Trivia Quiz On Group Diversity!

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Trivia Quiz On Group Diversity! - Quiz

If you are a team leader and wish to get the best out of a group project, one thing you need to pay attention to is the people who make up the group. A group should be made up of individuals who are different yet can still make a final decision unless you want to study a particular group. Take this test and see how much you know about group diversity.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     When analyzing and adapting group member diversity, you should consider members'

    • A.

      Race.

    • B.

      Gender.

    • C.

      Age.

    • D.

      Sexual orientation.

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    When analyzing and adapting group member diversity, it is important to consider all of the above factors: race, gender, age, and sexual orientation. This is because each of these factors contributes to the overall diversity within a group and can have an impact on the dynamics and interactions within the group. By considering all of these factors, group members can better understand and appreciate the unique perspectives and experiences that each individual brings, leading to more effective collaboration and decision-making.

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  • 2. 

    . During the 1990s, ______________ were the fastest growing racial/ethnic group.

    • A.

       African Americans

    • B.

      Asian Americans

    • C.

      Hispanic/Latino Americans

    • D.

      European Americans

    • E.

      Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    C. Hispanic/Latino Americans
    Explanation
    During the 1990s, Hispanic/Latino Americans were the fastest growing racial/ethnic group. This can be attributed to factors such as high birth rates and immigration from Latin American countries. The increase in the Hispanic/Latino population during this period had significant social and cultural implications, leading to a greater diversity in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    . Which of the following groups would be considered a co-culture?

    • A.

      American Indian tribes

    • B.

      Hispanic/Latino Americans

    • C.

      Irish Americans

    • D.

      Arab Americans

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the groups mentioned in the options - American Indian tribes, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Irish Americans, and Arab Americans - would be considered co-cultures. A co-culture refers to a group within a larger society that shares common characteristics, such as language, customs, traditions, and values, that distinguish them from the dominant culture. Each of the mentioned groups has its own distinct cultural identity and contributes to the diversity of the larger society, making them examples of co-cultures.

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  • 4. 

    . In the homogeneous ? heterogeneous group dialectic, homogeneous refers to  

    • A.

      A. a group composed of members who are different from one another.

    • B.

      B. a group composed of members who are the same or similar.

    • C.

      C. a group with a mixed sexual orientation.

    • D.

      D. a group of men.

    • E.

      E. a group of women.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. a group composed of members who are the same or similar.
    Explanation
    In the homogeneous vs heterogeneous group dialectic, the term "homogeneous" refers to a group that is composed of members who are the same or similar. This means that the individuals within the group share common characteristics, traits, or qualities. The group members may have similar backgrounds, interests, beliefs, or experiences, which can contribute to a sense of cohesion and similarity within the group. This homogeneity can influence the dynamics and interactions within the group, as members may have a greater understanding and empathy for one another due to their shared similarities.

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  • 5. 

    . According to your textbook, there are 3 levels of diversity in every group. Which of the following dimensions characterize the third (external) dimension?

    • A.

      A. personality dimensions

    • B.

      B. race, gender, and age

    • C.

      C. physical characteristics and abilities

    • D.

      D. education, religion, and income,

    • E.

      E. sexual orientation

    Correct Answer
    D. D. education, religion, and income,
    Explanation
    The third (external) dimension of diversity in every group is characterized by education, religion, and income. This means that individuals within a group may have different levels of education, follow different religious beliefs, and have varying income levels. These dimensions of diversity contribute to the overall diversity within the group and can influence perspectives, values, and experiences.

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  • 6. 

    . People who believe that their culture is better than other cultures or that their culture should be the role model for other cultures would be classified as

    • A.

      A. ethnocentric.

    • B.

      B. stereotypical.

    • C.

      C. prejudiced.

    • D.

      D. discriminatory.

    • E.

      E. racist.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. ethnocentric.
    Explanation
    People who believe that their culture is better than other cultures or that their culture should be the role model for other cultures would be classified as ethnocentric. This term refers to the belief in the superiority of one's own culture and the tendency to judge other cultures based on the standards and values of one's own culture. Ethnocentrism can lead to prejudice and discrimination against other cultures, but it is not necessarily synonymous with racism or stereotyping.

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  • 7. 

    . People who have biased beliefs about group members that are not based on direct experience and firsthand knowledge or have irrational feelings of dislike and even hatred for certain groups would be classified as

    • A.

      A. ethnocentric.

    • B.

      B. stereotypical.

    • C.

      C. prejudiced.

    • D.

      D. discriminatory.

    • E.

      E. racist.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. prejudiced.
    Explanation
    People who have biased beliefs about group members that are not based on direct experience and firsthand knowledge or have irrational feelings of dislike and even hatred for certain groups would be classified as prejudiced. Prejudice refers to preconceived opinions or attitudes towards a particular group, which are often negative and unfair. It involves making judgments or assumptions about individuals based on their group membership, without considering their individual characteristics or qualities. Prejudice can be based on various factors such as race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or social class.

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  • 8. 

    . All of the following statements are characteristics of people who have prejudices EXCEPT

    • A.

      A. They deny opportunities granted to certain groups of people such as employment, equal rights, and housing.

    • B.

      B. Their beliefs about others are rarely based on extensive experience and firsthand knowledge.

    • C.

      C. They have irrational feelings or dislike for certain groups.

    • D.

      D. They justify negative feelings toward members of certain groups.

    • E.

      E. They have negative attitudes about people that are based on faulty stereotypes.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. They deny opportunities granted to certain groups of people such as employment, equal rights, and housing.
    Explanation
    Prejudiced individuals typically exhibit all of the characteristics mentioned in options b, c, d, and e. They form beliefs about others without extensive experience or firsthand knowledge, have irrational feelings or dislike for certain groups, justify negative feelings toward certain groups, and hold negative attitudes based on faulty stereotypes. However, option a contradicts the characteristics of prejudices as it states that prejudiced individuals deny opportunities to certain groups. Prejudiced individuals may indeed deny opportunities, but this option suggests that it is a characteristic of prejudice, which is incorrect.

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  • 9. 

     Which of the following traits are included in the Big Five Personality Traits and in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator?

    • A.

      A. extraversion

    • B.

      B. neuroticism

    • C.

      C. agreeableness

    • D.

      D. conscientiousness

    • E.

      E. openness to experience

    Correct Answer
    A. A. extraversion
    Explanation
    The trait of extraversion is included in both the Big Five Personality Traits and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

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  • 10. 

    . In dialectic terms, the opposite or counterpart of a Myers-Briggs judger is

    • A.

      A. an extrovert.

    • B.

      B. an intuitive.

    • C.

      C. a sensor.

    • D.

      D. a thinker.

    • E.

      E. a perceiver.

    Correct Answer
    E. E. a perceiver.
    Explanation
    In dialectic terms, the opposite or counterpart of a Myers-Briggs judger is a perceiver. This is because Myers-Briggs judgers tend to prefer structure, organization, and planning, while perceivers tend to be more flexible, adaptable, and spontaneous. Judgers like to have a clear plan and make decisions quickly, while perceivers prefer to keep their options open and gather more information before making a decision. Therefore, a perceiver is the opposite or counterpart of a judger in terms of their preference for structure and decision-making.

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  • 11. 

    . Oscar is very outgoing and tends to talk more than others during group discussions. He enjoys working in the group and encourages others to get involved. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Jasper?

    • A.

      A. thinker

    • B.

      B. extrovert

    • C.

      C. feeler

    • D.

      D. introvert

    • E.

      E. sensor

    Correct Answer
    B. B. extrovert
    Explanation
    Jasper's tendency to talk more than others during group discussions and his enjoyment of working in a group and encouraging others to get involved suggest that he is outgoing and sociable. These traits align with the extroverted personality type in the Myers-Briggs system, making option b. extrovert the best description for Jasper.

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  • 12. 

    . Wanda tends to focus on details of the group project. She prefers to concentrate on one task at a time. Of all the group members, Wanda may be the most practical and realistic. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Wanda?

    • A.

      A. sensor

    • B.

      B. thinker

    • C.

      C. intuitive

    • D.

      D. perceiver

    • E.

      E. feeler

    Correct Answer
    A. A. sensor
    Explanation
    Wanda's tendency to focus on details and her preference for concentrating on one task at a time suggest that she is practical and realistic. These traits align with the sensor personality trait in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Sensors are known for their attention to detail, practicality, and preference for concrete information. They rely on their five senses to gather information and are often focused on the present moment. Therefore, the sensor personality trait best describes Wanda.

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  • 13. 

    . Kim is people-oriented. She wants everyone in the group to get along. She often spends extra time helping other group members. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Kim?

    • A.

      A. sensor

    • B.

      B. thinker

    • C.

      C. intuitive

    • D.

      D. perceiver

    • E.

      E. feeler

    Correct Answer
    E. E. feeler
    Explanation
    Kim's behavior of wanting everyone in the group to get along and spending extra time helping other group members suggests that she prioritizes harmony and empathy in her interactions. This aligns with the personality trait of being a "feeler" in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Feelers tend to be empathetic, compassionate, and concerned about the feelings and needs of others.

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  • 14. 

    . Dennis is always the most organized member of his group. He frequently encourages the group to plan ahead. He develops lengthy "To Do" lists of tasks for the group to follow. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Dennis?

    • A.

      A. sensor

    • B.

      B. judger

    • C.

      C. intuitive

    • D.

      D. perceiver

    • E.

      E. thinker

    Correct Answer
    B. B. judger
    Explanation
    Dennis is described as being organized and encouraging the group to plan ahead. He also develops detailed "To Do" lists for the group. These characteristics align with the judger personality trait in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Judgers tend to be structured, organized, and prefer to plan and make decisions in advance. Therefore, the best description for Dennis based on the given information is a judger.

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  • 15. 

    . Even when everyone else in the group is upset or confused, Anthony stays cool, calm, and objective. He doesn't mind making tough decisions and can't understand why other group members get upset about things that are not relevant to the issue under discussion. In most situations, Anthony thinks it is more important to be right than liked. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Anthony?

    • A.

      A. extrovert

    • B.

      B. sensor

    • C.

      C. intuitive

    • D.

      D. thinker

    • E.

      E. perceiver

    Correct Answer
    D. D. thinker
    Explanation
    The passage describes Anthony as someone who stays cool, calm, and objective, doesn't mind making tough decisions, and prioritizes being right over being liked. These traits align with the Myers-Briggs personality trait of a thinker. Thinkers tend to be logical, analytical, and objective in their decision-making, which is consistent with Anthony's behavior in the passage.

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  • 16. 

    . Reggie is highly structured and good at coordinating the group's work and keeping it organized. He never misses a deadline and expects others to do the same. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Reggie?

    • A.

      A. sensor

    • B.

      B. judger

    • C.

      C. intuitive

    • D.

      D. perceiver

    • E.

      E. thinker

    Correct Answer
    B. B. judger
    Explanation
    Reggie's ability to coordinate and keep the group's work organized, as well as his expectation for others to meet deadlines, suggests that he has a preference for structure and order. This aligns with the judger personality trait in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which is characterized by a preference for planning, organization, and a desire for closure.

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  • 17. 

    . Jason appears to be a very private person. He carefully thinks about what he is going to say before speaking. He enjoys the group but would prefer to work alone. Which Myers-Briggs personality trait best describes Jason?

    • A.

      A. extrovert

    • B.

      B. introvert

    • C.

      C. perceiver

    • D.

      D. judger

    • E.

      E. none of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. B. introvert
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, Jason prefers to work alone and carefully thinks before speaking, indicating that he is more introverted. Introverts tend to be more reserved, thoughtful, and prefer solitary activities over group settings. Therefore, the best Myers-Briggs personality trait that describes Jason is "introvert".

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  • 18. 

    . Which scholar(s) define(s) an intercultural dimension as an aspect of a culture that can be measured relative to other cultures?

    • A.

      A. Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs

    • B.

      B. Geert Hofstede

    • C.

      C. Edward Hall

    • D.

      D. Myron Lustig and Jolene Koester

    • E.

      E. Harry C. Triandis

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Geert Hofstede
    Explanation
    Geert Hofstede defines an intercultural dimension as an aspect of a culture that can be measured relative to other cultures.

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  • 19. 

    . Which of the following cultural dimensions is ranked very high in the United States?

    • A.

      A. individualism

    • B.

      B. collectivism

    • C.

      C. high power distance

    • D.

      D. low power distance

    • E.

      E. high context

    Correct Answer
    A. A. individualism
    Explanation
    The United States is known for its emphasis on individualism, which values personal freedom, independence, and self-reliance. This cultural dimension is reflected in various aspects of American society, such as the focus on individual achievements, the promotion of individual rights and freedoms, and the encouragement of individual decision-making. This is in contrast to collectivism, which places greater importance on group harmony, cooperation, and interdependence. Therefore, the correct answer is a. individualism.

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  • 20. 

    . Which of the following groups of countries is the most collectivist?

    • A.

      A. Australia, Canada, and New Zealand

    • B.

      B. Central and South America

    • C.

      C. Italy, Denmark, and Sweden

    • D.

      D. the United States and England

    • E.

      E. Holland, Belgium, and France

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Central and South America
    Explanation
    Central and South America is the most collectivist group of countries because collectivism refers to a cultural value that emphasizes the importance of the group over the individual. Central and South American societies tend to prioritize communal goals, social harmony, and interdependence, which are characteristics of collectivist cultures. This is in contrast to individualistic cultures, which prioritize personal goals, independence, and self-reliance.

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  • 21. 

    . Collectivist cultures place greater value on

    • A.

      A. uncertainty.

    • B.

      B. esteem and self-actualization needs.

    • C.

      C. personal freedom.

    • D.

      D. collaboration and cooperation.

    • E.

      E. directness of communication.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. collaboration and cooperation.
    Explanation
    Collectivist cultures prioritize the needs and goals of the group over individual desires. Collaboration and cooperation are essential in these cultures as they promote harmony and unity within the community. Individuals are expected to work together towards common objectives, emphasizing teamwork and shared responsibility. This value system fosters a strong sense of belonging and social cohesion, enhancing the collective well-being of the society.

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  • 22. 

    . In high-context cultures, messages are

    • A.

      A. implicit.

    • B.

      B. explicit.

    • C.

      C. objective.

    • D.

      D. factual.

    • E.

      E. all of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. implicit.
    Explanation
    In high-context cultures, messages are implicit. This means that the meaning is conveyed through non-verbal cues, context, and shared knowledge. In these cultures, people rely heavily on indirect communication and understand the underlying meaning behind words and actions. Explicit communication, on the other hand, is more direct and relies on clear and specific language. Objective and factual messages may be present in high-context cultures, but they are often conveyed implicitly rather than explicitly. Therefore, the correct answer is a. implicit.

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  • 23. 

    . In cultures with high uncertainty avoidance, people

    • A.

      A. accept change as part of life.

    • B.

      B. view rules and regulations as restricting and counterproductive.

    • C.

      C. tolerate nonconformity.

    • D.

      D. see conflict and competition as natural.

    • E.

      E. want predictability and clear rules of behavior.

    Correct Answer
    E. E. want predictability and clear rules of behavior.
    Explanation
    In cultures with high uncertainty avoidance, people prefer predictability and clear rules of behavior. This is because they feel uncomfortable with ambiguity and uncertainty, and seek stability and structure in their lives. They value established norms and regulations as a way to minimize risk and ensure order. They may be less open to change and more resistant to taking risks, as they prefer to stick to familiar and predictable routines. Therefore, the desire for predictability and clear rules of behavior aligns with the characteristics of cultures with high uncertainty avoidance.

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  • 24. 

    . In ___________cultures, people are more dependent on language to express what they mean.

    • A.

      A. high power distance

    • B.

      B. monochronic

    • C.

      C. low-context

    • D.

      d. low power distance

    • E.

      E. high-context

    Correct Answer
    C. C. low-context
    Explanation
    In low-context cultures, people rely heavily on language to convey their thoughts and intentions. This is because communication in these cultures tends to be direct and explicit, with little reliance on nonverbal cues or shared understandings. In contrast, high-context cultures prioritize nonverbal communication and shared cultural knowledge, so language may be less important for expressing meaning. Therefore, the correct answer is c. low-context.

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  • 25. 

    . More monochronic cultures are in

    • A.

      A. Central and South America.

    • B.

      B. Asia.

    • C.

      C. southern Africa.

    • D.

      D. northern Europe and North America.

    • E.

      E. northern Africa.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. northern Europe and North America.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. northern Europe and North America. Monochronic cultures are characterized by a linear perception of time, where tasks are done one at a time and punctuality is highly valued. Northern Europe and North America are known for their monochronic cultures, where people tend to adhere to strict schedules and prioritize efficiency and punctuality. In contrast, other regions such as Central and South America, Asia, southern Africa, and northern Africa have more polychronic cultures, where time is seen as more fluid and flexible, and people tend to engage in multiple tasks simultaneously.

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  • 26. 

    . Which characteristics are common in monochronic time cultures?

    • A.

      A. Members like to concentrate on one job before moving to another.

    • B.

      B. Members are frequently late for appointments.

    • C.

      C. Members like thinking about several tasks at one time.

    • D.

      D. Members feel comfortable holding 2 or 3 conversations at the same time.

    • E.

      E. Relationships are far more important than schedules.

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Members like to concentrate on one job before moving to another.
    Explanation
    In monochronic time cultures, members prefer to focus on one task at a time before moving on to another. This indicates that they value completing tasks sequentially and giving their full attention to each task. This characteristic is in contrast to polychronic time cultures, where individuals are comfortable multitasking and handling multiple tasks simultaneously. Therefore, the common characteristic in monochronic time cultures is the preference for concentrating on one job before moving to another.

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  • 27. 

    . In cultures with masculine values,

    • A.

      A. men are supposed to be assertive, tough, and focused on material success, whereas women are supposed to be more modest, tender, and concerned with the quality of life.

    • B.

      B. men are supposed to focus on material success.

    • C.

      C. women are supposed to be modest and tender.

    • D.

      D. women are supposed to be more concerned with the quality of life.

    • E.

      E. all of the above are true

    Correct Answer
    E. E. all of the above are true
    Explanation
    In cultures with masculine values, both men and women are expected to conform to certain gender roles. Men are expected to be assertive, tough, and focused on material success, while women are expected to be more modest, tender, and concerned with the quality of life. Therefore, all of the statements in options a, b, c, and d are true in cultures with masculine values.

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  • 28. 

    . According to Hofstede, the people of Japan, Venezuela, and Italy live in a(n) ________________ culture.

    • A.

      A. individualistic

    • B.

      B. high power distance

    • C.

      C. low power distance

    • D.

      D. masculine

    • E.

      E. monochronic

    Correct Answer
    D. D. masculine
    Explanation
    According to Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory, Japan, Venezuela, and Italy are classified as having a "masculine" culture. This means that these societies tend to value assertiveness, competition, and achievement. In masculine cultures, there is a greater emphasis on success, material possessions, and status. This is in contrast to feminine cultures, which prioritize cooperation, nurturing, and quality of life.

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  • 29. 

    . People who share beliefs such as "It is the duck that squawks that gets shot," or "Seeing is better than hearing," would be characterized as members of a _______________ culture.

    • A.

      A. individualistic

    • B.

      B. high-context

    • C.

      C. polychronic

    • D.

      D. low-uncertainty

    • E.

      E. high-power

    Correct Answer
    B. B. high-context
    Explanation
    People who share beliefs such as "It is the duck that squawks that gets shot," or "Seeing is better than hearing," would be characterized as members of a high-context culture. This is because high-context cultures rely heavily on nonverbal cues, shared experiences, and implicit communication. In these cultures, messages are often indirect, and understanding is derived from the context and underlying meaning rather than explicit words or actions.

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  • 30. 

    . According to Hofstede's dimensions of culture, which country is ranked #1 in terms of masculine values?

    • A.

      A. U.S.A.

    • B.

      B. Japan

    • C.

      C. Italy

    • D.

      D. Mexico

    • E.

      E. Israel

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan is ranked #1 in terms of masculine values according to Hofstede's dimensions of culture. This means that Japan values qualities such as assertiveness, competitiveness, and achievement. In Japanese culture, there is a strong emphasis on success and achievement, and individuals are expected to be assertive and competitive in order to succeed. This is reflected in various aspects of Japanese society, including the workplace, where long working hours and dedication to one's job are highly valued.

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  • 31. 

    . High uncertainty avoidance is characterized by beliefs that

    • A.

      A. uncertainty is a normal feature of life.

    • B.

      B. assertiveness is a valuable skill.

    • C.

      C. deviant ideas and behavior should be suppressed.

    • D.

      D. there should be no more rules than are strictly necessary.

    • E.

      E. people in positions of power should be compassionate.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. deviant ideas and behavior should be suppressed.
    Explanation
    High uncertainty avoidance is characterized by beliefs that deviant ideas and behavior should be suppressed. This means that in a culture with high uncertainty avoidance, there is a strong desire to minimize ambiguity and maintain stability. People in such cultures tend to be more rule-oriented and conformist, as they believe that deviating from social norms and expectations can lead to chaos and uncertainty. Therefore, they tend to suppress ideas and behaviors that are seen as deviant or outside the accepted norms of the society.

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  • 32. 

    . Which cultural dimension would be characterized by the following components: (1) subordinates should be consulted; (2) privileges and status symbols are frowned upon; (3) parents treat their children as equals; and (4) teachers expect students to express their opinions in class?

    • A.

      A. individualism

    • B.

      B. collectivism

    • C.

      C. uncertainty avoidance

    • D.

      D. low power distance

    • E.

      E. high power distance

    Correct Answer
    D. D. low power distance
    Explanation
    This cultural dimension would be characterized by low power distance. In a low power distance culture, subordinates are encouraged to be consulted and have a say in decision-making processes. Privileges and status symbols are frowned upon, indicating a more egalitarian society. Parents treating their children as equals and teachers expecting students to express their opinions in class further emphasize a lack of power distance and a more equal distribution of power and authority.

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  • 33. 

    . Which of the following statements would be made by someone from a low-context culture?

    • A.

      A. I rely on facial expressions to interpret what others mean.

    • B.

      B. Feelings are a valuable source of information.

    • C.

      C. I try to maintain harmony in my communication with others.

    • D.

      D. I like to be accurate, clear, and direct when I talk to others.

    • E.

      E. I communicate in an indirect fashion.

    Correct Answer
    D. D. I like to be accurate, clear, and direct when I talk to others.
    Explanation
    Someone from a low-context culture values accuracy, clarity, and directness in communication. In low-context cultures, communication is usually explicit and relies heavily on verbal communication rather than nonverbal cues or indirect messages. This preference for directness stems from the belief that clear and precise communication is essential for effective understanding and avoids any potential misunderstandings.

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  • 34. 

    . In You Just Don't Understand, Deborah Tannen's two-world hypothesis concludes that

    • A.

      A. men seek status.

    • B.

      B. women seek connection.

    • C.

      C. men seek independence.

    • D.

      D. women seek interdependence.

    • E.

      E. all of the above are true

    Correct Answer
    E. E. all of the above are true
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e. all of the above are true. In her book "You Just Don't Understand," Deborah Tannen proposes the two-world hypothesis, which suggests that men and women have different communication styles and priorities. According to Tannen, men tend to seek status and independence in their communication, while women seek connection and interdependence. Therefore, all of the statements mentioned in options a, b, c, and d are true based on Tannen's hypothesis.

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  • 35. 

    . Your textbook urges both men and women to adapt to the opposite sex's way of thinking and making decisions by heeding all of the following recommendations EXCEPT

    • A.

      A. Men should not use sarcasm and tell women they're illogical.

    • B.

      B. Women should not force men to talk about or display their emotions.

    • C.

      C. Women should ask men what they think rather than what they feel.

    • D.

      D. Men should listen to what women say but avoid trying to solve their problems for them.

    • E.

      E. Women should avoid disagreeing and arguing with men.

    Correct Answer
    E. E. Women should avoid disagreeing and arguing with men.
    Explanation
    The textbook suggests that both men and women should adapt to the opposite sex's way of thinking and making decisions. It provides recommendations such as men not using sarcasm and women not forcing men to talk about emotions. It also suggests that women should ask men what they think rather than what they feel, and that men should listen to women without trying to solve their problems. However, the textbook does not recommend that women should avoid disagreeing and arguing with men.

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  • 36. 

    . All of the following communication behaviors are discussed in Cheris Kramarae's Muted Group Theory EXCEPT

    • A.

      A. Power imbalances affect the quantity and quality of group participation by women as well as the poor and other minorities.

    • B.

      B. The English language is manmade.

    • C.

      C. Women should avoid challenging men in positions of power.

    • D.

      D. Women should become more politically active.

    • E.

      E. Male dominance limits freedom of expression by women, the poor, and other minorities.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Women should avoid challenging men in positions of power.
    Explanation
    In Cheris Kramarae's Muted Group Theory, the focus is on the power imbalances that affect the quantity and quality of group participation by women, as well as the poor and other minorities. It emphasizes how male dominance limits freedom of expression for these marginalized groups. However, it does not suggest that women should avoid challenging men in positions of power. Instead, it encourages women to become more politically active and challenge power imbalances.

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  • 37. 

    . Which generation is described as follows: they are confident and have high self-esteem, are collaborators who favor teamwork, and generally like keeping their career options open.

    • A.

      A. Traditionalists

    • B.

      B. Boomers

    • C.

      C. Generation Xers

    • D.

      D. Millennials

    • E.

      E. Builder Generation

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Millennials
    Explanation
    Millennials are described as confident and having high self-esteem, which aligns with the given description. They are also known for their preference for collaboration and teamwork, which is mentioned in the description. Additionally, millennials are known for valuing career flexibility and keeping their options open, which is also stated in the description. Therefore, the given description accurately matches the characteristics of the millennial generation.

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  • 38. 

    . Which generation is described as follows: they are workaholics who are willing to challenge the status quo and are politically adept on the job. They believe that they are always right, but are willing to work hard to get what they want.

    • A.

      A. Traditionalists

    • B.

      B. Boomers

    • C.

      C. Generation Xers

    • D.

      D. Millenials

    • E.

      E. Builder Generation

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Boomers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Boomers. This generation is known for their strong work ethic and willingness to challenge established norms. They are politically savvy and believe in their own abilities. They are willing to put in the hard work necessary to achieve their goals.

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  • 39. 

    . A 2007 study of college students investigating whether men or women talk more found that

    • A.

      A. it was impossible to determine which gender talked the most.

    • B.

      B. the number of words uttered by men and women are about the same.

    • C.

      C. generally, men talk more than women.

    • D.

      D. generally, women talk more than men.

    • E.

      E. men talk more with their parents and in situations where the topic of conversation requires disclosure of feelings.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. generally, men talk more than women.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. generally, men talk more than women. This answer is supported by the 2007 study of college students investigating whether men or women talk more. The study found that, in general, men tend to talk more than women.

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  • 40. 

    . All of the following statements about religion are true EXCEPT

    • A.

      A. Mormonism is a Christian faith founded in the United States.

    • B.

      B. 1/3 of the world's population is Christian.

    • C.

      C. 1/2 of the world's population is Muslim.

    • D.

      D. Islam is a monotheistic religion (belief in one God) just like Christianity and Judaism.

    • E.

      E. Roman Catholics throughout the world outnumber all other Christians combined.

    Correct Answer
    C. C. 1/2 of the world's population is Muslim.
    Explanation
    The given answer is incorrect because statement c is actually true. Approximately 1/4 of the world's population identifies as Muslim, not 1/2. The correct answer is b. 1/3 of the world's population is Christian.

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  • 41. 

    . Which of the following religions is the oldest?

    • A.

      A. Catholicism

    • B.

      B. Islam

    • C.

      C. Judaism

    • D.

      D. Buddhism

    • E.

      E. Christianity

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Judaism
    Explanation
    Judaism is considered the oldest religion because its origins can be traced back to ancient times, specifically to the Hebrew Bible and the teachings of the ancient Israelites. It is believed to have originated around 2000 BCE, making it one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world. Judaism has had a significant influence on the development of other Abrahamic religions such as Christianity and Islam.

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