Hardest Trivia Quiz: Geology 1340 Test!

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Hardest Trivia Quiz: Geology 1340 Test!

How do you feel about exams? Am sure that when they come around you are a little scared about whether you are ready to tackle it or wish it could be delayed by even a day. Below is what is considered the hardest trivia quiz when it comes to Geology 1340, do you think you can tackle it? Take it up and get to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Rainfall within subtropical regions has a higher salt content than along the equator.

    • B. 

      More streams and rivers empty into the ocean within subtropical regions than along the equatorial belt.

    • C. 

      Precipitation is greater in the subtropics than along the equatorial belt.

    • D. 

      Evaporation exceeds precipitation in the subtropical region, whereas the reverse occurs along the equator.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Motion of the surface layer is primarily driven by wind and deflected by the Coriollis force.

    • B. 

      The surface layer is heated by the sun.

    • C. 

      Most surface water originates near Greenland and Antarctica and afterwards flows as surface water towards the equator.

    • D. 

      The temperature of surface water varies with latitude and the seasons.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The sea surface is everywhere smooth and flat.

    • B. 

      Global sea level has risen and fallen many times throughout Earth history.

    • C. 

      Coastlines are always in equilibrium with oceans and therefore never change.

    • D. 

      Ocean currents generate the tides.

  • 4. 
    The following configuration of the Earth-Moon-Sun system will result in__________.
    • A. 

      Ocean gyres

    • B. 

      Spring tide

    • C. 

      A lunar eclipse

    • D. 

      Neap tide

  • 5. 
    For incoming ocean waves approaching a coast, which of the following wave forms occur closest to the beach?
    • A. 

      Surf

    • B. 

      Crests

    • C. 

      Breakers

    • D. 

      Swells

  • 6. 
    The salinity of oceans vary from 34 to 37 parts per thousand. What is the definition of salinity? 
    • A. 

      Grams of solution per cubic kilometer of seawater.

    • B. 

      Grams of water in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • C. 

      Grams of dissolved ions in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • D. 

      Grams of sodium per kilogram of dissolved ions.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Global cooling during an ice age

    • B. 

      Assembly of continents into a supercontinent.

    • C. 

      Decrease in the volume of mid-ocean ridges

    • D. 

      Removing fish from the oceans

    • E. 

      Global warming during an interglacial cycle

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements regarding waves approaching a coast is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Waves speed up when approaching the beach.

    • B. 

      Wave crests bunch closer together when approaching the beach.

    • C. 

      Wave crests increase in height when approaching the beach.

    • D. 

      Approaching wave crests align parallel with the coastline in what is known as wave refraction.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following depositional features along a coast is called a Bay barrier or baymouth bar?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 10. 
    Which of the following structures is a breakwater?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 11. 
    For the following figure, where is the greatest amount of coastal erosion occuring?
    • A. 

      Cove

    • B. 

      Bay

    • C. 

      Headlands

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion is the same everywhere

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements best describes an esker?
    • A. 

      Hole in the ground left behind after a large block of ice melts

    • B. 

      Small hill or knob of poorly sorted gravel deposited by a melting glacier

    • C. 

      Elongated deposit of till streamlined in the direction of ice movement by a continental glacier

    • D. 

      Sinuous, narrow ridge of coarse sand and gravel formed by a meltwater stream that flowed beneath a glacier

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about beach drift and longshore currents is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Beach drift causes beach sand to remain in place.

    • B. 

      Longshore currents prevent waves from striking the beach.

    • C. 

      Beach drift transports sediment in the same direction as does longshore current.

    • D. 

      The zigzag motion of sand describes sediment transport by longshore currents.

  • 14. 
    Atoll, barrier, and fringing describe different types of ________.
    • A. 

      Wetlands

    • B. 

      Coral reefs

    • C. 

      Coastal depositional features

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion features

  • 15. 
    For an alpine glacier, which of the following features or processes occurs within the zone of accumulation?
    • A. 

      Calving

    • B. 

      Cirque

    • C. 

      Terminal moraine

    • D. 

      Crevasses

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY associated with wetlands?
    • A. 

      Bogs

    • B. 

      Salt marshes

    • C. 

      Mangroves

    • D. 

      Wave-cut platform

    • E. 

      Flood plain

  • 17. 
    How can sunspot activity possibly affect Earth's climate?
    • A. 

      Higher sunspot activity increases the solar wind, which in turn warms Earth's upper atmosphere

    • B. 

      The amount of sunspot activity never changes and therefore cannot affect Earth's climate

    • C. 

      Lower sunspot activity allows more solar radiation to escape the Sun and reach Earth, thus warming the planet

    • D. 

      Higher sunspot activity pushes Earth's orbit further from the sun, thus cooling the planet

  • 18. 
    Changes in the angle of tilt of Earth's rotational axis occurs approximately in _________ year cycles.
    • A. 

      41,000

    • B. 

      26,000

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      100,000

  • 19. 
    Oxisols form by a process known as ___________
    • A. 

      Calcification

    • B. 

      Cryoturbation

    • C. 

      Laterization

    • D. 

      Podzolization

  • 20. 
    Which of the following lines is (are) pointing to an Arete?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 21. 
    Stratified drift is most likely deposited by ___________
    • A. 

      Glacial meltwater

    • B. 

      Terminal moraines

    • C. 

      Glacial ice and snow

    • D. 

      Drumlins

  • 22. 
    The terms blocky, platy, and granular describe the soil's __________
    • A. 

      Structure

    • B. 

      Permeability

    • C. 

      Consistency

    • D. 

      Texture

  • 23. 
    Which of the following events MOST-LIKELY occurred during the last ice age when glaciers reached maximum extent ~18,000 years ago?
    • A. 

      Earth's crust in areas covered by glaciers rebounded to higher elevations

    • B. 

      Land bridges and continental shelves became submerged under water

    • C. 

      Global sea level rose

    • D. 

      Plants and animals characteristic of colder climates migrated southward to lower latitudes

  • 24. 
    Which of the following features of an Alpine glacier is (are) formed by deposition rather than erosion?
    • A. 

      U-shaped valley

    • B. 

      Horn

    • C. 

      Paternoster lakes

    • D. 

      Lateral moraine

    • E. 

      Cirque

  • 25. 
    Which of the following would LEAST LIKELY characterize a periglacial landscape?
    • A. 

      Areas in subarctic and polar climates where the ground is cold but never freezes.

    • B. 

      Ice wedges develop in fractures below the ground surface.

    • C. 

      Melting of permafrost beneath a building constructed on the ground surface causes the structure to collapse.

    • D. 

      Patterned ground forms due to frost action in the soil.

    • E. 

      Expansion of water when freezing disrupts the soil and fractures rocks.

  • 26. 
     The figure below illustrates features associated with a continental glacier. Which of the following letters corresponds to the outwash plain?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 27. 
    Ice cores recovered in Greenland and Antarctica provide a record of changes in atmospheric temperature and compositon dating back to over 100,000 years ago. Based on ice core data, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Ice cores indicate that global temperatures have been fairly constant over the last few tens of thousands of years.

    • B. 

      The concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases increase dramatically during periods of glaciation and global cooling.

    • C. 

      Atmospheric temperature has been steadily increasing over the last 12 thousand years and we are presently in an interglacial cycle

    • D. 

      The atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane have actually decreased over the last 50 years.

  • 28. 
    Which of the following examples will result in positive feedback?
    • A. 

      Greater snow cover during climatic cooling reduces the activity of carbon dioxide sinks such as photosynthesis and formation of carbonate rocks, thus causing carbon dioxide to build up in the atmosphere

    • B. 

      Warming of the climate increases evaporation in the oceans, leading to greater cloud cover such that more solar radiation is reflected back into space.

    • C. 

      An increase in plant activity during global warming results in more carbon dioxide being removed from the atmosphere

    • D. 

      Climate cooling increases the snow cover on land, thus increasing global albedo and causing more solar radiation to be reflected back into space

  • 29. 
    How did global climate overall change throughout the last 60 million years of the Cenozoic Era?
    • A. 

      Cenozoic climate was warmest 60 million years ago and has gradually cooled since then, culminating in the Pleistocene Ice Age beginning 2 million years ago

    • B. 

      Global climate today is the warmest it has ever been over the last 60 million years

    • C. 

      Cenozoic climate started out cold, then warmed about 30 million years ago, and has since cooled again.

    • D. 

      Global climate was cold throughout the entire Cenozoic Era as evidenced by 60 million year old glaciers found today in Antarctica

  • 30. 
    Which of the following factors can affect global climate on a time scale of several decades?
    • A. 

      Plate tectonics

    • B. 

      Milankovitch cycles

    • C. 

      Changes in overall sunspot activity

    • D. 

      Human activity such as burning of fossils fuels

    • E. 

      Both C & D

  • 31. 
    Sea ice and ice shelves in the Arctic and Antarctica have increased in area over the past two decades in spite of recent global warming.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Which of the following processes is NOT part of the carbon cycle?
    • A. 

      Release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere via volcanic eruptions

    • B. 

      Plant photosynthesis / Methane escape onto the seafloor via hydrothermal vents near mid-ocean ridges/ Construction of shells by marine organisms

    • C. 

      Storage of oil, coal, and gas below Earth's surface

    • D. 

      Subduction of carbon-bearing oceanic sediments and rocks along a convergent plate boundary

    • E. 

      Use of fertilizers on crops

  • 33. 
    Within which soil horizon does clay, iron and aluminum brought down from overlying horizons accumulate?
    • A. 

      O-horizon

    • B. 

      A-horizon

    • C. 

      B-horizon

    • D. 

      C-horizon

  • 34. 
    Which of the following does NOT add fertility to a soil?
    • A. 

      Leaching of cations

    • B. 

      Available water

    • C. 

      Good porosity

    • D. 

      Presence of soil colloids

    • E. 

      Rich in humus

  • 35. 
    Loam consists of...
    • A. 

      Sand and clay only

    • B. 

      Clay only

    • C. 

      Sand, silt and clay

    • D. 

      Humus and sand only

  • 36. 
    Where would soil be best developed?
    • A. 

      Cold, dry climate and scarce vegetation

    • B. 

      Area of abundant rainfall but scarce vegetation

    • C. 

      Dry climate and steep slopes

    • D. 

      Temperate climate and flat to gently-rolling topography

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is LEAST characteristic of Spodosols and the process of Podzolization?
    • A. 

      Common in northern coniferous forests

    • B. 

      Oxides and clays brought down from higher horizons accumulate in the B-horizon

    • C. 

      Surface horizon consists of acid-rich forest litter

    • D. 

      Sandy-bleached layer occurs below the A-horizon

    • E. 

      Form from young volcanic ash and cinders

  • 38. 
    Which of the following would most likely be a result of calcification?
    • A. 

      An O- and A-horizon rich in humus

    • B. 

      A hardened layer in the B horizon called caliche

    • C. 

      A leached soil high in iron and aluminum

    • D. 

      A churned and mixed soil resulting from repeated freezing and thawing

  • 39. 
    The figure below illustrates the soil-forming process known as ____________.
    • A. 

      Calcification

    • B. 

      Cryoturbation

    • C. 

      Laterization

    • D. 

      Podzolization

  • 40. 
    ___________ soils occur in regions of permafrost where cryoturbation is common and supports tundra-type of vegetation.
    • A. 

      Andisols

    • B. 

      Gelisols

    • C. 

      Ultisols

    • D. 

      Histosols

  • 41. 
    Which of the following statements is LEAST consistent with a Mediterranean Shrubland Biome?
    • A. 

      Stunted, woody shrubs

    • B. 

      Southern California is an example

    • C. 

      Dry summer climate

    • D. 

      Monsoonal rains

  • 42. 
    Which of the following terrestrial biomes occurs at the highest latitudes and highest altitudes?
    • A. 

      Savanna

    • B. 

      Rain forest

    • C. 

      Broadleaf forest

    • D. 

      Tundra

  • 43. 
    Which of the following terrestrial biomes is characterized by three levels of canopy, high insolation, high average annual temperature, and contains the most diverse body of life on earth?
    • A. 

      Tropical Savanna

    • B. 

      Mediterranean shrubland

    • C. 

      Needleleaf forest

    • D. 

      Tropical rain forest

  • 44. 
    This type of soil consists largely of partially decomposed organic material associated with bogs and is commonly referred to as peat.
    • A. 

      Aridosol

    • B. 

      Entisol

    • C. 

      Vertisol

    • D. 

      Histosol

  • 45. 
    Where do plants with deep roots, spreading root systems, water-holding tissue, and leaves with waxy coatings and fine hair most likely occur?
    • A. 

      Tropical savannas

    • B. 

      Deserts

    • C. 

      Temperate rain forest

    • D. 

      Montane forest

    • E. 

      Alpine Tundra

  • 46. 
    An ecosystem is composed of many communities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    The function or occupation of a life form within a community is called a(n) _________.
    • A. 

      Habitat

    • B. 

      Web

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 48. 
    Within a community, which level in the food chain would contain the fewest members?
    • A. 

      Producers

    • B. 

      Primary consumers

    • C. 

      Secondary consumers

    • D. 

      Tertiary consumers

  • 49. 
    What happens in allopatric speciation?
    • A. 

      A natural disaster reduces the number of species within an ecosystem

    • B. 

      Any new variant within a large population is quickly swamped by interbreeding with normal individuals

    • C. 

      A small group is separated (isolated) from the larger (main) population and eventually evolves into a new species

    • D. 

      Several different species eventually evolve into one common species

  • 50. 
    Which of the following statements about patch dynamics is FALSE?
    • A. 

      An ecosystem is a pathwork of habitats

    • B. 

      Once an individual patch (habitat) arises, it will never fail

    • C. 

      Adjoining patches may be at different stages of development

    • D. 

      When existing organisms within a patch are disturbed or removed, a new community can emerge to fill the void

  • 51. 
    Which of the following cannot be directly used by plants, but rather must first be coverted into usable compounds by lightening and certain soil bacteria?
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Atmospheric nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates (sugars)

    • D. 

      Atmospheric oxygen

  • 52. 
    Which of the following factors influences the distribution and biogeography of plant species?
    • A. 

      Soil type / Regional climate

    • B. 

      Air and soil temperatures

    • C. 

      Solar insolation

    • D. 

      Amount of precipitation

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 53. 
    Which of the following statements regarding biodiversity is correct?
    • A. 

      Agricultural ecosystems with single crops like wheat generally do not require fertilizers or pesticides to remain vibrant

    • B. 

      Ecosystems with large numbers of species are less likely to survive relative to ecosystems containing only a few species

    • C. 

      Greater biodiversity in an ecosystem results in greater stability and greater productivity Agricultural ecosystems with single crops like wheat are more stable than ecosystems containing many different crops

    • D. 

      Agricultural ecosystems with single crops like wheat are more stable than ecosystems containing many different crops

  • 54. 
    The photo below is most likely that of a _____________ biome.
    • A. 

      Tropical rain forest

    • B. 

      Tropical savanah

    • C. 

      Needleleaf forest

    • D. 

      Temperate rain forest

  • 55. 
    For the illustration below, which of the following is the secondary consumer?
    • A. 

      Leaf

    • B. 

      Caterpillar on the leaf

    • C. 

      Bobolink bird ready to devour the caterpillar

    • D. 

      Hawk attacking the bobolink bird