Do You Have Basic Knowledge About Geology? Quiz

30 Questions

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

There are four layers of the earth and this includes the crust, mantle and inner and outer core. The crust of the Earth is composed of a great variety of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. This is a test to assess your knowledge on The Rock Cycle, Chapter 4 and the 11 Geology Terms given in class. Give it a shot and see just how good you will do.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What language does the word igneous come from ?
    • A. 

      Greek

    • B. 

      Latin

    • C. 

      Hebrew

    • D. 

      Mango

  • 2. 
    What happens in the rock cycle after compaction and cementation ?
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Cooling

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Metamorphism

  • 3. 
    What type of rock would you find fossils in ?
    • A. 

      Igneous Rock

    • B. 

      Metamorphic Rock

    • C. 

      Sedimentary Rock

    • D. 

      Nitty Gritty Rock

  • 4. 
    Name the 2 types of weathering
    • A. 

      Erosion and Deposition

    • B. 

      Chemical and Mechanical

    • C. 

      Snowing and Raining

    • D. 

      Chemical and Methodical

  • 5. 
    Liquid Rock is known as
    • A. 

      Crystal Rock

    • B. 

      Metamorphic Rock

    • C. 

      Crust

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    The Earth's crust is mostly made of rock.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Magma goes through the cooling process as it rises and solidifies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    All true rock is made up of 25% quartz and 75% feldspar
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Chemical sedimentary rock is made from solutions of minerals and water
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Sedimentary rock changes to metamorphic rock because of extreme heat and pressure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Weathering is
    • A. 

      The breakdown of rock into smaller and pieces by mechanical or chemical means

    • B. 

      A loose mixture of small mineral fragments

    • C. 

      A top layer of humus that is worn down bit by bit into sedimentary rock

  • 12. 
    Abrasion is the grinding and wearing down of rock surfaces by other rock or sand particles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Oxidation is
    • A. 

      A physical combination that forms oxide ions

    • B. 

      A chemical reaction in which an element combines with oxygen to form and oxide

    • C. 

      A physical and chemical reaction in which oxygen and hydrogen form an element

  • 14. 
    Soil is simply
    • A. 

      A photochemical reaction to erosion

    • B. 

      A compound of dirt

    • C. 

      A loose mixture of small mineral fragments and organic material

  • 15. 
    The layer of rock beneath the soil
    • A. 

      Layerrock

    • B. 

      Bedrock

    • C. 

      Humus

  • 16. 
    Parent rock is best describes as
    • A. 

      From where the entire rock cycle comes from

    • B. 

      Rock from where little baby rocks are born

    • C. 

      Rock that is the source of all soil

  • 17. 
    Humus is best described as
    • A. 

      A small amount of water vapor to make soil moist

    • B. 

      Small particles of decayed animal and plant material in soil

    • C. 

      A four legged distant relative of the camel

  • 18. 
    The following two processes most add to topsoil
    • A. 

      Deposition and melting

    • B. 

      Weathering and erosion

    • C. 

      Weathering and cementation

  • 19. 
    Acid precipitation is best described as
    • A. 

      Precipitation that energy to the rock cycle

    • B. 

      Precipitation that contains acid that melts rocks due to pressure and heat

    • C. 

      Precipitation that contains acid due to air pollution

  • 20. 
      Geology is best described as
    • A. 

      The study of energy through the earth

    • B. 

      The study of the solid and liquid earth

    • C. 

      The study of the solid earth

  • 21. 
    The thickness of the mantle is
    • A. 

      7.5 miles

    • B. 

      30 miles

    • C. 

      1800 miles

    • D. 

      4000 miles

  • 22. 
    One of the two plates that make up the earth's crust - the heavier of the two
    • A. 

      Bedrock

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Oceanic

  • 23. 
    The deepest drill has gone__________________into the earth's crust.
    • A. 

      1800 miles

    • B. 

      14 miles

    • C. 

      3.5 miles

    • D. 

      7.5 miles

  • 24. 
    This process happens in the rock cycle. It is the process that happens after weathering and erosion and before cementation and compaction
    • A. 

      Metamorphism

    • B. 

      Deposition

    • C. 

      Cooling

    • D. 

      Melting

  • 25. 
    The lighter of the two plates that make up the earth's crust
    • A. 

      Outer core

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Oceanic

    • D. 

      Bedrock plate

  • 26. 
    The distance to the center of the earth is
    • A. 

      1800 miles

    • B. 

      750 miles

    • C. 

      3000 miles

    • D. 

      4000 miles

  • 27. 
    The process in the rock cycle that comes after cooling before rock turns into igneous
    • A. 

      Compaction and cementation

    • B. 

      Solidification

    • C. 

      Hardification

    • D. 

      Ignification

  • 28. 
    Liquid rock is known as
    • A. 

      Humus

    • B. 

      Magmus

    • C. 

      Magma

    • D. 

      Cement

  • 29. 
    The rock cycle has __________ major processes
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      9

  • 30. 
    Sedimentary rock changes into metamorphic rock due to
    • A. 

      Hard minerals and water

    • B. 

      Erosion and extreme heat

    • C. 

      Extreme heat and pressure

    • D. 

      Cementation and compaction