The Environmental Geology 1340 Exam Practice Test!

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 148

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
The Environmental Geology 1340 Exam Practice Test!

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why does ocean water have higher salinity in subtropical regions than along the equatorial belt?
    • A. 

      Rainfall within subtropical regions has a higher salt content than along the equator.

    • B. 

      More streams and rivers empty into the ocean within subtropical regions than along the equatorial belt.

    • C. 

      Precipitation is greater in the subtropics than along the equatorial belt.

    • D. 

      Evaporation exceeds precipitation in the subtropical region, whereas the reverse occurs along the equator.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding surface water in the oceans?
    • A. 

      Motion of the surface layer is primarily driven by wind and deflected by the Coriollis force.

    • B. 

      The surface layer is heated by the sun.

    • C. 

      Most surface water originates near Greenland and Antarctica and afterwards flows as surface water towards the equator.

    • D. 

      The temperature of surface water varies with latitude and the seasons.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The sea surface is everywhere smooth and flat.

    • B. 

      Global sea level has risen and fallen many times throughout Earth history.

    • C. 

      Coastlines are always in equilibrium with oceans and therefore never change.

    • D. 

      Ocean currents generate the tides.

  • 4. 
    The following configuration of the Earth-Moon-Sun system will result in__________.
    • A. 

      Ocean gyres

    • B. 

      Spring tide

    • C. 

      A lunar eclipse

    • D. 

      Neap tide

  • 5. 
    For incoming ocean waves approaching a coast, which of the following wave forms occur closest to the beach?
    • A. 

      Surf

    • B. 

      Crests

    • C. 

      Breakers

    • D. 

      Swells

  • 6. 
    The salinity of oceans vary from 34 to 37 parts per thousand. What is the definition of salinity? 
    • A. 

      Grams of solution per cubic kilometer of seawater.

    • B. 

      Grams of water in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • C. 

      Grams of dissolved ions in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • D. 

      Grams of sodium per kilogram of dissolved ions.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following will cause a global rise in sea level?
    • A. 

      Global cooling during an ice age

    • B. 

      Assembly of continents into a supercontinent.

    • C. 

      Decrease in the volume of mid-ocean ridges

    • D. 

      Removing fish from the oceans

    • E. 

      Global warming during an interglacial cycle

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements regarding waves approaching a coast is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Waves speed up when approaching the beach.

    • B. 

      Wave crests bunch closer together when approaching the beach.

    • C. 

      Wave crests increase in height when approaching the beach.

    • D. 

      Approaching wave crests align parallel with the coastline in what is known as wave refraction.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following depositional features along a coast is called a Bay barrier or baymouth bar?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 10. 
    Which of the following structures is a breakwater?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 11. 
    For the following figure, where is the greatest amount of coastal erosion occuring?
    • A. 

      Cove

    • B. 

      Bay

    • C. 

      Headlands

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion is the same everywhere

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements best describes an esker?
    • A. 

      Hole in the ground left behind after a large block of ice melts

    • B. 

      Small hill or knob of poorly sorted gravel deposited by a melting glacier

    • C. 

      Elongated deposit of till streamlined in the direction of ice movement by a continental glacier

    • D. 

      Sinuous, narrow ridge of coarse sand and gravel formed by a meltwater stream that flowed beneath a glacier

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about beach drift and longshore currents is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Beach drift causes beach sand to remain in place.

    • B. 

      Longshore currents prevent waves from striking the beach.

    • C. 

      Beach drift transports sediment in the same direction as does longshore current.

    • D. 

      The zigzag motion of sand describes sediment transport by longshore currents.

  • 14. 
    Atoll, barrier, and fringing describe different types of ________.
    • A. 

      Wetlands

    • B. 

      Coral reefs

    • C. 

      Coastal depositional features

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion features

  • 15. 
    For an alpine glacier, which of the following features or processes occurs within the zone of accumulation?
    • A. 

      Calving

    • B. 

      Cirque

    • C. 

      Terminal moraine

    • D. 

      Crevasses

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY associated with wetlands?
    • A. 

      Bogs

    • B. 

      Salt marshes

    • C. 

      Mangroves

    • D. 

      Wave-cut platform

    • E. 

      Flood plain

  • 17. 
    How can sunspot activity possibly affect Earth's climate?
    • A. 

      Higher sunspot activity increases the solar wind, which in turn warms Earth's upper atmosphere

    • B. 

      The amount of sunspot activity never changes and therefore cannot affect Earth's climate

    • C. 

      Lower sunspot activity allows more solar radiation to escape the Sun and reach Earth, thus warming the planet

    • D. 

      Higher sunspot activity pushes Earth's orbit further from the sun, thus cooling the planet

  • 18. 
    Changes in the angle of tilt of Earth's rotational axis occurs approximately in _________ year cycles.
    • A. 

      41,000

    • B. 

      26,000

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      100,000

  • 19. 
    Oxisols form by a process known as ___________
    • A. 

      Calcification

    • B. 

      Cryoturbation

    • C. 

      Laterization

    • D. 

      Podzolization

  • 20. 
    Which of the following lines is (are) pointing to an Arete?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 21. 
    Stratified drift is most likely deposited by ___________
    • A. 

      Glacial meltwater

    • B. 

      Terminal moraines

    • C. 

      Glacial ice and snow

    • D. 

      Drumlins

  • 22. 
    The terms blocky, platy, and granular describe the soil's __________
    • A. 

      Structure

    • B. 

      Permeability

    • C. 

      Consistency

    • D. 

      Texture

  • 23. 
    Which of the following events MOST-LIKELY occurred during the last ice age when glaciers reached maximum extent ~18,000 years ago?
    • A. 

      Earth's crust in areas covered by glaciers rebounded to higher elevations

    • B. 

      Land bridges and continental shelves became submerged under water

    • C. 

      Global sea level rose

    • D. 

      Plants and animals characteristic of colder climates migrated southward to lower latitudes

  • 24. 
    Which of the following features of an Alpine glacier is (are) formed by deposition rather than erosion?
    • A. 

      U-shaped valley

    • B. 

      Horn

    • C. 

      Paternoster lakes

    • D. 

      Lateral moraine

    • E. 

      Cirque

  • 25. 
    Which of the following would LEAST LIKELY characterize a periglacial landscape?
    • A. 

      Areas in subarctic and polar climates where the ground is cold but never freezes.

    • B. 

      Ice wedges develop in fractures below the ground surface.

    • C. 

      Melting of permafrost beneath a building constructed on the ground surface causes the structure to collapse.

    • D. 

      Patterned ground forms due to frost action in the soil.

    • E. 

      Expansion of water when freezing disrupts the soil and fractures rocks.