Food And Nutrition 3rd Edition - Chapter 33 Testbank

11 Questions | Total Attempts: 50

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Food And Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

The Food and Nutrition testbanks consist of multiple choice questions that test your knowledge of the topics covered in the book. You can use these questions to check your understanding as you read through each chapter, or practise for your exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The prevalence of Type II diabetes:
    • A. 

      Is higher in rural environments

    • B. 

      Is unclear as there may be many individuals with the disease undiagnosed

    • C. 

      Is particularly low in many cultural groups such as people from Nauru and Australian Aboriginal groups

    • D. 

      Is unrelated to intrauterine growth retardation

    • E. 

      Is lower in countries which have undertaken rapid socio-cultural change

  • 2. 
    The most distinguishing features of Type I versus Type II diabetes are usually:
    • A. 

      Rate of onset, degree of insulin secretion

    • B. 

      Lower desirable blood glucose levels, dietary treatment

    • C. 

      Types of insulin required, risk of complications

    • D. 

      A and b

    • E. 

      A, b and c

  • 3. 
    Common signs of poorly controlled blood sugar levels include:
    • A. 

      Thirst

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Lethargy

    • D. 

      Dehydration

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    According to 1998 criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes proposed by The American Diabetes Association and WHO, an individual whose fasting venous plasma glucose was 9mmol/L, 2 hours after receiving a 75g glucose load, would be classified as:
    • A. 

      Having impaired glucose tolerance

    • B. 

      Not having diabetes

    • C. 

      Having diabetes

    • D. 

      Having impaired fasting glycaemia

    • E. 

      Requiring an oral glucose tolerance test

  • 5. 
    ___________________ appears to predict the subsequent development of clinical nephropathy and coronary heart disease in individuals with diabetes:
    • A. 

      Elevated serum cholesterol levels

    • B. 

      Elevated serum triglyceride levels

    • C. 

      Small amounts of butyric acid in the urine

    • D. 

      Small amounts of albumin in the urine

    • E. 

      Large amounts of alcohol in the diet

  • 6. 
    The main feature of a diet for the treatment of Type II diabetes is:
    • A. 

      Control of overall nutrient composition and distribution of carbohydrate over the day

    • B. 

      Avoidance of all sugar and sugar containing foods

    • C. 

      Avoidance of fat, particularly saturated

    • D. 

      Inclusion of high glycemic index foods at each meal

    • E. 

      A low carbohydrate intake providing 30-40% of total energy

  • 7. 
    Fred, a male of European descent, is diagnosed with metabolic syndrome after a visit to his GP. This is because he presented with:
    • A. 

      A waist measurement of 95cm; a fasting BGL of 7mmol; a blood pressure of 130/97

    • B. 

      A waist measurement of 94cm; a triglyceride level of 1.5mmol/L; and a blood pressure of 130/85

    • C. 

      A waist measurement of 89cm; a fasting BGL of 6 mmol; and a triglyceride level of 2 mmol/L

    • D. 

      A waist measurement of 89cm; a triglyceride level of 2 mmol/L; and a blood pressure of 130/85

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    The indicator of good long term blood glucose control is:
    • A. 

      LDL-cholesterol

    • B. 

      HDL-cholesterol

    • C. 

      Lycosylated haemoglobin

    • D. 

      Plasma glucose

    • E. 

      Red blood cell count

  • 9. 
    The effects of sucrose in the diabetic diet are much more pronounced if:(nb: P/S = polyunsaturated fat / saturated fat)
    • A. 

      Energy intake is excessive and / or P/S ratio is high

    • B. 

      Energy intake is excessive and / or P/S ratio is low

    • C. 

      Energy intake is low and / or P/S ratio is high

    • D. 

      Energy intake is low and / or P/S ratio is low

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    There is concern about the strong reliance on the use of Glycemic Index in the management of diabetes because of:
    • A. 

      Large individual variation in responses

    • B. 

      Different results being found among different centres

    • C. 

      Differences due to mixed meals

    • D. 

      A and b

    • E. 

      A, b and c

  • 11. 
    Type II diabetes is typically caused by:
    • A. 

      Destruction of the β cells in the pancreas resulting in decreased or no insulin production

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Delayed insulin secretion

    • D. 

      Insulin resistance

    • E. 

      Soy

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