U.S. Imperialism At The Turn Of The Century

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U.S. Imperialism At The Turn Of The Century - Quiz

This is your Ch. 10 quiz. You can use notes for a maximum grade of a C.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Under President William Howard Taft, the United States gave foreign aid and bank loans to Latin American countries in return for influence in their countries.  This form of diplomacy was called:

    • A.

      Moral Diplomacy

    • B.

      Mission Diplomacy

    • C.

      Big Stick Diplomacy

    • D.

      Dollar Diplomacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Dollar Diplomacy
    Explanation
    Under President William Howard Taft, the United States implemented a policy known as Dollar Diplomacy. This policy involved providing foreign aid and bank loans to Latin American countries with the aim of gaining influence in their affairs. The term "Dollar Diplomacy" reflects the focus on economic interests and financial investments as a means of exerting influence and expanding American influence in the region.

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  • 2. 

    Which American leader led the Rough Riders into battle during the Spanish American War?

    • A.

      John Pershing

    • B.

      George Dewey

    • C.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • D.

      Woodrow Wilson

    Correct Answer
    C. Theodore Roosevelt
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt led the Rough Riders into battle during the Spanish American War. As the Assistant Secretary of the Navy at the time, Roosevelt resigned from his position and formed the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, also known as the Rough Riders. He personally led the regiment into battle in Cuba, demonstrating his bravery and leadership skills. Roosevelt's involvement in the war helped to boost his political career and eventually led him to become the 26th President of the United States.

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  • 3. 

    Which was NOT included in the Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American war?

    • A.

      Spain released Cuba from it's control.

    • B.

      Spain forced to free Cuban slaves

    • C.

      Spain turned over Guam to US

    • D.

      Spain sold Philipines to US

    • E.

      Spain gave US Puerto Rico

    • F.

      Panama gained its independence from Colombia

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Spain forced to free Cuban slaves
    F. Panama gained its independence from Colombia
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American war included several provisions, such as Spain releasing Cuba from its control, Spain turning over Guam to the US, Spain selling the Philippines to the US, and Spain giving Puerto Rico to the US. However, it did not include the provision of Spain being forced to free Cuban slaves. Additionally, the question mentions that Panama gained its independence from Colombia, which is not directly related to the Treaty of Paris.

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  • 4. 

    Which was not a leading factor of imperialism?

    • A.

      Desire for military strength

    • B.

      Need new markets for exports

    • C.

      A need for more immigrants

    • D.

      Belief in cultural superiority

    Correct Answer
    C. A need for more immigrants
    Explanation
    A need for more immigrants was not a leading factor of imperialism. Imperialism was driven by various factors such as the desire for military strength, the need for new markets for exports, and the belief in cultural superiority. However, the need for more immigrants was not a significant factor in the expansion of imperialist powers.

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  • 5. 

    What is Imperialism?

    • A.

      The policy of a country or empire to extend it's authority or domination by political, economic or military means.

    • B.

      When a country wants to extend it's authority by war

    • C.

      When a country wants to extend it's authority by force

    • D.

      The policy of economic powers which use cultural assimilation to influence smaller countries.

    Correct Answer
    A. The policy of a country or empire to extend it's authority or domination by political, economic or military means.
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the policy of a country or empire seeking to expand its authority or domination through various means such as political, economic, or military. This can involve exerting control over other territories, acquiring colonies, or influencing smaller countries. The correct answer accurately captures the essence of imperialism by encompassing the different methods by which a country or empire may seek to extend its authority.

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  • 6. 

    Which territory was obtained from Russia by Secretary of State William Seward and was so unpopular that it became known as "Seward's Folly"?

    • A.

      Alaska

    • B.

      Puerto Rico

    • C.

      Hawaii

    • D.

      Guam

    • E.

      Philippines

    Correct Answer
    A. Alaska
    Explanation
    Alaska was obtained from Russia by Secretary of State William Seward and was so unpopular that it became known as "Seward's Folly".

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  • 7. 

    How did the Hawaiian Islands become a part of the US?

    • A.

      Hawaii was purchased from Russia

    • B.

      Hawaii was acquired from Spain during the Spanish American war

    • C.

      Hawaiians voted to become Americans

    • D.

      American planters overthrew the queen with the help of the U.S. Marines, and it was later annexed by the U.S.

    Correct Answer
    D. American planters overthrew the queen with the help of the U.S. Marines, and it was later annexed by the U.S.
    Explanation
    American planters overthrew the queen with the help of the U.S. Marines, and it was later annexed by the U.S. This answer explains how the Hawaiian Islands became a part of the US. It highlights that American planters, with the assistance of the U.S. Marines, overthrew the queen of Hawaii. Following the overthrow, the islands were annexed by the United States. This explanation provides a clear and concise account of the events that led to Hawaii becoming a part of the US.

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  • 8. 

    The time when powerful nations created large empires by exercising economic and political control over weaker regions was called an age of

    • A.

      Expansionism

    • B.

      Isolationism

    • C.

      Civilization

    • D.

      Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    D. Imperialism
    Explanation
    During the time when powerful nations created large empires by exercising economic and political control over weaker regions, it was known as imperialism. Imperialism refers to the policy or practice of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, military force, or economic domination. This term accurately describes the actions of powerful nations during this period, as they sought to expand their territories and exert control over weaker regions to further their own interests.

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  • 9. 

    What was the immediate spark of the Spanish-American War

    • A.

      The attack of General Weyler on U.S. citizens living in Cuba.

    • B.

      The explosion of the battleship Maine

    • C.

      The opening of the Panama Canal

    • D.

      The cruelty of General Weyler

    Correct Answer
    B. The explosion of the battleship Maine
    Explanation
    The immediate spark of the Spanish-American War was the explosion of the battleship Maine. This event occurred in Havana Harbor in 1898 and resulted in the deaths of 260 American sailors. The incident heightened tensions between the United States and Spain, leading to the outbreak of the war. The sinking of the Maine was widely publicized and fueled anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States, ultimately pushing the country towards armed conflict.

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  • 10. 

    Which event did NOT feed the fever for war against Spain?

    • A.

      President William McKinley's assassination in 1901

    • B.

      Americans were sympathetic to the Cuban revolution against Spain

    • C.

      An explosion sank the battleship ' Maine '

    • D.

      Sensational news coverage in the New York World and New York Journal aroused American anger.

    Correct Answer
    A. President William McKinley's assassination in 1901
    Explanation
    President William McKinley's assassination in 1901 did not feed the fever for war against Spain. The assassination of McKinley, although a significant event in American history, did not directly contribute to the growing tension and desire for war with Spain. The other events mentioned, such as the sympathy towards the Cuban revolution, the sinking of the battleship Maine, and the sensational news coverage, all played a role in fueling the anger and desire for war against Spain. However, McKinley's assassination was unrelated to the conflict with Spain.

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  • 11. 

    As a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the US gained what territories?

    • A.

      Panama, Columbia, and Cuba

    • B.

      Mexico, Panama, and Cuba

    • C.

      The Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico

    • D.

      Cuba, the Philippines, and Guam

    Correct Answer
    C. The Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. This is because as a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the US acquired these territories. Panama, Columbia, and Cuba were not gained through this treaty, and Mexico was not mentioned as a territory gained.

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  • 12. 

    "It is not necessary to own people in order to trade with them. We carry on trade today with every part of the world, and our commerce (trade) has expanded more rapidly than the commerce of any European Empire. We do not own Japan or China but we trade with their people." The statement above most reflects the beliefs of a(n)

    • A.

      Supporter of expansion and imperialism

    • B.

      Anti-imperialist

    • C.

      Nativist

    • D.

      Yellow journalist

    Correct Answer
    B. Anti-imperialist
    Explanation
    The given statement emphasizes that it is not necessary to own people in order to trade with them. It highlights the fact that trade can occur without the need for imperialism or expansion. This aligns with the beliefs of an anti-imperialist, as they would advocate for peaceful trade and interactions with other nations without the intention of colonization or domination.

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  • 13. 

    The Industrialization of the US influenced America's foreign policy and contributed to the rise of US imperialism because of the need for natural resources for factories and open markets for products.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Industrialization of the US led to a need for natural resources to fuel factories and open markets to sell products. This desire for resources and markets drove the US to adopt a more imperialistic foreign policy, seeking to expand its influence and control over other countries. This can be seen in events such as the Spanish-American War and the acquisition of territories like the Philippines. Therefore, the statement that the Industrialization of the US influenced America's foreign policy and contributed to the rise of US imperialism is true.

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  • 14. 

    The act of a larger, more industrialized nation, taking over a weaker, less industrialized nation

    Correct Answer
    Imperialism
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the practice of a powerful nation exerting its control over a weaker nation, often through economic, political, or military means. This involves the larger, more industrialized nation dominating and exploiting the resources, markets, and people of the less industrialized nation. Imperialism was a common practice during the 19th and early 20th centuries, with European powers colonizing and controlling territories in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. This allowed the imperialist nations to expand their influence and increase their wealth and power.

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  • 15. 

    Newspapers exaggeration of stories to sell more copies / biased & untrue. 

    Correct Answer
    Yellow Journalism
    Explanation
    Yellow Journalism refers to the practice of sensationalizing news stories, often through exaggeration or the inclusion of biased and untrue information, with the aim of attracting more readers and increasing newspaper sales. This type of journalism prioritizes sensationalism over accuracy and objectivity, often leading to the spread of misinformation and the manipulation of public opinion. Yellow Journalism has been criticized for its unethical practices and its negative impact on the credibility of the media.

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  • 16. 

    Also known as the "Big Stick Policy" it was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine where the U.S. would use force if necessary and intervene in Latin America to preserve law and order 

    Correct Answer
    Roosevelt Corollary
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Roosevelt Corollary." The Roosevelt Corollary was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, which stated that the United States would use force if necessary and intervene in Latin America to preserve law and order. This policy, also known as the "Big Stick Policy," reflected President Theodore Roosevelt's belief in asserting American power and influence in the Western Hemisphere. The Roosevelt Corollary aimed to establish the United States as the dominant power in the region and protect its economic and political interests.

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  • 17. 

    Created a shorter trade route and method of travel from the east to west.

    Correct Answer
    Panama Canal
    Explanation
    The Panama Canal was created to provide a shorter trade route and method of travel from the east to west. By connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, it eliminated the need for ships to travel around the southern tip of South America, saving time and resources. The canal's construction revolutionized global trade and transportation, allowing for quicker and more efficient movement of goods and people between the two coasts.

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  • 18. 

    Rudyard Kipling's poem that encouraged the United States to become imperialist and "serve your captives need" was titled:  

    • A.

      Roosevelt's Burden

    • B.

      Cultural Superiority

    • C.

      White Man's Burden

    • D.

      Seward's Folly

    Correct Answer
    C. White Man's Burden
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "White Man's Burden." This poem by Rudyard Kipling encouraged the United States to become imperialist and take on the responsibility of governing and "civilizing" other nations. It reflects the belief in cultural superiority and the idea that it is the duty of the white race to bring progress and civilization to other peoples. The term "White Man's Burden" became widely used to justify colonialism and imperialism during that time period.

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  • 19. 

    The advertisement appeared in a 1900 Harper's magazine.  What cause of imperialism does it refer to?

    • A.

      Military Stregnth

    • B.

      Open Markets

    • C.

      Mission diplomacy

    • D.

      Cultural Superiority

    Correct Answer
    D. Cultural Superiority
    Explanation
    The advertisement from a 1900 Harper's magazine suggests that the cause of imperialism it refers to is "Cultural Superiority." This implies that the advertisement promotes the idea that the imperial power believes in their cultural superiority and therefore justifies their expansion and dominance over other nations.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following territories became a protectorate after the Spanish American war?

    • A.

      Cuba

    • B.

      Puerto Rico

    • C.

      Phillipinnes

    • D.

      Guam

    Correct Answer
    A. Cuba
    Explanation
    After the Spanish American war, Cuba became a protectorate. This means that although it maintained its own government, it was under the control and protection of another country, in this case, the United States. The United States played a significant role in Cuba's affairs, including military intervention and the establishment of military bases. This protectorate status lasted until 1934 when the U.S. officially granted Cuba its independence.

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  • 21. 

    U.S. Secretary of state John Hay addressed European leaders and asked them to share trading rights to China with the United States.  

    • A.

      Open door notes

    • B.

      Boxer communication

    • C.

      Open markets notes

    • D.

      Cultural superiority notes

    Correct Answer
    A. Open door notes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Open door notes. John Hay, the U.S. Secretary of State, advocated for the Open Door Policy in China, which aimed to ensure equal trading opportunities for all nations in China. The Open Door Notes were a series of diplomatic messages sent by Hay to European powers, urging them to respect China's territorial integrity and not to establish exclusive spheres of influence. This policy was significant in promoting free trade and preventing the colonization of China by foreign powers.

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  • 22. 

    The idea that the United States should intervene in Latin America to protect its Economic interest was called

    • A.

      Dollar diplomacy

    • B.

      Mission diplomacy

    • C.

      Roosevelt Corollary

    • D.

      Open door policy

    Correct Answer
    C. Roosevelt Corollary
    Explanation
    The Roosevelt Corollary was an idea that the United States should intervene in Latin America to protect its economic interests. This policy was an extension of the Monroe Doctrine and asserted the right of the United States to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries to maintain stability and protect American investments. It was named after President Theodore Roosevelt, who believed that the United States had a responsibility to act as an international police power in the Western Hemisphere. This policy was implemented during the early 20th century and had a significant impact on US-Latin American relations.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following reasons was the reason for Hawaii’s annexation.

    • A.

      Desire for military strength

    • B.

      Thirst for open markets

    • C.

      Belief in cultural superiority

    • D.

      All options

    • E.

      None of the options

    Correct Answer
    D. All options
    Explanation
    The reason for Hawaii's annexation was a combination of all the options given. The United States desired military strength in the Pacific region, as Hawaii's strategic location provided a valuable naval base. Additionally, the U.S. wanted to expand its access to open markets, and Hawaii's sugar industry offered economic opportunities. Finally, there was a belief in cultural superiority, as the U.S. saw itself as the superior civilization and felt a duty to bring its values and institutions to other territories.

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  • 24. 

    He was sent in pursuit of Pancho Villa in order to protect U.S. economic interests.

    • A.

      Valeriano Weyler

    • B.

      Teddy Roosevelt

    • C.

      William Hearst

    • D.

      John Pershing

    Correct Answer
    D. John Pershing
    Explanation
    John Pershing was sent in pursuit of Pancho Villa in order to protect U.S. economic interests. This is because Pancho Villa, a Mexican revolutionary leader, had led a raid on the town of Columbus, New Mexico, in 1916, which resulted in the deaths of several Americans. As a response, President Woodrow Wilson ordered Pershing, who was a General in the U.S. Army, to lead an expedition into Mexico to capture or kill Villa. The main motive behind this pursuit was to safeguard American economic interests and maintain stability along the U.S.-Mexico border.

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  • 25. 

    What does this image refer 

    • A.

      Rough Riders attack on San Juan Hill

    • B.

      Bombing of the U.S.S. Maine

    • C.

      Boxer Rebellion in Maine

    • D.

      Open Door notes to Spain

    Correct Answer
    B. Bombing of the U.S.S. Maine
    Explanation
    The correct answer refers to the Bombing of the U.S.S. Maine. This event occurred in 1898 and was a key factor that led to the United States' involvement in the Spanish-American War. The U.S.S. Maine, an American battleship, exploded and sank in Havana Harbor, Cuba. The incident was initially blamed on Spain, which heightened tensions between the two countries and ultimately led to the U.S. declaring war on Spain.

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