Do You Have Basic Knowledge About Geology? Quiz

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 230

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

There are four layers of the earth, and this includes the crust, mantle, and inner and outer core. The earth’s crust is made up of three different types of rocks. This is a test to assess your knowledge on The Rock Cycle, Chapter 4, and the 11 Geology Terms given in class. Give it a shot and see just how good you will do.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What language does the word igneous come from ?
    • A. 

      Greek

    • B. 

      Latin

    • C. 

      Hebrew

    • D. 

      Mango

  • 2. 
    What happens in the rock cycle after compaction and cementation ?
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Cooling

    • C. 

      Melting

    • D. 

      Metamorphism

  • 3. 
    What type of rock would you find fossils in ?
    • A. 

      Igneous Rock

    • B. 

      Metamorphic Rock

    • C. 

      Sedimentary Rock

    • D. 

      Nitty Gritty Rock

  • 4. 
    Name the 2 types of weathering
    • A. 

      Erosion and Deposition

    • B. 

      Chemical and Mechanical

    • C. 

      Snowing and Raining

    • D. 

      Chemical and Methodical

  • 5. 
    Liquid Rock is known as
    • A. 

      Crystal Rock

    • B. 

      Metamorphic Rock

    • C. 

      Crust

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    The Earth's crust is mostly made of rock.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Magma goes through the cooling process as it rises and solidifies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    All true rock is made up of 25% quartz and 75% feldspar
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Chemical sedimentary rock is made from solutions of minerals and water
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Sedimentary rock changes to metamorphic rock because of extreme heat and pressure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Weathering is
    • A. 

      The breakdown of rock into smaller and pieces by mechanical or chemical means

    • B. 

      A loose mixture of small mineral fragments

    • C. 

      A top layer of humus that is worn down bit by bit into sedimentary rock

  • 12. 
    Abrasion is the grinding and wearing down of rock surfaces by other rock or sand particles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Oxidation is
    • A. 

      A physical combination that forms oxide ions

    • B. 

      A chemical reaction in which an element combines with oxygen to form and oxide

    • C. 

      A physical and chemical reaction in which oxygen and hydrogen form an element

  • 14. 
    Soil is simply
    • A. 

      A photochemical reaction to erosion

    • B. 

      A compound of dirt

    • C. 

      A loose mixture of small mineral fragments and organic material

  • 15. 
    The layer of rock beneath the soil
    • A. 

      Layerrock

    • B. 

      Bedrock

    • C. 

      Humus

  • 16. 
    Parent rock is best describes as
    • A. 

      From where the entire rock cycle comes from

    • B. 

      Rock from where little baby rocks are born

    • C. 

      Rock that is the source of all soil

  • 17. 
    Humus is best described as
    • A. 

      A small amount of water vapor to make soil moist

    • B. 

      Small particles of decayed animal and plant material in soil

    • C. 

      A four legged distant relative of the camel

  • 18. 
    The following two processes most add to topsoil
    • A. 

      Deposition and melting

    • B. 

      Weathering and erosion

    • C. 

      Weathering and cementation

  • 19. 
    Acid precipitation is best described as
    • A. 

      Precipitation that energy to the rock cycle

    • B. 

      Precipitation that contains acid that melts rocks due to pressure and heat

    • C. 

      Precipitation that contains acid due to air pollution

  • 20. 
      Geology is best described as
    • A. 

      The study of energy through the earth

    • B. 

      The study of the solid and liquid earth

    • C. 

      The study of the solid earth

  • 21. 
    The thickness of the mantle is
    • A. 

      7.5 miles

    • B. 

      30 miles

    • C. 

      1800 miles

    • D. 

      4000 miles

  • 22. 
    One of the two plates that make up the earth's crust - the heavier of the two
    • A. 

      Bedrock

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Oceanic

  • 23. 
    The deepest drill has gone__________________into the earth's crust.
    • A. 

      1800 miles

    • B. 

      14 miles

    • C. 

      3.5 miles

    • D. 

      7.5 miles

  • 24. 
    This process happens in the rock cycle. It is the process that happens after weathering and erosion and before cementation and compaction
    • A. 

      Metamorphism

    • B. 

      Deposition

    • C. 

      Cooling

    • D. 

      Melting

  • 25. 
    The lighter of the two plates that make up the earth's crust
    • A. 

      Outer core

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Oceanic

    • D. 

      Bedrock plate

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