Questions On Disease: MCQ Quiz!

34 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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Questions On Disease: MCQ Quiz!

Disease is anything that is a threat to your overall health and well-being. Examples of the disease include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, celiac disease. This quiz on disease asks pertinent questions such as the best definition of the term prognosis, what is considered a systemic sign of disease, and is a deficit of oxygen in the cells, usually due to respiratory or circulatory problems. It would help if you irrefutably took this vital quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following would be the most likely cause of an iatrogenic disease?
    • A. 

      An inherited disorder

    • B. 

      A combination of specific etiological factors

    • C. 

      An unwanted effect of a prescribed drug

    • D. 

      Prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals in the environment

  • 2. 
    The manifestations of a disease are best defined as the:
    • A. 

      Subjective feelings of discomfort during a chronic illness.

    • B. 

      Signs and symptoms of a disease.

    • C. 

      Factors that precipitate an acute episode of a chronic illness.

    • D. 

      Early indicators of the prodromal stage of infection.

  • 3. 
    The best definition of the term prognosis is the:
    • A. 

      Precipitating factors causing an acute episode.

    • B. 

      Number of remissions to be expected during the course of a chronic illness.

    • C. 

      Predicted outcome or likelihood of recovery from a specific disease.

    • D. 

      Exacerbations occurring during chronic illness.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is considered a systemic sign of disease?
    • A. 

      Swelling of the knee

    • B. 

      Fever

    • C. 

      Pain in the neck

    • D. 

      Red rash on the face

  • 5. 
    Etiology is defined as the study of the:
    • A. 

      Causes of a disease.

    • B. 

      Course of a disease.

    • C. 

      Expected complications of a disease.

    • D. 

      Manifestations of a disease.

  • 6. 
    A type of cellular adaptation in which there is a decrease in cell size is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy.

    • B. 

      Metaplasia.

    • C. 

      Anaplasia.

    • D. 

      Atrophy.

  • 7. 
    A change in a tissue marked by cells that vary in size and shape and show increased mitotic figures would be called:
    • A. 

      Metaplasia.

    • B. 

      Atrophy.

    • C. 

      Dysplasia.

    • D. 

      Hypertrophy.

  • 8. 
    A deficit of oxygen in the cells usually due to respiratory or circulatory problems is called:
    • A. 

      Apoptosis.

    • B. 

      Ischemia.

    • C. 

      Hypertrophy.

    • D. 

      Necrosis.

  • 9. 
    When a group of cells in the body dies, the change is called:
    • A. 

      Ischemia.

    • B. 

      Gangrene.

    • C. 

      Hypoxia.

    • D. 

      Necrosis.

  • 10. 
    Rigorous weight lifting/bodybuilding regimens may result in the skeletal muscle cells undergoing:
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy.

    • B. 

      Dysplasia.

    • C. 

      Atrophy.

    • D. 

      Regeneration.

  • 11. 
    The term cancer refers to:
    • A. 

      Dysplasia.

    • B. 

      Hyperplasia.

    • C. 

      Metaplasia.

    • D. 

      Malignant neoplasm.

  • 12. 
    To which of the following does the term apoptosis refer?
    • A. 

      Increased rate of mitosis by certain cells

    • B. 

      Ischemic damage to cells

    • C. 

      Liquefaction of necrotic tissue

    • D. 

      Preprogrammed cell self-destruction

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Alteration of DNA does not change cell function.

    • B. 

      Damaged cells may be able to repair themselves.

    • C. 

      All types of cells die at the same rate.

    • D. 

      Mild ischemia causes immediate cell death.

  • 14. 
    Caseation necrosis refers to an area where:
    • A. 

      Cell proteins have been denatured.

    • B. 

      Cell are liquefied by enzymes.

    • C. 

      Dead cells form a thick cheesy substance.

    • D. 

      Bacterial invasion has occurred.

  • 15. 
    Routine application of sun block to skin would be an example of:
    • A. 

      An iatrogenic cause of cancer.

    • B. 

      A preventive measure.

    • C. 

      A precipitating factor.

    • D. 

      A predisposing condition.

  • 16. 
    A circumstance that causes a sudden acute episode of a chronic disease to occur is termed:
    • A. 

      Latent stage.

    • B. 

      Predisposing factor.

    • C. 

      Incidence.

    • D. 

      Precipitating factor.

  • 17. 
    The term homeostasis refers to:
    • A. 

      The causative factors in a particular disease.

    • B. 

      Maintenance of a stable internal environment.

    • C. 

      A condition that triggers an acute episode.

    • D. 

      A collection of signs and symptoms.

  • 18. 
    Which term is used to describe a new and secondary or additional problem that arises after the original disease has been established?
    • A. 

      Symptoms

    • B. 

      Occurrence

    • C. 

      Manifestations

    • D. 

      Complication

  • 19. 
    Pathophysiology involves the study of:
    • A. 

      The structure of the human body.

    • B. 

      The functions of various organs in the body.

    • C. 

      Functional or structural changes resulting from disease processes.

    • D. 

      Various cell structures and related functions.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is the best definition of epidemiology?
    • A. 

      The science of tracking the occurrence and distribution of diseases

    • B. 

      The relative number of deaths resulting from a particular disease

    • C. 

      Identification of a specific disease through evaluation of signs and symptoms

    • D. 

      The global search for emerging diseases

  • 21. 
    All of the following are part of the Seven Steps to Health EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Follow cancer screening guidelines.

    • B. 

      Use sun block agents whenever exposed.

    • C. 

      Participate in strenuous exercise on a regular daily basis.

    • D. 

      Choose high fiber, lower fat foods.

  • 22. 
    The term disease refers to:
    • A. 

      The period of recovery and return to a normal healthy state.

    • B. 

      A deviation from the normal state of health and function.

    • C. 

      The treatment measures used to promote recovery.

    • D. 

      A basic collection of signs and symptoms.

  • 23. 
    A collection of signs and symptoms, often affecting more than one organ or system, that usually occur together in response to a certain condition is referred to as a (an):
    • A. 

      Acute disease.

    • B. 

      Multiorgan disorder.

    • C. 

      Syndrome.

    • D. 

      Manifestation.

  • 24. 
    All of the following statements are correct about cell damage EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The initial stage of cell damage often causes an alteration in metabolic reactions.

    • B. 

      If the factor causing the damage is removed quickly, the cell may be able to recover and return to its normal state.

    • C. 

      If the noxious factor remains for an extended period of time, the damage becomes irreversible and the cell dies.

    • D. 

      Initially, cell damage does not change cell metabolism, structure, or function.

  • 25. 
    Which of the following conditions distinguishes double-blind studies used in health research?
    • A. 

      Neither the members of the control group or the experimental group nor the person administering the treatment knows who is receiving the experimental therapy.

    • B. 

      Both groups of research subjects and the person administering the treatment know who is receiving the experimental therapy.

    • C. 

      The research subjects do not know, but the person administering the treatment knows who is receiving placebo or standard therapy.

    • D. 

      Only members of the control group know they are receiving standard therapy.

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