High School Introduction To Psychology

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Introduction To Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Covers Cognitive, Biological, Developmental and Personality domains.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Three Box Model

    • A.

      All the ideas, thoughts, and feelings of which we are not and normally cannot become aware

    • B.

      Sequence/process of memory: sensory storage, short term storage, long term storage.

    • C.

      The conscious mind consisting of the Id, the Ego and the Super Ego

    • D.

      Behaviorism application of Conditioned Stimulus, Unconditioned Stimulus and Unconditioned Response.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sequence/process of memory: sensory storage, short term storage, long term storage.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sequence/process of memory: sensory storage, short term storage, long term storage. This answer explains the three box model of memory, which suggests that information is processed and stored in three stages. Sensory storage refers to the initial stage where sensory information is briefly held. Short term storage is the stage where information is actively processed and held temporarily. Finally, long term storage is the stage where information is encoded and stored for a longer duration. This explanation aligns with the given information and accurately describes the three box model of memory.

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  • 2. 

    Short Term Memory

    • A.

      First form of memory based upon sensory registers

    • B.

      Techniques that make material easier to remember.

    • C.

      Official name of the apparatus applied in training K9 dogs to protect the decoy.

    • D.

      Working memory; briefly stores and processes selected information from the sensory registers.

    Correct Answer
    D. Working memory; briefly stores and processes selected information from the sensory registers.
  • 3. 

     Sensory Storage

    • A.

      A psychological experience created by the brain in response to changes in air pressure that are received by the auditory system.

    • B.

      First form of memory based upon sensory registers.

    • C.

      The tendency for an individual to observe the situation for cues about how to react.

    • D.

      Learning to respond to only one stimulus and to inhibit the response to different but similar stimuli.

    Correct Answer
    B. First form of memory based upon sensory registers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "First form of memory based upon sensory registers." This answer accurately describes sensory storage as the initial stage of memory where information from the senses is briefly stored before being processed further. Sensory registers are temporary storage systems that hold sensory information for a very short duration, allowing us to perceive the world around us. This explanation aligns with the concept of sensory storage and its role in memory formation.

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  • 4. 

    Elicit

    • A.

      Freud’s term for the part of the personality that mediates between environmental demands, conscience and instinctual needs.

    • B.

      Behaviorism term for getting the subject to respond in the desired manner to a presented stimulus.

    • C.

      A heuristic strategy in which one works backward from the desired goal to the given conditions

    • D.

      Advertising term for extreme or inappropriate material that causes and extreme and unfavorable reaction, often found in advertising.

    Correct Answer
    B. Behaviorism term for getting the subject to respond in the desired manner to a presented stimulus.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer refers to the behaviorism term for getting the subject to respond in the desired manner to a presented stimulus. Behaviorism is a psychological approach that focuses on observable behavior and the principles of learning through stimulus and response. In this context, it suggests that eliciting a response from the subject in a desired manner can be achieved by presenting a specific stimulus. This term is commonly used in behavior modification techniques and training programs to shape and reinforce desired behaviors.

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  • 5. 

    Response

    • A.

      Action following a stimulus, either CS or UCS

    • B.

      Answer posed in the classroom.

    • C.

      Stimulus presented to subject, either CR or UCR.

    • D.

      Behaviorism term for getting the subject to respond in the desired manner to a presented stimulus.

    Correct Answer
    A. Action following a stimulus, either CS or UCS
    Explanation
    The answer provided explains that the term "action following a stimulus" refers to the response or behavior exhibited by the subject after being presented with a stimulus, which can be either a conditioned stimulus (CS) or an unconditioned stimulus (UCS). This response can be considered as the outcome or effect of the stimulus. The answer also mentions that this term is related to behaviorism, which focuses on training or conditioning the subject to respond in a desired manner to a presented stimulus.

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  • 6. 

    Desires approval, to be liked, meets expectations to please others

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Perfection and Unassailability

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Prestige

    Correct Answer
    A. Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the individual desires approval and wants to be liked by others. They strive to meet the expectations of others in order to please them. This need for affection and approval may be neurotic, indicating that it is excessive or unhealthy in nature.

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  • 7. 

    Strives for complete infallibility.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need to Exploit Others

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Self-Sufficiency and Independence

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Perfection and Unassailability

    • D.

      Neurotic need for Personal Admiration

    Correct Answer
    C. Neurotic Need for Perfection and Unassailability
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the individual has a neurotic need for perfection and to be seen as infallible. They strive for complete perfection and want to be seen as untouchable and flawless. This need may stem from a deep insecurity or fear of making mistakes, leading them to obsess over being perfect and invulnerable.

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  • 8. 

    Believes that love will solve all problems, is totally centered on one’s partner.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Admiration

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for a Partner who will take over one’s life

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval

    • D.

      Neurotic Need to Exploit Others

    Correct Answer
    B. Neurotic Need for a Partner who will take over one’s life
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the individual believes that their partner is the solution to all their problems and they are completely focused on their partner. This neurotic need for a partner to take over their life indicates a dependency and lack of independence, which can be unhealthy in a relationship.

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  • 9. 

    Has a loner mentality.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need to Restrict One’s life within narrow borders

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Achievement

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Self-Sufficiency and Independence

    Correct Answer
    D. Neurotic Need for Self-Sufficiency and Independence
    Explanation
    This person has a loner mentality, which suggests that they prefer to be alone and independent. The neurotic need for self-sufficiency and independence aligns with this behavior, as it indicates a strong desire to rely on oneself and be self-reliant. This need may stem from a fear of depending on others or a need to maintain control over one's own life.

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  • 10. 

     Prefers to remain inconspicuous and unnoticed; is undemanding and content with little.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need to Restrict One’s life within narrow borders

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Achievement

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Self-Sufficiency and Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Neurotic Need to Restrict One’s life within narrow borders
    Explanation
    This individual prefers to remain inconspicuous and unnoticed, indicating a desire to restrict their life within narrow borders. They are likely to avoid drawing attention to themselves and are content with a simple and unassuming lifestyle. This neurotic need reflects a tendency towards self-imposed limitations and a preference for a low-profile existence.

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  • 11. 

    Wants power for power’s sake; exerts control over others, despises weakness, will dominate people.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Prestige

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Perfection and Unassailability

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    Correct Answer
    D. Neurotic Need for Power
    Explanation
    This individual exhibits a neurotic need for power because they desire power for power's sake and exert control over others. They also despise weakness and seek to dominate people. This need for power is driven by their neurotic tendencies, which may stem from underlying insecurities or fears. They derive satisfaction and a sense of superiority from their ability to control and dominate others, which fulfills their neurotic need for power.

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  • 12. 

    Pushes self to achieve greater and greater things.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Achievement

    • B.

      Neurotic Need to Restrict One’s life within narrow borders

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval

    Correct Answer
    A. Neurotic Need for Personal Achievement
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the individual has a strong drive to constantly push themselves to accomplish more and reach higher levels of success. This need for personal achievement is described as neurotic, indicating that it may be excessive or unhealthy. This person may constantly set new goals for themselves and feel unsatisfied or anxious if they do not meet them. They may have a strong desire to prove themselves and seek validation through their accomplishments.

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  • 13. 

     Is narcissistic, has exaggerated self-perception.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need to Exploit Others

    • B.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Admiration

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Prestige

    Correct Answer
    C. Neurotic Need for Personal Admiration
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the individual in question has a neurotic need for personal admiration. This means that they have an excessive desire for others to admire and praise them. They may have an inflated sense of self-importance and constantly seek validation and attention from others. This need for personal admiration may stem from deep-seated insecurities and a fragile self-esteem.

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  • 14. 

    Views others in terms of what can be gained through them.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • B.

      Neurotic Need to Exploit Others

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Prestige

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Affection and Approval

    Correct Answer
    B. Neurotic Need to Exploit Others
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the individual has a neurotic need to exploit others. This means that they view others solely in terms of what they can gain or benefit from them. They may manipulate or take advantage of others for their own personal gain, without considering the well-being or feelings of those they exploit. This need for exploitation can be seen as a negative and unhealthy trait, indicating a lack of empathy and a selfish mindset.

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  • 15. 

     Must have public recognition and acclaim.

    • A.

      Neurotic Need for Prestige

    • B.

      Neurotic Need to Exploit Others

    • C.

      Neurotic Need for Power

    • D.

      Neurotic Need for Personal Admiration

    Correct Answer
    A. Neurotic Need for Prestige
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Neurotic Need for Prestige". This option is the most fitting because it mentions the requirement of public recognition and acclaim, which aligns with the concept of prestige. The other options do not specifically mention the need for public recognition and acclaim, making them less suitable choices.

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  • 16. 

    The Compliance/Moving Toward Strategies includes Coping Mechanisms:

    • A.

      Affection & Approval; A Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life; Restrict One’s Life within Narrow Borders

    • B.

      Power; Exploit Others; Prestige; Personal Admiration; Personal Achievement

    • C.

      Restrict One’s Life; Self-Sufficiency and Independence; Perfection and Unassailability

    Correct Answer
    A. Affection & Approval; A Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life; Restrict One’s Life within Narrow Borders
    Explanation
    The Compliance/Moving Toward Strategies includes coping mechanisms such as seeking affection and approval from others, desiring a partner who will take control of one's life, and restricting one's life within narrow boundaries. These strategies are used by individuals who prioritize conforming to others' expectations and seeking validation from external sources. They may rely on others for guidance and decision-making, and may feel the need to restrict their own autonomy in order to maintain a sense of security and belonging.

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  • 17. 

    The Moving-Against/Aggression/Expansive Strategies includes Coping Mechanisms:

    • A.

      Affection & Approval; A Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life; Restrict One’s Life within Narrow Borders

    • B.

      Power; Exploit Others; Prestige; Personal Admiration; Personal Achievement

    • C.

      Restrict One’s Life; Self-Sufficiency and Independence; Perfection and Unassailability

    Correct Answer
    B. Power; Exploit Others; Prestige; Personal Admiration; Personal Achievement
    Explanation
    The Moving-Against/Aggression/Expansive Strategies involve coping mechanisms such as seeking power, exploiting others, striving for prestige, seeking personal admiration, and pursuing personal achievements. These strategies are used by individuals who adopt an aggressive and dominant approach in their interactions with others. They prioritize their own success and recognition, often at the expense of others. They may also strive for independence, perfection, and invulnerability, restricting their own lives to maintain control and avoid vulnerability.

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  • 18. 

    The Moving-Away-From/Withdrawal/Resigning Strategies includes Coping Mechanisms:

    • A.

      Affection & Approval; A Partner Who Will Take Over One’s Life; Restrict One’s Life within Narrow Borders

    • B.

      Power; Exploit Others; Prestige; Personal Admiration; Personal Achievement

    • C.

      Restrict One’s Life; Self-Sufficiency and Independence; Perfection and Unassailability

    Correct Answer
    C. Restrict One’s Life; Self-Sufficiency and Independence; Perfection and Unassailability
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Restrict One’s Life; Self-Sufficiency and Independence; Perfection and Unassailability. These coping mechanisms are part of the Moving-Away-From/Withdrawal/Resigning Strategies. Restricting one's life refers to limiting social interactions and confining oneself to a narrow lifestyle. Self-sufficiency and independence involve relying on oneself and avoiding dependence on others. Perfection and unassailability signify striving for flawlessness and invulnerability. These strategies are used as a means of coping with stress or difficult situations by withdrawing from others and focusing on personal control and achievement.

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  • 19. 

    Piaget Stage: birth to about age 2

    • A.

      Sensorimotor:

    • B.

      Preoperational

    • C.

      Concrete

    • D.

      Formal Operations

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensorimotor:
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sensorimotor because Piaget's theory of cognitive development states that during the sensorimotor stage, which occurs from birth to about age 2, infants learn about the world through their senses and actions. They develop object permanence, the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible, and begin to engage in intentional behaviors such as reaching for objects. This stage is characterized by the gradual development of coordination between sensory input and motor responses.

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  • 20. 

    Piaget Stage: begins about the time the child starts to talk to about age 7

    • A.

      Preoperational

    • B.

      Sensorimotor

    • C.

      Formal Operations

    • D.

      Concrete

    Correct Answer
    A. Preoperational
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Preoperational." This stage, according to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, occurs from about the age of 2 to 7. During this stage, children begin to use symbols and language to represent objects and events. They also develop the ability to engage in pretend play and have a limited understanding of conservation. However, they still struggle with logical reasoning and abstract thinking.

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  • 21. 

    Piaget Stage: adolescence

    • A.

      Concrete

    • B.

      Formal Operations

    • C.

      Sensorimotor

    • D.

      Preoperational

    Correct Answer
    B. Formal Operations
    Explanation
    Formal Operations is the correct answer because it is the stage of cognitive development according to Piaget's theory that occurs during adolescence. During this stage, individuals develop the ability to think abstractly, reason logically, and engage in hypothetical and deductive reasoning. They can also understand and manipulate complex concepts and ideas. This stage marks a significant cognitive advancement from the concrete operational stage, where individuals can only think in concrete and tangible terms.

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  • 22. 

    Piaget Stage: about first grade to early adolescence

    • A.

      Sensorimotor

    • B.

      Formal Operations

    • C.

      Concrete

    • D.

      Preoperational

    Correct Answer
    C. Concrete
    Explanation
    Concrete operations is the correct answer because Piaget's theory of cognitive development states that during the concrete operational stage, which typically occurs around first grade to early adolescence, children develop the ability to think logically and perform mental operations on concrete objects and events. They can understand concepts such as conservation, reversibility, and classification. This stage marks a shift from purely egocentric thinking to more logical and objective thinking.

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  • 23. 

    Erikson: Infant 

    • A.

      Trust vs Mistrust

    • B.

      Initiative vs Guilt

    • C.

      Identity vs Role Confusion

    • D.

      Integrity vs Despair

    Correct Answer
    A. Trust vs Mistrust
    Explanation
    Erikson's theory of psychosocial development suggests that during the infancy stage, the main conflict is between trust and mistrust. Infants develop a sense of trust when their needs are consistently met by their caregivers, leading to a sense of security and confidence. On the other hand, if their needs are not met or their caregivers are inconsistent, infants may develop mistrust, leading to feelings of insecurity and anxiety. This stage is crucial as it sets the foundation for future relationships and the individual's overall worldview.

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  • 24. 

    Erikson: Preschooler

    • A.

      Identity vs Role Confusion

    • B.

      Generativity vs Stagnation

    • C.

      Initiative vs Guilt

    • D.

      Intimacy vs Isolation

    Correct Answer
    C. Initiative vs Guilt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Initiative vs Guilt. This stage of Erikson's psychosocial development theory occurs during the preschool years, typically between the ages of 3 and 6. During this stage, children begin to assert their independence and take initiative in exploring their environment and making decisions. They develop a sense of purpose and responsibility, but may also experience guilt if they believe they have done something wrong or if their initiatives are criticized or punished. This stage is important for the development of a healthy self-esteem and a sense of competence.

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  • 25. 

    Erikson:School-Age Child   

    • A.

      Integrity vs Despair

    • B.

      Industry vs Inferiority

    • C.

      Generativity vs Stagnation

    • D.

      Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

    Correct Answer
    B. Industry vs Inferiority
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Industry vs Inferiority. This stage in Erikson's psychosocial development theory occurs during the school-age years, typically between 6 and 12 years old. During this stage, children strive to develop a sense of competence and mastery in their skills and abilities. They seek recognition for their accomplishments and can develop a sense of inferiority if they believe they are not meeting societal or personal expectations. This stage is crucial for the development of self-esteem and a positive self-concept.

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  • 26. 

    Erikson: Toddler

    • A.

      Intimacy vs Isolation

    • B.

      Trust vs Mistrust

    • C.

      Integrity vs Despair

    • D.

      Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

    Correct Answer
    D. Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt. This stage, according to Erikson's psychosocial development theory, occurs during early childhood (around 1 to 3 years old). During this stage, toddlers start to develop a sense of independence and autonomy as they explore their environment and assert their will. They also begin to develop a sense of shame and doubt if they are overly controlled or criticized by their caregivers. This stage is crucial for the development of self-esteem and a healthy sense of self.

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  • 27. 

    Erikson: Adolescent

    • A.

      Identity vs Role Confusion

    • B.

      Generativity vs Stagnation

    • C.

      Integrity vs Despair

    • D.

      Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

    Correct Answer
    A. Identity vs Role Confusion
    Explanation
    The answer "Identity vs Role Confusion" refers to Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, specifically the stage that occurs during adolescence. During this stage, individuals are faced with the task of developing a sense of identity and figuring out their role in society. They may explore different roles and identities, and if they are successful in doing so, they will develop a strong sense of self and a clear understanding of their place in the world. However, if they are unable to navigate this stage successfully, they may experience confusion and uncertainty about their identity and their role in society.

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  • 28. 

    Erikson: Middle-Age Adult

    • A.

      Integrity vs Despair

    • B.

      Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

    • C.

      Generativity vs Stagnation

    • D.

      Intimacy vs Isolation

    Correct Answer
    C. Generativity vs Stagnation
    Explanation
    Generativity vs Stagnation is the correct answer because it represents Erikson's psychosocial stage for middle-aged adults. During this stage, individuals strive to make a positive impact on future generations and society as a whole, whether through raising a family, mentoring others, or contributing to their community. Stagnation, on the other hand, refers to a sense of feeling unproductive and unfulfilled, often resulting from a lack of purpose or failure to contribute meaningfully. This stage is characterized by a focus on leaving a lasting legacy and finding personal fulfillment through generative acts.

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  • 29. 

    Erikson: Older Adult

    • A.

      Identity vs Role Confusion

    • B.

      Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt

    • C.

      Integrity vs Despair

    • D.

      Generativity vs Stagnation

    Correct Answer
    C. Integrity vs Despair
    Explanation
    The concept of integrity vs despair is a stage in Erikson's theory of psychosocial development that occurs during older adulthood. During this stage, individuals reflect on their lives and evaluate whether they have lived a meaningful and fulfilling life. If they feel a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction, they develop a sense of integrity. However, if they feel regret and disappointment, they may experience despair. This stage involves coming to terms with mortality and accepting the inevitability of death. It is a time for individuals to reflect on their life choices and find a sense of peace and acceptance.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 07, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Hmmkaty
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