Human Origins - Primate Evolution

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Human Origins - Primate Evolution - Quiz


This is over primate evolution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    These are all monkeys, apes, and humans.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    A. Anthropoid
    Explanation
    The term "anthropoid" refers to a group of primates that includes monkeys, apes, and humans. It is a broad category that encompasses all these species, highlighting their similarities and evolutionary relationships. The other options provided, such as "catarrhine," "hominoid," and "platyrrhine," are more specific classifications within the anthropoid group. Therefore, "anthropoid" is the correct answer as it encompasses all the mentioned primates.

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  • 2. 

    These are Old World monkeys, apes, and humans.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    B. Catarrhine
    Explanation
    Catarrhine refers to a group of primates that includes Old World monkeys, apes, and humans. This group is characterized by having narrow nostrils that are close together and face downward. The term "catarrhine" is derived from the Greek words "katarrhinos," meaning "downward," and "rhinos," meaning "nose." This feature distinguishes them from another group of primates called platyrrhines, which have wide nostrils that are far apart and face sideways. Therefore, the correct answer is Catarrhine.

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  • 3. 

    These have the dental formula of 2, 1, 2, 3.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    B. Catarrhine
    Explanation
    Catarrhine primates, including Old World monkeys and apes, have the dental formula of 2, 1, 2, 3. This means they have two incisors, one canine, two premolars, and three molars on each side of their upper and lower jaws. This dental formula is characteristic of catarrhine primates and distinguishes them from other primate groups such as platyrrhines (New World monkeys) and hominoids (apes and humans). Therefore, the correct answer is Catarrhine.

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  • 4. 

    These are New World monkeys.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    D. Platyrrhine
    Explanation
    Platyrrhine is the correct answer because it refers to the group of New World monkeys. Platyrrhine monkeys are characterized by having broad, flat noses with nostrils that open to the side. They are found in Central and South America, and they are distinct from the Catarrhine monkeys, which are found in Africa and Asia. The term Anthropoid refers to a group that includes both New World and Old World monkeys, as well as apes and humans. Hominoid specifically refers to the group of apes and humans.

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  • 5. 

    These have the dental formula of 2, 1, 3, 3.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    D. Platyrrhine
    Explanation
    Platyrrhine primates, also known as New World monkeys, have the dental formula of 2, 1, 3, 3. This means that they have two incisors, one canine, three premolars, and three molars on each side of their mouth. This dental formula is unique to New World monkeys and distinguishes them from other primate groups such as anthropoids, catarrhines, and hominoids. Therefore, the correct answer is Platyrrhine.

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  • 6. 

    These are apes and humans.

    • A.

      Anthropoid

    • B.

      Catarrhine

    • C.

      Hominoid

    • D.

      Platyrrhine

    Correct Answer
    C. Hominoid
    Explanation
    The given options are classifications of primates. Anthropoid refers to a group of primates that includes apes and humans. Catarrhine is a sub-group of anthropoids that includes Old World monkeys and apes. Platyrrhine is another sub-group of anthropoids that includes New World monkeys. Hominoid is the correct answer because it specifically refers to apes and humans, which are the only members of this group.

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  • 7. 

    The first archaic primates (or plesiadapiforms) appear during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    D. Paleocene
    Explanation
    During the Paleocene epoch, the first archaic primates, known as plesiadapiforms, emerged. This period, which occurred approximately 66 to 56 million years ago, marked the beginning of primate evolution and the development of traits that would later characterize modern primates. The appearance of these early primates during the Paleocene makes it the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    This time period was about 65-55.8 million years ago.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    D. Paleocene
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Paleocene. The Paleocene epoch occurred approximately 65-55.8 million years ago. It is the first epoch of the Paleogene period and follows the extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs. During this time, mammals began to diversify and fill ecological niches left vacant by the dinosaurs. The Paleocene is characterized by a warm climate and the emergence of new plant and animal species.

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  • 9. 

    This time period was about 55.8-33 million years ago.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Eocene. The time period mentioned, 55.8-33 million years ago, corresponds to the Eocene epoch. The Eocene epoch was characterized by a warm climate and the diversification of many modern mammal groups. It was a time of significant global change, including the spread of grasslands and the emergence of new species.

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  • 10. 

    Euprimates replace plesiadapiforms during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    During the Eocene epoch, Euprimates replaced plesiadapiforms, which were early primate-like mammals. This suggests that the Eocene was a crucial time for the evolution and diversification of primates. The Eocene is known for being a period of warm climate and abundant forests, providing ideal conditions for the expansion of primate populations. The rise of Euprimates during this time signifies the emergence of more advanced primate species that eventually gave rise to the diverse array of primates we see today.

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  • 11. 

    Lorisoids (lorises and galagos) evolved during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    During the Eocene epoch, which lasted from about 56 to 34 million years ago, lorisoids, including lorises and galagos, evolved. This period was characterized by a warm climate and the diversification of various mammalian groups. Lorisoids adapted to the tropical forests and developed unique traits such as their slow movements and specialized hands and feet for climbing trees. The Eocene was a crucial time for the evolution of primates, and the emergence of lorisoids during this period played a significant role in the development of primate diversity.

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  • 12. 

    Tarsiers appear in fossil record during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    Tarsiers appear in the fossil record during the Eocene period. The Eocene is a geological epoch that occurred between 56 and 33.9 million years ago. During this time, the climate was warm and tropical, providing a suitable habitat for tarsiers. Fossil evidence suggests that tarsiers evolved and diversified during the Eocene, making it the most likely period for their appearance in the fossil record. The other options, Miocene, Oligocene, and Paleocene, are all different geological epochs that occurred before or after the Eocene, and there is no evidence to suggest that tarsiers existed during those times.

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  • 13. 

    The Algeripithecus, the earliest known anthropoid, appears during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    During the Eocene epoch, the Algeripithecus, the earliest known anthropoid, emerged. This period, which lasted from approximately 56 to 33.9 million years ago, was characterized by a warm climate and the diversification of various mammal groups. The appearance of the Algeripithecus during this time suggests that anthropoids, a group that includes monkeys, apes, and humans, began to evolve and differentiate from other primates. The Eocene epoch was a crucial period in the evolutionary history of primates, marking the emergence of anthropoids and setting the stage for the development of more advanced primate species in later epochs.

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  • 14. 

    The Catopithecus, the earliest known catarrhine, appears during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    A. Eocene
    Explanation
    During the Eocene period, the Catopithecus, which is the earliest known catarrhine, appears. This implies that the Catopithecus species emerged and thrived during this specific time period. The other options, Miocene, Oligocene, and Paleocene, are not relevant as they do not correspond to the appearance of the Catopithecus.

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  • 15. 

    This time period was about 33-23 million years ago.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligocene
    Explanation
    The Oligocene period occurred approximately 33-23 million years ago. It was a time of significant climate change, with the Earth transitioning from a greenhouse to an icehouse state. The period is characterized by the spread of grasslands, the diversification of mammals, and the emergence of many modern plant and animal groups. The Oligocene is an important period in Earth's history as it marks the beginning of the decline of tropical rainforests and the rise of more open habitats.

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  • 16. 

    Most of these anthropoid fossils come from the Fayum in Egypt.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligocene
    Explanation
    Most of these anthropoid fossils come from the Fayum in Egypt, which is known for its rich deposits of fossilized remains from the Oligocene period. The Oligocene epoch occurred approximately 34 to 23 million years ago and is characterized by the diversification and spread of anthropoid primates. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the majority of these anthropoid fossils would be from the Oligocene period.

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  • 17. 

    Old and New World anthropoids diverged during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligocene
    Explanation
    During the Oligocene epoch, which occurred approximately 34 to 23 million years ago, the divergence between Old and New World anthropoids took place. Anthropoids are a group of primates that includes monkeys, apes, and humans. This period marked an important evolutionary event in the history of primates, as it led to the development of distinct lineages in the Old and New World. The Oligocene epoch was characterized by significant changes in the Earth's climate and environment, which likely played a role in the divergence of these anthropoid groups.

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  • 18. 

    New World monkeys reach South America (possibly even earlier) during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligocene
    Explanation
    During the Oligocene period, New World monkeys likely reached South America. This is supported by fossil evidence that suggests the presence of these monkeys in South America during this time. The Oligocene period occurred approximately 34 to 23 million years ago, and it was a time of significant geological and climatic changes. The formation of land bridges and changes in sea levels may have facilitated the migration of these monkeys to South America. Therefore, the Oligocene period is the most likely time when New World monkeys reached South America.

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  • 19. 

    This time period was about 23-5.3 million years ago.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    B. Miocene
    Explanation
    The Miocene period occurred approximately 23-5.3 million years ago. This period is characterized by a significant diversification and expansion of mammals, including the emergence of early apes and hominids. The climate during the Miocene was generally warm and stable, with forests covering much of the Earth. This period also witnessed the development of grasslands and the spread of grassland-adapted animals. The Miocene is an important time in Earth's history, marking the transition from the Oligocene to the Pliocene and setting the stage for further evolutionary changes.

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  • 20. 

    Dental apes and true apes appear in the fossil record during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    B. Miocene
    Explanation
    During the Miocene epoch, both dental apes and true apes first appeared in the fossil record. This suggests that this time period was significant for the evolution and diversification of these primate groups. The Eocene, Oligocene, and Paleocene epochs preceded the Miocene and did not have evidence of the presence of dental apes and true apes. Therefore, the Miocene is the most likely time period when these apes first emerged.

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  • 21. 

    Apes dispersed out of Africa to colonize Europe and Asia during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    B. Miocene
    Explanation
    During the Miocene epoch, which occurred approximately 23 to 5.3 million years ago, apes dispersed out of Africa and colonized Europe and Asia. This period was characterized by significant geological and climatic changes, including the formation of the Mediterranean Sea and the emergence of grasslands. These environmental shifts likely provided opportunities for apes to expand their range and adapt to new habitats, leading to their dispersal into Europe and Asia.

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  • 22. 

    Gigantopithecus, the largest ape, lived in Asia during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    B. Miocene
    Explanation
    During the Miocene epoch, Gigantopithecus, the largest ape, lived in Asia. This period, which lasted from about 23 to 5.3 million years ago, was characterized by a diverse range of ape species, including Gigantopithecus. Fossil evidence indicates that Gigantopithecus was indeed a massive ape, with estimates suggesting it could reach heights of up to 10 feet and weigh over 1,000 pounds. Its presence during the Miocene epoch aligns with the information provided in the question.

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  • 23. 

    The ancestors of extant apes evolved during this time.

    • A.

      Eocene

    • B.

      Miocene

    • C.

      Oligocene

    • D.

      Paleocene

    Correct Answer
    B. Miocene
    Explanation
    During the Miocene epoch, which occurred between 23 and 5.3 million years ago, the ancestors of extant apes evolved. This period is often referred to as the "golden age of apes" as it saw the emergence and diversification of apes, including ancestors of modern-day gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, and chimpanzees. The Miocene was characterized by a warm and stable climate, providing favorable conditions for the development and expansion of ape populations. Fossil evidence from this time period supports the theory that the Miocene was a crucial period in the evolution of apes.

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  • 24. 

    _________________ most likely evolved in North America during the Paleocene period.

    Correct Answer
    Plesiadapiforms
    Explanation
    Plesiadapiforms are believed to have most likely evolved in North America during the Paleocene period. This is based on fossil evidence and the distribution of Plesiadapiform fossils found in North America. Plesiadapiforms were an early group of primates that lived around 65 to 55 million years ago, and they are considered to be the earliest known primates. The Paleocene period, which occurred approximately 66 to 56 million years ago, was a time when mammals were diversifying and evolving into different forms. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that Plesiadapiforms originated in North America during this period.

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  • 25. 

    The 3 families of the plesiadapiforms are (in alphabetical order):

    Correct Answer
    Carpolestidae, Plesiadapidae, and Purgatoriidae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the three families of the plesiadapiforms are Carpolestidae, Plesiadapidae, and Purgatoriidae.

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  • 26. 

    _________________ are early archaic primates that lived during the Paleocene that went extinct during the Eocene.

    Correct Answer
    Plesiadapiforms
    Explanation
    Plesiadapiforms are early archaic primates that lived during the Paleocene and became extinct during the Eocene. They were a diverse group of mammals that resembled primates but were not directly ancestral to them. Plesiadapiforms had a range of adaptations, including grasping hands and feet, forward-facing eyes, and dental structures similar to those of primates. However, they lacked some key primate characteristics, such as a fully opposable thumb. The extinction of plesiadapiforms during the Eocene marked the end of their lineage, paving the way for the rise of true primates.

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  • 27. 

    These have a very small body size, probably filled rodent-like niches, and did not possess all derived primate traits.

    Correct Answer
    Plesiadapiforms
    Explanation
    Plesiadapiforms are suggested as the correct answer because they have a small body size and are believed to have occupied rodent-like niches. Additionally, they did not possess all the advanced characteristics found in primates. This suggests that plesiadapiforms were a group of early primates or primate-like mammals that existed in the past.

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  • 28. 

    What are the two Superfamilies of Euprimates during the Eocene period?

    Correct Answer
    Adapoidea and Omomyoidea
    Explanation
    During the Eocene period, there were two superfamilies of Euprimates known as Adapoidea and Omomyoidea. These two superfamilies were characterized by their unique anatomical features and evolutionary traits. Adapoidea included species with adaptations for arboreal life, such as elongated limbs and grasping hands and feet. On the other hand, Omomyoidea consisted of species with smaller body sizes and more generalized features. These two superfamilies played a significant role in the diversification and evolution of primates during the Eocene period.

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  • 29. 

    What are the three families of the Adapoids during the Eocene period (in alphabetical order)?

    Correct Answer
    Adapids, Amphipithecids, and Notharctids
    Explanation
    During the Eocene period, there were three families of Adapoids: Adapids, Amphipithecids, and Notharctids. These families are listed in alphabetical order. Adapids, Amphipithecids, and Notharctids were all groups of primates that lived during the Eocene period.

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  • 30. 

    This is found in Fayum, Egypt, has a larger body size, sexually dimorphic, and has a dental formula of 2, 1, 2, 3.

    Correct Answer
    Aegyptopithecus
    Explanation
    Aegyptopithecus is the correct answer because it is a primate species that was found in Fayum, Egypt. It is known for having a larger body size compared to other primates, as well as being sexually dimorphic, meaning that males and females have distinct physical characteristics. The dental formula of 2, 1, 2, 3 refers to the number and types of teeth that Aegyptopithecus has, which further supports its identification as the correct answer.

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  • 31. 

    These are early Miocene apes that appear more monkey-like than ape-like.

    Correct Answer
    Dental Apes
    Explanation
    The term "Dental Apes" refers to a group of early Miocene apes that have dental characteristics resembling those of monkeys rather than apes. This suggests that these apes had dental adaptations that were more similar to monkeys, such as certain tooth shapes or arrangements. This distinction is important in understanding the evolutionary relationships and adaptations of these early apes, as it provides insights into their diet and behavior.

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  • 32. 

    What are the 3 main families of the earliest true anthropoids (in alphabetical order)?

    Correct Answer
    Oligopithecid, Parapithecid, and Propliopithecid
    Explanation
    The correct answer lists three main families of the earliest true anthropoids: Oligopithecid, Parapithecid, and Propliopithecid. These families represent different groups of early primates that existed during the Eocene epoch. Each family had its own unique characteristics and evolutionary traits that contributed to the development of anthropoids, which are a group of primates that includes monkeys, apes, and humans.

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  • 33. 

    These have an ape dental pattern (Y-5), lived in Africa, and a Pronconsul is one of these.

    Correct Answer
    Dental Apes
    Explanation
    Dental apes are a group of primates that have a specific dental pattern known as Y-5. They lived in Africa, and one example of a dental ape is Pronconsul. The term "Dental Apes" refers to this specific group of primates based on their dental characteristics and geographical location.

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  • 34. 

    This lived in Africa 20-17 million years ago, it's an early Miocene, and it may not have had a tail (a derived ape trait).

    Correct Answer
    Proconsul
    Explanation
    Proconsul is the correct answer because it is an early Miocene primate that lived in Africa around 20-17 million years ago. It is believed that Proconsul may not have had a tail, which is a characteristic found in more evolved apes.

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  • 35. 

    These are apes that have all the derived ape characteristics seen in extant apes.

    Correct Answer
    True Apes
    Explanation
    The given correct answer implies that "True Apes" refers to apes that possess all the unique characteristics that are observed in existing apes. These characteristics may include features like a large brain, lack of a tail, flexible shoulder joints, and the ability to walk upright. By stating "True Apes," it suggests that these apes are the genuine representatives of the ape species, possessing all the defining traits that set them apart from other primates.

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  • 36. 

    These look more like apes than monkeys and lived in Europe, Africa, and Asia.

    Correct Answer
    True Apes
    Explanation
    These true apes, which include species such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and orangutans, have physical characteristics that resemble humans more closely than monkeys do. They have larger bodies, longer arms, and lack a tail. True apes are found in various regions including Europe, Africa, and Asia, indicating their wide distribution across these continents. This explanation provides a brief overview of true apes and their geographical range without explicitly stating that the answer is "True Apes."

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  • 37. 

    This is one of the earliest hominoids (16 million years ago), may have been a knuckle-walker, and lived in Africa.

    Correct Answer
    Kenyapithecus
    Explanation
    Kenyapithecus is suggested as the correct answer because it is one of the earliest hominoids that lived approximately 16 million years ago. It is believed that Kenyapithecus may have been a knuckle-walker, which is a characteristic commonly associated with early hominoids. Additionally, Kenyapithecus is known to have lived in Africa, further supporting its identification as the correct answer.

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  • 38. 

    These lived 12-9 million years ago, they are the earliest European ape, they lived in France and Spain, and they had long arms and fingers indicating that it was a brachiator.

    Correct Answer
    Dryopithecus
    Explanation
    Dryopithecus is the correct answer because it fits all the given criteria. Dryopithecus lived 12-9 million years ago, making it one of the earliest European apes. It is known to have inhabited France and Spain. The mention of long arms and fingers indicates that Dryopithecus was a brachiator, which further confirms its identity as the earliest European ape.

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  • 39. 

    These lived during the later Miocene (9.6-8.7 million years ago), they have thick molar enamel and small canines, they are sexually dimorphic, they are about the size of a gorilla, and might be ancestral to African apes.

    Correct Answer
    Ouranopithecus
    Explanation
    Ouranopithecus is the correct answer because it fits all the given characteristics. The fact that they lived during the later Miocene, had thick molar enamel and small canines, were sexually dimorphic, and were about the size of a gorilla suggests that they were likely a species of ape. Additionally, the statement that they might be ancestral to African apes further supports the identification of Ouranopithecus as the correct answer.

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  • 40. 

    These lived in southern Asia, they had dished face and procumbent incisors similar to orangutans, and they did not brachiate.

    Correct Answer
    Sivapithecus
    Explanation
    Sivapithecus is the correct answer because it is a genus of extinct primates that lived in southern Asia. They had a dished face and procumbent incisors, which means their front teeth were slanted forward. This is similar to orangutans, another type of primate. Additionally, it is mentioned that they did not brachiate, which means they did not swing from tree to tree using their arms like some other primates. Therefore, based on the given information, Sivapithecus fits all the characteristics described.

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  • 41. 

    These are European hominoids.

    • A.

      Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus

    • B.

      Sivapithecus and Gigantopithecus

    Correct Answer
    A. Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus
    Explanation
    Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus are both European hominoids. This means that they are primates that are native to Europe. Sivapithecus and Gigantopithecus, on the other hand, are not European hominoids. Sivapithecus is a genus of extinct primates that lived in Asia, while Gigantopithecus is a genus of extinct primates that lived in Asia and Africa. Therefore, the correct answer is Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus.

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  • 42. 

    These are Asian hominoids.

    • A.

      Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus

    • B.

      Sivapithecus and Gigantopithecus

    Correct Answer
    B. Sivapithecus and Gigantopithecus
    Explanation
    Sivapithecus and Gigantopithecus are both Asian hominoids. Sivapithecus is an extinct genus of ape that lived in the Miocene epoch, while Gigantopithecus is also an extinct genus of ape that lived during the Pleistocene epoch. Both species are known for their large size, with Gigantopithecus being the largest known ape to have ever lived. Therefore, these two species are the correct answer as they both belong to the group of Asian hominoids mentioned in the question.

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  • 43. 

    These are the largest apes that ever lived, they are only known from teeth and jaws, and they primarily ate bamboo.

    Correct Answer
    Gigantopithecus
    Explanation
    Gigantopithecus is the correct answer because it is the largest ape known to have ever lived. The fact that it is only known from teeth and jaws suggests that there is limited fossil evidence available for this species. Additionally, the mention of its primary diet being bamboo indicates its herbivorous nature.

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  • 44. 

    In the ______ ______, molecular studies indicate that gorillas diverged from humans and chimps 9-8 million years ago, and chimps diverged from humans 6-5 million years ago. Yet there are no African hominoid fossils from 13-10 million years ago. So, we do not know if this gap is telling us that hominoids went extinct in Africa and later migrated back from Eurasia or if the extant African ape ancestors just did not fossilize.

    Correct Answer
    Ape Gap
  • 45. 

    This is a molar that has five cusps with grooves running between them, forming a Y shape. This is a characteristic of hominoids.

    Correct Answer
    Y-5 Molar
    Explanation
    The Y-5 molar refers to a specific type of molar tooth that is found in hominoids. This type of molar has five cusps, or raised points, with grooves running between them. The Y shape formed by these grooves is a characteristic feature of hominoids, which include humans and their closest relatives. This dental characteristic can be used to identify and distinguish hominoids from other species.

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  • 46. 

    There was a climate change between the Oligocene and Miocene periods. The early Miocene was considerably warmer and wetter than the Oligocene. As a result, rain forests and dense woodlands became the dominant environments of Africa during the early Miocene. It was in this forested environment of Africa that the first apelike primates evolved.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the early Miocene, there was a significant climate change, with warmer and wetter conditions compared to the Oligocene period. This change in climate led to the development of rain forests and dense woodlands in Africa. It was in these forested environments that the first apelike primates evolved. Therefore, the statement that the early Miocene was considerably warmer and wetter than the Oligocene, and that the first apelike primates evolved in Africa during this time, is true.

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  • 47. 

    The locomotion of the _________ hominoid is quadrupedal. Their brain is small compared to hominans, they have large front teeth, and they have unknwon toolmaking behaviors.

    Correct Answer
    Miocene
    Explanation
    During the Miocene epoch, some hominoids exhibited quadrupedal locomotion. This means that they moved using all four limbs, similar to modern-day monkeys and apes. These hominoids also had small brains compared to hominans, which are the group of primates that includes humans and our closest extinct relatives. Additionally, they had large front teeth and their toolmaking behaviors are unknown. The Miocene epoch, which occurred approximately 23 to 5.3 million years ago, was a time of great diversification and experimentation among hominoids, with various species evolving different physical characteristics and behaviors.

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  • 48. 

    The _______ _________ was formed by geological shifting between two of the Earth's tectonic plates. It's the same geologic process as that leading to "continental drift".

    Correct Answer
    Rift Valley
    Explanation
    The Rift Valley was formed by geological shifting between two of the Earth's tectonic plates. This process is the same as the one that leads to "continental drift". The movement of these plates causes the Earth's crust to crack and create a long, narrow depression known as a Rift Valley. This process occurs when the plates move apart, allowing magma to rise and form new crust, resulting in the formation of a Rift Valley.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 31, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Funkytrunks22

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