The Height Of Imperialism (Wh) Ch21

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The Height Of Imperialism (Wh) Ch21 - Quiz

Students will evidence their knowledge and understanding of the height of imperialism.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ________ controlled land and business in Latin America but were regarded as second-class citizens by European officials there.

    • A.

      Penninsulares

    • B.

      Creoles

    • C.

      Mestizos

    • D.

      Caudillos

    Correct Answer
    B. Creoles
    Explanation
    Creoles were individuals of European descent who were born in Latin America. They controlled land and business in Latin America but were considered second-class citizens by European officials. This was because they were not born in Europe and were seen as inferior to the Europeans who held power and authority in the region. Despite their wealth and influence, Creoles were not given the same level of respect and recognition as the European officials.

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  • 2. 

    The British East India Company hired Indian soldiers called _______ to protect its interest in India.

    • A.

      Caudillos

    • B.

      Viceroys

    • C.

      Mestizos

    • D.

      Sepoys

    Correct Answer
    D. Sepoys
    Explanation
    The British East India Company hired Indian soldiers called Sepoys to protect its interest in India. Sepoys were local Indian troops who were recruited by the British to serve in their army. They played a crucial role in maintaining British control and safeguarding the company's interests in India.

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  • 3. 

    A political unit that depends on another government for protection is known as _______.

    • A.

      A colony

    • B.

      An annex

    • C.

      A protectorate

    • D.

      A territory

    Correct Answer
    C. A protectorate
    Explanation
    A political unit that depends on another government for protection is known as a protectorate. In a protectorate, the government has some degree of autonomy, but it relies on a more powerful nation for defense and security. The protectorate retains its internal sovereignty, but its external affairs are managed by the protecting nation. This arrangement allows the protectorate to benefit from the protection of a stronger state while maintaining some level of independence.

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  • 4. 

    The Boers fought with many _______ people, especially the Zulu of South Africa.

    • A.

      Imperialist

    • B.

      Indigenous

    • C.

      Colonial

    • D.

      Racist

    Correct Answer
    B. Indigenous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Indigenous." The Boers, who were Dutch settlers in South Africa, engaged in conflicts with various indigenous peoples, particularly the Zulu. This term refers to the native or original inhabitants of a particular region or country.

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  • 5. 

    Unlike earlier imperialism, which desire became a motive for the new imperialism of the late nineteenth century?

    • A.

      To control large territories directly

    • B.

      To trade with faraway lands

    • C.

      To set up colonies in other lands

    • D.

      To convert primitive people to Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. To control large territories directly
    Explanation
    During the late nineteenth century, the motive for the new imperialism shifted towards the desire to control large territories directly. Unlike earlier forms of imperialism that focused on trade or setting up colonies, this new wave of imperialism aimed to establish direct political and economic control over vast territories. This desire for territorial control allowed imperial powers to exploit the resources and labor of these territories, furthering their own economic and political dominance on a global scale.

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  • 6. 

    What nation forced Vietnam to become its protectorate to prevent a rival power from expanding in the region?

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Netherlands

    Correct Answer
    B. France
    Explanation
    France forced Vietnam to become its protectorate to prevent a rival power from expanding in the region. This was a result of France's colonial ambitions and desire to establish control over Southeast Asia. By making Vietnam a protectorate, France aimed to secure its economic and strategic interests in the region, as well as prevent other European powers, such as Britain and the Netherlands, from gaining a foothold in Vietnam.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas?

    • A.

      Panama Canal

    • B.

      Dardanelles

    • C.

      Bosporus

    • D.

      Suez Canal

    Correct Answer
    D. Suez Canal
    Explanation
    The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the Dardanelles is a strait in Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus is a strait in Turkey connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. Therefore, the Suez Canal is the correct answer as it specifically connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas.

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  • 8. 

    Who were the Afrikaners?

    • A.

      The caudillos

    • B.

      The Zulu

    • C.

      The Boers

    • D.

      The Tutsi

    Correct Answer
    C. The Boers
    Explanation
    The Afrikaners were a group of Dutch-speaking settlers in South Africa, who later became known as the Boers. They were descendants of European colonists who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century. The Boers established their own independent states, the Orange Free State and the South African Republic, and had a distinct cultural identity. They played a significant role in the history of South Africa, particularly during the Boer Wars against the British Empire.

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  • 9. 

    Which country ruled its African possessions through direct rule?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      Great Britain

    • D.

      Poland

    Correct Answer
    A. France
    Explanation
    France ruled its African possessions through direct rule. Direct rule refers to a system where the colonial power governs the colony directly, without involving local leaders or institutions in the decision-making process. France implemented this approach in its African colonies, such as Algeria, Senegal, and Ivory Coast, during the period of colonization. This allowed France to have complete control over the administration, economy, and political system of these colonies.

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  • 10. 

    What colony did Queen Victoria consider her "Jewel in the Crown"?

    • A.

      South Africa

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      Burma

    • D.

      New England

    Correct Answer
    B. India
    Explanation
    During Queen Victoria's reign, India was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. This is because India was the most valuable and prosperous colony, providing significant economic benefits to Britain through its vast resources and trade. The British Empire exerted control over India, exploiting its wealth and using it as a strategic base for expanding their influence in Asia. Queen Victoria's fascination with India and its culture further solidified its status as the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire.

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  • 11. 

    Which famous leader used nonviolent resistance to help win independence for India?

    • A.

      Rabindranath Tagore

    • B.

      G.S. Aiyar

    • C.

      Mohandas Gandhi

    • D.

      Balwantrao Gangadhar Tilak

    Correct Answer
    C. Mohandas Gandhi
    Explanation
    Mohandas Gandhi is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the leader who used nonviolent resistance to help win independence for India. Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence, also known as Satyagraha, played a crucial role in India's struggle for freedom from British colonial rule. Through peaceful protests, civil disobedience, and his principles of truth and nonviolence, Gandhi inspired millions of Indians to join the fight for independence. His leadership and advocacy for nonviolent resistance made him one of the most influential figures in history.

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  • 12. 

    Who led his forces over the Andes, surprising Spanish troops and winning independence for Chile?

    • A.

      Simon Bolivar

    • B.

      Miguel Hidalgo

    • C.

      Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

    • D.

      Jose de San Martin

    Correct Answer
    D. Jose de San Martin
    Explanation
    Jose de San Martin led his forces over the Andes, surprising Spanish troops and winning independence for Chile. He was a military leader and statesman who played a crucial role in the liberation of several South American countries from Spanish rule. San Martin's strategy of crossing the Andes was a bold and unexpected move, catching the Spanish forces off guard and allowing him to secure victory for Chile. His successful military campaigns and leadership skills made him a key figure in the fight for independence in the region.

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  • 13. 

    As a result of a slave revolt led by Francois-Dominique Toussaint-Louverture, Which of the following became Latin America's first independent nation?

    • A.

      Bolivia

    • B.

      Brazil

    • C.

      Mexico

    • D.

      Haiti

    Correct Answer
    D. Haiti
    Explanation
    Haiti became Latin America's first independent nation as a result of a slave revolt led by Francois-Dominique Toussaint-Louverture. The revolt, which began in 1791, eventually led to the abolition of slavery in Haiti and the establishment of the country as an independent republic in 1804. This historic event not only marked the end of French colonial rule in Haiti but also inspired other independence movements throughout Latin America.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following was a result of the Sepoy Mutiny?

    • A.

      The rise of an Indian nationalist movement

    • B.

      The end of British direct rule in India

    • C.

      The end of recruiting Indian troops for the British army

    • D.

      The return of the Mogul ruler

    Correct Answer
    D. The return of the Mogul ruler
  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a major reason why Latin American countries remained economically dependent after political independence?

    • A.

      They imported raw materials and exported finished goods.

    • B.

      They grew food instead of cash crops.

    • C.

      They built factories instead of boosting farm production.

    • D.

      They exported raw materials and imported finished goods.

    Correct Answer
    A. They imported raw materials and exported finished goods.
    Explanation
    Latin American countries remained economically dependent after political independence because they continued to import raw materials and export finished goods. This means that they relied on other countries for the resources needed to produce goods, while their own products were primarily sold to foreign markets. This pattern of trade limited their ability to develop a diversified and self-sustaining economy, keeping them reliant on external markets and vulnerable to fluctuations in global demand and prices.

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  • 16. 

     "Europeans have a moral responsibility to civilize primitive people." This statement best expresses which of the following concepts?

    • A.

      Social Darwinism

    • B.

      Nationalism

    • C.

      The "white man's burden"

    • D.

      The Monroe Doctrine

    Correct Answer
    D. The Monroe Doctrine
    Explanation
    The statement "Europeans have a moral responsibility to civilize primitive people" best expresses the concept of The Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine was a policy introduced by President James Monroe in 1823, which stated that the United States would not tolerate any further colonization or interference by European powers in the Americas. This statement reflects the belief that Europeans had a duty to "civilize" and control indigenous populations, which was a key aspect of the Monroe Doctrine.

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  • 17. 

    A common phrase in the nineteenth century was "the sun never sets on the _______ empire." To which country in the chart does this phrase refer?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany
    Explanation
    The phrase "the sun never sets on the _______ empire" was commonly used to refer to the British Empire, not Germany. This phrase was used to highlight the vastness and global reach of the British Empire, as it had territories all around the world, ensuring that the sun was always shining on some part of the empire.

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  • 18. 

    Use this map to determine why the Panama Canal is important to the United States.

    • A.

      It is the only way to get from New York City to San Francisco.

    • B.

      It makes travel by sea from New York to San Francisco Possible.

    • C.

      It connects the east and west coasts of the United States to Latin American ports.

    • D.

      It shortens the sailing distance between the east and west coasts of the United States by many thousands of miles.

    Correct Answer
    D. It shortens the sailing distance between the east and west coasts of the United States by many thousands of miles.
    Explanation
    The Panama Canal is important to the United States because it shortens the sailing distance between the east and west coasts of the country by many thousands of miles. This allows for more efficient and cost-effective trade and transportation between the two coasts, benefiting the economy and facilitating quicker access to markets and resources.

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  • 19. 

    Analyze this chart to answer the question that follows.  Base your answer on the chart and on your knowledge of world history.

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    D. Britain
  • 20. 

    Analyze the document and answer the questions to follow the document.  Base your answers on the document and on your knowledge of world history.Miguel Hidalgo, a parish priest living in a small village about 100 miles from Mexico City, had studied the French Revolution.  Hidalgo roused the local Native Americans and mestizos to free themselves from Spanish rule.  On September 16, 1810.  Hidalgo's army attacked the Spaniards.     "My children, this day comes to us a new dispensation.  Are you ready to receive it?  Wil you be free?  Will you make the effort to recover from the hated Spanish the lands stolen from your forefathers 300 years ago?"What emotions is Hidalgo trying to arouse?

    • A.

      Righteous indignation

    • B.

      Despair

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Appreciation for their Spanish heritage

    • E.

      A and D only

    • F.

      B and C only

    • G.

      A and C only

    Correct Answer
    G. A and C only
    Explanation
    Hidalgo is trying to arouse righteous indignation and anger among the local Native Americans and mestizos. He wants them to feel a sense of injustice and outrage towards the Spanish rule and the lands that were stolen from their forefathers 300 years ago.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872
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