor and resources of these continents
    Explanation
    During the 18th and 19th centuries, increased contact between European and the continents of Africa, Asia, and South America led to the exploitation of the labor and resources of these continents. This period, known as the era of imperialism, saw European powers colonizing and establishing control over vast territories in these regions. They extracted valuable resources, such as minerals and agricultural products, and forced the local populations into labor systems that benefited the colonial powers. This exploitation resulted in significant economic and social imbalances between the colonizers and the colonized, shaping the course of history in these continents.

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  • 14. 

    Both the French and the British were interested in controlling Egypt in the mid-19th century because Egypt had

    • A.

      Control of the spice trade

    • B.

      An industrial based economy

    • C.

      Vital mineral resources

    • D.

      A strategic location

    Correct Answer
    D. A strategic location
    Explanation
    Both the French and the British were interested in controlling Egypt in the mid-19th century because of its strategic location. Egypt's location at the crossroads of Africa, Asia, and Europe made it a crucial point for trade and military purposes. It provided access to important sea routes, such as the Suez Canal, which connected the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Controlling Egypt would give any nation a significant advantage in terms of trade, military power projection, and influence over the region.

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  • 15. 

    The results of the Opium War indicate that China was

    • A.

      Still a major military power

    • B.

      Not strong enough to resist Western demands

    • C.

      Rapidly building a modern industrial economy

    • D.

      Accepting Western nations as eqaul trading partners

    Correct Answer
    B. Not strong enough to resist Western demands
    Explanation
    The results of the Opium War, which took place between China and Western powers, indicate that China was not strong enough to resist Western demands. This war resulted in China's defeat and the signing of the Treaty of Nanjing, which forced China to open its ports to Western trade, cede Hong Kong to Britain, and pay reparations. These outcomes demonstrate China's inability to resist the demands and influence of Western powers, highlighting its weakness in the face of foreign aggression.

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  • 16. 

    During the 18th and 19th centuries, Europeans improved roads and bridges and built railroads in their colonies primarily to

    • A.

      Provide jobs for colonists

    • B.

      Impress the colonists

    • C.

      Obtain raw materials needed for indutrialization

    • D.

      Help missionaries spread Christianity

    Correct Answer
    C. Obtain raw materials needed for indutrialization
    Explanation
    During the 18th and 19th centuries, Europeans improved roads and bridges and built railroads in their colonies primarily to obtain raw materials needed for industrialization. This was because industrialization required a steady supply of resources such as minerals, timber, and agricultural products, which could be found in the colonies. By improving transportation infrastructure, European powers were able to more efficiently extract and transport these raw materials back to their home countries, fueling their industrial growth.

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  • 17. 

    One result of British colonization in India was that India

    • A.

      Adopted a parliamentary system of government

    • B.

      Developed religious unity

    • C.

      Supported western foreign policies

    • D.

      Created programs to increase its population

    Correct Answer
    A. Adopted a parliamentary system of government
    Explanation
    British colonization in India had a significant impact on the country's political system. The British introduced the parliamentary system of government, which was based on the British model of democracy. This system involved the establishment of a bicameral legislature, with an elected lower house and an upper house consisting of appointed members. The adoption of this parliamentary system allowed India to transition from a monarchy to a democratic form of government, with elected representatives making decisions and enacting laws on behalf of the people. This system continues to be an integral part of India's political structure to this day.

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  • 18. 

    In 19th century China, the Opium War resulted in

    • A.

      The control of Hong Kong being returned to China

    • B.

      The removal of all British naval forces from China

    • C.

      An increase in European spheres of influence in China

    • D.

      The rejection of Buddhism by the Chinese people

    Correct Answer
    C. An increase in European spheres of influence in China
    Explanation
    The Opium War in 19th century China led to an increase in European spheres of influence in China. This war was primarily fought between China and Britain over the issue of opium trade. Britain, along with other European powers, sought to expand their influence and control over Chinese territory and resources. As a result of the war, China was forced to sign unequal treaties, granting various concessions and privileges to European powers. These treaties allowed European countries to establish spheres of influence in China, where they had economic and political control over certain regions. This marked a significant increase in European dominance and influence in China.

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  • 19. 

    The borders that were established for many African nations during the late 1800's were based primarily on

    • A.

      Natural geograhic barriers

    • B.

      Esay access to natural resources

    • C.

      Territorial claims of colonial rulers

    • D.

      Cultural differences between ethnic groups

    Correct Answer
    C. Territorial claims of colonial rulers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is territorial claims of colonial rulers. During the late 1800s, European colonial powers divided Africa among themselves through the process of colonization. These colonial rulers established borders based on their own territorial claims, without considering the natural geographic barriers, easy access to natural resources, or cultural differences between ethnic groups. This division of Africa was primarily driven by the desire to exploit the continent's resources and establish control over territories for economic and political gain.

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  • 20. 

    Which of these BEST describes the scramble for Africa?

    • A.

      Imperialist powers sliced Africa amongst themselves by drawing borders on a map.

    • B.

      Diplomats worked with tribal leaders to set up colonial borders.

    • C.

      European countries helped African nations by loaning money to them.

    • D.

      The US used the Roosevelt Corollary to prevent nations from colonizing Africa

    Correct Answer
    A. Imperialist powers sliced Africa amongst themselves by drawing borders on a map.
    Explanation
    The scramble for Africa refers to the period of intense competition and colonization by European powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During this time, imperialist powers divided Africa amongst themselves by drawing borders on a map. This process disregarded the existing tribal and ethnic boundaries, leading to numerous conflicts and tensions in the region. The answer accurately describes this historical event and the actions of European powers during this period.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 26, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Amickd
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