Laboratory Values Questions! Hematology Trivia Quiz

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Laboratory Values Questions! Hematology Trivia Quiz - Quiz

There are a lot of elements found within the blood that can be used to detect certain diseases and anomalies in the blood, and one of the ways to notice them is by knowing what should be present at a given time in the growth cycle of a human and to what degree. Press the start button and see if you can answer the laboratory values questions in this hematology trivia quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Neutrophils

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      2-6%

    • E.

      0-4%

    • F.

      0-2%

    Correct Answer
    A. 50-70%
    Explanation
    The given percentages represent the normal range of neutrophils in the blood. Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell that play a crucial role in the immune response by engulfing and destroying bacteria and other pathogens. The range of 50-70% indicates that neutrophils make up the majority of white blood cells in a healthy individual. This high percentage is necessary to effectively fight off infections and maintain overall immune function.

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  • 2. 

    Lymphocytes

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      0-4%

    • E.

      0-2%

    • F.

      2-6%

    Correct Answer
    B. 20-44%
    Explanation
    The given percentages represent the normal range of lymphocytes in the blood. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells that play a crucial role in the immune system. The normal range of lymphocytes is 20-44%, which means that in a blood sample, lymphocytes should make up 20-44% of the total white blood cell count. Any percentage below or above this range may indicate an abnormality or an underlying health condition.

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  • 3. 

    Monocytes

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      2-6%

    • E.

      0-4%

    • F.

      0-2%

    Correct Answer
    C. 2-9%
    Explanation
    Monocytes are a type of white blood cell that play a crucial role in the immune system's defense against infections. The normal range for monocytes in the blood is 2-9%, which indicates the percentage of monocytes compared to the total number of white blood cells. This range allows for variation in monocyte levels, as they can increase in response to infections, inflammation, or certain medical conditions. Therefore, a percentage of 2-9% suggests a healthy balance of monocytes in the blood.

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  • 4. 

    Bands

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      2-6%

    • E.

      0-4%

    • F.

      0-2%

    Correct Answer
    D. 2-6%
    Explanation
    The given answer, 2-6%, represents the percentage of bands in a certain context. It suggests that the majority of the bands fall within this range, indicating that a significant portion of the data falls within this category. This range may indicate a moderate level of occurrence or frequency for the bands, neither too high nor too low.

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  • 5. 

    Eosinophils

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      2-6%

    • E.

      0-4%

    • F.

      0-2%

    Correct Answer
    E. 0-4%
    Explanation
    Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell that are responsible for combating certain types of infections and allergic reactions. In a normal blood count, eosinophils typically make up around 0-4% of the total white blood cell count. This range is considered to be within the normal range, indicating a healthy immune system. Higher percentages of eosinophils may suggest the presence of allergies, parasitic infections, or certain autoimmune diseases. Lower percentages, on the other hand, may indicate an impaired immune system or the use of certain medications.

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  • 6. 

    Basophils

    • A.

      50-70%

    • B.

      20-44%

    • C.

      2-9%

    • D.

      2-6%

    • E.

      0-4%

    • F.

      0-2%

    Correct Answer
    F. 0-2%
    Explanation
    Basophils are a type of white blood cell that make up a very small percentage of the total white blood cell count. In a normal blood sample, the percentage of basophils is typically between 0-2%. This low percentage is because basophils are involved in allergic reactions and immune responses, and their numbers increase during these conditions. Therefore, a higher percentage of basophils may indicate an allergic reaction or certain types of infections.

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  • 7. 

    Red cell distribution width

    • A.

      11.5-14.5

    • B.

      10.5-12.5

    • C.

      7.5-10.5

    • D.

      12.5-16.5

    Correct Answer
    A. 11.5-14.5
    Explanation
    Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of the variation in size of red blood cells. It is typically expressed as a percentage. The normal range for RDW is 11.5-14.5, which means that the red blood cells should have a relatively uniform size. If the RDW is higher than this range, it may indicate a condition called anisocytosis, where the red blood cells are of different sizes. Conversely, if the RDW is lower than this range, it may suggest a condition called microcytosis, where the red blood cells are smaller than normal.

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  • 8. 

    Mean corpuscular hemoglobin.

    • A.

      24-32 pg

    • B.

      22-30 pg

    • C.

      27-31 pg

    • D.

      26-33 pg

    • E.

      22-29 pg

    Correct Answer
    C. 27-31 pg
    Explanation
    Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. It is calculated by dividing the total amount of hemoglobin by the total number of red blood cells. The normal range for MCH is typically between 27-31 picograms (pg). This range indicates the average amount of hemoglobin in a healthy red blood cell. Values outside this range may suggest certain types of anemia or other blood disorders.

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  • 9. 

    Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

    • A.

      33-38%

    • B.

      30-34%

    • C.

      27-31%

    • D.

      25=30%

    • E.

      31-34%

    • F.

      32-36%

    Correct Answer
    F. 32-36%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 32-36%. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) is a measure of the average concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells. A normal MCHC range is typically between 32-36%. This range indicates that the hemoglobin concentration in the red blood cells is within the normal range, ensuring proper oxygen-carrying capacity.

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  • 10. 

    Mean Corpuscular volume

    • A.

      80-100 fL

    • B.

      70-90 fL

    • C.

      50-80 fL

    • D.

      90-100 fL

    • E.

      85-90 fL

    Correct Answer
    A. 80-100 fL
    Explanation
    The mean corpuscular volume (MCV) refers to the average size of red blood cells. The normal range for MCV is typically between 80-100 fL (femtoliters). This range indicates that the red blood cells are of normal size. If the MCV is below this range, it suggests that the red blood cells are smaller than normal, which may be indicative of conditions such as iron deficiency anemia or thalassemia. On the other hand, if the MCV is above this range, it suggests that the red blood cells are larger than normal, which may be indicative of conditions such as vitamin B12 deficiency or liver disease.

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  • 11. 

    Hematocrit for males

    • A.

      40-55%

    • B.

      42-52%

    • C.

      40-50%

    Correct Answer
    B. 42-52%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 42-52% because this range represents the normal hematocrit levels for males. Hematocrit is a measure of the percentage of red blood cells in the total blood volume. The range of 42-52% is considered normal for adult males, indicating a healthy balance of red blood cells in the blood.

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  • 12. 

    Hematocrit for Females

    • A.

      36-46%

    • B.

      37-47%

    • C.

      35-45%

    Correct Answer
    B. 37-47%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 37-47%. Hematocrit is a measure of the proportion of red blood cells in the total blood volume. In females, a normal hematocrit range is typically slightly lower than in males. The range of 37-47% indicates the normal hematocrit levels for females, suggesting that this range is considered healthy and within the normal range for females.

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  • 13. 

    RBC for Male in microliters _____ x 10^6/uL

    Correct Answer
    4.7-6.1
    Explanation
    The given answer range of 4.7-6.1 for RBC (Red Blood Cells) in microliters is the normal reference range for males. This means that a healthy male typically has between 4.7 and 6.1 million red blood cells per microliter of blood. This range is used to assess the number of red blood cells in a blood sample and can help diagnose conditions such as anemia or polycythemia.

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  • 14. 

    RBC Female ______ for microliters x 10^6/uL

    Correct Answer
    4.2-5.4
    Explanation
    The given answer range of 4.2-5.4 is the normal reference range for the number of red blood cells (RBC) in females. This range is measured in microliters per cubic millimeter (uL) and is multiplied by 10^6 to convert it to units per liter (uL). This range indicates the normal concentration of RBCs in the bloodstream and is used to assess the overall health and oxygen-carrying capacity of a person's blood.

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  • 15. 

    Hemoglobin for  male ______- g/dL

    Correct Answer
    14-18
    Explanation
    The normal range for hemoglobin levels in males is 14-18 g/dL. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. This range indicates the amount of hemoglobin that is considered healthy for males. Higher or lower levels may indicate certain medical conditions or deficiencies.

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  • 16. 

    Hemoglobin for Female ________ g/dL

    Correct Answer
    12-16
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12-16. This range represents the normal hemoglobin levels for females, measured in grams per deciliter (g/dL). Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. The normal range for females is slightly lower than that for males, as women typically have lower hemoglobin levels due to factors such as menstruation and pregnancy. Hemoglobin levels outside of this range may indicate anemia or other underlying health conditions.

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  • 17. 

    Hemoglobin for Infant ________ g/dL

    Correct Answer
    14-22
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 14-22. This range represents the normal hemoglobin levels for infants, measured in grams per deciliter (g/dL). Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. The range of 14-22 g/dL is considered normal for infants, as it ensures proper oxygenation and overall health.

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  • 18. 

    The average blood volume in an adult is  4 to ___ L.

    Correct Answer
    6
    Explanation
    The average blood volume in an adult is typically around 4 to 6 liters.

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  • 19. 

    Women have ___ to 5 L of blood.

    Correct Answer
    4
  • 20. 

    Men have ___ to 6 L of blood.

    Correct Answer
    5
  • 21. 

    Blood is composed of ___% plasma.

    Correct Answer
    55
    Explanation
    Blood is composed of approximately 55% plasma. Plasma is the liquid component of blood that carries various substances such as nutrients, hormones, waste products, and antibodies throughout the body. It also helps maintain blood pressure and regulates body temperature. The remaining 45% of blood is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Darkrain9000

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