The Environmental Geology 1340 Exam Practice Test!

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 191

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
The Environmental Geology 1340 Exam Practice Test!

Environmental geology is an applied science that pertains to the practical application of the factors in geology and the solving of environmental problems. It involves the application of the findings of geologic research and the difficulties of the utilization of land. In this quiz, you will be concerned with what is true of surface water in the oceans and which waveforms closest to the beach. You clearly need to try this terrific quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why does ocean water have higher salinity in subtropical regions than along the equatorial belt?
    • A. 

      Rainfall within subtropical regions has a higher salt content than along the equator.

    • B. 

      More streams and rivers empty into the ocean within subtropical regions than along the equatorial belt.

    • C. 

      Precipitation is greater in the subtropics than along the equatorial belt.

    • D. 

      Evaporation exceeds precipitation in the subtropical region, whereas the reverse occurs along the equator.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding surface water in the oceans?
    • A. 

      Motion of the surface layer is primarily driven by wind and deflected by the Coriollis force.

    • B. 

      The surface layer is heated by the sun.

    • C. 

      Most surface water originates near Greenland and Antarctica and afterwards flows as surface water towards the equator.

    • D. 

      The temperature of surface water varies with latitude and the seasons.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The sea surface is everywhere smooth and flat.

    • B. 

      Global sea level has risen and fallen many times throughout Earth history.

    • C. 

      Coastlines are always in equilibrium with oceans and therefore never change.

    • D. 

      Ocean currents generate the tides.

  • 4. 
    The following configuration of the Earth-Moon-Sun system will result in__________.
    • A. 

      Ocean gyres

    • B. 

      Spring tide

    • C. 

      A lunar eclipse

    • D. 

      Neap tide

  • 5. 
    For incoming ocean waves approaching a coast, which of the following wave forms occur closest to the beach?
    • A. 

      Surf

    • B. 

      Crests

    • C. 

      Breakers

    • D. 

      Swells

  • 6. 
    The salinity of oceans vary from 34 to 37 parts per thousand. What is the definition of salinity? 
    • A. 

      Grams of solution per cubic kilometer of seawater.

    • B. 

      Grams of water in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • C. 

      Grams of dissolved ions in 1 kilogram of solution.

    • D. 

      Grams of sodium per kilogram of dissolved ions.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following will cause a global rise in sea level?
    • A. 

      Global cooling during an ice age

    • B. 

      Assembly of continents into a supercontinent.

    • C. 

      Decrease in the volume of mid-ocean ridges

    • D. 

      Removing fish from the oceans

    • E. 

      Global warming during an interglacial cycle

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements regarding waves approaching a coast is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Waves speed up when approaching the beach.

    • B. 

      Wave crests bunch closer together when approaching the beach.

    • C. 

      Wave crests increase in height when approaching the beach.

    • D. 

      Approaching wave crests align parallel with the coastline in what is known as wave refraction.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following depositional features along a coast is called a Bay barrier or baymouth bar?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 10. 
    Which of the following structures is a breakwater?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 11. 
    For the following figure, where is the greatest amount of coastal erosion occuring?
    • A. 

      Cove

    • B. 

      Bay

    • C. 

      Headlands

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion is the same everywhere

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements best describes an esker?
    • A. 

      Hole in the ground left behind after a large block of ice melts

    • B. 

      Small hill or knob of poorly sorted gravel deposited by a melting glacier

    • C. 

      Elongated deposit of till streamlined in the direction of ice movement by a continental glacier

    • D. 

      Sinuous, narrow ridge of coarse sand and gravel formed by a meltwater stream that flowed beneath a glacier

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about beach drift and longshore currents is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Beach drift causes beach sand to remain in place.

    • B. 

      Longshore currents prevent waves from striking the beach.

    • C. 

      Beach drift transports sediment in the same direction as does longshore current.

    • D. 

      The zigzag motion of sand describes sediment transport by longshore currents.

  • 14. 
    Atoll, barrier, and fringing describe different types of ________.
    • A. 

      Wetlands

    • B. 

      Coral reefs

    • C. 

      Coastal depositional features

    • D. 

      Coastal erosion features

  • 15. 
    For an alpine glacier, which of the following features or processes occurs within the zone of accumulation?
    • A. 

      Calving

    • B. 

      Cirque

    • C. 

      Terminal moraine

    • D. 

      Crevasses

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY associated with wetlands?
    • A. 

      Bogs

    • B. 

      Salt marshes

    • C. 

      Mangroves

    • D. 

      Wave-cut platform

    • E. 

      Flood plain

  • 17. 
    How can sunspot activity possibly affect Earth's climate?
    • A. 

      Higher sunspot activity increases the solar wind, which in turn warms Earth's upper atmosphere

    • B. 

      The amount of sunspot activity never changes and therefore cannot affect Earth's climate

    • C. 

      Lower sunspot activity allows more solar radiation to escape the Sun and reach Earth, thus warming the planet

    • D. 

      Higher sunspot activity pushes Earth's orbit further from the sun, thus cooling the planet

  • 18. 
    Changes in the angle of tilt of Earth's rotational axis occurs approximately in _________ year cycles.
    • A. 

      41,000

    • B. 

      26,000

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      100,000

  • 19. 
    Oxisols form by a process known as ___________
    • A. 

      Calcification

    • B. 

      Cryoturbation

    • C. 

      Laterization

    • D. 

      Podzolization

  • 20. 
    Which of the following lines is (are) pointing to an Arete?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 21. 
    Stratified drift is most likely deposited by ___________
    • A. 

      Glacial meltwater

    • B. 

      Terminal moraines

    • C. 

      Glacial ice and snow

    • D. 

      Drumlins

  • 22. 
    The terms blocky, platy, and granular describe the soil's __________
    • A. 

      Structure

    • B. 

      Permeability

    • C. 

      Consistency

    • D. 

      Texture

  • 23. 
    Which of the following events MOST-LIKELY occurred during the last ice age when glaciers reached maximum extent ~18,000 years ago?
    • A. 

      Earth's crust in areas covered by glaciers rebounded to higher elevations

    • B. 

      Land bridges and continental shelves became submerged under water

    • C. 

      Global sea level rose

    • D. 

      Plants and animals characteristic of colder climates migrated southward to lower latitudes

  • 24. 
    Which of the following features of an Alpine glacier is (are) formed by deposition rather than erosion?
    • A. 

      U-shaped valley

    • B. 

      Horn

    • C. 

      Paternoster lakes

    • D. 

      Lateral moraine

    • E. 

      Cirque

  • 25. 
    Which of the following would LEAST LIKELY characterize a periglacial landscape?
    • A. 

      Areas in subarctic and polar climates where the ground is cold but never freezes.

    • B. 

      Ice wedges develop in fractures below the ground surface.

    • C. 

      Melting of permafrost beneath a building constructed on the ground surface causes the structure to collapse.

    • D. 

      Patterned ground forms due to frost action in the soil.

    • E. 

      Expansion of water when freezing disrupts the soil and fractures rocks.

Back to Top Back to top