Finance Terminology Test! Trivia Quiz

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Questions: 23 | Attempts: 444

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Finance Terminology Test! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


How well do you know finance terminology, and would you be able to pass this quiz? You must determine the meaning of the descriptions and choose which term best fits. You should recognize a way of investing in a particular product or security without owning it and using debt to supplement investment. This amazing quiz possesses finance terminology; everything will add up when you take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A market where prices are falling and investors, anticipating losses, tend to sell. This can create a self-sustaining downward spiral.

    Explanation
    A bear market refers to a situation in the financial market where prices are consistently declining, and investors, expecting further losses, tend to sell their investments. This selling pressure can create a self-perpetuating cycle of declining prices, as more investors sell and drive the market further down. In a bear market, pessimism and fear dominate, leading to a downward spiral in market sentiment and overall economic activity.

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  • 2. 

    Products that, in their basic form, are all the same so it makes little difference from whom you buy them. That means that they have a market price. You would be unlikely to pay more for iron ore from a particular mine, for example.

    Explanation
    The given answer "Commodities" accurately describes products that are all the same in their basic form and have a market price. Commodities are goods or raw materials that are interchangeable with other similar goods and are traded on exchanges. They include products like oil, gold, wheat, and iron ore, which are standardized and have little differentiation between suppliers. The market price for commodities is determined by factors such as supply and demand, rather than the specific source or brand.

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  • 3. 

    A commitment by a government to maintain its currency at a fixed value in relation to another currency. Typically this is done by the government buying its own currency to force the value up, or selling its own currency to lower the value. 

    Explanation
    A currency peg refers to a commitment made by a government to maintain the value of its currency in relation to another currency. This is achieved by the government either buying its own currency in order to increase its value or selling its own currency to decrease its value. The purpose of a currency peg is to stabilize the exchange rate between two currencies and promote economic stability.

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  • 4. 

    A way of investing in a particular product or security without having to own it. The value can depend on anything from the price of coffee to interest rates or what the weather is like.

    Explanation
    Derivatives are financial instruments that allow investors to speculate or hedge against the price movements of an underlying asset without actually owning it. They derive their value from an underlying asset, such as stocks, bonds, commodities, or even weather conditions. The value of derivatives can be influenced by various factors, including the price of coffee, interest rates, or weather conditions. Therefore, derivatives provide investors with a way to invest in and profit from the fluctuations in the value of these underlying assets without directly owning them.

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  • 5. 

    A payment by a company to its shareholders, usually linked to its profits.

    Explanation
    A dividend is a payment made by a company to its shareholders, typically based on the company's profits. This payment is a way for the company to distribute a portion of its earnings to its shareholders as a return on their investment. Dividends are usually paid out regularly, such as quarterly or annually, and are often seen as a way for investors to generate income from their stock holdings.

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  • 6. 

    In business, how much all of the shares put together are worth it. In a house,  the amount your house is worth minus the amount of mortgage debt that is outstanding on it.

    Explanation
    Equity refers to the value of an asset after deducting any outstanding debts or liabilities associated with it. In the context of business, equity represents the total worth of all shares combined. Similarly, in the context of a house, equity represents the value of the house minus the remaining mortgage debt. Therefore, the given answer, "Equity," accurately describes the concept of the total value of shares or a house after subtracting any outstanding debts.

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  • 7. 

    A private investment fund with a large, unregulated pool of capital and very experienced investors.

    Explanation
    A hedge fund is a private investment fund that operates with a large pool of capital and is not subject to the same regulations as other investment funds. It is typically managed by experienced investors who employ various investment strategies to generate high returns. The term "hedge" refers to the fund's ability to use different techniques, such as short selling and derivatives, to mitigate risks and potentially profit from market downturns. Overall, a hedge fund is known for its flexibility, aggressive investment approach, and potential for high rewards.

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  • 8. 

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of price fluctuations to the value of an asset. For example, if you owned a stock and then sold a futures contract agreeing to sell your stock on a particular date at a set price. A fall in price would not harm you - but nor would you benefit from any rise.

    Explanation
    Hedging refers to the act of making an investment to reduce the risk of price fluctuations to the value of an asset. In the given example, the individual owns a stock and sells a futures contract to sell the stock at a predetermined price on a specific date. By doing so, they are protecting themselves from potential losses if the price of the stock falls. However, they also forego any potential gains if the price of the stock rises. Hedging is a risk management strategy commonly used in financial markets to minimize potential losses.

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  • 9. 

    In modern political parlance, the belief that the state can directly stimulate demand in a stagnating economy. For instance, by borrowing money to spend on public works projects like roads, schools, and hospitals.

    Explanation
    Keynesian economics is the correct answer because it refers to the economic theory developed by economist John Maynard Keynes. This theory suggests that during times of economic downturns or stagnation, the government should intervene by increasing its spending and stimulating demand in order to boost the economy. This can be achieved through measures such as borrowing money to invest in public works projects, as mentioned in the explanation. Keynesian economics is based on the belief that government intervention can help stabilize and promote economic growth.

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  • 10. 

    Using debt to supplement investment.

    Explanation
    Leveraging and gearing both refer to the practice of using debt to supplement investment. These terms are often used interchangeably in finance and investing. Leveraging or gearing allows individuals or businesses to increase their potential returns by borrowing money to invest in assets or projects. This strategy can be beneficial when the returns on the investment exceed the cost of borrowing, but it also carries a higher level of risk as any losses will be magnified.

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  • 11. 

    How easy it is to convert something into cash.

    Explanation
    Liquidity refers to how easily an asset or investment can be converted into cash without causing a significant impact on its value. It measures the ease of buying or selling an asset in the market. Therefore, the given correct answer, "Liquidity," accurately describes the concept of how easy it is to convert something into cash.

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  • 12. 

    Similar to a pyramid scheme, an enterprise where - instead of genuine profits - funds from new investors are used to pay high returns to current investors.

    Explanation
    This enterprise operates similarly to a pyramid scheme, but instead of generating genuine profits, it relies on funds from new investors to pay high returns to existing investors. This type of scheme is commonly known as a Ponzi scheme, named after Charles Ponzi who became infamous for running such a fraudulent operation in the 1920s. In a Ponzi scheme, the returns promised to investors are often unrealistically high and unsustainable, leading to the eventual collapse of the scheme when there are not enough new investors to sustain the payouts.

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  • 13. 

    Central banks increase the supply of money by "printing" more. In practice, this may mean purchasing government bonds or other categories of assets, using the new money, rather than physically printing more notes. The idea is to add more money into the system to avert deflation and encourage lending and spending. One of the dangers of this tactic is hyperinflation.

    Explanation
    Quantitative easing refers to the central bank's strategy of increasing the money supply by purchasing government bonds or other assets. This is done to stimulate the economy by encouraging lending and spending. However, one of the risks associated with this tactic is hyperinflation. When there is an excessive increase in the money supply, it can lead to a rapid decrease in the value of the currency, causing prices to rise uncontrollably. Hyperinflation can have severe economic consequences, including a loss of confidence in the currency and a decrease in purchasing power.

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  • 14. 

    Essentially, a contract that can be assigned a value and traded. It could be a stock, bond or mortgage debt, for example.

    Explanation
    A security refers to a financial instrument that holds value and can be bought, sold, or traded. It can take various forms such as stocks, bonds, or mortgage debts. These securities are typically regulated and issued by companies, governments, or financial institutions to raise capital or provide investment opportunities. Investors can purchase securities with the expectation of earning a return on their investment through dividends, interest payments, or capital appreciation.

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  • 15. 

    A technique used by investors who think the price of an asset, such as shares, currencies or oil contracts, will fall. They borrow the asset from another investor and then sell it in the relevant market. The aim is to buy back the asset at a lower price and return it to its owner, pocketing the difference.

    Explanation
    Short selling, also known as shorting, is a technique used by investors who believe that the price of an asset, such as shares, currencies, or oil contracts, will decrease. They borrow the asset from another investor and sell it in the market. The objective is to buy back the asset at a lower price, return it to the original owner, and profit from the difference.

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  • 16. 

    These carry a higher risk to the lender (and therefore tend to be at higher interest rates) because they are offered to people who have had financial problems or who have low or unpredictable incomes.

    Explanation
    Sub-prime mortgages carry a higher risk to the lender because they are offered to individuals who have had financial problems or low and unpredictable incomes. These borrowers are considered to be less creditworthy, increasing the likelihood of defaulting on their mortgage payments. To compensate for this higher risk, lenders charge higher interest rates on sub-prime mortgages. This helps to mitigate the potential losses that may occur if borrowers are unable to repay their loans.

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  • 17. 

    The difference in the rate of return in two different investments.

    Explanation
    Yield spread refers to the difference in the rate of return between two different investments. It is commonly used to compare the performance and risk of different bonds or fixed-income securities. A higher yield spread indicates a higher risk associated with the investment, while a lower yield spread suggests a lower risk. Therefore, the correct answer is yield spread.

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  • 18. 

    Anything tangible or intangible that is capable of being owned or controlled to produce value and that is held to have positive economic value.

    Explanation
    An asset refers to anything that can be owned or controlled and has the ability to generate value. It can be either tangible, such as a physical property or equipment, or intangible, such as patents or copyrights. Assets are considered to have positive economic value as they can be utilized or sold to generate income or provide benefits to the owner.

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  • 19. 

    A financial structure that groups individual loans, bonds or assets in a portfolio, which can then be traded.

    Explanation
    A collateralized debt obligation (CDO) is a financial structure that combines individual loans, bonds, or assets into a portfolio that can be traded. This allows investors to diversify their risk by investing in a pool of assets rather than individual ones. The CDO is backed by collateral, such as mortgages or corporate debt, which provides additional security to investors. By pooling assets together, CDOs provide liquidity to the market and allow investors to access a wider range of investment opportunities.

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  • 20. 

    Things that have a useful life of more than one year, for example, buildings and machinery.

    Explanation
    Fixed assets are tangible or intangible items that have a useful life of more than one year. They are long-term assets that are not intended for sale in the normal course of business. Examples of fixed assets include buildings, machinery, vehicles, and equipment. These assets are essential for the operations of a business and are not easily converted into cash. Fixed assets are recorded on the balance sheet and their value is depreciated over time to reflect their gradual wear and tear or obsolescence.

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  • 21. 

    The provision of financial services to low-income clients or solidarity lending groups including consumers and the self-employed, who traditionally lack access to banking and related services.

    Explanation
    Microfinance refers to the provision of financial services to low-income clients or solidarity lending groups, including consumers and the self-employed, who traditionally lack access to banking and related services. This includes offering small loans, savings accounts, insurance, and other financial products to help empower individuals and promote economic development in underserved communities. Microfinance institutions often focus on providing financial services to those who are unable to access traditional banking services due to their low income or lack of collateral.

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  • 22. 

    A professionally managed type of collective investment scheme that pools money from many investors and invests typically in investment securities.

    Explanation
    A mutual fund is a type of collective investment scheme that is professionally managed and pools money from multiple investors. The fund then uses this pooled money to invest in various investment securities such as stocks, bonds, or other assets. The goal of a mutual fund is to provide investors with diversification and professional management, allowing them to access a wide range of investment opportunities that may not be available to individual investors.

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  • 23. 

    An investment strategy which consists of the discovery and exploitation of inefficiencies in the pricing of bonds, i.e. buying the cheaper one and short selling the more expensive, thus making money when the discrepancy corrects itself.

    Explanation
    Fixed-income arbitrage is an investment strategy that involves identifying and taking advantage of pricing inefficiencies in bonds. This strategy entails purchasing bonds that are undervalued or cheaper and simultaneously selling short bonds that are overvalued or more expensive. By doing so, investors can profit from the correction of the pricing discrepancy between the two bonds. This strategy is commonly used in the fixed-income market to generate returns by exploiting temporary pricing imbalances.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 21, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Macitsspeeches
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