Soil, Rocks, And Minerals

27 Questions

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 1 on the board?
  • 2. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 2 on the board?
  • 3. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 3 on the board?
  • 4. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 4 on the board?
  • 5. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 5 on the board?
  • 6. 
    What step of the rock cycle is shown in number 6 on the board?
  • 7. 
    Rocks can move through the rock cycle only once.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Grains of sand and other sediment are eroded from hills and mountains and wash down a river to the ocean. The sediment forms thick layers on the ocean floor and are compacted and cemented together to form ______________________________________.
  • 9. 
    The solid, outer layer of the Earth is called the ____________________________.
  • 10. 
    When large pieces of the Earth’s crust collide, some of the rock is forced downward. Through intense heat and pressure the rock changes into a ________________________________.
  • 11. 
     ___________________ is created when a rock partly or completely melts.
  • 12. 
    Melting rock cools and solidifies to form _________________________________.
  • 13. 
    Rock is
    • A. 

      A loose mixture of small fragments, organic material, water, and air

    • B. 

      A solid that has a definite crystalline structure

    • C. 

      A mixture of one or more minerals

  • 14. 
    A mineral is
    • A. 

      A loose mixture of small fragments, organic material, water, and air

    • B. 

      A solid that has a definite crystalline structure

    • C. 

      A mixture of one or more minerals

  • 15. 
    Soil is
    • A. 

      A loose mixture of small fragments, organic material, water, and air

    • B. 

      A solid that has a definite crystalline structure

    • C. 

      A mixture of one or more minerals

  • 16. 
    Luster is
    • A. 

      A mineral breaks along a smooth, flat surface

    • B. 

      The way a surface reflects light

    • C. 

      Resistance to being scratched

  • 17. 
    Streak is
    • A. 

      A mineral breaks along a smooth, flat surface

    • B. 

      The way a surface reflects light

    • C. 

      The color of a mineral in powdered form

  • 18. 
    Cleavage is
    • A. 

      A mineral breaks along a smooth, flat surface

    • B. 

      The way a surface reflects light

    • C. 

      Resistance to being scratched

  • 19. 
    Fracture is
    • A. 

      Resistance to being scratched

    • B. 

      The color of a mineral in powdered form

    • C. 

      A mineral breaks unevenly along a curved or irregular surface

  • 20. 
    Hardness is
    • A. 

      A mineral breaks unevenly along a curved or irregular surface

    • B. 

      Resistance to being scratched

    • C. 

      A mineral breaks along a smooth, flat surface

  • 21. 
    What would the atoms look like in a crystal? Check all that are true.
    • A. 

      Repeating pattern

    • B. 

      Many different shapes

    • C. 

      The same shape

  • 22. 
    Susan is identifying a rock that has crystals and ribbon-like layers in it. She says it is a sedimentary rock. Is she correct by saying it is sedimentary? Why or why not?
  • 23. 
    What are two ways farmers can plant crops to prevent erosion and/or keep the soil healthy? Explain each way.
  • 24. 
    What does the parent rock tell us about the soil around it? Example, if a parent rock has mica in it, what does that let us know about the soil nearby?
  • 25. 
    What is the difference between magma and humus?
  • 26. 
    BONUS 3 points: How do crystals form?
  • 27. 
    BONUS 3 points: How is magma different from lava?