Environmental Science Quiz (hs - AP)

11 Questions
Environmental Science Quiz (hs - AP)

A multiple-choice quiz (11 questions) based on the AP Environmental Science curriculum. The final question is not multiple-choice.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Increased frequency of hurricanes

    • B. 

      Loss of fertile delta regions for agriculture

    • C. 

      Decreased rate of photosynthesis in vegetation

    • D. 

      Change in global patterns of precipitation

    • E. 

      Shrinking of the polar ice regions

  • 2. 
    Of the following substances which has the greatest permeability?
    • A. 

      Loam (Loam is soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentrations)

    • B. 

      Clay

    • C. 

      Silt

    • D. 

      Sand

    • E. 

      Humus

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Generally warm ocean currents

    • B. 

      Descending dry air currents

    • C. 

      Slow-moving jet streams

    • D. 

      Enhanced Solar radiation

    • E. 

      Predominantly low atmospheric pressure

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the best example of environmental remediation?(Generally, remediation means providing a remedy, so environmental remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water for the general protection of human health and the environment or from a brownfield site intended for redevelopment. Remediation is generally subject to an array of regulatory requirements, and also can be based on assessments of human health and ecological risks where no legislated standards exist or where standards are advisory.)
    • A. 

      A species of trout becomes extinct in a *eutrophic lake

    • B. 

      The annual volume of sewage flowing into a stream is decreased by 50%

    • C. 

      The height of a factory smokestack is increased

    • D. 

      A parcel of forest land is declared a State Park

    • E. 

      PCB-consuming bacteria are sprayed on an area that has soil contaminated with PCBs

  • 5. 
    The presence of which contaminants would be the strongest indicator that municipal sewage sludge is unfit for use as fertilizer?
    • A. 

      Human feces

    • B. 

      Ammonia

    • C. 

      Phosphates

    • D. 

      Heavy metals

    • E. 

      Nitrates

  • 6. 
    Reasons that the population of an exotic species often increases rapidly when introduced to a new environment, is due which of the following:I.  The exotic species is resistant to pesticidesII. There is usually a large, underused food source in the new environmentIII. The exotic species has few natural predators in the new environment
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      II only

    • C. 

      I and III only

    • D. 

      II and III only

    • E. 

      I, II and III

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      150 million

    • B. 

      200 million

    • C. 

      300 million

    • D. 

      400 million

    • E. 

      800 million

  • 8. 
    Which type of electricity-generating power plant releases radioactive as well as toxic materials such as lead and arsenic under normal operating conditions?
    • A. 

      Nuclear

    • B. 

      Hydroelectric

    • C. 

      Solar

    • D. 

      Coal-burning

    • E. 

      Geothermal

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Chlorofluorocarbon

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Nitrous oxide

    • E. 

      Carbon monoxide

  • 10. 
    Of the following, which poses the greatest threat to populations of migratory North American songbirds?
    • A. 

      Clearing of tropical forests

    • B. 

      Predation by raptors

    • C. 

      Sport hunting

    • D. 

      Disease from polluted waters

    • E. 

      International trade in pets

  • 11. 
    Questions 1–3 refer to the lettered points of the curves plotted on the graph below.The curves show two possible patterns of change in population size over time for acertain species of small mammal in an ecosystem.Directions: The lettered choices on the graph below refer to the numbered statements immediately following it. Select the one lettered choice that best fits each statement. Each choice may be used once, more than once, or not at all in each set. 1.  Population growing exponentially2.  Population decreasing at greatest rate3.  Population growing at a decreasing rate