Trivia On Gross Anatomy Of The Lungs! Quiz

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 524

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Trivia On Gross Anatomy Of The Lungs! Quiz

Do you know about the gross anatomy of the lungs? The lungs are paired organs connected to the trachea by the right and left bronchi on the interior surface. The lungs are the major structures of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals. The purpose of the respiratory system is to extract oxygen and transfer it into the bloodstream. If you would like to understand additional information, try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT a role of respiration?
    • A. 

      Gaseous exchange

    • B. 

      Phonation

    • C. 

      Olfactory

    • D. 

      Temperature regulation

    • E. 

      Mechanical stabilization of thorax

    • F. 

      Blood pressure regulation

    • G. 

      ALL are roles of respiration

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT found on the left lung?
    • A. 

      Horizontal fissure

    • B. 

      Superior lobe

    • C. 

      Inferior lobe

    • D. 

      Oblique fissure

    • E. 

      Cardiac notch

    • F. 

      Lingula

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT found in each lung lobe?
    • A. 

      Primary bronchi

    • B. 

      Secondary bronchi

    • C. 

      Tertiary segmental bronchi

    • D. 

      Lobular bronchiole

    • E. 

      Alveoli

  • 4. 
    Starting at the bifurcation of the trachea, what is the CORRECT order that air travels to the lungs?
    • A. 

      Primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, lobular bronchiole, terminal bronchioles, respiratory bronchioles, alveoli.

    • B. 

      Primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, terminal bronchioles, lobular bronchiole, respiratory bronchioles, alveoli.

    • C. 

      Primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, lobular bronchiole, respiratory bronchioles, terminal bronchioles, alveoli.

    • D. 

      Primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, lobular bronchiole, terminal bronchioles, alveoli, respiratory bronchioles.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is CORRECT concerning alveolar surfactant?
    • A. 

      It is produced by Type I pneumocytes.

    • B. 

      It reduces surface tension at the alveolar surface.

    • C. 

      It is composed of glycoproteins.

    • D. 

      It is made in the cytosol of pneumocytes

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is EXCLUSIVELY involved in expiration?
    • A. 

      Sternocleido mastoid

    • B. 

      Scalenes

    • C. 

      External intercostals

    • D. 

      Internal intercostals

    • E. 

      Abdominal muscles

  • 7. 
    Which of the following innervates the lungs?
    • A. 

      Anterior pulmonary plexus

    • B. 

      Posterior pulmonary plexus

    • C. 

      Vagus nerve

    • D. 

      Sympathetic trunk

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Sympathetic innervation is responsible for bronchiole ___________ and blood vessel _________.
    • A. 

      Dilation, constriction

    • B. 

      Constriction, dilation

    • C. 

      Dilation, dilation

    • D. 

      Constriction, constriction

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is INCORRECTLY paired?
    • A. 

      Vagus nerve – bronchoconstrictor, vasodilator

    • B. 

      Visceral pleura – autonomic nerve

    • C. 

      Costal diaphragmatic pleura – intercostal nerves

    • D. 

      Mediastinal diaphragmatic pleura – vagus nerve

    • E. 

      Central diaphragmatic pleura – phrenic nerve

  • 10. 
    Nipples are normally located around the _________ intercostal space.
    • A. 

      3rd

    • B. 

      4th

    • C. 

      5th

    • D. 

      6th

    • E. 

      7th

  • 11. 
    Your patient has received a massive knife wound to the back that has penetrated the posterior mediastinum. Which of the following structures is susceptible to injury?
    • A. 

      Azygos Vein

    • B. 

      Arch of the aorta

    • C. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Left atrium of the heart

    • E. 

      Trachea

  • 12. 
    A patient undergoes surgery to repair an injury to his thoracic aorta. In post-op, he complains of difficulty breathing and upon examination has decreased breath sounds. The patient received a thoracentesis, and a white, milky fluid was extracted. What structure could have been damaged during surgery?
    • A. 

      Hemiazygos vein

    • B. 

      Thymus

    • C. 

      Thoracic duct

    • D. 

      Spinal meninges

  • 13. 
    Which structure would most likely be injured if the patient suffered damage to the body of their vertebrae at the level of T8?
    • A. 

      Inferior Vena Cava

    • B. 

      Esophagus

    • C. 

      Thoracic Aorta

    • D. 

      Vagus Nerve

    • E. 

      Phrenic Nerve