Rock Assessment Noel Pd 4

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 23

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Rock Assessment Noel Pd 4

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Sandstone is a ______________ sedimentary rock.
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Detrital

    • C. 

      Organic

  • 2. 
    Igneous rocks that form_____________ the surface are called intrusive.
    • A. 

      Above

    • B. 

      Below

    • C. 

      On

  • 3. 
    The figure below shows that the processes involved in the rock cycle include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Condensation

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Compaction

  • 4. 
    The _____ in the figure below shows how one rock changes into another.
    • A. 

      Rock cycle

    • B. 

      Melting process

    • C. 

      Formation of crystals

  • 5. 
     The figure below shows that sedimentary rocks are changed to sediments by ________________.
    • A. 

      Compaction

    • B. 

      Weathering and erosion

    • C. 

      Cementation

    • D. 

      Heat and pressure

  • 6. 
    Igneous rocks form from ____________ when it cools.
    • A. 

      Magma

    • B. 

      Lava

    • C. 

      Both magma and lava

  • 7. 
    The molten material found beneath the Earth's surface is called  __________
    • A. 

      Magma

    • B. 

      Lava

    • C. 

      Neither magma or lava

    • D. 

      Both magma and lava

  • 8. 
    Foliated rocks are distinguished by ______________
    • A. 

      Layers

    • B. 

      Lack of layers

    • C. 

      Large mineral grains

    • D. 

      Air holes

  • 9. 
    A classification of metamorphic rocks would include whether they are
    • A. 

      Chemical or organic

    • B. 

      Intrusive or extrusive

    • C. 

      Foliated or nonfoliated

    • D. 

      Basaltic or granitic

  • 10. 
    Sedimentary rocks are
    • A. 

      Formed when loose material become pressed or cemented together or when minerals form from solutions

    • B. 

      Formed from magma

    • C. 

      A type of foliated igneous rock

    • D. 

      Formed because of changes in temperature and pressure, or the presence of hot watery fluids

  • 11. 
    A rock is always
    • A. 

      Made of molten material

    • B. 

      A mixture of minerals, organic matter, volcanic glass, or other materials

    • C. 

      Formed by heat and pressure

    • D. 

      Either igneous or sedimentary

  • 12. 
    The crystals that form in slowly cooled magma produce _______ mineral grains in igneous rock.
    • A. 

      Tiny

    • B. 

      Invisible

    • C. 

      Fine-grined

    • D. 

      Large

  • 13. 
    Changes that take place in rocks never create or destroy __________.
    • A. 

      Rocks

    • B. 

      Crystals

    • C. 

      Matter

    • D. 

      Minerals

  • 14. 
    Magma from deep inside Earth rises toward the surface because _____________.
    • A. 

      It is denser than the surrounding solid rock

    • B. 

      It is less dense than the surrounding solid rock

    • C. 

      Heat and pressure

    • D. 

      It has the same density as the surrounding solid rock

  • 15. 
    When lava cools on the Earth's surface, _______ igneous rocks are formed. 
    • A. 

      Extrusive

    • B. 

      Intrusive

    • C. 

      Detrital

    • D. 

      Coarse-grained

  • 16. 
    When magma cools deep inside the Earth, __________________ igneous rocks are formed.
    • A. 

      Extrusive

    • B. 

      Fine-grained

    • C. 

      Detrital

    • D. 

      Intrusive

  • 17. 
    Basaltic igneous rocks are dark colored because they are  ___________.
    • A. 

      Silica rich

    • B. 

      Lower in density than granitic rocks

    • C. 

      Rich in iron and magnesium

  • 18. 
    An igneous rock can form from _________magma.
    • A. 

      Basaltic

    • B. 

      Andesitic

    • C. 

      Granitic

    • D. 

      All of the possibilities listed with this question

  • 19. 
    Sedimentary rocks form because of all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Sediments becoming pressed or cemented together

    • B. 

      Crystals solidifying from magma

    • C. 

      Sediments forming from solution

    • D. 

      Water evaporating leaving crystals behind

  • 20. 
    Sediments in sedimentary rocks are often ____________________.
    • A. 

      Held together with natural cements

    • B. 

      Formed when atoms of melted minerals rearrange themselves

    • C. 

      Formed when lava erupts from a volcano

    • D. 

      Formed by magma trapped below Earth's surface

  • 21. 
    Sedimentary rocks formed from the remains of once living things are ________________.
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Detrital

    • C. 

      Organic

    • D. 

      Chemical

  • 22. 
    Sedimentary rocks formed from broken fragments of other rocks are _________________.
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Detrital

    • C. 

      Organic

    • D. 

      Basaltic

  • 23. 
    Gneiss, shown below is an example of what type of rock?
    • A. 

      Foliated metamorphic

    • B. 

      Nonfoliated metamorphic

    • C. 

      Basaltic

    • D. 

      Organic

  • 24. 
    The process in which a rock is exposed to air, water, or ice and breaks into pieces
    • A. 

      Compaction

    • B. 

      Cementation

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 25. 
    The process in which pressure from the upper layers of sediment pushes down on the lower layers, causing the sediments to begin forming solid rock.
    • A. 

      Compaction

    • B. 

      Cementation

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Erosion

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