General Biology Capstone Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Dalbrig
D
Dalbrig
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 581
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 583

SettingsSettingsSettings
General Biology Capstone Quiz - Quiz

 This quiz is a summary quiz covering key concepts from past nine weeks.
Answer each question to the best of your ability.
Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1) Modern biology is literally.....

    • A.

      The study of nature

    • B.

      The study of life

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The study of life
    Explanation
    Modern biology is the study of life because it encompasses the scientific exploration of all living organisms, their structure, function, growth, evolution, and interactions with their environment. It involves understanding the mechanisms that drive life processes, such as reproduction, metabolism, and adaptation. By studying biology, scientists gain insights into the diversity, complexity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Therefore, the correct answer is "the study of life".

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    2) Biological Order essentially represents....

    • A.

      Very organized patterns seen in living things

    • B.

      The exact opposite of Body Organization

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Very organized patterns seen in living things
    Explanation
    Biological Order essentially represents very organized patterns seen in living things. This refers to the structured arrangement and coordination of various components within an organism or a biological system. It encompasses the hierarchical organization of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems, as well as the systematic arrangement of genetic material and the regulation of physiological processes. Biological order is fundamental to the functioning and survival of living organisms, allowing them to carry out complex functions and maintain homeostasis.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    3) A characteristic found only in living things is ....

    • A.

      Definite pattern of structural arrangement

    • B.

      Metabolism and excretion

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Metabolism and excretion
    Explanation
    Metabolism and excretion are characteristics found only in living things. Metabolism refers to the chemical processes that occur within an organism to maintain life, such as the conversion of food into energy. Excretion, on the other hand, is the process of eliminating waste products from the body. These processes are essential for the survival and functioning of living organisms, distinguishing them from non-living things.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    4)  The study of the relationships among different organisms, and their interactions with the external environment is called....

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Ecology

    • C.

      Zoology

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecology
    Explanation
    Ecology is the correct answer because it is the study of the relationships among different organisms and their interactions with the external environment. Physiology is the study of how organisms function, while zoology is the study of animals. Therefore, neither physiology nor zoology encompass the broad scope of studying relationships among organisms and their interactions with the environment, which is the focus of ecology.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    5) The ___________method starts with a hypothesis.

    • A.

      Scientific

    • B.

      Exponential

    • C.

      Physiological

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Scientific
    Explanation
    The scientific method is a systematic approach used by scientists to investigate and understand the natural world. It involves making observations, forming a hypothesis, conducting experiments or gathering data to test the hypothesis, analyzing the results, and drawing conclusions. Starting with a hypothesis is a fundamental step in the scientific method, as it provides a proposed explanation or prediction that can be tested through experimentation or observation. Therefore, the correct answer is "scientific."

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    6)  The simpliest and very smallest level of biological organization is.....

    • A.

      Tissues

    • B.

      Subatomic particles

    • C.

      Specs

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Subatomic particles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is subatomic particles. Subatomic particles are the smallest units of matter, such as protons, neutrons, and electrons. They are the building blocks of atoms, which in turn form molecules, cells, tissues, and eventually larger biological structures. Therefore, subatomic particles represent the simplest and smallest level of biological organization.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    7) A population balance maintained over time is......

    • A.

      Regular physiology

    • B.

      Ecological relationships

    • C.

      Life

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecological relationships
    Explanation
    A population balance maintained over time refers to the stability and equilibrium of different species within an ecosystem. It involves the interdependence and interactions between organisms and their environment, including factors such as competition, predation, and resource availability. Ecological relationships encompass these dynamics and play a crucial role in maintaining the population balance over time. Regular physiology and life, on the other hand, do not adequately capture the complex interactions and dynamics required for a population balance. Therefore, the correct answer is ecological relationships.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    8) “Life only occurs because it has been produced by other living organisms” is...

    • A.

      Recessive gene theory

    • B.

      A theory of evolution

    • C.

      Both of the above

    • D.

      Neither of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A theory of evolution
    Explanation
    The statement "Life only occurs because it has been produced by other living organisms" aligns with the theory of evolution. This theory explains how life on Earth has evolved over time through the process of natural selection, with living organisms passing on their traits to the next generation. The statement implies that life is a result of the reproduction and adaptation of living organisms, which is a fundamental concept in the theory of evolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    9)  A process where living organisms utilize the energy of sunlight to make sugar is called ....

    • A.

      Glycolysis

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Kreb's cycle

    • D.

      Life cycle

    Correct Answer
    B. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it is the process by which living organisms, such as plants, use the energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose (sugar) and oxygen. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells and is essential for the production of food and oxygen in the ecosystem. Glycolysis and Kreb's cycle are metabolic processes that occur in the cell, but they do not involve the utilization of sunlight to make sugar. Life cycle refers to the series of stages that an organism goes through from birth to death, and it is not specifically related to the process of utilizing sunlight to make sugar.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    10) The first type of cells to come into existence was probably .....

    • A.

      Aerobes

    • B.

      Prokaryotes

    • C.

      Anaerobes

    • D.

      Eukaryotes

    Correct Answer
    B. Prokaryotes
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes are the simplest and most ancient form of cells that are believed to have emerged first during the early stages of evolution. They lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles, and their genetic material is not enclosed within a membrane. Prokaryotes include bacteria and archaea, and they are able to survive in a wide range of environments. This makes them the most likely candidate for the first type of cells to come into existence.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    11) Any “living, breathing” multicellular organism that is not a plant or fungus is what ...

    • A.

      Microbe

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Critter

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is animal. This is because animals are multicellular organisms that are not plants or fungi. They are living and breathing creatures that belong to the animal kingdom. Microbes are single-celled organisms, while critters is a colloquial term that can refer to any small creature, including animals. Therefore, the correct answer is animal.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    12) Who stated the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?

    • A.

      Mendel

    • B.

      Darwin

    • C.

      McGregor

    • D.

      Einstein

    Correct Answer
    B. Darwin
    Explanation
    Charles Darwin is credited with proposing the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection. He published his groundbreaking book "On the Origin of Species" in 1859, where he presented evidence and arguments supporting the idea that species evolve over time through the process of natural selection. Darwin's theory revolutionized the field of biology and had a profound impact on our understanding of the diversity of life on Earth. Mendel is known for his work on genetics, McGregor is not associated with this theory, and Einstein is known for his contributions to physics, not biology.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    13) The term adaptation means – “pattern of biological order that allows organisms to...

    • A.

      Be more fit

    • B.

      To survive natural selection

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both of the above
    Explanation
    The term adaptation refers to the pattern of biological order that allows organisms to be more fit and survive natural selection. This means that organisms with adaptations are better suited to their environment and have a higher chance of survival and reproduction. Therefore, the correct answer is "both of the above".

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    14) What acid derives its name from their occurrence within the cell ....

    • A.

      Acetic

    • B.

      Nucleic

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleic
    Explanation
    Nucleic acid derives its name from its occurrence within the cell. The term "nucleic" refers to the fact that these acids are found in the nucleus of cells. Acetic acid, on the other hand, does not derive its name from its occurrence within the cell. Therefore, the correct answer is "nucleic."

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    15)  What is the abbreviation for ribonucleic acid?

    • A.

      RBNA

    • B.

      RNA

    • C.

      RAA

    • D.

      RBA

    Correct Answer
    B. RNA
    Explanation
    RNA is the correct abbreviation for ribonucleic acid. RNA is a molecule that plays a crucial role in protein synthesis and carries genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes. It is composed of a single strand of nucleotides, including adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and uracil (U), which replaces thymine (T) found in DNA. RNA is essential for various cellular processes and is involved in the regulation of gene expression, making it a fundamental molecule in biology.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    16) What occurs as a twisted ladder or double helix, with genes occurring along its length?

    • A.

      Deoxyribose

    • B.

      Deoxyribonucleic acid

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Deoxyribonucleic acid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is deoxyribonucleic acid. This is because deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA, is a molecule that forms a twisted ladder or double helix structure. Genes occur along the length of the DNA molecule, making it the correct answer. Deoxyribose, on the other hand, is a sugar molecule that is a component of DNA but does not form the twisted ladder structure itself. Therefore, deoxyribonucleic acid is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    17) What is the continual process between energy storage and energy release that occurs in cells called?

    • A.

      ATP-ADP cycle

    • B.

      Carbon-glucose conversion

    • C.

      Life cycle

    • D.

      Light cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. ATP-ADP cycle
    Explanation
    The continual process between energy storage and energy release that occurs in cells is called the ATP-ADP cycle. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the energy currency of cells, and it releases energy when it is converted to ADP (adenosine diphosphate) through the hydrolysis of one phosphate group. This energy is then used by cells for various metabolic processes. The ADP can then be converted back to ATP through cellular respiration, completing the cycle. This cycle allows cells to constantly replenish their energy supply and meet their energy demands.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    18)  The “process for breaking down sweets” is called

    • A.

      Glycolysis

    • B.

      Hydrolysis

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Glycolysis
    Explanation
    Glycolysis is the correct answer because it is the process by which glucose is broken down into smaller molecules, such as pyruvate, in order to produce energy for the cell. Hydrolysis, on the other hand, is a different process that involves the breaking of chemical bonds using water. Therefore, the correct answer is glycolysis and not hydrolysis.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    19) Cellular respiration is ...

    • A.

      Usually anaerobic

    • B.

      The aerobic breakdown of organic molecules

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The aerobic breakdown of organic molecules
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration refers to the process in which cells break down organic molecules to produce energy. This process can occur in the presence of oxygen, which is known as aerobic respiration. Therefore, the correct answer is "the aerobic breakdown of organic molecules." Anaerobic respiration, on the other hand, occurs in the absence of oxygen.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    20) Krebs cycle ......

    • A.

      Takes place in the animal cell nucleus

    • B.

      Converts light for photosynthesis

    • C.

      Breaks down the pyruvic acids produced by glycolysis

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Breaks down the pyruvic acids produced by glycolysis
    Explanation
    The Krebs cycle is a series of chemical reactions that occur in the mitochondria of cells. It is responsible for breaking down the pyruvic acids produced during glycolysis, a process that occurs in the cytoplasm of cells. This breakdown of pyruvic acid is essential for the production of energy in the form of ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is "breaks down the pyruvic acids produced by glycolysis."

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    21)  “The cell is the basic unit of all living things” is .....

    • A.

      Mendel’s model

    • B.

      1st law of genetics

    • C.

      Modern cell theory

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Modern cell theory
    Explanation
    The statement "The cell is the basic unit of all living things" aligns with the modern cell theory. This theory states that cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living organisms and that all living organisms are composed of one or more cells. It also states that cells arise from pre-existing cells through cell division. Mendel's model and the 1st law of genetics are not directly related to the concept of cells being the basic unit of all living things. Therefore, the correct answer is modern cell theory.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    22) The division of paired, duplicated chromosomes into single identical, unpaired chromosomes is called .....

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Meiosis

    • C.

      Genetics

    • D.

      Cell theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitosis
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the correct answer because it is the process by which paired, duplicated chromosomes are divided into single, identical, unpaired chromosomes. During mitosis, the chromosomes replicate and then separate into two identical sets, each with one copy of each chromosome. This process is essential for the growth, development, and repair of cells in the body. Meiosis, on the other hand, is a different process that involves the division of cells to produce gametes (sperm and eggs) with half the number of chromosomes. Genetics and cell theory are not directly related to the division of chromosomes.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    23) There are more species of _____than species of all other types of animals combined?

    • A.

      Fish

    • B.

      Birds

    • C.

      Mammals

    • D.

      Insects

    Correct Answer
    D. Insects
    Explanation
    Insects are the most diverse group of animals on Earth, with over a million known species. This is more than all other types of animals combined, including fish, birds, and mammals. Insects have adapted to various habitats and play crucial roles in ecosystems as pollinators, decomposers, and a food source for other animals. Their incredible diversity and abundance make them the most numerous and successful group of animals on the planet.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    24) Pulmonary ventilation differs from respiration in that .........

    • A.

      Pulmonary ventilation is the sum of inspiration plus expiration, whereas respiration is the gas exchange between body compartments

    • B.

      inspiration, but not ventilation, requires the bulk flow of air

    • C.

      Neither of the above

    • D.

      Both of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Pulmonary ventilation is the sum of inspiration plus expiration, whereas respiration is the gas exchange between body compartments
    Explanation
    Pulmonary ventilation refers to the process of air movement in and out of the lungs, which includes both inspiration (inhaling) and expiration (exhaling). On the other hand, respiration specifically refers to the exchange of gases (such as oxygen and carbon dioxide) between the lungs and the bloodstream, and between the bloodstream and the body's tissues. Therefore, the correct answer states that pulmonary ventilation is the sum of inspiration and expiration, while respiration involves the gas exchange between body compartments.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    25)  Digestion differs from adsorption because ....

    • A.

      Digestion is the movement from the digestive tube into the bloodstream, and adsorption breaks down foodstuffs

    • B.

      Digestion is the chemical breakdown of foodstuffs and absorption is the movement of nutrient particles into cells and bloodstream

    • C.

      Digestion is eating and swallowing food only

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Digestion is the chemical breakdown of foodstuffs and absorption is the movement of nutrient particles into cells and bloodstream
    Explanation
    Digestion differs from adsorption because digestion refers to the chemical breakdown of foodstuffs, while adsorption refers to the movement of nutrient particles into cells and bloodstream. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into smaller molecules through processes such as enzymatic reactions, while adsorption involves the absorption of these smaller molecules into cells for further use by the body. Therefore, digestion and adsorption are distinct processes that occur in the digestive system.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.