Chapter 21: Imperialism Test

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Chapter 21: Imperialism Test - Quiz

A quiz to practice for your Chapter 21 Test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If a colony was run by ____, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country.

    • A.

      Divine rule

    • B.

      Direct rule

    • C.

      colonial rule

    • D.

      Indirect rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct rule
    Explanation
    Direct rule refers to a system in which the mother country takes direct control over a colony, removing local elites from power and replacing them with officials from the mother country. This allows for a more centralized and direct control over the colony's administration and policies.

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  • 2. 

    The only free states remaining in Africa by 1914 were  

    • A.

      Liberia and Ethiopia.

    • B.

      Nigeria and Rhodesia.

    • C.

      Egypt and Morocco.

    • D.

      Rhodesia and Algeria.

    Correct Answer
    A. Liberia and Ethiopia.
    Explanation
    By 1914, most of Africa had been colonized by European powers, leaving only two countries that remained independent: Liberia and Ethiopia. Liberia was founded by freed American slaves in the early 19th century and maintained its independence throughout the colonial period. Ethiopia, on the other hand, successfully resisted colonization by defeating Italian forces in the Battle of Adwa in 1896. These two countries were the only remaining free states in Africa by 1914.

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  • 3. 

    Lord Macaulay designed a new school system in India to

    • A.

      Better educate Indians to take over the governing of the country

    • B.

      Westernize the Indian population with the hopes of eliminating Hinduism

    • C.

      Civilize the population, which the British colonists deemed backward

    • D.

      Train Indian children to serve in the colonial government and army.

    Correct Answer
    D. Train Indian children to serve in the colonial government and army.
    Explanation
    Lord Macaulay designed a new school system in India with the intention of training Indian children to serve in the colonial government and army. This indicates that the British colonists aimed to groom a generation of Indians who would be loyal to the colonial administration and effectively serve their interests. The focus was on producing individuals who could contribute to the functioning of the colonial government and military, rather than on empowering or educating Indians to govern their own country.

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  • 4. 

    ______________ was the President of the United States who was interested in obtaining the Philippines as a colony.

    Correct Answer
    McKinley, president mckinley, Mckinley, President McKinley, William McKinley
    Explanation
    McKinley was the President of the United States and was interested in obtaining the Philippines as a colony.

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  • 5. 

    Europeans used the phrase “_______________” to describe the responsibility of Europeans to bring civilization and religion to the “dark continent’ of Africa.

    Correct Answer
    white man's burden
    Explanation
    The phrase "white man's burden" was used by Europeans to describe their perceived responsibility to bring civilization and religion to Africa, which they considered to be a "dark continent." This phrase reflects the paternalistic and colonial mindset of Europeans during the era of imperialism, where they believed it was their duty to civilize and educate indigenous peoples. This concept was used to justify the colonization and exploitation of Africa by European powers.

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  • 6. 

    The New York Herald hired _____________ to search for David Livingstone after the latter went missing in Africa.

    Correct Answer
    Stanley
    Henry Stanley
    stanley
    stanly
    Explanation
    The New York Herald hired Stanley, specifically Henry Stanley, to search for David Livingstone after the latter went missing in Africa.

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  • 7. 

    The conservative elites in Mexico chose ____ to lead a revolt against Spanish rule.

    • A.

      Sancho Panza

    • B.

      Miguel Hidalgo

    • C.

      Simón Bolívar

    • D.

      Agustín de Iturbide

    Correct Answer
    D. Agustín de Iturbide
    Explanation
    Agustín de Iturbide was chosen by the conservative elites in Mexico to lead a revolt against Spanish rule.

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  • 8. 

    Two conditions driving colonization by major European countries were

    • A.

      Humanitarian concerns and nation building

    • B.

      the search for new markets and new sources of natural resources

    • C.

      The need for overseas bases and a desire to educate the world

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. the search for new markets and new sources of natural resources
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the search for new markets and new sources of natural resources. This is because during the time of colonization, European countries were looking to expand their economies and increase their wealth. They saw colonies as a way to access new markets for their goods and to obtain valuable natural resources that were not available in their own countries. This drive for economic gain was a major factor in driving colonization by major European countries.

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  • 9. 

    Which two men were considered the "Liberators of South America"?

    • A.

      Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo

    • B.

      Miguel Hidalgo and Jose de San Martin

    • C.

      Simon Bolivar and Iturbide

    • D.

      Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin

    Correct Answer
    D. Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
    Explanation
    Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin were considered the "Liberators of South America" because they played crucial roles in the fight for independence against Spanish colonial rule in the early 19th century. Simon Bolivar, known as "The Liberator," led the liberation movements in northern South America, including Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Jose de San Martin, known as the "Protector of Peru," led the liberation movements in southern South America, including Argentina, Chile, and Peru. Together, Bolivar and San Martin were instrumental in achieving independence for many countries in South America and are revered as national heroes in those countries.

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  • 10. 

    The British government ruled India directly through a British official known as a ____________.

    Correct Answer
    viceroy
    Viceroy
    Explanation
    The British government ruled India directly through a British official known as a viceroy. A viceroy was appointed by the British monarch and served as the representative of the British government in India. They held significant power and authority, overseeing the administration and governance of the country. The viceroy was responsible for implementing British policies, maintaining law and order, and managing relations with the Indian princely states. Their role was crucial in maintaining British control over India during the period of British colonial rule.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following was a term that referred to a person born in Spain but representing Spanish interests in the New World?

    • A.

      Mestizo

    • B.

      Mulatto

    • C.

      Peninsulares

    • D.

      Creole

    Correct Answer
    C. Peninsulares
    Explanation
    The term "Peninsulares" refers to a person who was born in Spain but represented Spanish interests in the New World. This term was used to distinguish them from the "Creoles," who were people of Spanish descent but born in the New World. The Peninsulares held higher positions of power and authority in the colonies due to their direct connection to Spain.

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  • 12. 

    France had the largest presence in which of the following areas of Africa?  

    • A.

      East

    • B.

      West

    • C.

      South

    • D.

      Northeast

    Correct Answer
    B. West
    Explanation
    France had the largest presence in West Africa. This can be attributed to France's colonial history and its establishment of several colonies in this region. The French colonized countries such as Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Niger, among others. They exerted significant political, economic, and cultural influence in West Africa, including the imposition of the French language and administration systems. France's presence in West Africa lasted until the mid-20th century when most countries gained independence.

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  • 13. 

    ___________ was a freedom fighter who fought against the occupation of the Philippines by the United States.

    Correct Answer
    Aguinaldo
    Emilio Aguinaldo
    aguinaldo
    Explanation
    Emilio Aguinaldo was a prominent freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the fight against the occupation of the Philippines by the United States. He was the leader of the Philippine Revolution and the first President of the Philippines. Aguinaldo led numerous battles and campaigns against the American forces, advocating for the independence and sovereignty of his country. His efforts and determination made him a significant figure in Philippine history and the struggle for independence.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following was NOT an effect of British rule in India?

    • A.

      The destruction of local markets by British manufactured goods

    • B.

      A decrease in food production

    • C.

      the introduction of the telegraph

    • D.

      Thousands of Indians were forced into concentration camps

    Correct Answer
    D. Thousands of Indians were forced into concentration camps
    Explanation
    During British rule in India, the destruction of local markets by British manufactured goods had a significant impact. This resulted in a decrease in food production as local industries were unable to compete. Additionally, the introduction of the telegraph was another effect, as it revolutionized communication in India. However, there is no historical evidence to suggest that thousands of Indians were forced into concentration camps during British rule.

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  • 15. 

    President James Monroe issued the ____________, guaranteeing the independence of the new Latin American nations and warning against European intervention in the Americas.

    Correct Answer
    Monroe Doctrine
    monroe doctrine
    Monroe doctrine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Monroe Doctrine." The Monroe Doctrine was a policy issued by President James Monroe that guaranteed the independence of the new Latin American nations and warned against European intervention in the Americas. It aimed to establish the United States as the dominant power in the Western Hemisphere and to prevent any further colonization or interference from European powers. The doctrine had a significant impact on American foreign policy and set the stage for the United States' role as a regional power in the Americas.

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