HIPAA Overview: Privacy Rule Trivia Questions Quiz

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HIPAA Overview: Privacy Rule Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

Every healthcare provider, regardless of the size of the practice, who electronically transmits health information in connection with certain transactions, is subject to the privacy rule under HIPAA. This means that for a facility to be considered compliant to the elements of the Act, they need to have put the right technical safeguards, physical safeguards, and administrative safeguards. Take the HIPAA overview on the privacy rule trivia questions quiz and refresh your memory on this Act.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What do the initials "PHI" stand for?

    • A.

      Personal Health Information

    • B.

      Protected Health Information

    • C.

      Professional Health Information

    Correct Answer
    B. Protected Health Information
    Explanation
    The initials "PHI" stand for Protected Health Information. This refers to any individually identifiable health information that is held or transmitted by a covered entity or its business associate. It includes information such as medical records, billing records, and any other information related to an individual's past, present, or future physical or mental health. The term "protected" indicates that there are specific privacy and security regulations in place to safeguard this type of information and ensure its confidentiality.

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  • 2. 

    PHI relates to all EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Payment of health care by the employer

    • B.

      Physical or mental health condition of an individual

    • C.

      Provision of health care to an individual

    Correct Answer
    A. Payment of health care by the employer
    Explanation
    PHI stands for Protected Health Information, which refers to any information that relates to the past, present, or future physical or mental health condition of an individual, provision of health care to an individual, or payment of health care by an individual. Therefore, the correct answer is "Payment of health care by the employer" because it does not directly relate to the individual's health condition or the provision of health care.

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  • 3. 

    The following are all "Individual Identifiers" of PHI EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Social security numbers

    • B.

      Web Universal Resource Locators (URLs)

    • C.

      Marital status

    Correct Answer
    C. Marital status
    Explanation
    Marital status is not considered an individual identifier of Protected Health Information (PHI). PHI refers to any information that can be used to identify an individual's health condition, treatment, or payment for healthcare services. Social security numbers and Web Universal Resource Locators (URLs) can potentially be used to identify individuals, making them individual identifiers of PHI. However, marital status does not have the same level of identifying information and is therefore not considered an individual identifier of PHI.

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  • 4. 

    Quorum Federal Credit Union is a Covered Entity. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Quorum Federal Credit Union is not a covered entity. A covered entity refers to organizations that handle protected health information (PHI) and are subject to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations. As a credit union, Quorum Federal Credit Union does not fall under the category of covered entities in the context of HIPAA.

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  • 5. 

    Covered Entities include all EXCEPT: 

    • A.

      A health care clearinghouse

    • B.

      A health plan

    • C.

      Employers

    Correct Answer
    C. Employers
    Explanation
    Covered Entities refers to organizations or individuals that are required to comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule. This rule protects the privacy and security of individuals' health information. Employers are not considered Covered Entities under HIPAA, as they are not involved in the transmission or maintenance of health information. Health care clearinghouses and health plans, on the other hand, are considered Covered Entities as they handle and process health information.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT an Administrative Requirement: 

    • A.

      Train all managers on PHI

    • B.

      Designate a Privacy Officer

    • C.

      Implement policies and procedures

    Correct Answer
    A. Train all managers on PHI
  • 7. 

    Which of the following is a safeguard? 

    • A.

      Maximum Necessary Standard

    • B.

      Minimum Necessary Standard

    • C.

      Reasonable Necessary Standard

    Correct Answer
    B. Minimum Necessary Standard
    Explanation
    The minimum necessary standard is a safeguard that ensures that only the minimum amount of protected health information (PHI) is used or disclosed when necessary for a specific purpose. This standard helps to protect the privacy and confidentiality of individuals' health information by limiting access to only what is needed for a particular task or situation. By implementing the minimum necessary standard, organizations can reduce the risk of unauthorized access or disclosure of PHI, thereby enhancing data security and privacy.

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  • 8. 

    Email transmissions of plan member PHI should have proper encryption applied. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Email transmissions of plan member PHI should have proper encryption applied because PHI (Protected Health Information) is sensitive and confidential information that needs to be protected from unauthorized access or disclosure. Encryption ensures that the information is scrambled and can only be accessed by authorized individuals with the decryption key. Without proper encryption, there is a risk of PHI being intercepted or accessed by unauthorized parties, which can lead to privacy breaches and potential legal consequences. Therefore, it is essential to apply proper encryption to email transmissions of plan member PHI to maintain data security and compliance with privacy regulations.

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  • 9. 

    Authorized personnel are permitted to maintain any PHI in their personal possession.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because authorized personnel are not permitted to maintain any Protected Health Information (PHI) in their personal possession. This is because PHI needs to be protected and kept secure to ensure patient privacy and comply with healthcare regulations. Authorized personnel should only access and handle PHI within the scope of their job responsibilities and follow the organization's policies and procedures for handling PHI.

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  • 10. 

    Our "Workforce" includes employees in all of the following departments EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Finance

    • B.

      Marketing

    • C.

      Human Resources

    • D.

      Internal Audit

    • E.

      Information Technology

    Correct Answer
    B. Marketing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Marketing. The question asks for the department that is not included in the "Workforce". The options given are Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Internal Audit, and Information Technology. Since the question asks for the department that is not included, we can eliminate Marketing as the correct answer.

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  • 11. 

    Who is responsible for the development and implementation of the policies and procedures of the entity?

    • A.

      President / CEO

    • B.

      Plan Member

    • C.

      Privacy Officer

    Correct Answer
    C. Privacy Officer
    Explanation
    The Privacy Officer is responsible for the development and implementation of the policies and procedures of the entity. This role ensures that the organization complies with privacy laws and regulations, protects sensitive information, and maintains the privacy of individuals' personal data. The Privacy Officer works closely with stakeholders to assess risks, create policies, train employees, and monitor compliance. They also handle inquiries and complaints related to privacy issues. Their main goal is to establish and maintain a culture of privacy within the organization.

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  • 12. 

    A second offense for an inadvertent release of PHI is: 

    • A.

      Termination

    • B.

      Verbal Warning

    • C.

      Written Warning

    Correct Answer
    C. Written Warning
    Explanation
    A second offense for an inadvertent release of PHI would result in a written warning. This means that if someone unintentionally releases protected health information (PHI) for the second time, they would receive a formal written warning as a disciplinary action. This serves as a way to document the offense and remind the individual of the importance of safeguarding PHI. It also serves as a way for the organization to track any repeated incidents and take appropriate measures to prevent further breaches in the future.

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  • 13. 

    Authorized personnel discussions with plan participants should be conducted in a place and manner in which overhearing the discussion by others will not occur.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Discussions between authorized personnel and plan participants should be conducted in a way that ensures privacy and prevents others from overhearing the conversation. This is important to maintain confidentiality and protect sensitive information that may be discussed during these discussions. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 14. 

    All of the following are recommended practices when handling PHI EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Locking computer when away from desk

    • B.

      Securing documents in a locked cabinet

    • C.

      Taking work home with you which contains PMI

    • D.

      Maintaining privacy when discussing PHI

    Correct Answer
    C. Taking work home with you which contains PMI
    Explanation
    Taking work home with you which contains PMI is not a recommended practice when handling PHI because it increases the risk of unauthorized access or loss of sensitive information. It is important to keep PHI secure and only access it in a controlled and protected environment to ensure the privacy and confidentiality of the information.

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  • 15. 

    A criminal action can't be brought against anyone who wrongly discloses PHI. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. The statement is incorrect. Wrongly disclosing Protected Health Information (PHI) is a violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and can result in criminal charges.

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  • 16. 

    Notice Requirements include all EXCEPT: 

    • A.

      A process for individuals to make complaints

    • B.

      Describe how the Covered Entity may use PHI

    • C.

      Sanctions against those who fail to disclose PHI

    Correct Answer
    C. Sanctions against those who fail to disclose PHI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sanctions against those who fail to disclose PHI." Notice requirements refer to the obligations of covered entities to inform individuals about their privacy practices, how they may use and disclose PHI, and the individuals' rights regarding their PHI. Sanctions against those who fail to disclose PHI are not part of the notice requirements, but rather a consequence for non-compliance with privacy regulations.

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  • 17. 

    What is the unauthorized acquisition, access, use or disclosre of PHI that compromises the security or privacy of the information? 

    • A.

      Violation

    • B.

      Penalty

    • C.

      Breach

    Correct Answer
    C. Breach
    Explanation
    A breach refers to the unauthorized acquisition, access, use, or disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI) that compromises the security or privacy of the information. It is a violation of privacy regulations and can result in penalties.

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  • 18. 

    A Breach Notification Rule applies only to breaches of "unsecured PHI" occurring on or after September 23, 2009.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Breach Notification Rule only applies to breaches of "unsecured PHI" that occur on or after September 23, 2009. This means that any breaches of protected health information (PHI) that are considered secured or that occurred before this date are not subject to the Breach Notification Rule.

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  • 19. 

    The notification of a Security Breach includes all EXCEPT:  

    • A.

      The type of PHI involved

    • B.

      Penalties regarding the breach

    • C.

      Description of the breach

    Correct Answer
    B. Penalties regarding the breach
    Explanation
    The notification of a Security Breach includes the type of PHI involved and a description of the breach. However, it does not include information about the penalties regarding the breach. This information would typically be addressed separately in relevant laws or regulations.

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  • 20. 

    Whenever I have a question on HIPAA or PHI, I should contact Human Resources. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that Human Resources is typically responsible for ensuring compliance with HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) regulations and handling Protected Health Information (PHI) within an organization. Therefore, it is advisable to contact Human Resources for any questions related to HIPAA or PHI.

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