Test Your Knowledge Of Autoimmune Diseases

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Test Your Knowledge Of Autoimmune Diseases - Quiz

Welcome to the "Quiz: Test Your Knowledge on Autoimmune Diseases"! This Autoimmune Diseases Quiz is designed to challenge your understanding of autoimmune diseases. In this informative and engaging quiz, you'll encounter intriguing multiple-choice questions covering various aspects of autoimmune diseases, including their causes, symptoms, and affected organs.

Test your knowledge of well-known conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and celiac disease. You'll also explore the immune system's role in these diseases and the impact they can have on different body systems. By participating in this quiz, you'll gain valuable insights into the complexities of autoimmune disorders and the importance of Read moreearly detection and proper management.

Whether you're a healthcare professional, a student, or simply curious about autoimmune diseases, this quiz is sure to broaden your knowledge and raise awareness about these significant medical conditions. So, let's begin and test your expertise on autoimmune diseases!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system:

    • A.

      Attacks the body's healthy cells.

    • B.

      Produces excessive antibodies.

    • C.

      Underreacts to pathogens.

    • D.

      Only attacks foreign invaders.

    Correct Answer
    A. Attacks the body's healthy cells.
    Explanation
    An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue by mistake.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is a common autoimmune disease affecting the thyroid gland?

    • A.

      Rheumatoid arthritis.

    • B.

      Multiple sclerosis.

    • C.

      Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

    • D.

      Type 1 diabetes.

    Correct Answer
    C. Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
    Explanation
    Hashimoto's thyroiditis can cause your thyroid to not make enough thyroid hormone. It is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when your body makes antibodies that attack the cells in your thyroid. 

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  • 3. 

    The immune system's failure to distinguish between self and non-self cells leads to:

    • A.

      Allergy

    • B.

      Autoimmunity

    • C.

      Immunodeficiency

    • D.

      Cancer

    Correct Answer
    B. Autoimmunity
    Explanation
    Autoimmunity is caused by the breakdown in self and nonself discrimination. 

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  • 4. 

    In multiple sclerosis, the immune system attacks:

    • A.

      The thyroid gland.

    • B.

      The joints.

    • C.

      The central nervous system.

    • D.

      The liver.

    Correct Answer
    C. The central nervous system.
    Explanation
    In multiple sclerosis, the immune system becomes confused and attacks the protective myelin coating around our nerves by mistake. If myelin is damaged by the immune system, the nerve can't communicate properly and may eventually die.

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  • 5. 

    Which type of blood cells is often affected in autoimmune hemolytic anemia?

    • A.

      Red blood cells.

    • B.

      White blood cells.

    • C.

      Platelets.

    • D.

      Antibodies.

    Correct Answer
    A. Red blood cells.
    Explanation
    Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) occurs when your immune system mistakes red blood cells as unwanted substances. As a result, your body produces antibodies that destroy red blood cells, which can lead to a low amount of red blood cells (known as anemia).

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  • 6. 

    Celiac disease is triggered by the consumption of:

    • A.

      Dairy products.

    • B.

      Wheat gluten.

    • C.

      Shellfish.

    • D.

      Soy products.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wheat gluten.
    Explanation
    Celiac disease, sometimes called celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine.

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  • 7. 

    Which autoimmune disease primarily affects the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption?

    • A.

      Crohn's disease.

    • B.

      Lupus.

    • C.

      Sjögren's syndrome.

    • D.

      Celiac disease.

    Correct Answer
    D. Celiac disease.
    Explanation
    Coeliac disease (CD) is an enteropathy, characterized by villous atrophy, which occurs in genetically susceptible individuals. It affects mainly the proximal small intestine, and is caused by an intolerance to cereal storage proteins found in wheat, barley and rye.

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  • 8. 

    Which autoimmune disease primarily affects the body's connective tissues, causing symptoms such as joint pain, skin rashes, and fatigue?

    • A.

      Hashimoto's thyroiditis

    • B.

      Crohn's disease

    • C.

      Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

    • D.

      Type 1 diabetes

    Correct Answer
    C. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    Explanation
    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic disease that causes inflammation in connective tissues, such as cartilage and the lining of blood vessels, which provide strength and flexibility to structures throughout the body.

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  • 9. 

    Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by inflammation primarily affecting:

    • A.

      The joints

    • B.

      The lungs

    • C.

      The liver

    • D.

      The brain

    Correct Answer
    A. The joints
    Explanation
    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the lining of the synovial joints and is associated with progressive disability, premature death, and socioeconomic burdens.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the skin?

    • A.

      Psoriasis

    • B.

      Inflammatory bowel disease

    • C.

      Type 2 diabetes

    • D.

      Osteoarthritis

    Correct Answer
    A. Psoriasis
    Explanation
    In autoimmune disease, your body thinks its own tissues are foreign invaders that must be attacked. It also means that, unlike a simple rash, you can't get rid of it with an over-the-counter skin treatment.

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  • 11. 

    The immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in which type of diabetes?

    • A.

      Type 1 diabetes

    • B.

      Type 2 diabetes

    • C.

      Gestational diabetes

    • D.

      LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)

    Correct Answer
    A. Type 1 diabetes
    Explanation
    In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not recognize its own insulin-producing beta cells , so the immune system attacks and destroys them as if they were invaders. The body needs insulin to metabolize sugar and turn it into energy.

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  • 12. 

    Which autoimmune disease affects the exocrine glands, leading to dry mouth and eyes?

    • A.

      Crohn's disease

    • B.

      Lupus

    • C.

      Sjögren's syndrome

    • D.

      Celiac disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Sjögren's syndrome
    Explanation
    In Sjögren's syndrome, the principal inflammatory targets are the salivary and lacrimal exocrine glands, resulting in dryness of the mucosal surfaces of the mouth and eyes.

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  • 13. 

    An overactive immune response to harmless substances, like pollen or pet dander, results in:

    • A.

      Allergy

    • B.

      Autoimmunity

    • C.

      Immunodeficiency

    • D.

      Cancer

    Correct Answer
    A. Allergy
    Explanation
    An allergy occurs when the body overreacts to an allergen or 'trigger' that is typically harmless to most people. Examples of allergies include: hay fever (allergic rhinitis) asthma.

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  • 14. 

    Which autoimmune disease affects the synovium, causing joint inflammation and pain?

    • A.

      Crohn's disease

    • B.

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • D.

      Psoriasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Rheumatoid arthritis
    Explanation
    Rheumatoid arthritis happens when the immune system doesn't work properly and attacks the lining of the joints, called the synovium. The disease commonly affects the hands, knees or ankles, and usually the same joint on both sides of the body, such as both hands or both knees.

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  • 15. 

    Graves' disease is characterized by the overproduction of hormones by which gland?

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pituitary gland

    • C.

      Adrenal gland

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    A. Thyroid gland
    Explanation
    With Graves' disease, your immune system attacks your thyroid gland, causing it to make more thyroid hormones than your body needs.

    Rate this question:

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  • Current Version
  • Nov 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 31, 2023
    Quiz Created by
    Smriti Singh
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